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"Clones can think creatively. You will find that they are immensely superior to droids."
―Lama Su, to Obi-Wan Kenobi[src]
Kamino Facility

Cloning was the genetic duplication of a single template.

Cloning was the process of replicating the genetic code of an original host in order to create a clone. Approximately thirty-two years before the Battle of Yavin, an army of clone troopers was mass-produced on the planet Kamino at the request of Jedi Master Sifo-Dyas, who foresaw that the Galactic Republic and Jedi Order would have need of a military in the years to come. Using genetic modifications such as growth acceleration and increased docility, the clones of Jango Fett were fully grown and programmed for absolute loyalty within a decade of their inception. In 22 BBY, the Republic officially went to war against the Confederacy of Independent Systems with the clone troopers serving as the backbone of the newly-formed Grand Army of the Republic. The clones displayed a military might unseen in the history of the galaxy; as such, the pan-galactic conflict that they fought in came to be known as the Clone Wars.

Throughout the war, the Kaminoan cloning production continued to churn out more clones for the Republic army. By the war's end in 19 BBY, the Republic had been replaced by a new government—the Galactic Empire, ruled by Emperor Palpatine who used the clones to betray and exterminate the Jedi Order. Although clone soldiers served as the first generation of Imperial stormtroopers, over time the clones were retired and supplanted by birth-born humans. Despite the shutdown of the cloning facilities on Kamino, the advantages of using a clone army, such as programmed loyalty, were not forgotten. During the waning days of the cold war, the First Order warlord Kylo Ren expressed dissatisfaction with the latest generation of stormtroopers, believing that clones were more reliable than indoctrinated conscripts.

Obsessed with the notion of achieving immortality, the Dark Lord of the Sith Darth Sidious looked towards cloning and the transferring of consciousness as a means to essentially live forever. Unlike his master Darth Plagueis, Sidious had unearthed the secret of attaining an eternal life through the efforts of the Sith Eternal, a cult of Sith worshippers dedicated to the dark side religion based on the hidden Sith world of Exegol. Owing to their knowledge of dark science and cloning technology, the Sith Eternal yielded a sufficient, yet frail, clone body that was capable of housing Sidious' spirit. During the Battle of Endor in 4 ABY, the fallen Jedi Knight Darth Vader returned to the light side of the Force, reclaiming his identity of the Chosen One Anakin Skywalker and sparing his son, Luke Skywalker, from the wrath of the Sidious. Skywalker, unwilling to watch his son die, seized Sidious in his grip and threw the Galactic Emperor down the reactor shaft of the second Death Star, killing him. However, Sidious had planned for the Chosen One's inevitable betrayal and thrust his consciousness into the depths of the Unknown Regions while his original body was destroyed. The clone body awaited on Exegol, where it would be entered by Sidious' malevolent spirit and slowly decayed by the great power that now resided within.

OverviewEdit

"They are totally obedient, taking any order without question. We modified their genetic structure to make them less independent than the original host."
―Lama Su[src]

Cloning was the scientific procedure of growing a clone from the genetic template of a living organism. The original source's genetic code could be altered through modifications to the cloning process for various purposes, including growth acceleration and greater docility. Without alterations to the genome, a clone would be the exact duplicate of its template at the genetic level.[1]

HistoryEdit

A clone armyEdit

"Two hundred thousand units are ready, with a million more well on the way."
―Lama Su[src]
Kamino Tipoca City

The clone army was developed in the cloning facilities of Kamino, including its planetary capital Tipoca City.

The Kaminoan government began creating an army for the Galactic Republic, almost ten years before the Clone Wars, at the behest of Jedi Master Sifo-Dyas. Led by Prime Minister Lama Su, the Kaminoans utilized their cloning expertise to create the genetically-engineered soldiers who would form the backbone of the new Republic Military.[1] The Sith, having taken control of the late Sifo-Dyas' secret project,[2] hired a bounty hunter, Jango Fett, to serve as the army's clone template. The resulting clone troopers were all created from the same source; a human template, though structurally modified at the genetic level to make the clones less independent than their progenitor.[1]

Further genetic tampering caused Fett's clones to grow at twice the rate of the human species, making them ready for deployment in a decade's time.[1] While the process of growing clone troopers was left to Kaminoan scientists, the Sith took a more active role in their programming, having supplied their cloners with control chips[3] to be implanted in the brain of every clone at the earliest stage of their development. Portrayed as a structural inhibitor chip, they ostensibly made their hosts more docile and less aggressive than their template,[4] but their true purpose was to force the clones to obey Order 66—a secret protocol authorizing the immediate extermination of the Jedi Order as enemies of the state.[5]

In addition to Fett's considerable monetary fee, the Kaminoans compensated him by creating a clone that stood apart from the rest of his artificial progeny. Unlike the others, this clone was an example of pure genetic replication and as such he was neither programmed for loyalty nor designed to grow at an accelerated rate. Fett took custody of the unmodified clone, which he named Boba Fett and raised as a son.[1]

Clone WarsEdit

Central Armory

Clone troopers were modeled on a single genetic source, the human mercenary Jango Fett.

The clone army's development had proceeded according to schedule as the Separatist Crisis entered its final days. The Kaminoan capital, Tipoca City, housed tens of thousands of clones,[1] while millions more were in development in facilities scattered across the planet Kamino.[6] When the Jedi Knight Obi-Wan Kenobi discovered the clone army, Lama Su praised it as one of the finest ever produced by his people. As war became imminent, with thousands of secessionist star systems joining the Confederacy of Independent Systems, the Galactic Senate empowered Supreme Chancellor Sheev Palpatine,[1] secretly the Sith Lord Darth Sidious Sidious,[7] to mobilize the clone troopers as the Grand Army of the Republic.

Clones fought for the Republic on all battlefronts across the galaxy and were loyal to their Jedi Generals as well as Chancellor Palpatine.[5] As the war continued, however, the Senate broached the subject of buying more clones to augment the Grand Army's ranks. While Senator Padmé Amidala and other like-minded politicians advocated fiscal responsibility and a diplomatic solution to the war, others argued for increased military spending. Senator Halle Burtoni favored legislation that would deregulate the InterGalactic Banking Clan, thereby providing the Republic with new lines of credit to purchase more clone troopers from Burtoni's homeworld of Kamino.[8]

LegacyEdit

BobaFett

Unlike the clone troopers, Boba Fett was an unmodified clone of Jango Fett.

In the aftermath of the Clone Wars, Palpatine was proclaimed Emperor of the Galactic Empire. During the early Imperial Era, the clone troopers that fought for the Republic became the first generation of stormtroopers.[9] To their own surprise, however, Kamino's cloning operation was terminated by the New Order. The final batches were brought online,[10] but the Stormtrooper Corps was henceforth comprised of birth-born human volunteers[11] and conscripts.[9] Although clones could be programmed for unconditional loyalty,[1] the Empire discovered that a more uniform, malleable soldier could be produced through the fervent patriotism of the young than the genetic duplication of a single template.[11] Boba Fett also survived into the Era of the Empire, becoming a notorious bounty hunter like his father before him.[12]

Clones were remembered long after the Clone Wars, having made an impact on galactic history, well past the fall of the Empire and throughout the era of the New Republic.[11] During the cold war, the First Order warlord Kylo Ren had an argument with his rival, General Armitage Hux, concerning the newest generation of stormtroopers. Ren openly criticized Hux's soldiers, convinced that they were all capable of treason due to the actions of a single traitor in the ranks, and declared that Supreme Leader Snoke should consider the advantages of using a clone army.[13]

Sidious in a clone body

Darth Sidious inhabited a cloned body after his original was destroyed, although the imperfect vessel rendered him blind and decrepid.

Resistance trooper Beaumont Kin[14] correctly[15] speculated that Darth Sidious' resurrection following his death during the Battle of Endor might have involved cloning. Despite the return of the Emperor, his granddaughter, Rey, fought against him in the battle of Exegol, ultimately resulting in the defeat of him and the Final Order.[14]

AppearancesEdit

Non-canon appearancesEdit

SourcesEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

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