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Ars Veruna[4] was a human male who served as the king of the Mid Rim planet of Naboo prior to the reign of Queen Padmé Amidala. A philosopher named Sio Bibble was elected Governor of Naboo under Veruna's rule.[1] During his reign, Veruna established a vast royal library collection in a tower at the back of the Theed Royal Palace.[5] Veruna was considered a corrupt king, and was defeated in an election by the fourteen-year-old Amidala, who became one of the youngest Queens of Naboo in its history.[6]

He shared his name with Veruna, one[7] of the three[8] moons of Naboo.[7]

Behind the scenes[edit | edit source]

Ars Veruna in the Star Wars Legends continuity

Ars Veruna was first canonically mentioned in Sio Bibble's entry from the 2016 reference book Star Wars Character Encyclopedia: Updated and Expanded, written by Pablo Hidalgo. The text mentioning Veruna is reprinted from[1] the Star Wars Legends reference book Star Wars Character Encyclopedia, written by Simon Beecroft and published in 2011.[9]

In 2016, Star Wars Character Encyclopedia: Updated and Expanded stated that Veruna was Amidala's predecessor.[1] Other reference materials published in that year stated that his reign lasted thirteen years[5], and ended when she defeated him in an election.[6]

Earlier mentions of Veruna are inconsistent with books published during and after 2019. The 2019 canon novel Queen's Shadow, written by E. K. Johnston, established that Naboo monarchs can only serve for a maximum of four years, or two terms lasting two years each.[10] The 2019 reference book Ultimate Star Wars, New Edition placed Bibble's election to the position of Governor during Veruna's reign, but did not maintain Veruna as Amidala's immediate predecessor, or specify the duration of his reign.[11] Johnston's 2020 novel Queen's Peril,[12] which is set in 32 BBY,[13] stated that Amidala's immediate predecessor was Sanandrassa, a single-term queen who was elected when Queen Réillata retired after one term.[12]

Queen's Peril placed the beginning of Réillata's first term in 36 BBY, and Sanandrassa's in 34 BBY.[14] This dating is inconsistent with James Luceno's 2014 canon novel Tarkin[15], which is set in 14 BBY, and has Wilhuff Tarkin remember a conversation from "twenty years earlier,"[16] in which Senator Palpatine briefly talked about the Naboo king who ruled at that time: "Even on my own Naboo, the king finds himself embroiled with the Trade Federation and off-world bankers with regard to our plasma exports."[15] The quote superficially describes events previously seen in Luceno's 2012 Legends novel Darth Plagueis.[17] However, it has not yet been confirmed in canon whether this king is indeed Veruna.[15]

In the Legends continuity, Veruna was first mentioned in the 1999 novel Star Wars Episode I Journal: Queen Amidala, written by Jude Watson.[18] He later made his first appearance in the 2000 short comic "A Summer's Dream," published in Star Wars Tales 5 by Dark Horse Comics.[19] Veruna was eventually given the first name Ars in the novel Darth Plagueis, in which he has a prominent role.[17]

Sources[edit | edit source]

Notes and references[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 Star Wars Character Encyclopedia: Updated and Expanded
  2. Helmet Collection logo small.png Star Wars Helmet Collection 54 (Weapons & Uniforms: The Naboo) establishes that Veruna was assassinated prior to Padmé Amidala's election as queen of Naboo. Amidala is shown to be the queen in Star Wars: Episode I The Phantom Menace, which Star Wars: Galactic Atlas dates to 32 BBY. Therefore, Veruna must have died by that year.
  3. StarWars-DatabankII.png Naboo in the Databank (backup link)—According to the StarWars.com Databank, the Naboo are "peaceful humans."
  4. Build the Millennium Falcon.png Star Wars: Build the Millennium Falcon 47 (Starship Fact File: Naboo J-Type 327 Nubian)
  5. 5.0 5.1 Star Wars: Complete Locations
  6. 6.0 6.1 Helmet Collection logo small.png Star Wars Helmet Collection 2 (Databank A-Z: Alzoc III—Antilles)
  7. 7.0 7.1 Star Wars: The Visual Encyclopedia
  8. Thrawn: Alliances
  9. Star Wars Character Encyclopedia
  10. Queen's Shadow
  11. Ultimate Star Wars, New Edition
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 Queen's Peril
  13. The events of Queen's Peril take place immediately before and concurrently with the events of Star Wars: Episode I The Phantom Menace, which Star Wars: Galactic Atlas dates to 32 BBY.
  14. Since Queen's Peril is set in 32 BBY, and Queen's Shadow establishes that one term for the Monarch of Naboo is two years, it can therefore be calculated that the two prior elections took place in 34 BBY and 36 BBY.
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 Tarkin
  16. The events of Tarkin take place five years after the rise of the Galactic Empire, which Star Wars: Galactic Atlas dates to 19 BBY. Therefore, Tarkin must be set in 14 BBY. The flashback takes place twenty years prior to the main narrative; if this is exactly rather than approximately twenty years, it can be calculated to 34 BBY.
  17. 17.0 17.1 Darth Plagueis
  18. Star Wars Episode I Journal: Queen Amidala
  19. "A Summer's Dream"—Star Wars Tales 5
  20. Master & Apprentice
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