The Coruscant provisional government was an interim governmental authority established on the Core World Coruscant in the aftermath of the Galactic Civil War. Throughout the reign of the Galactic Empire, Coruscant was the political and cultural center of the galaxy. With the death of Emperor Palpatine in 4 ABY, however, the planet fell into a state of civil war as rebellious citizens fought against Imperial forces across much of Coruscant. During the conflict, the Emperor's nominal successor, Grand Vizier Mas Amedda, was imprisoned in the Imperial Palace by forces loyal to Fleet Admiral Gallius Rax, who seized power as the self-styled Counselor to the Empire. Following the Battle of Jakku, the Empire was represented by Amedda at the signing of the Galactic Concordance, a peace treaty that officially ended the war in 5 ABY. As a result, the Empire ceded control of Coruscant to the New Republic, which ultimately broke with a millennia of tradition in which Coruscant was the center of galactic power. The New Republic's member worlds would take turns hosting its seat of government, leaving Coruscant under the nominal rule of a provisional government with Amedda as its figurehead.
Coruscant remained with the New Republic for decades, becoming entangled in the politics of the Galactic Senate as well as the rivalry between Centrists and Populists, the two major factions with diametrically opposed political standpoints. Whereas the Populists sought to limit the government's involvement in the internal affairs of its member worlds, the Centrists wanted to expand the New Republic Defense Force, create a more centralized government, and replace the office of Chancellor with a stronger executive post known as the First Senator. At the time of the Napkin Bombing in 28 ABY, both of Coruscant's senators, Arbo and Orris Madmund, supported the Centrist faction.
In 4 ABY, Emperor Sheev Palpatine was killed in the Battle of Endor. Without the Emperor, the Galactic Empire splintered into various political and military factions such as Governor Ubrik Adelhard's domain in the Anoat sector. At the same time, the Rebel Alliance capitalized on its victory at the Battle of Endor, reforming into the New Republic while Imperial authority increasingly diminished across the galaxy. Coruscant meanwhile had dissolved into a state of civil war with Imperial forces under Grand Vizier Mas Amedda fighting Rebel factions attempting to take control of the Federal District and other government sectors. However, it was Fleet Admiral Gallius Rax who assumed de facto control as the self-styled Counselor to the Empire, forcing Amedda to become a figurehead whom Rax used for propaganda and kept imprisoned in the Imperial Palace.
- "Mas Amedda has come out of hiding and wants to sign a cease-fire. He wants to end it. All of it."
- ―Mon Mothma, relaying the news of the Imperial surrender of Coruscant
Within a year of the Emperor's death, the Empire was decisively defeated by the New Republic at the Battle of Jakku, resulting in the death of Counselor Rax. Though a few Imperial remnants continued to persist in their resistance, the Galactic Civil War came to an end in 5 ABY. Following the dissolution of the Imperial government, a provisional government was established on Coruscant—the capital planet of the former Empire—under the leadership of Mas Amedda. The Grand Vizier represented the Empire at the signing of the peace treaty, known as the Galactic Concordance, on the former Republic capital of Chandrila.
The conditions of the Concordance required the Empire to remain within the predetermined boundaries set in the Core Worlds and Inner Rim, reducing it to a rump state. It also prohibited the use of torture as well as the recruitment and mobilization of stormtroopers, reducing the Empire's once-vast military through severe disarmament treaties and war reparations. In addition, the Empire had to shut down the Imperial Academy system; and had ceded control of Coruscant to the Republic, with a planetary provisional government being permitted to form on the former Imperial capital while the remaining old establishment relocated to Imperial-held territories.
As such, Republic observers were tasked with monitoring Amedda's government while the New Republic itself concentrated on restoring the rule of democracy. Others fled into hiding after all surviving Imperial officials were categorized as war criminals by Chancellor Mon Mothma of the New Republic. Among the officers who eluded capture by the Republic was Nash Windrider, a commander who withdrew to the Queluhan Nebula along with remnants of the Imperial Navy. Despite its size, the fleet was able to hide its presence from Republic sensors by using the nebula's ionized gases for cover. Other Imperial officers and loyalists—such as Rae Sloane, Commandant Brendol Hux, and his son Armitage—along with nobles, technologists, and warlords embarked on an exodus into the Unknown Regions of the galaxy where they would ultimately establish a military junta known as the First Order.
The provisional government's transitional rule was ultimately followed by the New Republic's annexation of Coruscant, thereby allowing the former Imperial capital to have representation in the Galactic Senate as a member world of the fledgling democracy. During the latter years of the New Republic Era, Coruscant was part of a political bloc that advocated the adoption of a stronger military and centralized government, informally known as the Centrists. By the time of the Napkin Bombing in 28 ABY, Coruscanti political interests were represented by Senior Senator Arbo and Junior Senator Orris Madmund, both of whom supported the goals of the Centrist faction. Senator Arbo was well known for his war hawk views and support of the New Republic Defense Force.
The provisional government of Coruscant was a powerless regime led by a nominal leader; the grand vizier of the former Galactic Empire, Mas Amedda retained his position for his part in ending the Galactic Civil War. By design of the New Republic, however, he would only serve as a figurehead overseen by Republic officials. Coruscant was in a state of turmoil at the time of the provisional government's formation, having experienced a decline in public order and the planetary civil war that followed in the wake of Emperor Palpatine's death.
Behind the scenesEdit
Notes and referencesEdit
- ↑ 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 Aftermath: Empire's End
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Star Wars: The Force Awakens: The Visual Dictionary
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 Bloodline
- ↑ Star Wars: Galactic Atlas
- ↑ 5.0 5.1 Lost Stars
- ↑ Star Wars: Uprising
- ↑ Shattered Empire 3
- ↑ 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3
- ↑ Star Wars: Episode VI Return of the Jedi
- ↑ Aftermath