- "A peaceful Galactic Alliance is the strongest pillar of a peaceful galaxy."
- ―Luke Skywalker
The Galactic Federation of Free Alliances, also known as the Federal Galactic Republic, but most commonly known as the Galactic Alliance, was a interstellar federal republic formed out of the New Republic during its collapse in the Yuuzhan Vong War. Incorporating most of the known galaxy, the Galactic Alliance was the first government to achieve this since the Galactic Empire.
Following the restoration of the Galactic Empire as the Fel Empire, the Alliance and the Empire coexisted in relative peace, but after the beginning of the Sith–Imperial War in 127 ABY, the Alliance lost the fight against the Empire and accepted their new Imperial overlords.
- 1 History
- 1.1 A new alliance
- 1.2 Making the Alliance galactic
- 1.3 The Alliance strikes back
- 1.4 Galactic reconstruction
- 1.5 Swarm War
- 1.6 Second Galactic Civil War
- 1.7 Conflict with the Jedi Order
- 1.8 The Ossus Project
- 1.9 Fall of the Galactic Alliance
- 1.10 The Alliance resistance
- 1.11 Galactic Federation Triumvirate
- 2 Organization
- 3 Economy
- 4 Society and culture
- 5 Military
- 6 Astrography
- 7 Behind the scenes
- 8 Appearances
- 9 Sources
- 10 Notes and references
A new alliance
- "The New Republic? Are you blind? There is no New Republic! It died before the Yuuzhan Vong came!"
- ―Leia Organa Solo
Following the New Republic's decisive victory at the Battle of Ebaq 9, Chief of State Cal Omas realized that a new government was needed if the galaxy was to survive the aftermath of the Yuuzhan Vong War. During the invasion, political infighting and weak leadership led the New Republic to a great number of defeats. Omas realized that the cumbersome organization of the New Republic could not withstand the pressures of the galactic war. As a result, Omas instituted a massive reorganization and streamlining of the government. Named the Galactic Federation of Free Alliances, or Galactic Alliance for short, it began the long task of bringing the galaxy back together. Another name thought of by Omas for the reorganization of the New Republic was the Federal Galactic Republic.
Making the Alliance galactic
- "Understand this: If the Yuuzhan Vong can defeat the New Republic, we cannot stand against them."
- ―Gilad Pellaeon
The new government would not be composed of just the old members of the New Republic. Bringing their former adversary, the Imperial Remnant, as well as the Hapes Consortium into the new government, the Alliance achieved what previous governments had long hoped for—a unified government of the known galaxy. This was further achieved with the cooperation of the Chiss Ascendancy, an insular civilization from the Unknown Regions on the edge of the galaxy.
The Alliance strikes back
- "The war is ended."
- ―Nas Choka
The first capital of the Alliance was Dac, longtime supporter of both the Alliance to Restore the Republic and the New Republic. Its location in the Outer Rim Territories and the presence of a massive fleet ensured that the new capital was secure. Once the government was up and running, the task of finding an end to the destructive conflict became its first goal. With the combined efforts of the Galactic Alliance Defense Force, the New Jedi Order, and other allies, the Yuuzhan Vong surrendered following the death of their leader, Supreme Overlord Shimrra Jamaane, during the Battle of Yuuzhan'tar.
- "It pointless to win a war only to watch the Galactic Alliance fall apart around us afterward."
- ―Cal Omas
Following the defeat of the Yuuzhan Vong empire, a capital closer to the center of the galaxy was needed. With Coruscant devastated and "Vong-formed" beyond recognition, the government of the Galactic Alliance planned to relocate to Denon, a world in the Inner Rim that had escaped bombardment and occupation by the Yuuzhan Vong. The Alliance began massive reconstruction efforts on Coruscant, in the form of the Reconstruction Authority. The new government devoted itself to rebuilding and repairing the galaxy, left in disorder following the war. By 30 ABY, the Galactic Alliance had relocated its government to Coruscant, though some viewed this as a public relations move, as there was still much work to be done, however the Alliance had officially taken authority of the galaxy. While the problems with repairing Coruscant were great, there were some bright spots, like the construction of the New Jedi Temple and the new Senate and Executive Buildings five years later. Other major construction projects included the massive Defense Force Command Compound, giving the Alliance's military a new command center to coordinate their forces across the galaxy.
- "Bugs! Why did it have to be bugs?"
- ―Han Solo
The Galactic Alliance faced its first major crisis following the Yuuzhan Vong War, in 35 ABY, when the Killiks were rediscovered. Following the discovery of a Dark Nest of Killiks led by Dark Jedi Lomi Plo, the Swarm War broke out between the Chiss Ascendancy and the Killik hives. Relations between the Killiks and the Alliance quickly soured, as their addictive black membrosia began to ruin the lives of various insect members of the government. This was further exacerbated by the death of Supreme Commander Sien Sovv, who was killed when a spacecraft piloted by a Vratix drunk on the membrosia collided with the admiral's private transport, killing him and his entire staff. War broke out when Dark Nest hives staged a coup on the Alliance world of Thyferra and tried a similar attack on the Verpine. Fortunately, the efforts of the New Jedi Order and the Galactic Alliance Defense Force ended the conflict before it turned into a full-scale galactic war.
Second Galactic Civil War
- "It's foolish to cast the Galactic Alliance as the Empire and Corellia as the Rebel Alliance. Because that's what it might come to, a rebellion—a stupid and unnecessary one."
- ―Luke Skywalker
In the years following the end of the Swarm War, the Alliance became increasingly controlling of local governments, demanding member states pay taxes to help with reconstruction and pool their military resources for the Galactic Alliance Defense Fleet. Some more independent worlds, especially those with strong industries and patriotic streaks saw themselves as above the legal requirements, began comparing the Galactic Alliance to the Galactic Empire. By 40 ABY, relationships between the Alliance and several local governments had deteriorated to the point that the Alliance decided to show a preemptive display of military might at Corellia. When the Corellians launched a counterstrike at the show of force, full scale galactic war once again loomed. As both sides struggled to find a diplomatic solution to the crisis, mysterious acts of treachery and sabotage threatened to derail peace efforts. To combat the mounting terrorism on Coruscant, Chief of State Cal Omas was forced to institute the Galactic Alliance Guard as a secret police force under Colonel Jacen Solo. This resulted in the resignation of Supreme Commander Gilad Pellaeon, as well as growing discontent over the increasingly draconian system of government, with the most common chant at political protests being "The Empire is back." During a confrontation over Hapes, the spiral towards galactic war was temporarily halted.
However, the Sith Lady Lumiya's manipulations of President Fyor Rodan of Commenor and the Bothans led to the formation of the Confederation when the Alliance Blockade of Corellia was defeated by the combined fleet. Omas declared a state of war on Corellia, Bothawui, and Commenor. The Alliance faced a growing crisis as Adumar, Fondor, Bespin, and the remnants of the Hapan Heritage Council separated from the Galactic Alliance to join the rebels. The Hutts and the Imperial Remnant were also encouraged to join, but did not do so. Many other lesser worlds continued to voice their support and the Confederation, already possessing many of the leading shipyards in the galaxy, raised ship production to epic levels and led attacks on Alliance shipyards such as those at Gyndine and Sluis Van with its very own Confederation Fleet. At a confrontation in the Gilatter VIII system, former Imperial Turr Phennir was named Supreme Commander of the Confederation military. As more worlds flocked to the banner of the Confederation, freeing themselves of what they saw as Alliance tyranny, old conflicts broke out. Soon, militarily, the two forces were at similar strengths, and a dangerous GA reliance on Hapes had arisen. When Jacen Solo and Supreme Commander Cha Niathal moved against Omas and deposed him, many saw the action as illegal.
The Confederation pushed towards the Core Worlds, and at a major battle over Kuat the Jedi Order withdrew its support from the Galactic Alliance following the assassination of the deposed Cal Omas, believed to have been ordered by Solo and carried out by one of their own. However although the pressure on the Core was relieved when Confederation forces arrived over Kashyyyk to save the Wookiee homeworld from the Alliance oppression, the resulting battle saw the Hapes Consortium, comprising over twenty percent of the Alliance military, withdraw its support under the direction of Queen Mother Tenel Ka Djo. Joint Chief of State Jacen Solo had earned himself too many enemies for much of the Alliance to view his rule as legal any longer.
The Alliance then fought numerous battles against the Confederation and the Jedi, including the firing of Centerpoint Station when its main weapon destroyed the Galactic Alliance Second Fleet. During the Battle of Centerpoint Station, the ancient space station was destroyed by its own beam misfiring into itself, devastating both the Confederation and Alliance fleets present.
During the Second Battle of Fondor, Admiral Niathal attempted to relieve Jacen Solo from his position of Joint Chief of State after refusing to accept the Fondorians' surrender. Solo, refusing to recognize Niathal's authority, fought against Admiral Natasi Daala's Maw Irregular Fleet, resulting in two-thirds of the GA fleet remaining loyal to Solo and Coruscant and the other third joining Niathal and setting up a Alliance-in-exile on Fondor. After the battle, Solo revealed that he was responsible for the death of Mara Jade Skywalker and that he was the Dark Lord of the Sith Darth Caedus. The galaxy was once again under the rule of the Sith.
Caedus allied the GA with the Council of Moffs, and attacked the Verpine, hoping to gain control of the valuable munitions facility. During the battle, he dueled his sister, Jaina Solo, and lost his arm, resulting with his blood being splattered on her face, allowing him to make a blood trail and find the Jedi base, Shedu Maad. The GA then attacked the planet without success, leading to the death of Caedus, the capture of his Sith apprentice, Tahiri Veila, and the end of the war. The Jedi, along with Jagged Fel, were able to have the Moff Council join them, and brought the Confederation to the bargaining table. They reformed the GA, and named former Imperial Natasi Daala Chief of State. Daala was able to create an order of stability, and Solo's dream of peace in the galaxy was realized.
Conflict with the Jedi Order
- "Daala will come for us, will she not?"
"Oh yeah. One way or another, she'll be coming. After the ruckus she made about the Jedi being a danger to the government, she can't let us win. If she does, she's done as Chief of State."
"Then she is done either way, because the Jedi are not going to lose this fight."
- ―Saba Sebatyne and Corran Horn
Two years after the end of the war, the Galactic Alliance, the Confederation and the Imperial Remnant gathered on Coruscant for the Unification Summit that was meant to start a political galactic unification. The three Heads of State, former Imperials Natasi Daala, Turr Phennir and Jagged Fel, were all supportive of the summit and met to discuss it.
However, since the end of the war and Jacen Solo's fall to the dark side of the Force, the Jedi were seen by many in the galaxy as troublemakers who were merely trying to gain more power. Daala, who was a staunch anti-Jedi, started a policy to take over control of the Jedi Order. To this end, she arrested and had Luke Skywalker tried for dereliction of duty. Skywalker was exiled from the Order and the GA and left Coruscant with his son Ben Skywalker.
Daala forced Kenth Hamner, the acting Grand Master of the Jedi Order, to assign observers to each Jedi so as to keep an eye on them. However, Nawara Ven, the attorney representing the Order's interests had the law revoked in the courts.
- "As you know, the mercenary commander Belok Rhal has killed Madhi in an attempt to prevent us from reporting the Mandalorian massacre of Octusi slaves taking place right now a few dozen meters beyond that wall. But Madhi Vaandt would not be silenced, and neither will we."
- ―Shohta Laar
At this time, due to the actions of the underground movement named Freedom Flight, public opinion started to turn against slavery in the galaxy with revolts erupting on worlds such as Klatooine and Blaudu Sextus. Daala chose to repress these movements and hired a company of Mandalorian Supercommandos to brutally crush the revolt on Blaudu Sextus. Upon witnessing the massacre, the Jedi decided to move against Daala and stand by the slaves in their bid for freedom. They overthrew Grand Master Hamner whose policies were too aligned with Daala's and launched a fleet of ships to support the slaves.
At the same time, the Head of State of the Imperial Remnant, Jagged Fel, decided that he didn't want to align his government with Daala's after she asked him to assign troops to her to help crush the revolts around the galaxy. He withdrew from the unification talks and left Coruscant.
Some time later, the Jedi organized a plot to overthrow Daala at the same time as Senator Haydnat Treen and General Merratt Jaxton launched their own coup. Daala was successfully removed from power and arrested. So as to keep control of the Alliance, a Triumvirate was formed composed of Saba Sebatyne, acting Grand Master of the Jedi Order, Treen and Jaxton. Decisions were made by having a two-thirds majority in the Triumvirate.
Under the Triumvirate, Luke Skywalker's exile was ended. On his return to Coruscant, the Triumvirate was disbanded, and the entire Jedi Order departed the capital. In their absence, the Lost Tribe of the Sith manipulated the Senate into electing the dark-side entity Abeloth to the post of Chief of State, though the Senate believed she was Senator Rokari Kem of Qaras.
The Ossus Project
- "Jeedai Master Skywalker had a vision—to use Yuuzhan Vong biotech to transform and restore ailing worlds—and to so transform the galaxy's perception of the Yuuzhan Vong. What was conceived as a dream quickly became a nightmare."
- ―Nei Rin
In the years following the Second Galactic Civil War, the Imperial Remnant started to gain more and more influence. Under the leadership of the Fel dynasty, the Remnant slowly began to reestablish itself as an Empire once again.
The Alliance also embarked on an ambitious new program—the Ossus Project. Backed by the New Jedi Order, led by Kol Skywalker and Nei Rin of the Yuuzhan Vong Shaper caste, the planet Ossus was used as a test bed for restoring planetary ecosystems through shaper technology. The results were spectacular, as Ossus emerged into a verdant world of jungles.
One hundred worlds were selected by the Alliance for terraforming. Yet, a resurgent Sith Order sabotaged the projects, causing immense pain and anger among the citizens of the project's selected worlds. The Jedi immediately suspected sabotage, but were unable to prove it. As numerous worlds began to suspect that it was the Yuuzhan Vong who caused the project to fail, the Jedi Order urged the Galactic Alliance government to support the Vong against criticism. Angered, numerous worlds began declaring their independence of the Alliance or neutrality.
Fall of the Galactic Alliance
- "I made an alliance with the reborn Empire at Bastion. We manufactured a cause for war, making the Vong seem responsible. Split, the Galactic Alliance began to fight itself. And so died."
- ―Darth Krayt
The resurgent Empire used the situation after the failure of the Ossus Project to draw in the Alliance's member worlds. Invoking the Treaty of Anaxes, the Empire declared war on the Galactic Alliance. The deep divisions of the Yuuzhan-Vong war left many Alliance worlds declaring neutrality in the conflict while some actually joined with the Empire. Despite these setbacks, the Alliance was able to hold its own against the Empire and were the winning side after the first year of conflict.
In the second year of the war, Darth Krayt and the Sith Order allied themselves with the Empire, reversing the Empire's losses and putting the Alliance on the defensive. The third year of the Sith–Imperial War resulted in the military defeat of the Alliance at the Battle of Caamas, and the Imperial occupation of Coruscant. The Empire was thus re-established as the primary galactic government, and immediately shifted its seat of government to the galactic capital world.
Some of the Alliance's remaining planets surrendered to the Empire and submitted to Imperial overlordship under the existing Alliance leadership. Alliance bureaucracy was integrated into the new government in its entirety, although the Moffs planned a full transition to an Imperial system of government.
The Alliance resistance
- "Though battles have been lost, the Alliance still lives. We have not surrendered, we do not concede the stars. We will win back our birthright. Freedom."
- ―Jaius Yorub
With the Galactic Alliance under Imperial occupation, part of the Alliance military, centered on Admiral Gar Stazi's Core Forces, formed a resistance movement and continued the fight against the Empire. For the seven years following the surrender of the Alliance at the Battle of Caamas, Admiral Stazi's fleet engaged in hit and run attacks. Always tight on supplies and struggling to stay one step ahead of Imperial forces, the remnants of the Galactic Alliance reverted to a state similar to that of the Alliance to Restore the Republic. The New Jedi Order also refused to acknowledge Imperial control.
In 137 ABY, deposed Emperor Roan Fel attempted to form an alliance with Alliance representatives against the Sith. Admiral Stazi was tasked to represent the remnants of the Galactic Alliance in a meeting on the Wheel, which ended abruptly after Sith saboteurs led Stazi to believe the Imperials' shuttle had fired on his own. After a brief fight, both parties were ordered to leave the Wheel by administrator Pol Temm, with an agreement nowhere in sight.
Despite the power of Darth Krayt's Galactic Empire, portions of the Galactic Alliance had yet to be conquered or subdued. These worlds and regions provided material and support to the Galactic Alliance Core Forces under Admiral Stazi.
Due to the Sith's impatience and the fact that the Alliance might be reduced to a pirate fleet, Stazi planned to capture a new Imperious-class Star Destroyer Imperious, at Dac, so the fleet could make more major assaults. Though it was a trap set by Admiral Dru Valan to eliminate him, Stazi managed to steal the Imperious and then destroyed a third of the planet's shipyard. This forced the Sith to execute the Calamari Council.
However, unknown to the Alliance and the Sith, Imperial Knights placed bombs on board the Imperious to detonate the moment the weapons were active. The bombs were disabled and Stazi considered an alliance with Fel, therefore renaming the Advanced Star Destroyer, Alliance.
Following the apparent death of Darth Krayt, Admiral Stazi led a large fleet of Alliance warships in a battle with Fel's forces. After the battle, Emperor Fel talked to Stazi about its outcome. After a brief argument about the positions they were in, Fel apologized for Fenel's actions, saying he had thought Fenel understood the situation better than he really did.
The Steadfast, having had its self-destruct mechanism disabled earlier by a barrage, was given to Fel's forces as a symbol of good faith. Stazi had proven himself as an equal statesman who could handle Fel's intimidation for the moment, and the alliance between the GA and the Fel Empire managed to hold together, although it was unknown to Stazi how long it would actually last. It fell to Admiral Stazi to hold the military alliance together, as well as ensure that his new allies did not lower themselves to use the tactics employed by Sith-Imperial forces.
Eventually Darth Wyyrlok issued the Final Protocol to Sith scientist Vul Isen. To this end Isen poisoned the water world of Dac. Three days later Rogue Squadron was dispatched on a routine recon mission when they noticed the millions of dead Mon Calamari. After a dog fight with Imperial Predators, the Rogues headed back to the fleet to inform Stazi of the situation on Dac. Stazi, now alerted to the situation on Dac, immediately contacted General Oron Jaeger and informed him of the situation. General Jaeger informed Stazi that he was unable to commit the Fel's loyalist fleet without a direct order from the emperor himself. Undeterred Stazi was determined to act. Still onboard the Alliance following the ambush in the Arkanis sector, Jedi Master Te Corso offered the assistance of the New Jedi Order. In addition to offering the Jedi a fighter group, Master Corso informed the admiral that the Order knew of a safe world where the refugees of Dac would be safe. Encouraged, Stazi put his plan into motion. Stazi dispatched elements of Rogue Squadron led by Ronto and Sword Squadron led by Master Drok to infiltrate the yards and disable the planets defenses. On the planets surface, Jedi Master Asaak Dan, Captain Tanquar and the Mon Calamari Rangers engaged Imperial stormtroopers on Heurkea, securing the city's docks to serve as the base of operations for the evacuation.
With the shipyard defenses disabled and Heurkea secured, Stazi and the Galactic Alliance fleet emerged from hyperspace. The Alliance, backed up by multiple MC140 Scythe-class main battle cruisers, captured Pellaeon-class Star Destroyers, and numerous frigates, engaged a token Sith force of five Star Destroyers. Outnumbered and overwhelmed by superior firepower, the surviving Sith warships retreated. With the space around Dac cleared, Stazi signaled the evacuation fleet. The genocide of the Mon Calamari and Wyyrlok's final protocol had angered citizens from across the galaxy. A fleet of private starships, ranging from old Mon Cal cruisers to Clone Wars-era Star Destroyers to private transports descended en mass on Dac to rescue the world's population.
With the Galactic Alliance fleet engaged in rescue operation, the Sith Imperials sprung their trap. The Outer Rim Third Fleet, under the command of Admiral Krion Grail and supervised by Moff Geist and Sith Fist Darth Stryfe, dropped out of hyperspace behind the Alliance fleet. After a short fight it looked like Sith victory was soon at hand. General Jaeger then arrived with a fleet of Fel loyalist Star Destroyers and the two fleets worked together to drive back back the Sith. Stazi's forces managed to rescue 20 percent of the population.
Galactic Federation Triumvirate
- "We're investing in window dressing, not solid statecraft. Your communications array is a perfect example."
"You may be a gifted battlefield tactician, Stazi but you are naive when it comes to governing an empire."
"Empire is it? I don't remember binding the Jedi to any empire. We serve the new Triumvirate, don't forget that, Empress."
"You know what I mean. We can't hold the galaxy together through brute strength, nor should we try."
- ―Gar Stazi, Marasaiah Fel, and K'Kruhk
In a daring attempt to overthrow the Sith Empire once and for all, the Galactic Alliance Remnant and its allies launched a daring assault to liberate Coruscant and the entire galaxy from Sith dominance. With the aid of their Imperial and Jedi allies, the Alliance engaged the Sith-Imperial forces in a final battle to decide the fate of the galaxy. While Admiral Gar Stazi oversaw the fighting that occurred in Coruscant's orbit, the Jedi Cade Skywalker fought the Sith planet-side until he confronted the Sith Emperor Darth Krayt.
Despite heavy casualties on the allies' side, Skywalker completed his objective and killed Krayt, thus leaving the empire without its emperor. As the remnants of the One Sith rallied around the leadership of Darth Nihl, Krayt's self-proclaimed successor, the Galactic Empire completely fell apart with its crushing defeat at Coruscant. Under the rule of a new Galactic Federation Triumvirate, composed of Admiral Gar Stazi, Empress Marasiah Fel and Jedi Master K'Kruhk, the triumvirs reunited the known galaxy in the year 138 ABY.
But even though Darth Krayt was dead and his empire destroyed, his legacy continued to persevere through the survival of the One Sith. Under Nihl's leadership, the remaining Sith scattered across the galaxy with orders from the new Dark Lord to infiltrate various planetary governments, thus waging a new war on the Galactic Federation Triumvirate from the shadows, until his defeat in 140 ABY.
- "A new federalism, that properly defines the boundaries between the Senate and the regimes on the various planets."
- ―Cal Omas
Governmental changes between the New Republic and the Galactic Alliance included a new constitution, a stronger judicial branch, and a better system of checks and balances that curbed the power that had been almost exclusively in the hands of the Senate. The new federalism properly defined the roles between the government and its member worlds.
The Galactic Alliance government was led by a Chief of State and a High Council that consisted of Jedi, senators, and members of the Alliance's military and governmental leadership. The Jedi later withdrew from the High Council in favor of forming their own leadership body; the Jedi High Council. As such, the Alliance created an Advisory Council to replace the High Council.
The new alliance was a federal republic, properly defining the roles of both the federal government and the member worlds and states. A stronger federal system was the largest change in the overall structure of the government following the dissolution of the New Republic.
Chief of State
- "I think a Chief of State who's just won a war against an implacable enemy might have a lot of currency with the Senate and the people."
- ―Luke Skywalker, referring to Cal Omas
The Alliance, like the New Republic before it, was headed by the Chief of State. The Chief of State was elected by receiving a majority of votes in the Alliance Senate. The Chief of State was also the President of the Senate, again following the similar structure of the old New Republic system. A major difference between the two systems was that the Chief of State of the Galactic Alliance seemed to possess more executive powers, designed to curb the power of the legislature. This form of checks and balances was one of the major differences that set the new government apart from the old. The Chief of State was aided by both a High Council and an Advisory Council, which consist of the heads of the various governmental, military, and intelligence departments.
- "The Jedi Order does not intend to remain in control of the executive branch, of course. Conquest was not our aim. Until a new Chief of State can be duly selected, we will be appointing a Triumvirate to act collectively as the Chief of State. It will consist of this one, Senator Treen, and General Jaxton."
"Representing the interests of the Jedi, the Senate, and the armed forces, respectively."
- ―Saba Sebatyne and Wynn Dorvan
After the overthrow of Natasi Daala, the executive branch was altered to be led by a Triumvirate, aided by a powerful bureaucracy. The Triumvirate surrendered to the Empire after the Battle of Caamas. The Empire claimed Coruscant as its own new seat of government, but the Triumvirate and the bureaucracy were allowed to remain as vassal governors of the remains of Alliance space.
- "Confine the Senate to its proper sphere, for one thing. It should legislate and supervise, not try to run the administration from day to day."
- ―Cal Omas
The main legislative body of the Galactic Alliance was the Senate. The Senate was composed of representatives from all member worlds and states that compose the new government. The powers of the Senate were curbed under the new constitution by a series of checks and balances, namely increasing the powers of both the executive and the judiciary. Despite these changes, the Senate remained a powerful and important part of the Alliance government. Some corruption had begun to creep back into the Senate following the end of the war against the Yuuzhan Vong, but the majority of the senators remained committed and loyal to the Alliance.
- "A truly independent judiciary would curb their more ambitious maneuvers."
- ―Cal Omas
The judicial branch of the Alliance government received the greatest increase of power under the new Alliance constitution. The increase of judicial oversight and power was designed to help curb any legislative abuse or corruption, which was becoming increasingly common during the last years of the New Republic.
The Yuuzhan Vong invasion provided a useful catalyst to unite the worlds and governments of the galaxy under one government. Besides the former member worlds, systems, and sectors of the New Republic, the Imperial Remnant, Hapes Consortium, and Chiss Ascendancy also joined the new Galactic Alliance as autonomous regions; not represented in the senate while still obligated to aid in defense of the GFFA, but allowed to govern themselves internally and follow their own laws. It is unknown whether Hutt Space joined as well, though they did contribute ships and weapons to the Liberation of Coruscant.
Relationship with the New Jedi Order
The first act of Luke Skywalker regarding the Galactic Alliance was the formation of a new Jedi Council. The Jedi were seen widely as a sort of special agent to the new government, and were widely used and spread thin across the galaxy. Also, Jedi Masters were asked to join the new Galactic Alliance Advisory Council to the first Chief of State, Cal Omas. Eventually, Skywalker pulled the Jedi away from the Advisory Council, claiming that the Jedi must always have a fair and balanced view on the universe, by serving, not governing.
Yuuzhan Vong War
From the start of the Galactic Alliance on Mon Calamari, Luke Skywalker's New Jedi Order was closely involved with the new government. Seeing as how the Jedi played a major role in bringing the new government about, due to the Order's support of Cal Omas as Chief of State during the Chief of State election. As the new Alliance began to reform and take the fight back to the Yuuzhan Vong, a High Council was formed, consisting of six Jedi and six non-Jedi members, headed by the Chief of State. This council directed policy during the last years of the Yuuzhan Vong War, working together to bring the war to an end. Despite some tension over the Alpha Red project, the solidarity between the Alliance and the Jedi remained firm, as both played a key role in the defeat of the Yuuzhan Vong during the Liberation of Coruscant.
Post-war years, 30–34 ABY
Following the defeat of the Vong, the Galactic Alliance devoted itself to the task of rebuilding the galaxy. As a gesture of gratitude, the Alliance built a new Jedi Temple, though this move was viewed by some Jedi as an attempt to further tie the Order to the new government. Regardless of this, the Jedi actively aided the government in bringing the galaxy back together, fighting pirates, serving as mediators in planetary disputes, and relocating peoples who lost their worlds during the war. The High Council was still considered one of the highest bodies in the Alliance, though the Galactic Alliance Advisory Council had begun to see increased influence.
By 35 ABY, the Jedi Order and the Alliance had a somewhat strained relationship. While the Jedi Order was committed to aiding the Alliance in restoring peace to the galaxy, some Jedi felt that the Order had no place involved with government. The more radical Jedi feared that they had become nothing but an effective tool for government policy. While the relationship was strained further during the Swarm War, it held firm as both Alliance and Jedi forces managed to avert total galactic war with the Chiss and Killiks. After Luke Skywalker declared himself Grand Master of the Order, the Jedi withdrew from the High Council, realizing that the Jedi should leave government policy making to the Alliance. While this move would cause some additional friction between Cal Omas and Master Skywalker, the government and Jedi continued to work towards the common goal of a peaceful galaxy.
Second Galactic Civil War
During the five years that separated the Swarm War and the Second Galactic Civil War, the Galactic Alliance government saw improved relations with the New Jedi Order. Both Cal Omas and Master Luke Skywalker resumed their cordial working relationship, with good feelings between the two evident during several meetings during the onset of the new Corellian crisis. Master Skywalker seemed to have embraced the belief that the Jedi Order best served the galaxy by supporting the Galactic Alliance, which was still viewed as the best hope for a lasting peace. As the conflict began to expand, Jedi Knights fought alongside Galactic Alliance forces against the growing Confederation.
Jedi Knight Jacen Solo became the head of Galactic Alliance Guard, despite the opposition from other members of the Order. He soon fell to the dark side and would later stage a coup and became Joint Chief of State. During the Battle of Kuat, the New Jedi Order removed their support from the Alliance, and set up a base on the Forest Moon of Endor in response to Jacen's actions at Kashyyyk. They also planned to remove him as Joint Chief of State. They fought directly against the Alliance at the Battle of Centerpoint Station and remaining battles of the war.
After Darth Caedus was killed during the Battle of Uroro Station, the Jedi rejoined the Galactic Alliance. Instead of holding elections, Natasi Daala, the former Imperial admiral, was appointed Chief of State by several high ranking Alliance personnel. She was highly critical of the Jedi Order, once saying that "a just system does not need overseers". In 43 ABY, she ordered Luke Skywalker's arrest and charged him with dereliction of duty for not stopping Jacen from falling to the dark side and for calling all the Jedi back to the temple on Coruscant.
The Galactic Alliance's predecessor, the New Republic, had a very complex and diverse economy. The economy practically collapsed during the Yuuzhan Vong War. So immediately after the war, the Alliance began massive reconstruction efforts throughout the galaxy, in the form of the Reconstruction Authority. The Authority was tasked with such things as re-terraforming Coruscant and finding a new homeworld for the Ithorians and other species that lost their homes to the Vong and more.
Society and culture
The Galactic Alliance had a very diverse culture like its predecessor, the New Republic. The Alliance had a liberal policy towards art and culture. The dominant aesthetic style of Galactic Alliance was opulence and ornamentation.
Galactic Alliance Defense Force
The military arm of the government was known as the Galactic Alliance Defense Force. Led by the Supreme Commander, the Defense Force consisted of the Galactic Alliance Navy and Army. These federally controlled forces were tasked with numerous roles, ranging from securing hyperlanes to protecting key worlds, as well as facing any aggressors that sought to attack or harm the Alliance. Its structure was extremely similar to the older New Republic Defense Force, though its size was significantly larger, due to the build up of warships during the war. During the latter stages of the war against the Yuuzhan Vong, the government maintained four strategic fleets. Their tactics often were hit-and-fade strikes popularized by the Rebel Alliance during the Galactic Civil War, due in part to retired Admiral Gial Ackbar helping reorganize the Defense Force in the months leading up to the Battle of Ebaq 9.
Five years after the end of the war, the Defense Fleet seemed to have built back up to pre-war strength, with at least five strategic fleets under the government's command. The Galactic Alliance Fifth Fleet, under Bothan Admiral Nek Bwua'tu, was assigned to patrol the Hydian Way, though it was redeployed during the Killik crisis. Several years later during the Second Galactic Civil War, the Defense Force began fielding numerous new units, including the Galactic-class battle carrier, Mon Cal heavy carrier, and the Aleph-class starfighter.
Following the Sith–Imperial War, the remnants of the Alliance military, centered around the Galactic Alliance Core Forces, remained to continue the fight. They fielded numerous new warships and starfighters, including the CF9 Crossfire starfighter, the MC140 Scythe-class main battle cruiser, and numerous other support ships.
Even though the Hapes Consortium joined the Galactic Alliance, it still retained its own military forces for personal defense. The Hapan Royal Navy was autonomous of the Galactic Alliance Defense Force, as evidenced by the Hapan protection of the Killik colonies a year prior to the outbreak of the Swarm War. However between the Swarm War and the Second Galactic Civil War, the Hapan Navy supplied two fleets which temporarily served under the control of the Galactic Alliance government.
Imperial Remnant military
Like the Hapes Consortium, the Imperial Remnant retained their boundaries and a degree of autonomy following joining the Galactic Alliance. As a result, the Remnant retained its own starfleet as well. Like the Hapan navy, the Remnant forces were semi-autonomous of the federally controlled Alliance forces.
Still, Remnant warships often worked alongside Alliance warships. During the Battle of Yuuzhan'tar, the Galactic Alliance Fourth Fleet was composed of a mix of Alliance warships and Star Destroyers under the command of Grand Admiral Gilad Pellaeon.
Later the Remnant withdrew from the Galactic Alliance, thus ending the recent cooperation between the two governments. During the Second Galactic Civil War, elements of the Imperial Military fought on both sides at different times in the later stages of the war. However the Empire and it's fleets clearly separated some time before the Sith-Imperial War of 127 ABY.
Some key member worlds, like Corellia, maintained private navies and militaries for personal defense. These forces were under the direct control of these member states and seemed to be at least partially autonomous of the Defense Force. By the time of the Second Galactic Civil War, new laws passed by the Alliance government sought to reduce the size of these planetary forces in favor of the more centralized Galactic Alliance Defense Force.
The Galactic Alliance was composed of a significant portion of the Known Galaxy, stretching from the Core Worlds to Wild Space, spanning at least 1.2 million worlds. Its membership was greater than that of the New Republic, due to the fact that other governments like the Imperial Remnant and Hapes Consortium were members as well. The capital of the Galactic Alliance was Coruscant, keeping in tradition with the previous galactic governments. The Galactic Alliance was also bordered by two smaller galactic powers, the Chiss Ascendancy and Hutt Space. Some of Hutt space was a nominal member of the Galactic Alliance, as it was under the Empire. The status of the other minor governments, such as the Corporate Sector, Cron Drift, Senex sector, Juvex sector, Centrality, and so on, is also unclear, although it is known that the Mandalore sector didn't join the Galactic Alliance as of 40 ABY.
Behind the scenes
The Galactic Federation of Free Alliances was given its name as a nod to—and as a means of incorporating into the canon—fans' use of the acronym "GFFA" (in other words, the "Galaxy Far, Far Away") when referring to the Star Wars galaxy as a whole.
In Legacy of the Force: Betrayal, Cal Omas says that the Alliance consists of "hundreds" of worlds. This is a tiny number compared to canon figures for the total number of inhabited planets, but it could be explained if Omas was thinking in terms of planets with direct senatorial representation, which had been the basic units of membership for the Galactic Republic.
Notes and references
- The New Jedi Order: Destiny's Way
- The New Essential Chronology
- The New Jedi Order: Force Heretic I: Remnant
- Fate of the Jedi: Conviction
- Legacy (2006) 20
- The New Jedi Order: The Unifying Force
- Dark Nest III: The Swarm War
- Legacy of the Force: Bloodlines
- Fate of the Jedi: Outcast
- The New Jedi Order: The Final Prophecy
- The Complete Star Wars Encyclopedia
- Legacy of the Force: Revelation
- Legacy of the Force: Betrayal
- Legacy of the Force: Inferno
- Legacy of the Force: Invincible
- Legacy (2006) 1
- Legacy (2006) 8
- Legacy—War 6
- Legacy (2006) 47
- The Essential Reader's Companion