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This article covers the Canon version of this subject.  Click here for Wookieepedia's article on the Legends version of this subject. 
For other uses, see Echo (disambiguation).

"That's it. The Rebels are there."
"My lord, there are so many uncharted settlements. It could be smugglers, it could be—"
"That is the system. And I'm sure Skywalker is with them. Set your course for the Hoth system."
―Darth Vader and Admiral Ozzel discover Echo Base — (audio) Listen (file info)[3]

Echo Base was the facility established by the Rebel Alliance on the frigid planet of Hoth in the wake of the Battle of Yavin, so named due to its strange acoustics.[6] Within a month of its establishment, the base was discovered by the Galactic Empire, which quickly invaded Hoth, forcing the Rebels to evacuate.

Description[]

"Now let's get you warmer and then to work. It never gets comfortable here, and you don't quite get used to it, but there are ways to make it livable."
―General Philap Bygar[8]
Echo Base Defenses DICE

Echo Base was protected by many ground-based defenses, as well as an ion cannon that could fire into orbit

The den of a wampa clan before the arrival of the Rebel Alliance,[9] Echo Base was carved out of a glacier and connected by artificial corridors linked together with structural supports, while natural caverns were expanded to suit the Alliance's needs.[5] It took the Alliance Engineering Corps eighteen months to build, with two full months to install the equipment needed to make the base functional and survivable.[7] It was protected from orbital bombardments by a massive shield generator (because Hoth was one of the few planets small enough to be fully protected by an energy shield)[10] and a v-150 ion cannon, which would help the Alliance evacuate the base in case of an attack.[5]

Owing to slap-dash construction methods, a single faulty element in the base's electrical system could deny heat to half the base. Nevertheless, soldiers of the outpost were better equipped and displayed better discipline than those stationed elsewhere.[8] In its cavernous ice hangars, the base hosted a contingent of speeders, which were specially modified to operate in the harsh conditions and which the Rebels used for patrol and defense of the outpost.[11][12] As the technicians had trouble adapting their airspeeders to the subzero temperatures of Hoth, the base also held a herd of native tauntaun creatures for the patrols and recon missions.[13]

Echo Base also provided a desperately needed respite from the freezing temperatures of Hoth's surface, which were particularly nasty during nighttime. After Hoth's sun set, temperatures outside could dip down to -60 degrees celsius, low enough to kill even the Tauntauns that rebel soldiers rode.[10]

Several sentry posts were stationed around the base, including Echo Station 3-T-8, Echo Station 5-7, Perimeter Outpost Delta, and Outpost Beta. Outpost Delta stood far to the northwest of Echo Base, while it was a mere hundred meters outside the base's energy shield.[8]

Echo-Base-cutaway-SWCL

Cutaway of Echo Base

Owing to the base's top secret nature, many soldiers fighting across the galaxy were withheld information regarding its location, while rumors of it being on an asteroid or an underwater city spread like wildfire among the troops of the Alliance's 61st Mobile Infantry. Ships en route to the base were sent on a random path through hyperspace in which they would be transmitted new jump coordinates in an effort to shake any possible Imperial pursuers.[8]

Equipment[]

The interior of Echo Base extended seven levels below the surface, with the lower levels for barracks, rec rooms, maintenance hangars and fuel stores. The mid-level housed the command rooms, med center, and two large hangars—north and south. The huge south hangar held the transports, squadrons of X-wings and Y-wings, and a flight of snowspeeders. The smaller north hangar housed starfighters, snowspeeders, and the Millennium Falcon.[7]

SnowspeederLaunchBay-TCGtBoH

Snowspeeders launch from an Echo Base hangar bay

This was where Rebel technicians maintained the numerous speeders that the Alliance had at its disposal. The hangar was open to the outside with a large door, which could be closed to protect the base from the frigid wastes.[3]

The medical bay contained a bacta tank used for healing wounded Rebels, which was overseen by a medical droid; the bacta was used to heal Luke Skywalker after he was wounded in a wampa attack, and—according to Captain Han Solo—made him look strong enough to pull the ears off of a gundark. Additional medical facilities in the base included a morgue, which took advantage of the planet's natural temperature to preserve bodies, and an insulated room in which vaccines were stored.[6]

The base held thirty Gallofree Yards GR-75 medium transports and at least sixty starfighters, which allowed two fighters to be assigned to each transport during the evacuation.<[3] There were many hangars in the base, including Hangar 7. The base also held at least eleven snowspeeders.[6]

Personnel[]

Unlimited-EchoBaseDefender

An Echo Base-based Cold-weather Soldier

The base was occupied by 7,500 combat personnel and 350 medical personnel,[6] and contained a command center where the Rebel leadership coordinated Rebel activities, including the eventual evacuation from Hoth.[3] Most of the troops present slept in enormous bunkers with several hundred others, and often had scant rations.[14]

Additionally, many droids could be found around Echo Base, such as 2-1B, K-3PO, R-3PO, EG-4, R5-M2, and many other droids that helped the Rebel Alliance in some way.[10]

Threats[]

Besides the possibility of the Galactic Empire eventually finding Echo Base, there were other threats to the encampment. Hoth was continually pelted by meteors from its asteroid belt.[10] Designed to be evacuated at a moment's notice, the base was hastily constructed, and often as not, wampa ice creatures would sneak into the base at night, forcing the closures of various corridors. Additionally, a specially reinforced chamber was constructed to hold multiple wampas.[6] During the battle of Hoth, several snowtroopers ignored the sign and went into the room anyway, only to be slain by the icy creatures.[10]

History[]

Establishment and use[]

Falconinechobase

The Millennium Falcon received repairs in Echo Base's main hangar prior to the Battle of Hoth

Early in the Galactic Civil War, the Rebel Alliance base made its home in the Great Temple on Yavin 4, the fourth moon of the planet Yavin. The Galactic Empire tracked the Rebels to Yavin 4 and attempted to destroy the moon with the Death Star, a deep-space mobile battle station capable of destroying entire planets,[15] in 0 BBY.[1] The Rebels launched the Battle of Yavin in a successful attempt to destroy the Death Star, an event that was carried out by Rebel pilot Luke Skywalker. Though the Death Star was destroyed,[15] the Rebels evacuated the Great Temple as the Empire still knew where the Alliance was housed. The initial search for a new base was conducted by General Jan Dodonna during the evacuation from Yavin 4.[16] The Rebels eventually decided to establish their new base of operations on the ice planet Hoth[14] in 1 ABY,[17] with the Rebellion then spending the next two years building what became Echo Base.[18] Over those two years, rebel engineers expanded ice caverns[19] in a feat of engineering work.[18] Once the area was finally carved and expanded, completing the base for use[14] in 3 ABY,[1] the Rebellion inhabited Echo Base for less than a month before the Empire discovered it.[14] The base's South Corridor and many others were built by Major Kem Monnon's engineers.[6]

After the Battle of Yavin, the Dark Lord of the Sith, Darth Vader, searched for Skywalker[3]—who he had learned was his son—across the galaxy.[20] In 3 ABY,[1] less than a month after the Rebels had constructed Echo Base,[2] Vader's fleet sent Viper probe droids to all corners of the galaxy, one of which was sent to Hoth. Vader believed that Hoth was the location of the Rebel base and that Skywalker was there, so he ordered his fleet to the snowy planet. Once the Rebel Alliance realized that the Empire had discovered their location, General Carlist Rieekan ordered plan kay one zero be taken into immediate effect, calling for Echo Base be evacuated, despite only having inhabited it for less than a month.[14] With a strategy conference having been held on the planet not too long before,[8] several key members such as Princess Leia Organa and General Carlist Rieekan were still stationed on the world, while the Rebels soon set about to pack up their base and escape on transports, hoping that they would have enough time before the Empire arrived.[3]

Battle of Hoth and abandonment[]

"Imperial troops have entered the base! Imperial troops have entered—"
―An unidentified Rebel on the base's loudspeaker during the Battle of Hoth[3]
ATATsHoth-Databank

The Empire, using AT-ATs, attacks Echo Base during the Battle of Hoth

The Empire's arrival led to the Battle of Hoth. Imperial forces landed All Terrain Armored Transports at the Moorsh Moraine to begin the ground assault on the base's shield generator.[21] The Imperials were first spotted on the ground by Outpost Beta, with it being the first destroyed, while the walkers were spotted by Rebel scouts at Echo Station 3-T-8, who relayed the message to the rest of Echo Base.[8] While Rogue Squadron fought the AT-ATs, the Rebels launched their X-wing-protected transports to carry personnel off-world. The transports escaped and the shield generator was destroyed, allowing Vader and his stormtroopers to enter Echo Base and destroy it. Although Skywalker was on Hoth, he escaped before Vader could capture him.[3] General Sorin was dispatched to find any rebels who had been left behind in the wake of the evacuation.[22]

Behind the scenes[]

Several scenes set around Echo Base were filmed near the tiny, remote mountain village of Finse in Norway.[10]

Appearances[]

Non-canon appearances[]

Sources[]

Non-canon sources[]

Notes and references[]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Star Wars: Galactic Atlas
  2. 2.0 2.1 Star Wars: The Rebel Files
  3. 3.00 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.05 3.06 3.07 3.08 3.09 3.10 Star Wars: Episode V The Empire Strikes Back
  4. Ultimate Star Wars
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 StarWars Hoth in the Encyclopedia (content now obsolete; backup link)
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.7 6.8 Star Wars: Complete Locations
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 Helmet Collection logo small Star Wars Helmet Collection 32 (Weapons & Uniforms: Echo Base)
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 Battlefront: Twilight Company
  9. "Hunger" — From a Certain Point of View: The Empire Strikes Back
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 10.4 10.5 Star Wars: Absolutely Everything You Need to Know
  11. StarWars Snowspeeder in the Encyclopedia (content now obsolete; backup link)
  12. StarWars-DatabankII Echo Base in the Databank (backup link)
  13. StarWars tauntaun in the Encyclopedia (content now obsolete; backup link)
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 14.3 14.4 14.5 14.6 Lost Stars
  15. 15.0 15.1 Star Wars: Episode IV A New Hope
  16. Princess Leia 1
  17. SWInsider "A Certain Point of View" — Star Wars Insider 203 states that Hoth was chosen as the rebel base one year after the events of Star Wars: Episode IV A New Hope. As Star Wars: Galactic Atlas states that A New Hope ends in 0 ABY, Hoth must have been chosen as the base in 1 ABY.
  18. 18.0 18.1 SWInsider "A Certain Point of View" — Star Wars Insider 203
  19. Star Wars: Battles that Changed the Galaxy
  20. Star Wars (2015) 6
  21. Star Wars: Galactic Defense
  22. Legends of the Alliance
  23. Star Wars (2015) 44
  24. Ultimate Star Wars, New Edition established that the assault on the Mako-Ta Space Docks occurred one year after the Battle of Yavin, which Star Wars: Galactic Atlas dates to 0 BBY. Therefore, the assault must occur in 1 ABY.
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