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"In the heart of a Jedi lies her strength."
―Kanan Jarrus' voice, to Rey[src]

A Jedi was a devotee to the ways of the Jedi Order, an ancient order of protectors united by their ability to harness the power of the Force. Adhering to a doctrine that favored the light side of the Force, the Jedi aspired to attain a state of inner tranquility through calmness and meditation while avoiding emotions affiliated with the dark side of the Force, such as anger and hatred. Nevertheless, Jedi philosophy did not forbid a Jedi from acting in self-defense or in the defense of others. To that end, the weapon of a Jedi was the lightsaber, a blade composed of pure energy and different colors such as blue, green, purple, or yellow.

Before the time of the Galactic Empire, a Jedi was a guardian of peace and justice in the Galactic Republic. The Jedi's commitment to peace and democracy brought them into conflict with an order of dark side wielders known as the Sith, who sought power and dominion over the galaxy. Emerging victorious from their wars with the ancient Sith, the Jedi carried on in their duty as peacekeepers for over a millennium until the advent of the Clone Wars twenty-two years before the Battle of Yavin. Faced with a pan-galactic civil war between the Republic and Confederacy of Independent Systems, the Jedi adopted the mantle of generals and soldiers in the Grand Army of the Republic. After three years of conflict, the Jedi discovered that the war had been a ploy designed to restore the Sith to power. However, the Jedi were betrayed by one of their own—the Chosen One Anakin Skywalker, who had been seduced to the dark side and anointed Darth Vader by the Sith Lord Darth Sidious. Using the Jedi's own clone troopers to initiate a systematic purge of the Jedi Order, the Lords of the Sith all but eradicated the Jedi in one fell swoop, reducing the order from thousands of Jedi Knights to a handful of survivors who dispersed into exile across the galaxy.

The Sith ruled the galaxy through the Empire for a generation, but did not succeed in completely wiping out the Jedi Order. As a result, Ezra Bridger and Luke Skywalker were, in turn, trained as new Jedi by Jedi Knight Kanan Jarrus and Jedi Master Obi-Wan Kenobi, respectively. Skywalker, the son of Vader, was also taught the ways of the Jedi by Grand Master Yoda and fought for the Alliance to Restore the Republic during the Galactic Civil War. On his death bed, Yoda gave his final apprentice the mandate of passing on his lessons to a new generation of Jedi. Shortly afterward, Skywalker succeeded in redeeming his father, who sacrificed himself to save his son by killing his Sith Master, Emperor Sidious, thereby destroying the Sith and fulfilling the prophecy of the Chosen One.

During the era of the New Republic, Skywalker worked to rebuild the Jedi Order by training a dozen apprentices, including his young but powerful nephew, Ben Solo, but Solo fell to the dark side and became Kylo Ren, apprentice of Supreme Leader Snoke, master of the Knights of Ren, and a warlord of the First Order, while Skywalker's training temple and students were destroyed. As the First Order rose to power, Ren and Snoke sought to destroy Skywalker, who, in self-exile, briefly trained Rey in the ways of the Jedi until he sacrificed himself to save the Resistance, after which time Skywalker's sister, Leia Organa, continued her training. When a reborn Darth Sidious—Rey's grandfather—revealed himself to the galaxy, Ben Solo, the opposite in a dyad in the Force with Rey, was redeemed, and Rey sacrificed herself to destroy the phantom Sith Lord, preventing the rebirth of the Sith Order. Rey was saved from death by Solo, who gave his life for hers, allowing the Jedi to live on.

Philosophy

"The Jedi are selfless. They only care about others."
―Anakin Skywalker, to Sheev Palpatine[src]

The Jedi Knights focused on calmness and peace to channel their powers in the Force, using the light side of the Force to serve in the capacity of guardians of peace and justice in the galaxy.[4] Even so, the Jedi sought to preserve balance in the Force; the ancient prophecy of the Chosen One foretold of a being who would restore balance to the Force by destroying the Sith. In combat, whereas an enemy may grow impatient and rely on their overwhelming strength, a Jedi would meditate and find serenity in their mind to focus.[1] A Jedi used their lightsaber only for defense, not for attack, and used the Force for defense and knowledge rather than use it to gain power over others.[2]

Because of their ability in the Force, a Jedi, even if they lacked a physical weapon, was never defenseless,[18] and some Jedi were capable of appearing after death as Force spirits.[2][19][9] The Jedi fit themselves as peacekeepers during the time of the Galactic Republic—not soldiers[5]—and believed themselves to implement the will of the Force, sensing it to serve as its instruments. Striving to be majestic yet simple,[20] knowledge, the Force, and self-discipline were considered the three pillars of Jedi strength.[21] The Jedi believed that—no matter one's physical appearance—everyone was internally made up of light. Individuals who did not understand the Force took to calling Jedi "space wizards."[20]

History

Guardians of the Republic

"For over a thousand generations, the Jedi Knights were the guardians of peace and justice in the Old Republic. Before the dark times. Before the Empire."
―Obi-Wan Kenobi, to Luke Skywalker[src]

The first temple on Ahch-To

The Jedi were an order of ancient origins, having been present in the galaxy for over one thousand generations.[4] Originally established at the first Jedi Temple on Ahch-To by the Prime Jedi,[6] the Jedi Order established numerous sites throughout the galaxy on Coruscant, Ossus, Tython, and Jedha. The Jedi eventually came to align with the democratic Galactic Republic and owed their allegiance to the Galactic Senate.[8]

Decimating the Mandalorians and Sith

"The Sith have been extinct for a millennium."
―Ki-Adi-Mundi[src]

An ancient rivalry existed between the Jedi and the Sith.

When a rogue Jedi was exiled from the order due to embracing the dark side of the Force, they gained followers which led to the creation of the Sith[22] during the Hundred-Year Darkness.[23] The Jedi and Sith became bitter enemies,[24] engaging in a number of battles and wars like the Sith war,[25] Battle of Takodana,[26] the Great Scourge of Malachor,[27] the Great Sith War,[20] and the defeat of Darth Momin.[28]

Also during the reign of the Old Republic, the Mandalorians, the warrior people of the planet Mandalore, launched a number of wars, often coming into conflict with the Jedi.[29] Battles between the Mandalorians and Jedi dated back to the time of the Mandalorian crusaders.[30] According to legend, Mandalore the Great led the Mandalorians against the Jedi in a number of battles.[31] Eventually, the Mandalorians developed their distinctive armor[32] in order to combat their Force-sensitive enemies.[21]

Nevertheless, the Jedi won the war against the Mandalorians,[33] with the final battle between the Mandalorian warlords[34] and Jedi Order devastating Mandalore itself.[35] Also at some point, as recounted in legend, a Force-sensitive Mandalorian named Tarre Vizsla was inducted into the Jedi Order. His lightsaber, the Darksaber, was stored in the Jedi Temple after his death until members of House Vizsla broke in and stole the blade[33] during the fall of the Old Republic. The Darksaber went onto be used to cut down many Jedi[29] and unite the Mandalorian people as a symbol of leadership.[33]

The fall of the Old Republic resulted in its crumbling, but its remnants and the Jedi still waged the final war against the Sith.[36] Ultimately, the Sith's greed for power caused them to turn on each other, which helped the Jedi defeat and nearly decimate the weakened Sith. However, one Sith Lord, Darth Bane, secretly survived the destruction and continued the Sith by creating the Rule of Two[24] and initiating the Great Plan.[37]

The supposed "Great Peace"

Jedi of the Republic

"I remember a time when Jedi were not generals, but peacekeepers."
―Satine Kryze — (audio) Listen (file info)[src]

Jedi Sskeer and Keeve Trennis during the High Republic Era

After the assumed defeat of the Sith, the Jedi Order enjoyed a political ascension and saw an increase in recruitment. During the so-called "Great Peace" enjoyed by the Galactic Republic,[38] which had reinvented itself after the defeat of the Sith,[36] the Jedi maintained a reputation[39] and role of being peacekeepers despite their limited numbers.[5] The High Republic Era in particular was the height of the Jedi Order's power,[40] being a time of greatly expanded Jedi activity throughout the galaxy that even allowed them to stretch out far from the Core Worlds.[41] During the era, the Jedi worked closely with the Republic,[20] although Jedi Masters Orla Jareni and Cohmac Vitus came to question whether it was right for the Jedi to have such a role.[42] Nevertheless, with the Republic seeking to bring the Outer Rim Territories into its domain through projects like Starlight Beacon, the Order agreed to establish outposts in the Outer Rim, establishing these outposts to provide help to people in the galaxy's wilder locations and to help explore these places. Prior to the dedication of Starlight, these outposts and their three to seven Jedi occupants—operating separately from the Jedi Temple on Coruscant—became the only force for justice on the Galactic Frontier.[20]

During the High Republic, the foremost Jedi Master of the era, Avar Kriss,[43] held a rare Force power amongst the Jedi; able to detect the natural Force-bonds among Force-sensitives, she could strengthen them into a network of many Jedi. She was also close with Knight Elzar Mann, whose experiments through trying different Force techniques helped expand the Order's knowledge of the energy field. Under the leadership of Kriss, Mann and her were among the hundred Jedi dispatched to the Hetzal system in response to the sudden Great Hyperspace Disaster, which began when fragments of the transport Legacy Run began to fall upon the star system thanks to the machinations of the Eye of the Nihil Marchion Ro. With Kriss using her network to inform her fellow Force-sensitives that the fragments contained living beings, the Jedi led the Republic Defense Coalition to rescue the star system and those trapped aboard the starship remains before turning their combined attention towards a fragment containing liquid Tibanna. Despite the failure of their first attempt and the loss of several Jedi, the Force users—joined in focus by Jedi in other locations in the galaxy—ultimately ensured the fragment did not collide with an R-class sun, saving the system. Additionally, the effort was broadcasted to various other worlds; only those who hated the Jedi were angered by their success.[20]

As the galaxy was faced with the Emergences, forcing the Republic to blockade a growing number of hyperspace routes into the Outer Rim, the Jedi Council believed the Jedi were going to be heavily needed in the region. Additionally, Nihil became known, leading to conflict between the pirates and the Jedi.[20]

In addition to the battles faced during the High Republic,[20] the Jedi were involved in a number of the conflicts that sectors and planets faced throughout the so-called "Great Peace." Though these conflicts could at times force them to act as military officers,[38] the Jedi never viewed themselves as soldiers.[5] The Jedi would also work as warriors, troubleshooters, and diplomats for the Republic but claimed to be impartial judges. However, given that they were working for the Republic, trust in the Jedi was not the same for everyone. The citizens closer to the Core Worlds trusted them more than those in the Outer Rim Territories.[38] The Jedi became involved in conflicts like the Mandalorian Civil War,[39] the battle for Ontotho,[44] and the Stark Hyperspace War.[45]

The rise of Darth Sidious

"Rage… it fuels us. But it won't be enough to stop the Jedi alone. They have numbers on their side. And the faith of the Republic."
"For the moment. In time, and with careful planning, they will lose both."
―Darth Maul and Darth Sidious[src]

At the same time, the Sith had survived under the Rule of Two, influencing the galaxy from the shadows instead of battlefields. After around a thousand years of Sith Masters and Sith apprentices,[38] the Sith Lord who held the rank of Master was Darth Sidious,[8] a Naboo who had been trained by the Dark Lord of the Sith Darth Plagueis.[46] Having killed Plagueis in his sleep, Sidious sought to accomplish the Sith plan to bring the galaxy under his control as its Galactic Emperor.[8] Sidious also had his own Sith apprentice, Darth Maul. Due to his desire to kill Jedi, Maul killed Padawan Eldra Kaitis on the moon of Drazkel, but her death did not satisfy his bloodlust.[47] Thus, establishing a fake cartel under Kaitis's name, Maul continued his hunt and killed the Force-sensitive thief Zek Peiro. Not wanting the Jedi to learn of his plans, Sidious brought Maul to[48] the ancient Sith world[27] of Malachor to teach him about patience. Maul experienced a Force vision of a life where he was a Jedi before being surrounded by dozens of them, teaching him that their light side rivals had numbers and the respect of the Republic for the time being.[48]

The Jedi High Council during the Invasion of Naboo

Under his public identity of Sheev Palpatine, Sidious was the senator of his homeworld of Naboo. He planned to become Supreme Chancellor of the Republic to bring about his rule, so he ordered his pawns in the Trade Federation to blockade his own home planet[1] to generate sympathy in the Galactic Senate[49] and make Supreme Chancellor Finis Valorum look weak.[50] When Valorum sent two Jedi, Master Qui-Gon Jinn and Padawan Obi-Wan Kenobi, to negotiate an end to the blockade, Sidious ordered them killed, but the two Jedi escaped to Naboo's surface and rescued Queen Padmé Amidala and her entourage.[1]

Thanks to damage sustained during their escape, the Naboo Royal Starship needed to land on the desert planet of Tatooine. On Tatooine, Jinn met Anakin Skywalker, a young Force-sensitive human who he came to believe was the Chosen One. In fact, thanks to his power in the Force, Skywalker won the Boonta Eve Classic, which won him freedom from his slavery under Watto the junk dealer, albeit without freeing his mother Shmi, and a new T-14 hyperdrive generator for the Royal Starship. Before leaving the planet, Jinn was suddenly attacked by Maul, who had been sent to Tatooine by Sidious. Jinn escaped, marking the first time a Jedi had contact with a Sith[1] and survived to warn the Order[47] in a thousand years.[1]

On the Republic capital of Coruscant, the Jedi High Council were disturbed by the potential return of the Sith and unwilling to begin Skywalker's training, citing his fear and believing it could lead to the dark side. They then dispatched Jinn and Kenobi back to Naboo when Amidala chose to return, as she had only managed to call for an election that Palpatine would soon win. During the ensuing Battle of Naboo, Jinn and Kenobi engaged Maul in yet another duel, while Skywalker, joined by astromech droid R2-D2, joined the space battle against the Lucrehulk-class Battleship Vuutun Palaa in a N-1 starfighter. Skywalker eventually crashed aboard the warship and, in an attempt to take out advancing OOM-series security droids, fired two proton torpedoes that instead collided with a reactor. The ensuing explosion rippled throughout the battleship, destroying the craft and therefore shutting down the entire Trade Federation Droid Army below.[1]

The funeral of Jedi Master Qui-Gon Jinn

Elsewhere, Maul managed to kill Jinn while he was separated from Kenobi, though the Padawan then engaged Maul and cut the Sith Lord in half, ending the duel. In his dying breaths, Jinn asked Kenobi to train Skywalker, which the Jedi Council agreed to. Additionally, at the funeral of Qui-Gon Jinn, Jedi Masters Yoda and Mace Windu spoke about the Sith, unsure whether it was the Sith Master or Sith apprentice who had been defeated.[1] Kenobi was promoted to be a Jedi Knight with Skywalker as his Padawan.[5] Though presumed dead, Maul had survived the duel. Sustained by his newfound hatred of Kenobi,[51] he was left in exile on the garbage world of Lotho Minor for years to come.[52]

Fall of the Republic

The Clone Wars

"I am sure you are aware that the Jedi did not initiate the Clone Wars. Our only intention is to end it and restore peace to our galaxy."
"What difference does it make who started the war, and who only wants to end it? No side is free of fault. It takes two to fight."
"But isn't liberty worth fighting for?"
"But is it worth killing for? Fighting for something doesn't necessarily mean that you have to destroy everything in your path. Only when you lay your arms down and pursue a course of non-violence, can you make this claim to me that the Jedi are peacekeepers."
Aayla Secura and Tee Watt Kaa[src]

From 24 BBY[53] to 22 BBY,[54] the galaxy was faced with the Separatist Crisis. Several thousand star systems sought to secede to the Confederacy of Independent Systems, a breakaway government led by its Head of State, Count Dooku.[5] Dooku was a former Jedi Master[46] who had been trained by Yoda himself. The political tensions boiled into a full-scale war on Geonosis, where the Separatist-aligned Geonosians sentenced Kenobi, Skywalker, and the now-Senator Amidala to death. They were rescued by the arrival of a Jedi assault team led by Windu and then a force of clone troopers, an army of cloned soldiers recently discovered by Kenobi on the planet Kamino, led by Yoda. In the subsequent actions of the Battle of Geonosis, the Jedi led the clones into battle against the Separatist Droid Army, but Dooku managed to escape from Kenobi, Skywalker, and Yoda. Thus, the battle had served to launch the Clone Wars, the first pan-galactic war[5] since the alleged extinction of the Sith[38] over a thousand years prior. Dooku himself was the new Sith apprentice to Sidious, and they had plotted to begin the war[5] to bring about Sith rule.[8]

The Jedi became warriors during the Clone Wars, leading battalions as battlefield generals.

There were ten thousand Jedi in the galaxy before the Clone Wars,[55] but many were killed during the conflict,[56] with one Separatist leader, General Grievous, even being a Jedi hunter[57] who took the lightsabers of his victims as trophies.[58] Another one of Dooku's agents was the Dark Acolyte Asajj Ventress, who had been a Padawan to Jedi Knight Ky Narec in the years before the Clone Wars.[59] During the war, Jedi Knights and Masters became the Jedi Generals in the Grand Army of the Republic, while their Padawans became lower ranking Jedi Commanders.[60] The war against the Separatists was fought across the galaxy for three years,[61] during which the Jedi inspired creative thinking and independence in the clones.[62] Jedi like Plo Koon,[63] Kenobi,[64] Yoda,[65] and Skywalker respected the clones as individuals.[66]

By fighting the Clone Wars, the Jedi, particularly younger members of the Order, ran the risk of losing their way by focusing on power to win.[58] Their new role as battlefield generals also made some cast doubt on their role as "peacekeepers,"[67][39] with one Padawan, Barriss Offee, and other Republic citizens even coming to view the Jedi to be responsible for the war. Thinking her Order had fallen from the light to be an army that only benefitted the dark side, Offee arranged for a bombing of the Jedi Temple hangar and framed her friend, fellow Padawan Ahsoka Tano, to take the fall. One of the few people to stand with Tano was Skywalker, who was Tano's master and friend. He uncovered and exposed Offee as the true culprit during Tano's trial. Nevertheless, with her faith in the Order shaken, Tano left the Jedi to go on her own path,[68] but she remained on the light side and acted, according to Rafa Martez, in the way the Jedi should have been.[69] Meanwhile, Skywalker greatly missed his Padawan[70] and was frustrated with the Jedi Council, feeling they had betrayed his friend.[71]

The Jedi fall

Following the Battle of Coruscant, Skywalker had visions of Amidala, who he had secretly married, dying in childbirth. Shortly thereafter, Palpatine, who had long since befriended Skywalker to manipulate him, informed the Jedi Knight that he was in fact Darth Sidious, the Sith Master behind the war and the target the Jedi had been searching for. After Skywalker informed Windu of the truth, the Jedi Master led Kit Fisto, Agen Kolar, and Saesee Tiin to arrest the Supreme Chancellor. The mission ended in failure, with Sidious cutting down all but Windu, and Skywalker himself arriving. Convincing Skywalker that he had the power to save Amidala, the Jedi Knight helped take out Windu before kneeling before the Sith Master. Thus, Sidious had used Skywalker's anger with the Council and fear of losing Amidala to turn him to the dark side of the Force, making the Jedi's own Chosen One into his new Sith apprentice, Darth Vader.[8]

In the aftermath of the Clone Wars, the Jedi were all but extinct with the exectuion of Order 66.

To launch the Great Jedi Purge, Sidious ordered the clone troopers across the galaxy to execute Order 66,[8] which branded the Jedi and any clone who tried to help them as traitors who needed to be executed. Many of the clone troopers had befriended their Jedi leadership, but their compliance was enforced by the behavioral modification biochips implanted in them during their youth.[72] Jedi across the galaxy were therefore gunned down by their own soldiers. Additionally, Vader led[8] his elite[73] 501st Legion into the Jedi Temple itself, murdering everyone, even the younglings, they found inside.[8] Though Order 66 only explicitly targeted the Jedi, other Force-sensitives would find themselves in its crosshairs; Maul and Tano were both targeted aboard the Venator-class Star Destroyer Tribunal by the 332nd Division, though Maul escaped aboard a Nu-class transport, while Tano and Clone Captain CT-7567 "Rex," whose control chip had been removed by the former Padawan, fled aboard a BTL-B Y-wing starfighter/bomber as the Tribunal crashed.[74]

As Vader cut down the Separatist Council on the volcanic world of Mustafar, Sidious used Windu's strike against him as an excuse to brand the Jedi as traitors before vowing to hunt down the surviving members of the Order and transforming the Republic into his Galactic Empire. When Amidala confronted her husband on Mustafar, he was enraged to see Kenobi, who had secretly stowed away aboard her J-type Naboo star skiff. After encasing Amidala in a Force choke, Kenobi and Vader engaged in a lightsaber duel, which ended when Kenobi left Vader to die near a lava river. A short time later, Amidala died in childbirth, with her two children, Luke and Leia, separated to keep them safe. Leia was taken to live with the House of Organa on Alderaan, while Luke was taken to Tatooine to live with his aunt and uncle, Beru and Owen Lars, while being watched over by Kenobi. Meanwhile, Vader had survived as well and was given a suit of life support armor to survive.[8] Immediately after his reconstruction, Sidious tasked Vader with taking a kyber crystal from a Jedi to bleed it to be his own.[75]

In order to make a new lightsaber, Darth Vader dueled Kirak Infil'a.

Needing to find a Jedi who had survived the purge, Vader used the database on the Jedi space station Brighthome to locate a Jedi who had taken the Barash Vow, pointing him to Jedi Master Kirak Infil'a[76] on the Mid Rim river moon of Al'doleem. After arriving,[77] Vader and Infil'a began a duel that ended with the Sith Lord killing the Jedi Master and flooding the city below. Vader also successfully stole Infil'a's lightsaber for its kyber crystal.[78] Thus, as Sidious ordered, Vader went to Mustafar to bleed the crystal to his will. Though it presented the Sith Lord with a vision where he returned to the light side of the Force, Vader rejected this and twisted the crystal to the dark side.[79] Meanwhile, word spread throughout the galaxy's population that the Jedi had apparently betrayed the Republic and that their Order had been destroyed for it.[80]

Age of the Jedi Purge

The Empire's official explanation for the end of the Clone Wars[61] correctly stated that[8] the Jedi had been killed in massive numbers, with the Empire stating it was by the thousands, that the Jedi Temple had been the site of a battle, and that the few survivors had fled throughout space. However, they also claimed the Force had dispersed. Though this explanation was not universally accepted, most people in the galaxy accepted the destruction of the Jedi, just as they had accepted the sacrifices of the clones, if it meant the war was over. To Lyra Erso, it seemed as though mere weeks passed before, without much grief or mourning, the Jedi Order had almost entirely been reduced to a myth.[61] In fact, many celebrated the destruction of the Jedi,[75] having believed Sidious's claims of a Jedi rebellion[8] and other Imperial propaganda.[75] It was illegal to help Jedi during the Imperial Era; the parents of Dak Ralter were given lifelong sentences for smuggling surviving Jedi Knights to safety.[81]

Having survived Order 66, Ferren Barr went to great lengths to bring about the defeat of the Sith.

With Order 66 still in effect,[82] the Empire continued to hunt Jedi who had survived the protocol, with Sidious establishing the Inquisitorius to seek out and kill the survivors.[83] Over the years, Vader and the Inquisitorius hunted down what remained of the Jedi Order.[27] Additionally, a Force-sensitive criminal named Kilmera Skale, who allied with ISB Special Agent Malor Phiatt, pretended to be a Jedi to entrap those who survived the execution of Order 66.[84] A year into the Empire's reign in 18 BBY,[85] the eighty-third King of Mon Cala, Lee-Char,[86] was manipulated by Ferren Barr,[87] a surviving Padawan who had turned away from the path of the Jedi in order to destroy the Sith.[88] Although he and the majority of his disciples were killed by Vader and his forces during the Imperial invasion of Mon Cala, Barr died having ensured Mon Calamari starships would rebel against the Empire. Barr had also recruited the Force-sensitive Verla as his apprentice,[87] but, even though she survived the invasion, she would eventually give up on the Jedi path, choosing to go into hiding instead.[89]

In 5 BBY,[90] one survivor, Kanan Jarrus, formerly known as the Padawan Caleb Dume,[91] took on a Padawan of his own, Ezra Bridger. Both of them worked as part of the Spectres, a rebel crew based out of the VCX-100 light freighter Ghost that often struck at the Empire on Lothal.[92] During the action at Mustafar, Jarrus and Bridger confronted the Grand Inquisitor, who chose to take his own life instead of facing the wrath of his masters for failing to defeat them. The Spectres then joined up with the larger Phoenix Cell, which let Jarrus and Bridger work with Ahsoka Tano, who had become a Fulcrum agent for Bail Organa's resistance movement and the overall growing rebellion. These rebel cells entered into a Galactic Civil War against the Empire.[13]

Kanan Jarrus and his Padawan, Ezra Bridger, encounter Darth Vader during the Siege of Lothal.

Master Yoda had also survived the purge, having survived both Order 66 and a duel in the Galactic Senate against Sidious.[8] He based himself on the remote planet of Dagobah to avoid Imperial hunters,[46] though he was able to connect with the Lothal Jedi on two occasions through the World Between Worlds.[93][94] On the second occasion, Tano learned Vader was in fact her former mentor Skywalker, Yoda told Bridger to go to Malachor when he asked for advice on fighting the Sith, and Jarrus was knighted by a vision of the Grand Inquisitor.[94] During the Mission to Malachor, Tano finally encountered Vader. She again affirmed she was not a Jedi in order to seek revenge for her mentor's demise, as Skywalker had effectively died when he became Vader. At the end of their duel, Tano was presumed dead at Vader's hands,[27] but she had actually been saved by Bridger sometime later using the World Between Worlds.[95]

Before he reached the point in his life where he rescued Tano, Bridger and the other rebels lived through much.[95] In 2 BBY,[96][97] the Spectres and other rebel cells officially formed into the Alliance to Restore the Republic,[98] and the former Sith Lord Maul was struck down on Tatooine by his old nemesis, Obi-Wan Kenobi. Before dying in his enemy's arms, Maul asked if the individual Kenobi was guarding on the desert world was the Chosen One. Believing Luke Skywalker was, Kenobi said as such, giving Maul hope that they would be avenged.[99]

Around 0 BBY,[100] Jarrus's lover,[101] General Hera Syndulla, was captured after a failed Rebel Alliance assault on the heavily-occupied Lothal.[102] Jarrus was able to rescue her, but he soon had to give his life to protect Bridger, Syndulla, and the Mandalorian Sabine Wren.[101] A short time later, Bridger entered the World Between Worlds and rescued Tano. While making sure Sidious would be unable to secure the power of the World Between Worlds, Tano and Bridger again parted ways, with Tano promising to find him when the time came.[95] Bridger then led the effort to liberate his homeworld of Lothal. During the battle, Bridger spoke with Grand Admiral Thrawn, who stated the Jedi had been reduced to those who were beaten, hidden away, or inexpertly trained Padawans. After again denying Sidious entrance into the World Between Worlds and having had a pod of purrgil summoned to Lothal, Bridger used beast control to have the creatures take him, Thrawn, and the Star Destroyer Chimaera away[103] to deep space.[104] Though Bridger's disappearance took another Jedi out of galactic affairs, the purrgil had taken out the 7th Fleet, and the Padawan's effort against Thrawn had successfully liberated Lothal.[103]

Rebirth of the Jedi

Luke Skywalker joins the Rebellion

When it seemed as though the Jedi had been destroyed, the Imperial Inquisitors vanished as well.[105] Grand Moff Wilhuff Tarkin, a member of the Empire's leading triumvirate along with Darth Vader and Emperor Palpatine,[106] considered Vader the last remnant of the Jedi faith,[4] although four of the Rebellion's guiding principles were near-quotations of Jedi texts.[107] Additionally, Imperial officer Arvira of the logistics corps believed even saying the word "Jedi" in Imperial territory was unadvisable.[108]

In 0 BBY,[54] in the midst of the Galactic Civil War and after the Battle of Scarif, Luke Skywalker finally became a part of the wider galaxy when protocol droid C-3PO and astromech droid R2-D2 arrived on Tatooine.[4] Both droids had known his father, Anakin Skywalker, before his fall, but C-3PO's memory of such events had been wiped.[8] R2-D2 was in possession of the plans to the DS-1 Death Star Mobile Battle Station, an Imperial superweapon powerful enough to destroy an entire planet. The plans had been entrusted to him by[4] Skywalker's sister, Princess Leia Organa. Both siblings remained unaware of each other thanks to their separate upbringings,[109] and Skywalker first saw her when R2 projected a hologram of her.[4]

Luke Skywalker is given his father's lightsaber by Obi-Wan Kenobi, beginning his Jedi journey.

Organa also gave the droid orders to find Obi-Wan Kenobi on Tatooine, whom Skywalker had met over his years on the desert world. Meeting with him, Kenobi presented Skywalker with Anakin's lightsaber and[4] avoided telling the complete truth[110] about Anakin by claiming Vader had killed him. After[4] a stormtrooper execution squad[46] killed Owen and Beru Lars, Skywalker joined Kenobi on his journey to return R2-D2 and C-3PO to Alderaan, hiring Captain Han Solo and his First Mate, the Wookiee Chewbacca, to transport them aboard their YT-1300 light freighter, the Millennium Falcon.[4]

Skywalker began his Jedi training during their journey, though Solo was outspoken in his belief that the Force did not exist. However, before they reached the planet, Tarkin ordered the Death Star to destroy Alderaan, sending out a disturbance in the Force made up of the millions of screaming Alderaanians killed in the explosion. Upon arriving at the planet's remains, the crew of the Millennium Falcon were taken aboard the Death Star by a tractor beam. Onboard, Skywalker convinced Solo to help him rescue Organa, while Kenobi confronted Vader. To give Skywalker and the others a chance to escape, Kenobi sacrificed himself, dying at the hands of his former apprentice but becoming one with the Force. When the Empire tracked the Millennium Falcon to the Rebel Alliance's base on the moon of Yavin 4, Skywalker joined the battle to destroy the Death Star, flying in Red Five with R2-D2[4] and leading fourth flight.[111] After Solo knocked Vader away, Skywalker listened to the voice of Kenobi, using the Force to help fire two proton torpedoes into a thermal exhaust port.[4]

With the Death Star destroyed,[4] Skywalker and his friends became known as the "Heroes of Yavin."[112] A short time after the Battle of Yavin, they fought in the attack on Cymoon 1, during which he confronted Vader for the death of Kenobi and alleged death of his father. During their brief encounter, Vader realized Skywalker wielded his old lightsaber.[113] Intending to learn the identity of his new enemy, whom he realized was the same pilot[114] who had destroyed the Death Star,[4] Vader hired bounty hunter Boba Fett to learn his identity and capture him.[114] When Skywalker returned to Tatooine to recover Kenobi's journals, he escaped Fett,[115] but the bounty hunter had still learned his name. That information taught Vader that he had a son, inspiring him[116] to one day overthrow the Emperor with his son at his side.[2]

Apprentice without a Jedi Master

Seeking passage to the Jedi Temple on Coruscant, Skywalker and R2-D2 arrived on the "Smuggler's Moon" of Nar Shaddaa.[117] The young Jedi was captured by Grakkus Jahibakti Tingi, a Hutt crime lord who collected Jedi artifacts that he claimed to be the last remnants of the Order. When Grakkus forced Skywalker to open a Jedi holocron, he accidently opened the Hutt's entire holocron collection, convincing Grakkus that Skywalker was the last of the Jedi.[16] Thus, the crime lord plotted for a colosseum match between the young Force-sensitive and a beast, eventually choosing[118] a Roggwart[54] named Kongo. After a training against with "the Gamemaster," who taught Skywalker that the Coruscant Jedi Temple had been converted into Palpatine's palace, and IG-100 MagnaGuards,[118] Grakkus forced Skywalker, introduced to the crowd as "the last of the Jedi," into the colosseum,[119] but the match was cut short when the Gamemaster activated Kongo's shock collar. In reality, he was an undercover Stormtrooper sergeant named Kreel, as the Empire had taken notice of Grakkus's stockpile of Jedi artifacts.[120]

Luke Skywalker was unable to learn from the temple ruins on Vrogas Vas.

Kreel was reinforced by a group of TIE fighter pilots, but Grakkus activated a electromagnetic pulse, knocking out their blasters and Kongo's collar. When two pilots tried to arrest Skywalker, R2-D2 threw him his lightsaber, doing the same for Solo, Organa, and Chewbacca when they arrived by launching out sabers from Grakkus's collection. When Kreel was distracted by Grakkus, the rebels were given a chance to escape, although the stormtrooper still reported everything he had learned about the young Jedi to Vader.[120] Having learned about a Jedi Temple[16] on the planet[121] Vrogas Vas from one of Grakkus's holocrons[16] and reading about it in Kenobi's journal,[122] Skywalker traveled to the world, but Vader learned of his journey from his agent, Doctor Chelli Lona Aphra.[123] During the Battle of Vrogas Vas, Skywalker was unable to focus on learning from the Jedi Temple with Vader on the ground, and the Sith Lord killed many Rebel pilots[121] and troopers in his pursuit of his son.[124]

While in the temple, Skywalker felt the presences of Kenobi and Anakin Skywalker, but he was then engaged by Aphra and Vader's two assassin droids, 0-0-0 and BT-1.[124] With the help of his friends, Skywalker escaped these agents.[125] Later, as he again walked through the temple, he heard Kenobi's voice and was warned that he should not have come to Vrogas Vas. Meanwhile, Vader dueled his rival, Commander Karbin, and heard voices from his Jedi past.[122] Though the Sith Lord managed to kill Karbin, Skywalker and his friends escaped the Empire and Vader's personal agents. However, Skywalker was saddened that he would never have the chance to return to the temple, believing he had been close to a uncovering a secret.[126]

At some point after investigating a planet to see if it could help in his training, as the world had been mentioned in Kenobi's journal,[127] and fighting the Force-sensitive Queen of Ktath'atn,[128] Skywalker and his allies undertook a mission to the ruins of Jedha[129] in 1 ABY.[130] While on Jedha, he and Chulco Gi, who had wanted to join the Disciples of the Whills, journeyed to the Temple of Central Isopter, where the death cult claimed to Skywalker that, with the Jedi destroyed, their shrine was his only hope at learning the Force. Although he gazed into the crater, Skywalker did not want to lose himself to darkness, but Gi was corrupted by the abyss's connection to the dark side, forcing Skywalker to kill his companion in self-defense. Skywalker left the temple after the Central Isopter informed him the dark side could lead to madness if he did not have a proper guide, warning him to not fall because of his importance. Although he came to the conclusion that he might not end up a Jedi, but that he needed to be content with that, the mission on Jedha[131] would not be the last time Skywalker grabbled with that question.[132]

The return of Anakin Skywalker

Five Dagobah days after his death, Obi-Wan Kenobi had appeared to Yoda as a Force spirit, asking the Jedi Master to take on Skywalker as an apprentice. While Yoda had wanted to train Organa, he accepted Kenobi's request to train him.[133] In 3 ABY, three years after the destruction of the Death Star,[54] Skywalker journeyed to Dagobah with R2-D2 in the aftermath of the Battle of Hoth, having been told by Kenobi's ghost to go here to train under the Jedi Master.[2] Upon seeing the young man, Yoda felt the hope that he would be the next Jedi,[134] although Skywalker's initial lack of patience nearly convinced the Jedi Master to reject him as an apprentice. Convinced to continue by Kenobi and Skywalker's protests, Yoda trained the young human[2] for several weeks[135] until the prodigy felt his friends being tortured through the Force.[2]

Luke Skywalker began a duel with Darth Vader on cloud city, but the young Jedi would ultimately fail and learn a secret truth about his family.

Ignoring Kenobi and Yoda's protests but promising to one day return, Skywalker traveled to Cloud City on the world of Bespin, where he dueled and was bested by Vader. After losing his hand and lightsaber during the duel, Skywalker was horrified when the Sith Lord then revealed he was his father, choosing to fall down an air shaft rather than agree to Vader's offer to rule the galaxy with him. After being rescued by his friends—who had lost Solo after the captain had been frozen in carbonite and taken away by Boba Fett—aboard the Millennium Falcon,[2] Skywalker was left in stunned silence over the truth of his heritage, not even noticing that Organa introduced his name to Baron Administrator Landonis Balthazar Calrissian.[132]

After she informed him about recent events, while he only told her Kenobi had not answered his call for help in the Force, the Millennium Falcon traveled to Rebel Rendezvous Point Delta-Three, forcing Skywalker and the others into an Imperial ambush masterminded Commander Ellian Zahra. While manning one of the freighter's turrets, Skywalker, overwhelmed by the truth of his parentage, accidently lashed out in the Force, helping take out[132] a squadron[136] of TIE fighters, which led to the Fourth Division's successful escape to Backup Rendezvous Point Gamma-Nine. As the rebels discussed what to do aboard the EF76 Nebulon-B escort frigate Redemption, Skywalker stood alone with R2-D2, finding himself unable to connect with Yoda and questioning whether he should become a Jedi after all. Although scared as to what he could be if he was not to be a Jedi,[132] he received a replacement hand aboard the Redemption and had a vision of a robed figure grabbing his fallen lightsaber on Cloud City.[136]

Armed with a new lightsaber, Luke Skywalker dueled the spirit of the Grand Inquisitor.

Unable to find his lightsaber after returning to Cloud City but deciding he would be a Jedi without it,[137] Skywalker traveled to the planet Serelia and located the woman he had seen in his visions, Verla;[82] after spending years being hunted by the Empire, the former apprentice of Ferren Barr had abandoned the Jedi path to live in hiding. After learning Skywalker was not like his Sith father, Verla tried to dissuade him from following the Jedi path to avoid the pain it could cause, yet he remained steadfast in his desire to help the galaxy, promising to never visit her again if she gave the location of a Jedi outpost. At the outpost on Tempes, Skywalker located a yellow lightsaber but was confronted by the spirit of the Grand Inquisitor, who had been forced to remain in the mortal realm by Vader. Nevertheless, Skywalker defeated the specter, returning to the Fourth Division with R2-D2 and his new blade.[89] Nevertheless, after using the blade against the Empire[138] and in an effort to rescue Solo,[139] Skywalker found himself in need of a new lightsaber, building a new weapon with a green blade.[109]

Vader, meanwhile, had gone on a quest to find who exactly had hidden his son from him,[140] yet his mission ultimately taught him what had happened to his wife, Padmé Amidala, and that, even in her final moments, she held faith that the light side still existed in him. Consumed with sadness instead of hatred, Vader returned to Coruscant,[141] where he was tortured by Sidious for his lack of devotion to him. Leaving Vader on Mustafar as punishment,[142] the Sith apprentice came to regain his strength, capturing Sidious's assassin, Ochi of Bestoon, and traveling with him to the planet Exegol, where he had learned his master kept secrets.[143] Once on the Sith world, Vader proclaimed that he was no longer an apprentice, yet he was defeated by his master,[144] leaving him to feel that his son needed to die for the future of the Sith to unfold.[145]

Amid the Battle of Endor, Skywalker and Vader dueled before the Emperor.

After freeing Solo from carbonite and defeating crime lord Jabba Desilijic Tiure on Tatooine, Skywalker returned to Dagobah, where Yoda became one with the Force, and the young Jedi learned Organa was his sister. Afterward, Skywalker promised to take part in the Rebel effort to destroy a second Death Star, which was being constructed over the forest moon of Endor. Before the Battle of Endor could begin, however, he surrendered himself to Vader's custody, hoping he could turn his father back to the light side. Instead, the Sith Lord felt forced to obey his master, taking Skywalker before Sidious to turn him to the dark side. As the battle between the Empire and Rebels raged on the ground and in space, father and son dueled once more until Skywalker was consumed with rage, striking against Vader when he taunted that his daughter could be turned to the dark side if his son refused. Instead of killing his father, however, Skywalker affirmed he was a Jedi, earning the anger of Sidious. Before the Emperor could kill him with Force lightning, however, Vader returned to the light side to save his son, throwing his Sith Master down a reactor shaft to kill him. Dying in his son's arms, the man who was once again Anakin Skywalker became one with the Force, appearing as a Force-spirit to Luke alongside Yoda and Kenobi.[109]

New Republic Era

The Mandalorian and the Child

Mandalorian Din Djarin became the guardian of Grogu.

At some point, Rebel agent Kyle Katarn became a Jedi, wielding a green lightsaber.[146] Ahsoka Tano was also still alive, helping Sabine Wren on her search for the still-missing Ezra Bridger.[103] Following the fall of the Galactic Empire during the Battle of Jakku,[147] an Imperial remnant led by Moff Gideon sought to capture Grogu, a Force-sensitive infant of Yoda's species, for his blood.[148] Before Order 66, Grogu had been a youngling in the Jedi Order before being hidden from the Empire.[149] Around 9 ABY,[150] the Mandalorian bounty hunter Din Djarin took the Child as his foundling, escaping the remnant and its hired bounty hunters.[151] Amid a skirmish on Nevarro, "the Armorer" tasked him with returning Grogu to the Jedi after telling him about the Order.[31]

After meeting Lady Bo-Katan Kryze, Djarin was pointed to Tano,[152] who was on the world of Corvus to get the location of Grand Admiral Thrawn from Magistrate Morgan Elsbeth. Although she refused to train Grogu, Tano pointed Djarin to the Jedi planet Tython, where Grogu could be able to reach out to one of the few Jedi left in the galaxy.[149] Even though Grogu managed to connect with Luke Skywalker,[148] the infant was captured by Gideon's remnant.[153] Leading his allies to rescue Grogu from Gideon's light cruiser, Djarin and his team found themselves under siege from Gideon's dark trooper platoon, only for Skywalker and R2-D2 to arrive in Red Five. Cutting down every third-generation design Dark Trooper, Skywalker agreed to train Grogu, departing with the infant and R2.[148]

The new generation

"He was training a new generation of Jedi. One boy, an apprentice turned against him, destroyed it all. Luke felt responsible. He just walked away from everything."
―Han Solo[src]

Luke Skywalker trained a new generation of Jedi in the ways of the Force.

Skywalker worked to rebuild the Jedi Order in the years after the Galactic Civil War during the time of the New Republic, eventually gathering a group of Jedi students, among them his nephew, Ben Solo.[19] the Quarren Hennix, and fellow humans Tai and Voe.[154] However, Luke sensed a growing darkness in Ben and eventually went to confront his nephew in the night. When Luke peered into his nephew's mind while he slept, he saw the machinations of the mysterious dark side wielder Snoke and Ben's darkness, which would lead to death, destruction, and despair in the galaxy, and, in a moment of pure instinct, ignited his lightsaber. Luke, whose family had a history with the dark side, was quickly overcome by shame and regret, but before he could put away his blade, his nephew woke up, and, in the confusion of the moment, ignited his own lightsaber to clash with his uncle and brought down his hut on him.[9]

When Ben lashed out against his uncle, he destroyed the Jedi Temple of Luke Skywalker along with most of its students.[155] Ben had emerged from the wreckage of his hut enraged about his uncle's actions, but he was horrified when a lightning storm appeared and razed the temple. Shortly after that, Hennix, Tai, and Voe returned on their starship Verity. Sensing only Ben's presence, they confronted Ben, who told them Skywalker had tried to kill him. In response to Ben's evasive and confrontational behavior, they fought and pursued him. In despair and confusion, Ben turned to his friend Snoke.[154] When Skywalker emerged from the rubble, he saw that Ben had burned the temple, but mistakenly believed that Ben had slaughtered most of his students while taking the rest with him.[9]

Ben fled the other Jedi students to become Snoke's student and contacted Ren, the leader of the Knights of Ren, offering to join the dark siders.[156] Tai, Voe and Hennix cornered Ben on Elphrona, leading to a duel which resulted in Hennix's death. Reaching the Knights of Ren on Varnak, Ben was deemed not yet ready by Ren,[157] who allowed him to accompany the group to obtain a Force artifact called the Mindsplinter on the Minemoon. There, Ben succumbed to the dark side when Ren murdered Tai, making him kill Ren and then Voe, thus killing the last remaining Padawan. Now consumed by the dark side of the Force, Ben Solo became Kylo Ren and assumed leadership of the Knights of Ren.[158]

A ray of hope

"The rebellion is reborn today, the war is just beginning, and I will not be the last Jedi."
―Luke Skywalker[src]

Skywalker took the scavenger Rey as his last apprentice, despite vowing to never train another generation of Jedi.

Sometime later, as war erupted between the First Order and the Resistance for control of the galaxy, an orphaned scavenger named Rey approached Luke at the first Jedi Temple on Ahch-To, seeking to be trained as a Jedi, having been sent by General Leia Organa, leader of the Resistance, Luke's sister, and Kylo Ren's mother. Though Luke rejected her at first, he eventually agreed to train her. A Force bond that connected Kylo Ren and Rey brought her to the Supremacy, where Kylo turned her over to his master, Supreme Leader Snoke. However, Kylo killed his master, and fought with Rey against his Elite Praetorian Guard.[9]

When Kylo usurped his master's power, Rey abandoned him and joined with the fleeing Resistance on Crait, where the Battle of Crait had erupted. As Rey helped the few Resistance survivors escape aboard the Millennium Falcon, Luke projected an image of himself on Crait to distract Kylo Ren and the First Order. He warned Kylo that he would not be the last Jedi, naming Rey his successor, before becoming one with the Force. Luke's tale went on to spread across the galaxy as a symbol of hope in a dark time as the First Order rose to power.[9]

The Jedi Rey and Ben Solo stood together against the phantom Sith Lord Darth Sidious.

When Darth Sidious was revealed to be resurrected in the year following the Battle at Crait, Rey, who had continued her Jedi training under Leia Organa, and her companions in the Resistance undertook a series of missions to find a way to safely navigate through space to Exegol, where Sidious's lair and his followers were located. After learning from Kylo Ren that Darth Sidious was her grandfather and that she was a Palpatine, Rey briefly considered exiling herself at the first Jedi Temple as her old master had, but the spirit of Skywalker appeared before Rey to encourage her to confront her fear, teaching his student that it was the destiny of all Jedi. Rey and a redeemed Kylo Ren, who renounced the dark side and reclaimed his birth identity Ben Solo, confronted Sidious during a battle at Exegol. Sidious used their bond as a Force dyad to rejuvenate himself, but Rey was restrengthened when she reached out to and heard the voices of the past Jedi, allowing her to stand and destroy Sidious. Rey was killed as a result of the ensuring explosion, but she was revived when Solo gave his life for hers. Although the Skywalker bloodline ended, their actions allowed the Jedi to prevail and prevent the return of the Sith. Rey chose to adopt the surname "Skywalker" when she visited the Lars homestead on Tatooine and saw the spirits of Luke and Leia in the distance.[159]

Jedi ranks

Members of the Jedi Order held various positions within the Order at times. These included:

A female Jedi Padawan

  • Jedi youngling: A young child who was Force-sensitive would be identified at birth and taken to the Jedi Temple on Coruscant to be trained as a Jedi.[1] They were to be put into classes of other Jedi younglings[5] and trained together before being taken as an apprentice by a Jedi Knight.[60] Younglings were not to be trained once they had reached a certain age, with the sole exception to this rule being Anakin Skywalker.[1] Younglings would participate in the Gathering, which was the pilgrimage to the Ilum Temple to gain a kyber crystal for their lightsaber.[160]
  • Padawan: A youngling who had been chosen by a Jedi Knight or Jedi Master to train under their tutelage personally into becoming a fully fledged Jedi Knight. Their readiness was decided by the Initiate Trials. Padawans wore a braid. [1]
  • Jedi Knight: Once a Padawan has successfully passed the Jedi trials, they were be granted the rank of Jedi Knight and went out on missions of their own, no longer under the tutelage of a master and may take on a Padawan themselves.[1]
  • Jedi Master: A Jedi Knight was granted the rank of Jedi Master and offered a seat on the Jedi High Council when they had shown great skill, wisdom and devotion to the Force. [1] When a Jedi Knight successfully led a Padawan to becoming a Jedi Knight themselves, they would also be granted the rank of Master.[8]
  • Grand Master: The leader of the Jedi High Council, the position of Grand Master was given to the oldest and considered to be the wisest member of the Jedi Order.[161]

Jedi occupations

Some members of the Jedi Order had specific titles and roles within the Order. These included:

Jedi military ranks

At the onset of the Clone Wars, the Jedi, the guardians of peace and justice in the Galactic Republic, were chosen by the Galactic Senate, whom the Jedi owed their allegiance to,[8] to lead the new Grand Army of the Republic. They were thus given either of the respective ranks in the Republic Military:

  • Jedi Commander: Granted to Padawans and Jedi Knights, who served as second-in-commands to Jedi Generals in the Grand Army of the Republic.[60]
  • Jedi General: Granted to Jedi Knights and Jedi Masters, who served as the highest ranking officers within the Grand Army of the Republic.[3]

Appearances

Non-canon appearances

Sources

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