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"They'll do their job well. I'll guarantee that."
―Jango Fett[src]

Clone troopers, nicknamed "Boys in White," and also known as Republic troopers, Republic troops or Republic soldiers, were highly trained soldiers in the Grand Army of the Republic. Bred on the extragalactic planet Kamino, clone troopers were engineered by Kaminoan scientists—using the human bounty hunter Jango Fett as a genetic template for the entire clone army—and represented the latest evolution in galactic warfare, having been designed to be superior to battle droids, by the time the Galactic Republic entered its final years. Their formal introduction to the galaxy as the newly formed Republic Military coincided with the Separatist Crisis that ultimately spawned the Confederacy of Independent Systems. The ensuing conflict, the Clone Wars, was named for the clones that made their debut on the Separatist world of Geonosis in 22 BBY, marking the first engagement in the first pan-galactic conflict since the founding of the modern Galactic Republic approximately one thousand years prior.

Under the firm leadership of Supreme Chancellor Sheev Palpatine, entire clone battalions deployed across the galaxy both to protect Republic territory and restore its rule to thousands of star systems. The Jedi Knights, the Republic's most seasoned combatants, were granted the rank of Jedi General, allowing them to lead the Grand Army clone troopers against the enemies of the Republic. For three years, Jedi and clones fought alongside each other, forging a wartime bond as the generals encouraged their troops to become individuals rather than think in lockstep as their creators intended. Although the clones, who viewed each other as brothers, were loyal to the Republic and the Jedi Order, they were unwitting participants in a conspiracy to overthrow the Republic. The Sith resurfaced after centuries of hiding, intending to restore their Order as the dominant power in the galaxy. They influenced Prime Minister Lama Su and Doctor Nala Se to implant a control chip in the brain of every clone trooper, making it impossible for them to disobey Order 66—a secret protocol that compelled the clones to kill their Jedi officers. Ultimately, Order 66 was instrumental to the systematic annihilation of the Jedi.

In 19 BBY, Order 66 was issued to all clone troopers from the office of Chancellor Palpatine, who was, in fact, the Sith Lord Darth Sidious. Across the galaxy thousands of unsuspecting Jedi were executed by their own soldiers, whose programming caused them to regard their former comrades as enemies of the state. Meanwhile, the 501st Legion was dispatched to the Jedi Temple on the galactic capital of Coruscant, where they exterminated every Jedi, including the youngest members of the Order. Afterwards, the clone troopers were re-designated as Imperial stormtroopers under the Republic's successor state, the Galactic Empire ruled by the self-anointed Emperor Palpatine. Their service to the New Order was brief, however. In the months following the Clone Wars' end, the Empire ceased relying on Kamino's production of clone units and turned to birth-born human recruits, leading the Imperial Military to become a volunteer force. The surviving clones were, therefore, phased out of service, their fighting skills having been eroded by the effects of accelerated aging.

Nevertheless, clone troopers were remembered long after the Imperial Era concluded with the Empire's defeat and the emergence of the New Republic. Their legacy as a renowned fighting force inspired the First Order, a successor to the Empire in all but name, to reinvent the Stormtrooper Corps by raising a new generation of super-soldiers. Although they were not clones, First Order stormtroopers were trained from childhood and programmed for absolute loyalty. This form of training and indoctrination was the brainchild of General Brendol Hux, a high-ranking First Order officer who remembered the clone troopers that he served with during his time as a junior officer in the Grand Army of the Republic.



"They are totally obedient, taking any order without question. We modified their genetic structure to make them less independent than the original host."
"And who was the original host?"
"A bounty hunter called Jango Fett."
―Lama Su and Obi-Wan Kenobi[src]
Kamino Facility

Modeled on the genetic template of Jango Fett, clone troopers were grown and trained in the cloning facilities of Kamino.

Years before the Invasion of Naboo, Jedi Master Sifo-Dyas came to believe that the galaxy would soon become engulfed by war. He therefore advocated for the creation of an army to ensure the defense of the Galactic Republic, but his views were ultimately rejected by his peers and he was cast out of the Jedi High Council. Undeterred by the lack of support from the other Jedi, Sifo-Dyas secretly contacted the Kaminoans[6]—a species of experts in cloning, native to the planet Kamino[2]—and commissioned them to create an army of clone soldiers for the Republic without authorization from either High Council or the Galactic Senate.[6]


Clones were programmed since birth to become loyal and efficient soldiers of the Galactic Republic.

Shortly afterward, Sifo-Dyas was killed by the Pyke Syndicate at the behest of the Sith, resulting in the Sith's takeover of the clone trooper project.[6] Darth Tyranus, the apprentice of the Sith Lord Darth Sidious, recruited the bounty hunter Jango Fett to become the genetic template of the clone army. Various modifications were made to the Fett genome so that the clones would grow faster and be more susceptible to following orders. Hyper-aggressive and volatile tendencies were tailored; the Kaminoans resorted to growth acceleration in order to create mature clones in half the time a human took to reach maturity. Fett's genetic structure was further modified to make the clones less independent and more docile than their template. However, the clones were also designed to be capable of creative thinking,[2] making them far superior to battle droids[1] according to Prime Minister Lama Su. In addition to Fett's financial compensation, the bounty hunter requested an unaltered clone for himself. As a result, the clone known as "Boba Fett" was created without the genetic modifications that caused the other clones to grow faster and obey orders without question.[2]


Clone troopers were modified to grow at twice the rate of the regular human aging process.

Although the Kaminoans believed that the army was meant to serve the Republic,[2] the Sith intended to use the clone troopers as their secret weapon against the Jedi Order. The clone army's true purpose was to exterminate the Jedi,[1] and to that end an organic inhibitor chip was implanted into the brain of every clone trooper at the third stage of their development, of which at least one failed in clone trooper Tup, causing him to kill a Jedi beforehand. Officially, the chips were supposed to make the clones less aggressive and independent than Jango Fett.[7] The significance of the inhibitor chip was supported by the assertion that a clone would become mentally unstable and dangerous to everyone around him if his chip was damaged or surgically removed.[8] The chips were, in fact, created to compel the clone troopers to execute Order 66[7][8]—a secret protocol that authorized the destruction of the Jedi Order.[3]

Military Complex

The Kaminoans presented the combat-ready clone troopers to Obi-Wan Kenobi, a representative of the Jedi Order.

Each clone trooper had an identifying code inserted in his left wrist. During the Clone Wars, the codes were linked to the file of every individual trooper in the Republic's military database. The files, which could be accessed by an astromech droid via the scanning of a clone's identifying code, contained the clones' designation, rank and overall service record, as well as any specialized training and the units that he was affiliated with.[9]

Within a decade after Sifo-Dyas commissioned the creation of the clone army, the first 200,000 units were ready with a million more underway. Around the same time, the Jedi Knight Obi-Wan Kenobi discovered the clone project on Kamino and duly informed the Jedi Council. By then, the galaxy was on the verge of a civil war between the Republic and a secessionist movement that ultimately formed the Confederacy of Independent Systems. Since the Jedi lacked the sufficient manpower to guard the entire Republic, the Senate resolved to grant emergency powers to the executive branch. As a result, the clone troopers were formally organized into the Grand Army of the Republic by Supreme Chancellor Sheev Palpatine[2]—the elected leader of the Senate[3] and public persona of Darth Sidious, Dark Lord of the Sith.[10]

Clone WarsEdit

"What's the point of all this? I mean, why?"
"I don't know, sir. I don't think anybody knows. But I do know that someday this war is gonna end."
"Then what? We're soldiers. What happens to us then?"
―CT-7567 "Rex" and CT-5555 "Fives," on their military service to the Republic[src]
Clone Army Charge

Under the leadership of the Jedi, the clone troopers charged the fields of Geonosis and fought to secure the first victory in the Clone Wars.

Clone troopers were deployed into battle for the first time on the planet Geonosis, where twelve Acclamator-class assault ships supplied by Kamino were loaded with two battle armies,[11] or 192,000 troops.[12] Under the leadership of the Jedi, the Grand Army of the Republic forced the Separatist Droid Army into full retreat and consequently won the first battle of the Clone Wars.[3] In the wake of the Republic victory on Geonosis, Count Dooku—the alter ego of Darth Tyranus—rallied a growing number of dissenting worlds to the Separatist cause, further dividing the Republic and forcing the clone troopers to fight the war on all fronts across the galaxy.[13]

Clone troopers vs B1 battle droids

Battle droids and clone troopers fought each other across the galaxy throughout the Clone Wars.

Throughout the conflict, clone troopers continuously demonstrated extreme loyalty to the Galactic Republic, especially their Jedi Generals and the Supreme Chancellor.[1] Yet while the clones were conditioned to be absolutely obedient,[2] every clone developed his own unique identity. Though encouraged to identify with their cohort, the clones received no time to form friendships beyond a soldier's bond. Insufficient or rushed field care led some clone veterans to have deep, physical scars. These soldiers wore their scars with pride, and some refused rehabilitative treatment to remove them.[14]

The distinction between each clone ranged from loyal units,[1] such as Clone Commander CC-2224 "Cody"[15] and Clone Captain CT-7567 "Rex,"[16] to a minority of clones who proved to be disloyal or uncommitted to the Republic's cause, such as Clone Sergeant "Slick." Regarding service as slavery, Slick betrayed the Republic by accepting bribes from the Separatists and was therefore arrested as a traitor by the Grand Army.[17] Another clone trooper displayed aberrant behavior by deserting the Grand Army and becoming a farmer under the name "Cut Lawquane."[18] For the most part, however, the clones found pride in their purpose as soldiers, and many continued to sacrifice their lives for the Republic.[1] The clones fought alongside the Jedi and each other, and clone troopers viewed each other as brothers-in-arms and family.[17] While admirable, this quality could keep them from seeing the bigger picture and make them willfully ignorant of the Republic's politics.[14]

Grand army formation

Serving as the backbone of the Grand Army of the Republic, clone troopers represented the latest evolution in galactic warfare.

As the Clone Wars dragged on, the stress of combat and high casualties caused cracks and strains among the ranks of the clone soldiers. Personality quirks, once considered harmless or even essential to their mental development, began to express themselves in extreme and polarizing ways. Each unit created their own rituals, small ways to identify squad mates, those from the same company, and veterans of specific campaigns. A soldier that talked about "cracking that crystal" identified themselves as a veteran of Christophsis and the assault on Crystal City, while an officer calling targets "bugs" revealed he fought in the hives on Geonosis. While many clones respected a soldier with a different background, some felt separated by time, space, and the unique aspects of their struggle.[14]

Though the vast majority of clones remained loyal to the Republic over the course of the three year conflict, as time progressed a small member began to question their strict obedience. Naive new clones fresh from the clone tanks found themselves fighting alongside veterans with years of combat experience, the deaths of comrades, objectives gained and failed, and the often-ineffectual civilian Republic leadership. Consequently, some veterans developed a skepticism of Republic bureaucracy that shocked even the most cynical of rookie clones. Unlike most "natural" species where youth question their elders, it was the older clones of the Grand Army of the Republic who found themselves questioning their values and traditions. These clones still found comfort in the company of their brothers, but life no longer seemed as cut and dry to them.[14]

Public imageEdit

"Valiant men, the clones have proven to be. Saved my life and yours they have many times. Believe in them we must."
Boys in white

Throughout the Clone Wars, the armored clone troopers were a symbol of strength and unity in COMPOR-sponsored propaganda.

Throughout the Clone Wars, clone troopers featured prominently in propaganda sponsored by both the Republic and Separatist media. Through the Commission for the Protection of the Republic, a populist organization commonly known as COMPOR, clones were portrayed as the public face of the Republic's war effort, resulting in the publication of patriotic artwork such as Unite and Support the Boys in White. The posters expressed patriotism and civic duty to the citizens of the Republic. Part of a large outreach campaign, clone troopers became the symbol of the war effort, largely replacing the Jedi of previous years. Projecting strength and unity, they reminded citizens that their sacrifices were funding peace through military might.[19]

Such messages were intended to ingrain the image of the clone trooper as brave soldiers risking all for freedom, democracy and the Republic. Although COMPOR also wanted to use the Jedi Order as a tool for propaganda, Chancellor Palpatine advised against this course of action, citing sympathy for the Jedi's reluctant acceptance of their new role during wartime. As a result, very few examples of pro-Jedi messages exist as COMPOR devoted their full attention to promoting support for the clone troopers as well as loyalty to the Republic and, in particular, Chancellor Palpatine.[19]

By contrast, the Confederacy of Independent Systems decried the clone army as a biological abomination—an inhumane practice in which weaponized embryos were carried to artificial term and turned into disposable killing machines. The Separatist cause was, therefore, portrayed as the more "humane" approach due to the Confederacy's use of battle droids. As the war carried on, more Republic citizens became disillusioned with the seemingly endless conflict, allowing Separatist and anti-war propaganda to take root in the Republic's territory. Widespread discontent began to erode the clones' public image despite COMPOR's efforts; even their civilian-coined nickname "Boys in White" backfired as anti-war activists pointed to the fact that the clones were barely thirteen years old by the third year of the Clone Wars.[19]

Jedi investigation into the clone army's creationEdit

Near the end of the war, Order 66 was nearly discovered by the Jedi. CT-5385 "Tup", a clone trooper in the 501st Legion, became mentally unstable when his inhibitor chip malfunctioned during the Battle of Ringo Vinda, causing him to kill Jedi General Tiplar.[20] This premature execution of Order 66 resulted in an investigation by the Republic, the Jedi, and the Kaminoans. The Sith also took an interest in the matter; Count Dooku—whom Lama Su and Nala Se knew only as "Tyranus," their secret benefactor—instructed the Kaminoans to prevent the Jedi from discovering the true purpose of the inhibitor chips.[21] Tyranus was also disturbed by the degree of individuality that the clones displayed in spite of their psychological conditioning; Nala Se believed that the Jedi were responsible for encouraging greater creative thinking in the clones. Nevertheless, she was certain that, with the exception of Tup's damaged chip, the rest of the chips would function according to their design.[7]

Tatooine pickup TCW

Clone troopers loyally served their Jedi leaders and the Republic throughout the conflict with the Separatists.

During the investigation, ARC trooper CT-5555 "Fives" became increasingly convinced that the inhibitor chip was part of a conspiracy against the Republic and the Jedi.[21][7] Against Nala Se's advice, he was allowed to plead his case to Chancellor Palpatine. However, their meeting led the ARC trooper to believe that the Chancellor was involved in the conspiracy, although he was unaware of to what extent. Jedi Master Shaak Ti witnessed Fives's attempt to assassinate the Chancellor and prevented him from succeeding. Soon after his escape from the Grand Republic Medical Facility, Fives was cornered by the clone shock troopers of the Coruscant Guard and executed by Commander CC-1010 "Fox", commander of the Coruscant Guard. The investigation falsely concluded that Tup's chip was infected by a rare parasite native to Ringo Vinda and Fives succumbed to madness after removing his own chip on Kamino.[8]

Shortly before dying, Tup and Fives—both of whom had their chips removed—described Order 66 as a mission that they repeatedly experienced in their nightmares.[21][8] With their deaths and the removal of any evidence that could alert the Jedi to the existence of Order 66, the Chancellor convinced the Jedi Council that the clone troopers did require their inhibitor chips.[8]

41st Elite Corps

Encouraged by the Jedi to embrace their individuality, clone troopers customized their armor with distinctive color schemes and markings.

The death of Fives did not completely ensure the secrecy of Order 66, however. The Jedi Council began inquiring into the specific circumstances regarding the mysterious death of Sifo-Dyas, the founder of the clone army. Alarmed by the Jedi's interest in the matter, Darth Sidious tasked his apprentice with the responsibility of eliminating any remaining loose ends that could connect the Sith with the creation of the clones. Darth Tyranus journeyed to the planet Oba Diah and killed Minister Lom Pyke of the Pyke Syndicate, but not before the Pyke revealed to the Jedi that Tyranus and Dooku were one and the same.[22]

The Jedi Council was disturbed by the revelation of the Sith Order's involvement in the creation of the clones. Yet in spite of their suspicions regarding the reasons the Sith would provide the Jedi with an army, the Council ultimately chose to conceal their findings from the public and the government, fearing that such a discovery would undermine public confidence in the war. Moreover, Grand Master Yoda defended the clones' integrity to his peers, believing that the Jedi could trust in their loyalty as they had saved their lives many times and had proven worthy allies.[22]

Order 66Edit

"The kid was right. Billaba was our hero. Yours and mine."
"That traitor? No. Never!"
"Yes. She was. And Order Sixty-Six… We followed it—I followed it—as if under some kind of spell… As if I had no will of my own. No memories of the battles we had fought together. Not for one second did it occur to me to even question the Emperor's command!"
"Because when soldiers question orders, people die!"
"People died anyway! Master Billaba died at my hands! My friend, let's take one second now… Before it's too late."
"You're talking like a Jedi traitor, Grey. We did what we had to do. Anything else is literally… Unthinkable."
―CC-10/994 and "Styles," on their role in Order 66[src]
Execute Order 66

Clone troopers were programmed to obey Order 66 without question, regardless of their affinity for the Jedi.

After three years of constant warfare,[1] the Separatist forces attacked Coruscant,[3] the Republic capital world,[23] and managed to abduct Chancellor Palpatine in the process.[1] The clone troopers rallied to Coruscant's defense while the Jedi Knights Obi-Wan Kenobi and Anakin Skywalker rescued the Chancellor. During the battle, Darth Tyranus was slain by Skywalker—an act which brought the Clone Wars closer to a successful conclusion for the Republic. The Jedi Council moved to capitalize on the momentum gained by Tyranus' death in the hope of ending the war.[3]

The Grand Army continued to fight the war on various worlds across the galaxy, including Mygeeto, Felucia, Cato Neimoidia, and Saleucami. New fronts were opened as clone troopers were deployed to Kashyyyk and Utapau; and other planets as part of the Outer Rim Sieges. CC-1004 and the 41st Elite Corps fought side-by-side with the Wookiees in the Battle of Kashyyyk, under the command of Yoda, while Kenobi and CC-2224 oversaw the Battle of Utapau between the 212th Attack Battalion and General Grievous's droid army.[3]

As the Republic drew closer to achieving total victory in the Clone Wars, Chancellor Palpatine revealed his true identity as Darth Sidious to the Jedi, provoking an immediate response from the Jedi Council. The consequent confrontation between the Council and the Dark Lord ended in the deaths of several Jedi Masters, including Mace Windu, and Anakin Skywalker's fall to the dark side of the Force. Now anointed as the Sith Lord Darth Vader, Sidious's new apprentice participated in the 501st Legion's assault on the Jedi Temple. Under the influence of Order 66, the 501st clone troopers stormed the Temple and exterminated the Jedi within. None of the Jedi were spared, including the younglings.[3]


With Order 66 in effect, a systematic purge of the Jedi Order was carried out by the clone troopers and the newly anointed Sith Lord Darth Vader.

Around the same time, Darth Sidious issued Order 66 to the clone troopers throughout the galaxy—declaring every Jedi an enemy of the Republic. Order 66 triggered the hidden chips within the clones,[1] compelling them to comply without question or hesitation with the plan to annihilate the Jedi. The clones turned on their unsuspecting allies and slaughtered them across numerous worlds. With the exception of a few survivors, the Jedi were all but extinct in the aftermath of the initial execution of Order 66.[3]

Clones within the early EmpireEdit

"I heard they shut down the facilities on Kamino. They'll train up the last batch of clones and that's it."
"But that's crazy. Who will protect the Empire?"
"Don't know, Kicker. But it won't be us. We get to pack up old Jedi way stations and crate everything back to Coruscant. I think our fighting days are done."
―Clone troopers "Ding" and "Kicker," on the end of the clone trooper program[src]

The clones became stormtroopers until the Empire supplanted them with birth-born human recruits and conscripts.

Without the Jedi Order, the galaxy fell under the power of the Sith once more. Sidious, having accumulated absolute political and military control over the Republic, was able to become the self-proclaimed Emperor of the First Galactic Empire.[3] The Republic was no more; democracy and liberty were supplanted by the absolute rule of the Sith, leading to sweeping alterations that distinguished the New Order from the old system.[24] During this time of change, all remaining clone troopers were re-designated as Imperial stormtroopers. As a result, the soldiers that once defended the Republic became the Empire's elite shock troops, enforcing the Emperor's will and destroying his enemies[5] during the early days of the new Imperial Era.[25]

Despite the clones' role in the formation and enforcement of the early Empire, the clone trooper production line was halted, causing rumors to spread across the ranks with clones such as "Ding" and "Kicker" pondering the Empire's future and the fate of their kind. Knowing that the clone army had only one generation left in its future, older clones dreaded the notion of retirement and, therefore, sought ways to remain on active duty, such as joining the Emperor's Royal Guard.[26]

The drop in casualties following the end of the war allowed the Empire to suspend clone production without a major disruption in manpower as new, non-clone recruits took up the mantle.[14] Nevertheless, the Empire continued to make use of clones[27] even as they were gradually phased out of service. Clone troopers were dispatched to secure Jedi sites, such as the Mid Rim Jedi way station Brighthome, a task which the clones found tedious as they preferred to serve on the battlefield.[26] In addition, shock troopers continued to patrol the upper levels of Coruscant[27] and even supported Darth Vader in his efforts to capture Jedi Master Jocasta Nu, the Chief Librarian of the Jedi Temple Archives.[28]

As time passed, however, the remaining clones were deemed no longer fit for military service due to their accelerated aging process.[29] No longer using fresh clones to replenish the army due to the shutdown of the cloning hatcheries on Kamino,[26] the Empire introduced birth-born human recruits and conscripts into the stormtrooper ranks, thereby causing the Imperial Military to transition from a clone army to a volunteer force.[19]

By 4 BBY most clones had been decommissioned and were regarded as obsolete.[30] A small number of clones remained in Imperial service, acting as training instructors for the next generation of stormtroopers.[31] One such clone was TX-828; as one of the last clones in the Stormtrooper Corps, he was a rare sight by the time of the Battle of Yavin. At that time he was nearing the age of forty due to his accelerated growth process, with strands of gray coloring his black hair. By then the rarity of TX-828's kind was such that ISB Senior Commander Alecia Beck was surprised to encounter a stormtrooper from the original Kaminoan production line.[32]

Life after retirementEdit

During the later years of the Clone Wars, many clones talked about retirement as a reward for their service, but few knew what it entailed. Indeed, the Republic planned to retire the clones, but neither the government or the clones knew what that meant. If a soldier brought the subject up, their commander would often put an end to the idle chatter. A few forward-looking clones contemplated work in corporate security or consultation with local militaries owing to their lack of civilian job skills, and their accelerated aging process decreased the likelihood of them learning and mastering such job skills before they died. However, strong loyalties to the former Republic created a moral quandary when it came to security work, as retired clones would possibly be fighting some of their former brethren.[14]

Before the Republic collapsed, politicians had vetted certain officers about staying in a formalized and permanent Republic military to maintain the peace. A few exceptional clones had even been approached to run for political office. Having proven their loyalty to the Republic, and with the civilian population loving military heroes, many clones would have made ideal candidates were it not for the clones' general disdain for politicking.[14]

Psychological impact of Order 66Edit

Some clones felt bitter and horrified by their actions, having been traumatized by the aftereffects of Order 66.[33] On one occasion, CC-10/994 was dismayed by his own thoughtless execution of Order 66—an experience which he described as being in trance, and therefore, unable to control his actions. Captain "Styles" did not share his commander's concern over the moral issues of Order 66, however. In an effort to atone for his participation in the Jedi Purge, CC-10/994 sacrificed his life to save Caleb Dume, the apprentice of Jedi Master Depa Billaba whom the clone killed while under the influence of Order 66.[34]

Prior to Order 66, a few clones managed to remove their control chips as was the case with Rex, CC-3636 "Wolffe," and CC-5576-39 "Gregor." In the years that followed the Clone Wars, the three clone veterans lived out much of their remaining years in retirement on Seelos, where they made a home out of a modified All Terrain Tactical Enforcer. Despite the effects of their accelerated growth, the aging clones decided to oppose the Empire by joining the nascent rebellion, a movement dedicated to the restoration of the Republic that the clones once served. Regarding the clones' view of stormtroopers, Rex was generally dismissive of the humans who replaced his brethren.[35]

Clones in the RebellionEdit

"Tell me, what's it like to be a traitor?"
"I'm no traitor. You want an answer, ask the Emperor about it."
"Don't you feel guilty for turning your back on the Empire and joining these rebels?"
"These "rebels" are saving people's lives, which is more than the Empire's been doing across the galaxy."
Jeken and Captain CT-7567 "Rex"[src]
Wolffe-4-retina 92972cde

After years of retirement, the clone veteran CT-7567, nicknamed "Rex," joined a nascent rebellion against the Galactic Empire.

Although the extensive majority of clone troopers were loyal to the Empire, held in place by training and established organic programming, a few clones were able to discover how to disconnect or repel their programming. Of those few, even fewer decided to rebel against the Empire, mostly due to their increasingly old age or situations. The rebellious clones brought their combat training and experience to the various resistance groups that they joined and were also knowledgeable in Imperial strategy and military bureaucracy. Although clones active in the growing rebellion operated apart from each other, some instances saw several clones working together.[36]

At least one Jedi survivor harbored a grudge against the clones. Kanan Jarrus was traumatized by the events of Order 66, including the sudden execution of his Master, Depa Billaba by their own clone troopers, who betrayed and murdered the Jedi Master without hesitation. This experience caused him to develop a strong sense of bitterness towards the clones.[30] After Clone Captain Rex joined the rebellion, Jarrus still possessed his grudge for a time, but Jarrus came to respect and view him as friend after the Captain nearly sacrificed himself for Jarrus. After the mission, Jarrus went as far as to salute the clone, which surprised Rex, but he quickly returned it.[37] After the rebellion fully formed into the Alliance to Restore the Republic, Rex continued to serve, and was eventually promoted to the rank of commander in the organization. He served in the Battle of Endor,[38] which would prove to be a major loss for the Empire because of the deaths of Emperor Palpatine and Darth Vader.[39]


During the Imperial EraEdit

"If it's a fight you want, I hope you brought a better class of soldier than those…stormtroopers."
"They serve the Empire well, and I have a great many of them."
"You're gonna need all of 'em."
―Captain CT-7567 "Rex" and Alexsandr Kallus[src]

Republic propaganda inspired birth-born humans to follow the clone troopers' example by becoming Imperial stormtroopers.

Although the clone trooper program was decommissioned under the Empire, their service in the Clone Wars inspired a generation of birth-born humans, both throughout the conflict and the years that followed. At the time there was no army to enlist in; save for the clones' Jedi Generals, the Grand Army of the Republic was exclusively based on a single template. The Republic faithful nevertheless wanted to do their part as citizens of the thousand-year democracy; as such, they were encouraged by COMPOR propaganda to purchase war bonds or report acts of sedition to the authorities.[19]

The Commission for the Preservation of the New Order (COMPNOR) built upon the carefully engineered symbols and messages of its COMPOR predecessor to accelerate the vast military expansion as decreed by Emperor Palpatine. For all of COMPOR's efforts to mythologize the clone troopers, portraying them as gallant heroes of the Republic in a barrage of propaganda, clones remained an abstraction in the public's mind. Yet whereas the Grand Army's ranks were exclusively clone-based, the galactic populace was encouraged by COMPNOR to serve the state by doing more than purchasing bonds, reporting treason or rationing supplies. With the cloning operation on Kamino suspended, ordinary citizens volunteered for military service in the hopes of wearing the armor of the Imperial stormtrooper and becoming heroes like the clone soldiers they idolized.[19]

By the later years of the Galactic Empire, clone troopers and the Grand Army of the Republic were virtually forgotten, becoming what some called a "lost generation," despite their valiant service. By the war's end, clones had saved billions of lives across the galaxy, while their vehicles and equipment inspired new weapons such as the E-11 blaster rifle, based on the common clone weapon the DC-15, and AT-AT, based off the clone tank the All Terrain Tactical Enforcer.[30]

During the New Republic EraEdit

"How capable are your soldiers, General?"
"I won't have you question my methods."
"They're obviously skilled at committing high treason. Perhaps Leader Snoke should consider using a clone army."
―Kylo Ren and Armitage Hux[src]

Among military circles, the clones were remembered for their effectiveness. During the cold war, Kylo Ren expressed his disappointment in the stormtroopers of the First Order, telling General Armitage Hux that an army of clones would be more effective.[40]

CT-6116 "Kix," a clone trooper of the 501st Legion, was discovered by the pirate Sidon Ithano over fifty years after the end of the Clone Wars. At the time Ithano located a downed Separatist vessel and decided to raid it, assuming he would find valuable kyber crystals once belonging to Count Dooku. Instead, he found Kix, who had been frozen in stasis since the late Clone Wars, because he had discovered Order 66. The clone medic was deeply saddened when he learned about the end of the Republic and the loss of his brothers, and ultimately joined Ithano's crew due to his expertise in Clone Wars-era technology and the knowledge he possessed regarding the locations of former military locations.[41]


"I want you troopers to remember—we're shoulder-to-shoulder on those front lines. Brothers! And sometimes we may quarrel, but no matter what, we are united. Rule one: we fight together."
Training Room Kamino AtG

Clone troopers were rigorously trained on Kamino to become the elite soldiers of the Galactic Republic.

In order to rapidly produce a large army, the clones were subscribed to an accelerated training and aging program. All clones went through painful accelerated growth before reaching maturity, all while enduring nonstop training, simulations, and testing. Letter and number identifications were assigned to the clones to remove any sense of identity, as the cloners and trainers on Kamino viewed them as pieces of a machine, and not people. Endless mental and physical drills bled into the clones' "recreation," where they participated in sports and games that resembled battle situations. Any bouts of anger or rebellion were dealt with by placing clones in retraining pods, essentially isolation tanks. Throughout their time on Kamino, their engineers muttered veiled threats of "disposal" if the clones failed their testing. As the war progressed, the Jedi clamped down on the more egregious attitudes, but the engineers of Kamino maintained their view of the clones as merely a product.[14]

As trainees, clones held the rank of clone cadet and were organized into multiple squads for the purpose of learning cooperation and teamwork.[42] Cadets had several kinds of instructors; younger clones were monitored by full-grown clone sergeants[43] and bounty hunters were hired to supervise the older clones. By the time of the Clone Wars, Jedi Master Shaak Ti personally oversaw the training of new generations of clone troopers. ARC troopers were also assigned to inspect the progress of future troopers.[42] Clones deemed exceptional in comparison to the average, rank-and-file trooper,[44] were given specialized training in order to become elite soldiers, such as clone commandos[45] or ARC troopers.[44]

During the war, Shaak Ti observed how some cadets such as Domino Squad struggled to complete their training. Lama Su, who regarded the Domino clones as sub-standard units, believed they were the result of the Kaminoans' need to stretch their remaining supply of Jango Fett's DNA due to the template's untimely demise on Geonosis. The prime minister also opined that a new genotype would have to be selected in order to produce more clones fit for combat.[42]


The clone trooper training program was overseen by mercenaries and battle-experienced clones.

The clones lived and trained in Tipoca City, the capital city of Kamino, throughout their time as cadets.[2] Naturally, clones came to regard Kamino as their homeworld, just as official records did. Training and studying under the soft white lights of the clone facilities, most never saw the rain, oceans, clouds, or sky until they left for combat. Still, from the moment of their birth, the clones received encouragement from their trainers and genetic engineers to leave Kamino, and become soldiers among the stars.[14]

At least one clone squad was given a tour of the Venator-class Star Destroyer Endurance during the Clone Wars as part of the Clone Youth Brigade. The point of this on-site training exercise was to test the cadets' knowledge regarding the functions and layout of a Star Destroyer. It was also meant to help prepare the cadets for their future as fully trained clone troopers.[43]

The clones who failed to complete their training were disqualified from becoming soldiers. Instead of military service, failed clones—such as 99—were given janitorial duties and menial work. The cadets who succeeded in their trials were promoted to active duty.[42] Despite technically holding the rank of clone trooper, new troopers were regarded as rookies and referred to as "shinies" by older, more battle-experienced clones.[46]

Clones were taught Basic, the language of the Galactic Republic. Those who spent a lot of time stationed on a specific planet may adopt a patois of the local language. Clones tended to litter their speech with jargon and slang—such as "clankers" for droids—incomprehensible to a civilian or a Jedi unfamiliar with military culture.[14]

As the war progressed, command allowed clones to pursue hobbies within limited parameters to supplement their off-duty training and improve mental health. This improved morale and recovery, however also gave clones insight into the "other side" and how the civilian population lived.[14]


"Generation One armor always holds up."
―CT-7567, on his clone trooper armor[src]
Clone trooper armor

Clone troopers were originally outfitted with Phase I clone trooper until the introduction of its successor, Phase II clone trooper armor.

Phase I clone trooper armor was the first version in the clone trooper armor series. It was issued to clone troopers on Kamino prior to the Clone Wars,[2] and was in service until it was rendered obsolete by Phase II around the time of the Battle of Mon Cala.[47] Both versions of clone trooper armor could be modified with an array of attachments, such as jetpacks[13] and macrobinoculars.[3] To better monitor ground movements and coordinate attacks, all clone troopers held a tracking device within their helmets that allowed controllers on Acclamator-class transgalactic military assault ships to better monitor the combat zone.[48]

At first, Phase I armor used color to distinguish clones trained for leadership roles, such as captains and commanders, from each other and the standard troopers in the Grand Army of the Republic.[2] As the Clone Wars progressed, color gradually became used for the purpose of armor customization and unit identification.[13] The trend was maintained during the service of Phase II armor,[3] but was ultimately discarded by the time of the creation of stormtrooper armor after the Clone Wars.[49] The identifying white armor of both Phases signified an honorable symbol of defense; however, the creation of the stormtrooper skewed this symbolism into one of a faceless icon of conformity.[50]

Clone troopers were armed with the DC-15 blaster rifle and DC-15A blaster for long ranged combat,[2] as well as blaster pistols for standard-ranged combat.[51] They also wielded several types of grenades, including Electro Magnetic Pulse grenades[52] and thermal detonators.[53]

Specialized clone troopersEdit

Clone Commander CotR

A veteran clone trooper

To fill the demand of the different situations that occur during wartime, various clone troopers received extra or specialized training. The battles took place in many different environments during the Clone Wars and as such, the need for specialized gear also arose.[54]

Squad Clone Trooper Ordnance Specialist - Sideshow

A clone ordnance specialist

Behind the scenesEdit

The Prequel trilogy clone troopers were created through computer-generated imagery. In Star Wars: Episode II Attack of the Clones, the school-aged clones were played by Daniel Logan, the young adult versions by Bodie Taylor, and the mature versions by Temuera Morrison.[source?]

For Star Wars: Episode III Revenge of the Sith, Morrison wore a blue bodysuit to play troopers Cody, Odd Ball, and Jag. The suit was later digitally replaced with computer-generated clone armor.[source?]

Dee Bradley Baker voiced all of the clone troopers in Star Wars: The Clone Wars and Star Wars Rebels, while Logan reprised his role as the clone cadets in The Clone Wars episodes "Death Trap" and "ARC Troopers."[source?]


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Non-canon appearancesEdit


Notes and referencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 StarWars-DatabankII Clone Troopers in the Databank (backup link)
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 2.11 2.12 2.13 2.14 2.15 Star Wars: Episode II Attack of the Clones
  3. 3.00 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.05 3.06 3.07 3.08 3.09 3.10 3.11 Star Wars: Episode III Revenge of the Sith
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Star Wars: Galactic Atlas
  5. 5.0 5.1 StarWars-DatabankII Stormtroopers in the Databank (backup link)
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 StarWars-DatabankII Sifo-Dyas in the Databank (backup link)
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 TCW mini logo Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "Fugitive"
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 TCW mini logo Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "Orders"
  9. TCW mini logo Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "Missing in Action"
  10. StarWars-DatabankII Sith in the Databank (backup link)
  11. 11.0 11.1 Rise of the Separatists
  12. Star Wars: Complete Locations
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 13.3 Star Wars: The Clone Wars film
  14. 14.00 14.01 14.02 14.03 14.04 14.05 14.06 14.07 14.08 14.09 14.10 Collapse of the Republic
  15. StarWars-DatabankII Clone Commander Cody in the Databank (backup link)
  16. StarWars-DatabankII Clone Captain Rex in the Databank (backup link)
  17. 17.0 17.1 TCW mini logo Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "The Hidden Enemy"
  18. 18.0 18.1 TCW mini logo Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "The Deserter"
  19. 19.0 19.1 19.2 19.3 19.4 19.5 Star Wars Propaganda: A History of Persuasive Art in the Galaxy
  20. TCW mini logo Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "The Unknown"
  21. 21.0 21.1 21.2 TCW mini logo Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "Conspiracy"
  22. 22.0 22.1 TCW mini logo Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "The Lost One"
  23. StarWars-DatabankII Coruscant in the Databank (backup link)
  24. Servants of the Empire: Edge of the Galaxy
  25. A New Dawn
  26. 26.0 26.1 26.2 Darth Vader: Dark Lord of the Sith 2: The Chosen One, Part II
  27. 27.0 27.1 Darth Vader: Dark Lord of the Sith 7: The Dying Light, Part I
  28. Darth Vader: Dark Lord of the Sith 10: The Dying Light, Part IV
  29. SWCustom-2011 SDCC 2014: Star Wars: A New Dawn Panel – Liveblog on
  30. 30.0 30.1 30.2 Rebels-mini-logo Star Wars Rebels – "The Lost Commanders"
  31. SWCustom-2011 Rebels Recon: Inside "The Lost Commanders" on
  32. Smuggler's Run: A Han Solo & Chewbacca Adventure
  33. Dickens, Donna (2014-07-26). Dave Filoni On 'Star Wars Rebels' Place In The Timeline. HitFix. Retrieved on February 2, 2016.
  34. Kanan 5: The Last Padawan, Part V: Release
  35. Rebels-mini-logo Star Wars Rebels – "Relics of the Old Republic"
  36. Dawn of Rebellion
  37. Rebels-mini-logo Star Wars Rebels – "Stealth Strike"
  38. Rebels-mini-logo Star Wars Rebels – "Family Reunion – and Farewell"
  39. Star Wars: Episode VI Return of the Jedi
  40. Star Wars: Episode VII The Force Awakens
  41. "The Crimson Corsair and the Lost Treasure of Count Dooku"
  42. 42.0 42.1 42.2 42.3 TCW mini logo Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "Clone Cadets"
  43. 43.0 43.1 TCW mini logo Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "Death Trap"
  44. 44.0 44.1 TCW mini logo Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "ARC Troopers"
  45. TCW mini logo Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "The Bad Batch"
  46. TCW mini logo Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "Rookies"
  47. TCW mini logo Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "Water War"
  48. Star Wars: Ships of the Galaxy
  49. Star Wars Rebels: Spark of Rebellion
  50. Star Wars: The Force Awakens: The Visual Dictionary
  51. StarWars-DatabankII Blaster Pistol in the Databank (backup link)
  52. TCW mini logo Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "Innocents of Ryloth"
  53. TCW mini logo Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "R2 Come Home"
  54. Star Wars Battlefront II
  55. TCW mini logo Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "Duchess of Mandalore"
  56. Star Wars: Force Arena
  57. StarWars-DatabankII Coruscant Guard in the Databank (backup link)
  58. 59.0 59.1 Star Wars: The Visual Encyclopedia
  59. Star Wars Journeys: Beginnings
  60. Ultimate Star Wars
  61. TCW mini logo Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "Shadow of Malevolence"

External linksEdit

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