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"The Republic commissioned the Y-wing for clone pilots to take on the Confederacy's droid starfighters, and last I checked, the droids didn't win."
Jon Vander[src]

The BTL-B Y-wing starfighter, also known as the BTL-B Y-wing fighter-bomber[1] was a model of starfighter-bomber produced by Koensayr Manufacturing, the first of the BTL-series Y-wing line. A mainstay of the Republic Navy during the Clone Wars, BTL-Bs were adopted by clones and Jedi officers alike and were instrumental in the fight against the Confederacy of Independent Systems. Though most were scrapped by the Galactic Empire after the conflict, the BTL-Bs were largely remembered positively and their successors, the BTL-A4 Y-wing assault starfighter/bomber, would see service with the Alliance to Restore the Republic decades later in the Galactic Civil War.

Characteristics[edit | edit source]

A BTL-B Y-wing flying in the thick of battle

Designed by Koensayr Manufacturing, the BTL-B Y-wing was intended to serve as a combination starfighter and long-range bomber. The two large Koensayr[1] ion jet engines,[4] along with their characteristic nacelles, were carried by a cross wing, which connected to the cockpit module by a central spar. BTL-Bs were equipped with hyperdrives,[1] unlike many other starfighters.[8] This, along with the fuel recycling system present in all BTLs, made Y-wings durable long-range craft, though their tendency to run hot necessitated a complex cooling system extending throughout the ship.[1]

The wedge-shape cockpit module carried one pilot and one tailgunner in a rotating bubble turret.[5] These positions were built with clone pilots in mind, though they could be adjusted by mechanics for other operators, including Jedi pilots.[1] The module also featured an astromech socket located directly behind the turret.[5]

History[edit | edit source]

Clone Wars service[edit | edit source]

Y-wings bombers depart on their attack on the Malevolence.

The BTL-B Y-wing was commissioned by the Republic Navy in the early stages of the Clone Wars to supplant the V-19 Torrent and Jedi starfighters that were currently in use. They quickly demonstrated their success,[1] notably as part of the attack on the Separatist heavy cruiser Malevolence. Under the command of Jedi General Anakin Skywalker, Shadow Squadron successfully destroyed the Malevolence's ion cannon despite losing six out of their initial force of twelve bombers.[5] Their early success prompted Koensayr to develop other variant Y-wings in the BTL-series for the Republic war effort, including the BTL-S3 and BTL-A4 models.[1]

Y-wings proved invaluable in breaking the Separatist blockade around Ryloth.

Y-wings saw extensive service over the course of the war. Used effectively against enemy capital ships, Y-wing bombing runs contributed to Republic victories such as breaking the blockade over Ryloth,[9] destroying Separatist transports at Kamino,[10] and engaging Asajj Ventress's fleet at Sullust.[11]

Despite their bugginess in atmospheric operations,[12] they were often employed as air support for the Grand Army of the Republic during ground assaults. They prevented the destruction of the capital of Ryloth, Lessu, by Separatist Hyena-class Droid Bombers,[13] and were selected to drop an experimental electro-proton bomb on Separatist forces near the end of the Battle of Malastare, completely annihilating the droid army.[14] BTL-Bs dropped ordnance on Confederate ground emplacements at the Second Battle of Geonosis,[15] insurgent formations on Umbara,[16] and, near the end of the war, on Separatist anti-aircraft cannons around the assembly complex during the Battle of Anaxes.[17]

Y-wings of Shadow Squadron participated in the Battle of Kamino.

Republic Y-wings were also engaged in more standard starfighter tactics as the war went on. Though Y-wings sometimes failed in defensive applications, such as the losses of Jedi General Adi Gallia's flagship at Patitite Pattuna[6] and of Obi-Wan Kenobi's flagship, the Negotiator,[18] they displayed dogfighting capabilities at Geonosis, engaging Geonosian Nantex-class starfighters,[15] and at Umbara, engaging vulture droids and droid tri-fighters.[19]

After the issuing of Order 66, former Padawan Ahsoka Tano and Clone Commander Rex, who had had his control chip removed,[20] escaped a skirmish against mind-controlled clone troopers aboard the crashing Venator-class Star Destroyer[21] Tribunal[22] in a Y-wing they located in the repair bay.[21]

Legacy[edit | edit source]

Y-wings earned a reputation for durability and firepower,[1] and veterans such as Captain Rex would remember them as solid in combat even years later.[23] However, the end of the war saw the new Imperial Navy shift away from hyperdrive-equipped snub-fighters[24] in favor of a space superiority doctrine based on capital ships,[25] causing Koensayr to lose its government contract. Though some Y-wings were sold to local planetary defense market, Imperial intervention caused many unsold, repossessed and surplus Y-wings to be allocated for reclamation.[24] By 2 BBY, the Empire had scrapped most BTL-Bs, though several decommissioned BTL-A4s remained awaiting reclamation.[1]

Appearances[edit | edit source]

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Sources[edit | edit source]

Notes and references[edit | edit source]

External links[edit | edit source]

Galactic Republic starship classes
Space stations
DS-1 · FireStar II-class · Golan I · Haven-class · Starlight Beacon
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Eta-class · F-143 · G9 Rigger-class · GX1 short hauler · H-2 executive · HAET-221 · LAAT (LAAT/c · LAAT/i · LAAT/le · Space gunship) · Longbeam · Nu-class (Republic medical) · Republic executive · Republic space tug · T-6 · Theta-class T-2c · TUG-314 · Util-313
Starfighters & bombers
ARC-40b · ARC-170 · BTL-B Y-wing · Cord-class · Delta-series (Alpha-3 Nimbus-class V-wing (Alpha-3B "Besh" · Alpha-3E "Esk") · Delta-7 Aethersprite-class · Delta-7B Aethersprite-class · Eta-2 Actis-class) · SU-42RS Flashblind · V-19 Torrent · Z-28 Skywing · Z-95 Headhunter (Clone Z-95 Headhunter)
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AO-1 orbital assault pod · Republic escape pod · Salon pod
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