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"Tyatee, ah-ah azar, tyatee, ah-ah paamuk…"
―Logray reciting a magic formula in Ewokese[src]

The Scroll of the Mantigrue was written in Ewokese.

Ewokese was the language spoken by the Ewoks. C-3PO claimed Ewokese was a primitive language, but despite its isolation, he was able to understand it. Ewoks were able to learn and speak other languages, including Basic.

Ewokese was related to other tongues on the Forest Moon of Endor. Many linguists suggested that the language developed from the Yuzzum language, which was taught off-world, and which suggested a possible relationship between the Ewoks and Yuzzums. Most Ewoks understood Yuzzum, and it was through that tongue that C-3PO was able to communicate with the Ewoks of Bright Tree Village.[source?] Moreover, Ewoks had no difficulty communicating with Duloks, suggesting that the Dulok language may have been a dialect of Ewokese.

Vocabulary[edit | edit source]

Contents

0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

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A[edit | edit source]

  • Aargutcha - Pull[1]
  • Acha - Okay, all right[1]
  • Ah-ah - Water[1]
  • Akeeata - Hear[1]
  • Allayloo - Celebrate[1]
  • Amoowa - You have a..[1]
  • Ando - Forward[1]
  • Arandee - Listen[1]
  • Azar - Magic[1]

B[edit | edit source]

  • Bingee - To guide[1]
  • Bok chuu-ock - Far away[1]
  • Bont - Great[1]
  • Bugdoo - Hungry[1]

C[edit | edit source]

  • Cha/Chaa - Them[1]
  • Chaaa - This one[1]
  • Cha - Yes[1]
  • Che - Free, as in liberty[1]
  • Chees - Route/path[1]
  • Chek - Soup[1]
  • Che womok! - Beware![1]
  • Chim - Three (3)[1]
  • Chiutatal - Moon[1]
  • Choo doo - Enough[1]
  • Chu - One (1)[1]
  • Chuck - Much[1]
  • Churee/Churi - Mountain[1]
  • Chyasee - Help[1]
  • Coatee-cha - Celebrate[1]
  • Coki - Nine (9)[1]
  • Coro - Can you...?[1]
  • Cupee - Cap, as in an ice cap on a mountain[1]

D[edit | edit source]

  • Daboolhat - Change, be different
  • Dangar - Attack
  • Danthee - Maybe[1]
  • Danvay - Be careful[1]
  • Deajstare - Death Star[1]
  • Dee fratta - That's, that is[1]
  • Deej - Father[1]
  • Deksh - Oh dear/Oh my[1]
  • Den - No[1]
  • De oppra - Upper, top[1]
  • Drik - Happy[1]
  • Dutak - Arrow[1]

E[edit | edit source]

  • Ee chee wa maa! - Wow, gee whiz! Oh my goodness.[1]
  • Eechik - Try[1]
  • Ee choya! - Hey[1]
  • Eedada - Over[1]
  • Eedada huutaveet - Spaceship[1]
  • Eedeedee - Under[1]
  • Eedeeza - Ten (10)[1]
  • Eeep! - Yipes![1]
  • Eekeekeek - Forest[1]
  • Eekeetuhkuh - Axe[1]
  • Ees - We[1]
  • Eetee - Long[1]
  • Eleeo - Never[1]
  • Eleeoth - Far[1]
  • Ehda - Evil, Bad[1]
  • Ehshtee/Eshtee - Give[1]
  • Ekla - Big[1]
  • Enenah - Where[1]
  • Entzahee roda - Cook[1]
  • Enya - Show[1]
  • Esa - Why[1]
  • E s'eesht - Kill[1]
  • Etke - More[1]
  • Eyok-nee-chug - What is that?[1]

F[edit | edit source]

  • Feech - Dang[2]
  • Feef - Plant[1]
  • Fektur - Medicine[1]
  • Fic - Two (2)[1]
  • Freet - Sister[1]
  • Fruk - Brother[1]
  • Fudana - Wait[1]
  • Fulu - Circle[1]

G[edit | edit source]

  • Geetch - Push[1]
  • Gleeg - Drink[1]
  • Glek - Sad[1]
  • Goo - Light/Trade[1]
  • Goon daa - delicious[1]
  • Gooka - Shelter[1]
  • Goopa - Hi.[1]
  • Goot - Good[1]
  • Graks - Monster[1]
  • Greh/Grek - Hands[1]
  • Grenchicit - Hang on/Hold on[1]
  • Gunda (goon dah) - Yummy[3]
  • Gyeesh - Please[1]

H[edit | edit source]

I[edit | edit source]

  • Ileeay - Stop[1]

J[edit | edit source]

  • Jad - Down[1]
  • Jadgreh - Foot[1]
  • Jarat - Branch[1]
  • Jeejee - Face[1]
  • Jeeks - That[1]
  • Jeerota - Friend[1]
  • J'voo - Eight (8)[1]
  • Ji - ?[1]
  • Jiks - This[1]

K[edit | edit source]

  • Ka - The[1]
  • Kaiya - Giddyup![1]
  • Kash - How[1]
  • Kee - Wishes?[1]
  • Keesh - When[1]
  • Kiney (chattu) - Blessings[1]
  • Kla - From[1]
  • Klektuhkuh - Spear[1]
  • Kna Naa - Spirit Tree[1]
  • Kra - Ready[1]
  • Kreeth - Cave[1]
  • Kush - Who, What[1]
  • Kush drojh? - What's going on?[1]
  • Kvark - Oh no/fooey[1]

L[edit | edit source]

  • Labu labu? - How much?[1]
  • Lang - Think[1]
  • Luka - Stars[1]
  • Luka yit - Pixie[1]
  • Lulalar - Sing[1]
  • Lungee - Lost[1]
  • Lurd - Dumb, silly[1]
  • Lurdo (ler-do) - Loser[4]
  • Luu - Beautiful[1]
  • Luufi - Flower[1]

M[edit | edit source]

  • Manna manna - Food[1]
  • Mo - more[1]
  • Meechoo - I[1]
  • Moktok - Now[1]

N[edit | edit source]

  • Na-chin - Tribe[1]
  • Na goo - Stop![1]
  • N'dla - Six (6)[1]
  • Neetuhl - Early[1]
  • Ne gata/Ni gata - Where is...?[1]
  • Nim-nee - Take (me)[1]
  • Ninga ninga - I respect[1]
  • N'la - Five (5)[1]
  • Nocka - Deal[1]
  • Noot - Now[1]
  • Nub - I would/I have[1]
  • Nude-La - I am a...[1]
  • Nuv - Love[1]

O[edit | edit source]

  • Oh - Too[1]
  • Oh hheneheh (oh hén heh) - An expression used to call to order an assembled group in preparation for an announcement—sometimes, after an accompanying drum beat[5][6]
  • Ooba - Rain, Rainfall[1]
  • Oodeef - Sweet[1]
  • Ooloo ooloo - Phrase pertaining to eating of someone[1]
  • Ota - To the[1]

P[edit | edit source]

  • Paamuk - Power[1]
  • Pibooka - Clearing[1]
  • Pola - Polar[1]
  • Powa - Power[1]

R[edit | edit source]

  • Reh rehluu - Dance[1]
  • Reshee - Map[1]
  • Roda - To eat[1]
  • Ronda ronda - Landing platform[1]
  • Rueenee - Ruins[1]
  • Ruha - Hit[1]

S[edit | edit source]

  • Seefo - Hurt[1]
  • Seeg - On[1]
  • Sheeu - Name[1]
  • Shetai - Warrior[1]
  • Shodeesh - Parents[1]
  • Shodu - Mother[1]
  • Shtehk - Sit[1]
  • Shtek - Vine/rope[1]
  • Sirut - Door[1]
  • Siz - Fire[1]
  • Sku - Hello[1]
  • Sleesh - Berry[1]
  • Sta - Now[1]
  • Stoja - Station[1]
  • Stusl - Send[1]
  • Sut - Soon[1]

T[edit | edit source]

  • Ta - The[1]
  • Tal - Sun[1]
  • Tana (tah nah) - The Ewokese name of the planet Endor[7]
  • Teeha - Thank you[1]
  • Teeket - Heart[1]
  • Teera - Only[1]
  • Thees - Good[1]
  • Theesa - Baby, child[1]
  • Theesdarat - Truth[1]
  • Thek - Here[1]
  • T'hesh - Quiet[1]
  • Thesi - There[1]
  • Thleek - Throw[1]
  • Thuk - Rock[1]
  • Tip-yip - Fowl[1]
  • Toma - Your(?)[1]
  • Toto - Is/Does[1]
  • Treek - Go[1]
  • Treekthin - Journey[1]
  • Treekveek - Run[1]
  • Treeta Dobra - Council of Elders[1]
  • Tyatee - Come[1]
  • Tyeht danti? - What happened?[1]
  • Tyehtgeethin - Stranger[1]
  • Tyor - Pit/hole[1]

U[edit | edit source]

V[edit | edit source]

  • Veek - Quick[1]
  • Voo - Seven (7)[1]
  • Vootok - village[1]

W[edit | edit source]

  • Weewa - House, home[1]
  • Weechu - You[1]

X[edit | edit source]

  • X'eef - Ground[1]
  • X'ekra - Guard/watch/protect[1]
  • X'iutha - Important[1]

Y[edit | edit source]

  • Yaa-yaah! - Greetings.[1]
  • Yayath - Jump[1]
  • Yeek - Look[1]
  • Yeh - Old[1]
  • Yeha - Good bye[1]
  • Yehk - Open[1]
  • Yekyit - Say/tell[1]
  • Yesh - Right, correct[1]
  • Yigit - Small[1]
  • Yiyult - Cup[1]
  • Yub nub - Freedom[1]
  • Yubnub - Hooray[1]
  • Yud ehda/Yut ehda - Alas[1]
  • Yuf - Climb[1]
  • Yuhyi - See[1]
  • Yungyet - Nut[1]
  • Yun yum - I like it[1]
  • Yun yum di goot - It is very good/tasty[1]
  • Yupyup - Rejoice (rejoicing)
  • Yub yub - Follow/Let's go[1]

Z[edit | edit source]

  • Zeeg - In[1]
  • Zeekee - Safe[1]
  • Zeeheein - Safety[1]
  • Zehg - Out[1]

Notable non-native speakers of Ewokese[edit | edit source]

Behind the scenes[edit | edit source]

The language of the Ewoks first appeared in 1983 in Star Wars: Episode VI Return of the Jedi, the last installment of the original trilogy.[5] The Ewokese featured in Return of the Jedi was developed by ILM sound designer Ben Burtt, and was largely based on Chalmuk, a Mongolian, nomadic tribal dialect. African and South-Pacific languages also influenced Ewokese.[9] The primary inspiration, however, was the Kalmyk Oirat language, spoken by Russians of Kalmyk ethnicity. He decided to make Ewokese based on that language after hearing it in a documentary. He got an 80-year-old Kalmyk woman to speak tales of her people through her native tongue, and then recorded the sounds, with the various actors imitating various portions of the recording. In addition, Ben Burtt and Anthony Daniels later used and even invented their own terms in the language when doing the scene where C-3PO was reciting the story of the Rebel Alliance's efforts to stop the Galactic Empire.[10]

Ewokese was featured more prominently in Caravan of Courage: An Ewok Adventure[11] and Ewoks: The Battle for Endor, a duology of made-for-TV films set on the forest moon of Endor. According to the movie credits, the Ewokese dialogues were created by Mari Mine-Rutka.[12]

According to the Ultimate Alien Anthology, Ewokese had no written form.[13] While Ewoks episode "The Haunted Village" shows writing that Ewoks can read, it also (like all Ewoks episodes) depicts Ewoks speaking Basic rather than Ewokese, demonstrating a lack of strict fidelity to canon in matters of Ewokese.[14]

Appearances[edit | edit source]

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Sources[edit | edit source]

External links[edit | edit source]

Notes and references[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.000 1.001 1.002 1.003 1.004 1.005 1.006 1.007 1.008 1.009 1.010 1.011 1.012 1.013 1.014 1.015 1.016 1.017 1.018 1.019 1.020 1.021 1.022 1.023 1.024 1.025 1.026 1.027 1.028 1.029 1.030 1.031 1.032 1.033 1.034 1.035 1.036 1.037 1.038 1.039 1.040 1.041 1.042 1.043 1.044 1.045 1.046 1.047 1.048 1.049 1.050 1.051 1.052 1.053 1.054 1.055 1.056 1.057 1.058 1.059 1.060 1.061 1.062 1.063 1.064 1.065 1.066 1.067 1.068 1.069 1.070 1.071 1.072 1.073 1.074 1.075 1.076 1.077 1.078 1.079 1.080 1.081 1.082 1.083 1.084 1.085 1.086 1.087 1.088 1.089 1.090 1.091 1.092 1.093 1.094 1.095 1.096 1.097 1.098 1.099 1.100 1.101 1.102 1.103 1.104 1.105 1.106 1.107 1.108 1.109 1.110 1.111 1.112 1.113 1.114 1.115 1.116 1.117 1.118 1.119 1.120 1.121 1.122 1.123 1.124 1.125 1.126 1.127 1.128 1.129 1.130 1.131 1.132 1.133 1.134 1.135 1.136 1.137 1.138 1.139 1.140 1.141 1.142 1.143 1.144 1.145 1.146 1.147 1.148 1.149 1.150 1.151 1.152 1.153 1.154 1.155 1.156 1.157 1.158 1.159 1.160 1.161 1.162 1.163 1.164 1.165 1.166 1.167 1.168 1.169 1.170 1.171 1.172 1.173 1.174 1.175 1.176 1.177 1.178 1.179 1.180 1.181 1.182 1.183 1.184 1.185 1.186 1.187 1.188 1.189 1.190 1.191 1.192 1.193 1.194 1.195 1.196 1.197 1.198 1.199 1.200 1.201 1.202 1.203 1.204 1.205 1.206 1.207 1.208 1.209 1.210 1.211 1.212 1.213 1.214 1.215 1.216 1.217 1.218 1.219 1.220 1.221 1.222 1.223 1.224 1.225 1.226 1.227 Galactic Phrase Book & Travel Guide
  2. Bantha Tracks
  3. StarWars.com Ewok Adventures - An Ewokese Primer on StarWars.com (content now obsolete; backup link)
  4. "What They Called Me"
  5. 5.0 5.1 Star Wars: Episode VI Return of the Jedi
  6. StarWars.com Official Star Wars Soundboards: Ewoks on StarWars.com (content now obsolete; backup link)
  7. Ewoks
  8. SWGsmall.jpg "Endor and the Moddell Sector"—Star Wars Gamer 9
  9. Star Wars: Behind the Magic
  10. Ben Burtt in the Return of the Jedi commentary
  11. Caravan of Courage: An Ewok Adventure
  12. Ewoks: The Battle for Endor
  13. Ultimate Alien Anthology
  14. EwoksLogoMini.jpg Ewoks—"The Haunted Village"
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