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Master Qui-Gon, more to say, have you?

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"You will learn to preserve your life force, and so, manifest a consciousness which will allow you to commune with the living after death."
―The spirit of Qui-Gon Jinn, communing with Yoda[4]

Force spirits, also known as Force ghosts,[5] were beings who gained immortality through the preservation of their consciousness after death. When lifeforms died, they became one with the Force. Through special training, however, deceased Force-sensitives could retain their identity and, therefore, communicate with the living. By achieving spiritual immortality, a person's physical form would vanish upon their death. This knowledge could be learned only by those who fully embraced the light side of the Force, such as the Jedi who lived by a code of selflessness and sacrifice. The followers of the dark side of the Force, such as the Sith, were incapable of learning this power, though there were many techniques open to them that offered similar benefits.

Before the Fall of the Republic, Jedi Master Qui-Gon Jinn learned the ability to become a Force spirit from the Shaman of the Whills, but was killed by Darth Maul before he could complete his training. As a result, for a time he could only commune with the living as a disembodied voice. Near the end of the Clone Wars, a conflict in which the Galactic Republic and Jedi Order were at war with the Separatists, Grand Master Yoda embarked on a spiritual journey that brought him to the planets Dagobah and Moraband—as well as the birthplace of the midi-chlorians—and ultimately learned how to retain his identity after death. This ability was also learned by Jedi Master Obi-Wan Kenobi during the rise of the Galactic Empire. Qui-Gon subsequently mastered the ability to manifest in an almost solid form. Although Anakin Skywalker—a fallen Jedi Knight and the Chosen One of the Force—never received the training that allowed his mentors to become Force spirits, his redemption and sacrifice made it possible for his consciousness to be preserved after death by Kenobi and Yoda, much like how his grandson became a spirit in 35 ABY. In 34 ABY and 35 ABY respectively, Luke Skywalker and Leia Skywalker Organa Solo—Anakin Skywalker's biological children—attained immortality like their father.

Description[]

"No longer certain that one ever does win a war, I am. For in fighting the battles, the bloodshed, already lost we have. Yet open to us a path remains, that unknown to the Sith is. Through this path, victory we may yet find. Not victory in the Clone Wars, but victory for all time."
―Yoda[1]

Yoda appeared to Luke Skywalker as a Force spirit over 30 years after his death.

Through the light side of the Force, certain beings with special training were able to allow their consciousness to persist after death and appear as Force spirits,[6] made possible by energy from the Living Force flowing into the Cosmic Force.[4]

The knowledge was open only to those who followed the light side,[1] so sometimes[7] only certain individuals, such as Jedi and the Force Priestesses, beings who dwelled within the Wellspring of Life, a location said to be the origin of the midi-chlorians, were able to learn the ability to manifest after death, though it was possible for lightsiders such as Anakin Skywalker[8] or Ben Solo[9] to spontaneously use this power with no known training.[3][7] The dangerous level to become a Force spirit was low, but only possible for a rare few Jedi.[10]

The first known Jedi to learn the secret was Qui-Gon Jinn, who learned it from a Shaman of the Whills.[11] Unfortunately, his training was incomplete at the time of his death, so he could only manifest as a disembodied voice.[4] However, having already communed with Master Yoda, Qui-Gon was later able to complete his training even in death. Qui-Gon became especially determined after Anakin's fall, pushing himself to emerge fully, a feat that took him almost a decade to complete. This later allowed him to appear to Obi-Wan Kenobi on Tatooine in an almost corporeal form twenty years after Order 66.[12] This secret was later passed on to Obi-Wan Kenobi, Yoda, and Anakin Skywalker.[8]

Like his Jedi masters before him, Luke Skywalker was also able to retain his consciousness as a Force spirit.

Force spirits were not only able to appear anywhere in the galaxy with a strong presence in the Force, and some were able to even manipulate the Force to similar extents as they could in life. This was demonstrated by Yoda's capability of manipulating weather to create lightning strikes. Additionally, he was also shown to be capable of striking Luke Skywalker with his walking stick, demonstrating an ability to physically interact with the living world despite both Yoda and the stick being ostensibly non-corporeal.[13] This kind of power was also shown by the Force spirit of Luke Skywalker himself, who grabbed his lightsaber from being burned in the crashed TIE whisper by Rey, and used telekinesis to raise Red Five from the waters of Ahch-To.[7]

Upon becoming one with the Force, the physical body of a Jedi vanished from existence either immediately[14] or after a short period of time, leaving their clothes behind.[8] After death, the Jedi's spirit would go to the Netherworld of the Force, another realm of existence.[15] Despite not being physically part of a Jedi's body, cybernetics could also vanish if attached to a physical body, as was the case with Luke Skywalker, whose cybernetic hand disappeared alongside his body when he died.[13]

Obi-Wan Kenobi spoke to Luke Skywalker on Dagobah as a spirit

Anakin Skywalker appeared on the planet Mustafar, home to the castle he had used as Darth Vader, to help lead Lina Graf's crew outside of the fortress. Skywalker made a lightsaber appear in his hands, ensuing its light could be seen by the crew to get them away from the lava fumes. Even though she was inside the starship Rabbit's Foot when she made the comment, he was also aware of Lina Graf's comment that she was sure ghosts did not exist, laughing at the statement as he stood on Mustafar.[16] Preserving one's consciousness was not technically reserved for members of the Jedi order, as users of the light side not affiliated with the Order could accomplish this feat. One year following her brother's death, Leia Organa became the only known individual to retain their self-awareness via the light side without technically being a Jedi, and her body did not vanish until the subsequent death of her son and the simultaneous disappearance of his body. The clothes worn by Leia during her death were no longer sported by her spirit, supplanted by white garments.[7]

Luke and Leia appeared to Rey on Tatooine, giving their blessing on her adopting the Skywalker name.

In contrast to individuals committed to the light, the Sith were unable to manifest themselves after death in the way of the Jedi, causing them to concentrate on gaining earthly power only.[1] However, several possibilities were open to darksiders who wished to endure the demise of their flesh: One Sith, the Presence, was able to preserve part of her conscious essence so long as it was bound to an object like a Sith holocron on the Sith temple of Malachor.[17] Darth Momin had part of his consciousness preserved in his mask[18] until he was crushed to death by Darth Vader after betraying him.[19] Via their mystical power combined with the dark side, the Nightsisters could speak when dead,[20] and in addition to manifesting themselves in the character of greenish figures under certain circumstances, they were occasionally able to haunt and possess a person invading their rest in peace.[21] Darth Sidious, in turn, transferred his soul into a clone body shortly prior to the destruction of his original one. In the search of a new vessel to host his consciousness, he futilely endeavored to persuade his granddaughter Rey to slay him in order for his spirit to pass on to her alongside all the Sith living in him.[7]

Albeit unable to manifest themselves as Force spirits, some Jedi could directly address Force-sensitive individuals as voices in their postmortem existence. Having undergone the training overseen by Leia Organa, Rey was able to hear the voices of such Jedi who did not use this technique (like Mace Windu) in 35 ABY, just before she slew the Emperor.[7]

Behind the scenes[]

"In the rough draft...Ben explains that...if Vader becomes one with the dark side of the Force, he will lose all identity. If he turns to the good side, he will pass through the Netherworld and" in the revised rough draft, Yoda "will rescue him before he becomes one with the Force"."
―Description about preserving identity after death in Episode VI's rough draft[22]

In the rough draft of the 1983 film Star Wars: Episode VI Return of the Jedi, it was revealed by a resurrected Obi-Wan Kenobi that if Darth Vader became one with the dark side of the Force, he would not be able to retain his identity after death.[22]

Appearances[]

Non-canon appearances[]

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