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"I—and all the people of my world, the world you're threatening into submission—would rather die free than live under your fascist rule."
" […] Was it worth it?"
"If only one other planet hears of what we've done, and decides to follow our lead…then yeah. It'll all be worth it."
―A rebel citizen and Kylo Ren[src]

Janyor of Bith resented a fascist image that featured the Imperial crest in red, white, and black.

Fascism was a political philosophy based on militant totalitarianism.[1] The Galactic Empire and its successor state, the First Order,[2] were both called fascist governments.[3][4]

The Bith artist Janyor referred to the Galactic Empire as fascist, expressing his disgust with the propaganda piece Imperius Unitada ober Totallex's use of fascist imagery.[1] Similarly, during the Battle of Hoth, Rebel[3] Communications Officer[5] Toryn Farr had a moment where she questioned why she was the one to order Echo Base's ion cannon to fire against the fascist oppression of the Empire, though she ignored her moment of doubt and gave the command.[3]

The rise of the First Order was regarded as a return of militarism and fascism to the galaxy. During the First Order/Resistance War, Supreme Leader Kylo Ren decreed the elimination of all Resistance collaborators and other subversives who opposed the First Order.[6] During Ren's rule, some civilians unaffiliated with the larger movement begun by Ren's mother, Leia Organa, resisted what they described as the First Order's fascist takeover of the galaxy.[4]

Behind the scenes[]

In real-world political terms, fascism refers to an authoritarian ideology and sociopolitical model that arose in Europe after the First World War, most commonly associated with Italy. Fascist regimes entailed the dominance of a personality cult.[7]

Although the Galactic Empire had previously never been referred to as "fascist" in the official canon, George Lucas' original idea for the Empire was both politically and aesthetically inspired by fascist regimes like Nazi Germany in addition to the rise of consumerist and strong capitalist culture in the American empire. Despite the fact that the Rebels are shown as the protagonists of the Original Trilogy, the Rebel Alliance is also depicted as having some fascist imagery. According to Lucas, the ceremony at the very end of A New Hope was based on a scene from the Nazi propaganda film Triumph of the Will.[8]

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