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"I don't think we can protect two transports at a time."
Carlist Rieekan[src]

The GR-75 medium transport, sometimes referred to as the Gallofree transport, was a transport designed and constructed by Gallofree Yards, Inc.. They were lightly armed with a clamshell-like hull to protect the cargo pods it carried. They could not reach anymore than 650 kilometer per hour and had a class 4 hyperdrive.

They were used by the Rebel Alliance before and during the Galactic Civil War. In the early days of the rebellion, one was destroyed on a supply mission to Teralov and two more were destroyed in the Battle of Atollon. At least ten transports served at the Battle of Scarif, and later in the war thirty served as escape craft during a partially successful attempt to evacuate rebel forces from an assault on Hoth, in which thirteen were able to escape. At least sixteen also participated in the decisive Battle of Endor, where three were engulfed in the explosions of the Liberty and Nautilian. Many GR-75 transports served in the Battle of Jakku, and by the time of the cold war, several GR-75 medium transports were in the service of Jinata Security, which were modified with additional laser cannons.

CharacteristicsEdit

"The heavy transport ships will leave as soon as they're loaded."
―Leia Organa, during the Battle of Hoth[src]

GR-75 medium transports, sometimes referred to as Gallofree transports, were dedicated transports built at a length of ninety meters.[3] Equipped with a class 4 hyperdrive they were able to reach speeds of 650 kilometer per hour. They could carry up to 19, 000 metric tons[4] of cargo pods which filled its interior, protected by its clamshell-like hull.[8] The transport was controlled from a small bridge situated towards the rear of the craft,[9] and defenses consisted of both deflector shields[1] and four twin laser cannons,[3] though unarmed variants were not unheard of.[9]

GR-75 combat retrofit

A GR-75 Combat Retrofit

A variant of the GR-75 transport was the GR-75 Combat Retrofit.[2] Although they were built as transports,[1] the Rebel Alliance incorporated many into their growing fleet as medical ships, fireships, communications ships, rescue ships, resupply ships and troop transports.[3] The Jinata Security similarly used more armed variants as escorts during the Cold War.[6]

HistoryEdit

Early service with the rebellionEdit

"Transport to Imperial fighters: stand down! We are unarmed! You have no right to fire on us!"
―A GR-75 transport surrenders at Teralov[src]

The GR-75 medium transport was designed and built by Gallofree Yards, Inc.[1] It was designed similarly to the older GR-45 medium transport.[10] Gallofree Yards went bankrupt and was taken over by Kuat Drive Yards by 5 BBY.[11]

Following the blockade of Ibaar, the fugitive Mon Calamari Admiral Raddus sent a document written by his aides, Caitken and Shollan, to Mon Mothma, leader of one of the leading rebel cells, about the current status of the starships part of the early rebellion against the Galactic Empire. It had details of the fleet's major composition, including GR-75 transports as well as Pelta-class frigates, CR90 corvettes, CR70 corvettes, Sphyrna-class corvettes, and Braha'tok-class gunships.[3]

GreenSquadron Awings GR75 Teralov

Green Squadron escorts a GR-75 transport

A while later, Green Squadron, one of the early rebel groups against the Empire, was escorting a GR-75 transport on a mercy mission to the planet Teralov. However, they were ambushed by an Arquitens-class command cruiser which deployed TIE interceptors to fight the rebels. The A-wing starfighters of Green squadron engaged the TIEs but were quickly picked off one by one. Once Green squadron were wiped out, the TIEs then destroyed the transport despite its surrender.[9]

Sometime after, around 2 BBY,[source?] Mon Mothma declared the formation of the Rebel Alliance, to unite the rebel cells against the Empire. As a result, a fleet of rebel starships traveled to her location at Dantooine. Two GR-75 transports were among the vessels that rendezvoused there following the speech.[12]

Shortly after, two GR-75 transports were stationed with Phoenix Cell above the planet Atollon as they amassed with a portion of the larger rebel cell known as the Massassi Group. Intending to launch an assault on the TIE defender project on Lothal, their plan was foiled by Grand Admiral Thrawn, who was able to locate the rebels as well. Before the two cells were able to travel to Lothal, the Seventh Fleet, led by Thrawn, ambushed them. Although the rebels tried to break the blockade, they lost a great deal of their starships in the process. Following the loss of both of their flagships, the remaining of the cells, including the two GR-75s, were forced to retreat back to Phoenix Cell's base on the surface of Atollon.[13]

The rebel starships hid under the cover of Chopper base, the headquarters of Phoenix Cell, and its shield. After a brief bombardment on the shield, Thrawn sent his ground forces down to defeat the rebels. In the ensuing fight, the remaining rebel forces found themselves overwhelmed and the shield was soon destroyed. One GR-75 transport tried to escape but was shot down and destroyed by Imperial All Terrain Armored Transports. Other rebel forces were soon able to escape the base and run the blockade above, but without the final GR-75.[13]

Galactic Civil WarEdit

"The energy shield can only be open for a short time. So you'll have to stay very close to your transports."
―Leia Organa, during the Battle of Hoth[src]
Rebel Fleet above Scarif

GR-75 transports participated in the Battle of Scarif

In 0 BBY, at least twelve GR-75 transports traveled to Scarif with Admiral Raddus to assist ground forces who were trying to steal the plans the Empire's new superweapon, the Death Star. While fighting above the now closed Shield Gate, TIE fighters ravaged a GR-75 during their attack run on the fleet. Once the Death Star plans had been sent to the rebel flagship, the Profundity, Raddus ordered the fleet to escape. As the rebel ships began jumping into hyperspace, the Imperial-class Star Destroyer Devastator arrived and cut them off. One GR-75 was too close to the Star Destroyer to avoid it and almost immediately crashed into it. Other GR-75 transports that had also been cut off avoid the volley of turbolaser firing on the Profundity.[14]

Following the Battle of Yavin, a GR-75 transport traveled with a large number of ships to Espirion to help Princess Leia Organa.[15] More of them were with the rebel fleet when Mon Mothma, Admiral Gial Ackbar and General Jan Dodonna receive a distress call from the droid R2-D2.[16] Another was present when Organa left the rebel fleet for Vrogas Vas.[17] One helped evacuate Sunspot Prison following a massacre there.[18] A GR-75 was traveling in concert with an EF76 Nebulon-B escort frigate before the Siege on Tureen VII.[19] Following an attack on the Rebel Fleet, GR-75 transports landed on the surface of Baraan-Fa while the Organa and Mothma discussed having new rebel base. As a result, Organa traveled to Crait aboard the Millennium Falcon with a GR-75.[20]

Rebel fleet ESB

A GR-75 transport flies alongside the Redemption

In 3 ABY thirty GR-75 transports were stationed at the Alliance's secret base on Hoth. After an Imperial probe droid discovered the rebel presence there, Darth Vader traveled there with his fleet, Death Squadron. The rebels began evacuating, assigning two X-wing starfighters as escort to each GR-75.[21] The Quantum Storm left first, under the cover of the rebels' V-150 Planet Defender. The Thon's Orchard and Dutyfree also escaped Hoth.[10] The final transport to leave was the Bright Hope, which was meant to have Organa aboard before she was cut off from reaching it by a tunnel blockage.[21] By the time it had escaped, seventeen of the transports had been destroyed.[10] After, several GR-75 transports were stationed at the Rebel rendezvous point, where Luke Skywalker received a new cybernetic hand inside the Nebulon-B frigate Redemption.[21]

In 4 ABY, the Alliance fleet amassed near Sullust in preparation to attack the second Death Star. At least sixteen GR-75 transports were among the starships present. They soon traveled to the Endor system to begin their assault, but were ambushed by Death Squadron. In the following battle, the explosion of the MC80 Star Cruiser Liberty claimed a GR-75. Another transport was engulfed by the explosion of the Nautilian. However, in a turn of events, rebel starfighters were able to fly into the Death Star via its exhaust ports and destroy it.[22] Following the Battle of Cawa City seventeen days after, GR-75 transports were stationed with the rebel flagship Home One at Muster Point: Vergence. An additional GR-75 carrying Shara Bey and a number of other rebels arrived and docked into the flagship.[23] The fleet, still including GR-75 transports was later at Muster Point: Stalwart.[24]

By 5 ABY the Alliance, now the New Republic, had chased the larger remnant of the Empire to Jakku. The New Republic Fleet, including GR-75 transports, engaged the Empire in an assault that claimed some of the GR-75s present. Nevertheless, the New Republic won, and the Empire surrendered shortly after.[5]

Cold warEdit

"I'm picking up starfighters and transports."
Zay Versio, to Iden Versio[src]
JinataGR75

A GR-75 transport of the Jinata Security.

During the cold war, the Jinata Security used modified GR-75 transports which were equipped with additional laser cannons. Three escorted the Nebulon-B frigate Opportunity when it engaged Iden Versio and the Corvus above Athulla. They were destroyed by Versio's X-wing.[6]

Behind the scenesEdit

"These were called "tuna ships" in production, and the actual model has a bit of a pink cast to it."
―Pablo Hidalgo, on the GR-75 transport[src]

The GR-75 transport first appeared in Star Wars: Episode V The Empire Strikes Back.[21] Ultimate Star Wars, published on April 28, 2015, identifies it as the GR-75 transport,[1] but the official Databank entry lists it as a "GR-75 medium transport."[8] In Star Wars Legends, the ship was identified by the 2004 reference book Inside the Worlds of Star Wars Trilogy, written by James Luceno and illustrated by Richard Chasemore and Hans Jenssen.[25]

During production of The Empire Strikes Back, the GR-75 transports were nicknamed "tuna ships," and the model had a slight pink cast.[26] Despite being transports, they were included in the battle scenes of Star Wars: Episode VI Return of the Jedi because more ships were needed, but no in-universe explanation of their presence has been given.[27]

AppearancesEdit

SourcesEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 Ultimate Star Wars
  2. 2.0 2.1 Armada Star Wars: Armada – Rebel Transports Expansion Pack
  3. 3.00 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.05 3.06 3.07 3.08 3.09 3.10 3.11 Star Wars: The Rebel Files
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 Star Wars Encyclopedia of Starfighters and Other Vehicles
  5. 5.0 5.1 Star Wars Battlefront
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Star Wars Battlefront II
  7. Star Wars: The Last Jedi: The Visual Dictionary
  8. 8.0 8.1 StarWars-DatabankII GR-75 Medium Transport in the Databank (backup link)
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 Rebels-mini-logo Star Wars Rebels – "The Antilles Extraction"
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 Star Wars: Complete Locations
  11. Star Wars: The Last Jedi: Incredible Cross-Sections
  12. Rebels-mini-logo Star Wars Rebels – "Secret Cargo"
  13. 13.0 13.1 Rebels-mini-logo Star Wars Rebels – "Zero Hour"
  14. Rogue One: A Star Wars Story
  15. Princess Leia, Part IV
  16. Star Wars 9: Showdown on the Smuggler's Moon, Part II
  17. Vader Down, Part I
  18. Star Wars 19: Rebel Jail, Part IV
  19. Star Wars 23: The Last Flight of the Harbinger, Part III
  20. Star Wars: The Last Jedi – The Storms of Crait 1
  21. 21.0 21.1 21.2 21.3 Star Wars: Episode V The Empire Strikes Back
  22. Star Wars: Episode VI Return of the Jedi
  23. Shattered Empire, Part II
  24. Shattered Empire, Part IV
  25. Inside the Worlds of Star Wars Trilogy
  26. TwitterLogo Pablo Hidalgo (@pablohidalgo) on Twitter "Since people seem interested. These were called "tuna ships" in production, and the actual model has a bit of a pink cast to it." (screenshot)
  27. TwitterLogo Pablo Hidalgo (@pablohidalgo) on Twitter "The only "real" answer is because the ESB model existed and ROTJ needed ships. Anything in-universe hasn't been said." (screenshot)
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