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"You look like nothing more than a bantha herder."
"And you look like an overgrown kowakian monkey-lizard, so I guess looks don't count for much."
Desann and Kyle Katarn trade insults[8]

Kowakian monkey-lizards were a bipedal reptilian species native to a jungle-like Outer Rim planet called Kowak. Although they had no established culture, Kowakian monkey-lizards were quite intelligent, and despite their silly, cruel nature, they were considered sentient by many sentientologists in the galaxy, although there was much debate over that designation. Standing roughly seventy centimeters tall, Kowakian monkey-lizards had small, spindly bodies, two large, floppy ears and a beak-like nose, with tufts of thick hair growing around their neck and on the tops of their heads. Some subspecies had long, prehensile tails.

Kowakian monkey-lizards were rarely found off their homeworld, although it was not uncommon to find a monkey-lizard in the service of a crime lord. One such individual was Salacious B. Crumb, a court jester on Tatooine for Hutt gangster Jabba Desilijic Tiure. Crumb perished along with his master when Jabba's sail barge was destroyed in 4 ABY. At least one Force-sensitive monkey-lizard was known to exist—a mutated Dark Jedi named Picaroon C. Boodle, who served under Jerec. Pic was ultimately killed by Rebel agent Kyle Katarn above the Sulon Star.

Biology and appearance[]

A Kowakian monkey-lizard

Kowakian monkey-lizards were reptilian bipeds, with thin, almost twig-like limbs, and a small, triangular head atop slender shoulders. They had two large,[1] highly sensitive,[9] floppy ears, which curved backwards and narrowed into a thin, hairy point, and often had several small holes in them,[1] though not always.[5][6][10] Some monkey-lizards wore piercings in those ears.[2] In place of a nose, monkey-lizards had a wide, hooked, dark-colored beak, like that of a reptile,[9] which could be opened to reveal a large, toothless mouth.[5][6] In some specimens, that beak was a different color from the rest of the body, even having two shades, such as white and black.[2] They had two wild, yellow eyes, which were usually very close to each other,[5][6][10] although that feature varied.[1] Their skin color was typically a light brown or tan color, though some had red,[3] green,[4] blue, or yellow skin, or even a combination of two of those hues. A particular monkey-lizard might exhibit different-colored markings around the eyes.[2]

Each monkey-lizard had tufts of thick hair growing around their neck, resembling a ruff, on the tops of their heads, and at corners of their jawbones.[1] Some also had a tuft at the tip of the tail.[2] The color of that hair varied: it was usually black or dark brown,[1] though a lighter brown,[5] green,[4] purple,[7] as well as a slightly orange shade were also known to exist.[6] Kowakian monkey-lizards generally had long, thin tails,[1] though some variants of the species had no tail.[4] Their limbs ended in three spindly digits that sported sharp talons.[9] Immature monkey-lizards were once described by Darth Vectivus as being the "ugliest larvae in the galaxy".[11]

Society and culture[]

"Swing it, little monkey-lizard!"

Monkey-lizards resided mainly in large tree nests, and enjoyed swinging through the green rain forests of Kowak. Their diet consisted largely of various insects, worms and small rodents. They ate quite regularly, as their small bodies required much nourishment. They were also scavengers, choosing to eat carrion instead of fresh meat or vegetables. Rotting flesh was quite unhealthy to eat, so many in the galaxy speculated as to why they chose it: theories included that they preferred to have others do their work, or they wished to avoid predatory animals.[1]

A group of Kowakian monkey-lizards.

Monkey-lizards were extremely destructive and curious, and loved to explore, rarely leaving the packs they moved around in for protection against predators. They often used their ceaseless, loud laughter to scare off any potential attackers. They traveled in groups, making as much noise as possible in an attempt to intimidate other creatures in the jungles. After finding a corpse, monkey-lizards spent time fighting over the food instead of sharing it. Kowakians were known to be extremely cruel and mean-spirited to both other monkey-lizards and to members of other species. They had a clear sense of mischief and humor, and were known to mock others, laugh at them, and even fling objects towards them simply because they found it amusing. They were able to perfectly mimic almost any language, and according to certain studies, communicate in those languages if they wished. Monkey-lizards were also known to laugh at appropriate times during conversations, and could often repeat back what they heard fairly accurately.[1]

Members of the species could attack even larger foes, like Humans, by climbing onto them; clawing, and biting. For instance, a monkey-lizard might latch on to a foe's face and scratch it, or the monkey-lizard might bite the opponent's leg.[2] Some even exhibited the ability to wield melee weapons in combat, such as knives.[13] Members of the species could move quickly, shambling about on all fours and climbing rapidly over intervening obstacles.[2]

The sentience of Kowakian monkey-lizards was a highly debated topic among the greater galactic scientific community. The issue was never officially decided, though many declared them sentient; they believed this as although monkey-lizards were cruel, they were also quite intelligent.[1]

Monkey-lizards had very little culture or structured society to speak of. They had a sort of hierarchical boundary within each group of nests, with the oldest female acting as leader. Each monkey-lizard was given a specific role: some were assigned to gather food, others would maintain the nest, while yet others scouted for predators. Nothing was known about how the monkey-lizards reproduced; in the wild, monkey-lizards usually chased away those who attempted to study them and their behavior, and those in captivity had to be separated from other members of their species due to the noise levels they exhibited when left together. Sentientologists estimated that monkey-lizards laid eggs as a group about once a year, with only a few of the eggs surviving to hatch.[1]


Monkey-lizards hailed from the planet Kowak.

Monkey-lizards played no real part in galactic society; they rarely left their homeworld and were considered too wild to be let loose in proper society. Various scientists had attempted to study them in the wild, but all of these attempts proved fruitless; the monkey-lizards did not take well to being observed.[1] A group of University of Coruscant zoologists once visited Kowak hoping to conduct a study on the planet's spindly inhabitants. The zoologists noted that at first the monkey-lizards were apprehensive towards them, and seemed to be trying to keep to themselves. After about a week of being watched from afar with macrobinoculars, the monkey-lizards began to wander into the group's camp, inspecting their equipment and looking around. The zoologists eventually began to offer the creatures some of their food; that was when the Kowakians's cruel streak emerged. They hid a snake in one of the zoologist's bags, destroyed their expensive equipment, ate all their food, played in their tents and even left barrels of water on top of branches, pouring their contents down on anyone who walked below. The zoologists had no choice but to leave the planet. The Shi'ido anthropologist Mammon Hoole included an entry on the species in his publication The Essential Guide to Alien Species.[10]

Kowakian monkey-lizards in the galaxy[]

Ahsoka Tano: "You're not going to trust this…this…"
CT-7567: "Hutt Slime?"
CS-2207: "Kowakian monkey-lizard?"
CS-2207 using the name of the species to insult Cad Bane — (audio) Listen (file info)[src]

Pilf Mukmuk, pet of pirate Hondo Ohnaka.

Early on in the galaxy's history, Kowakian monkey-lizards were rarely, if ever found offworld. Despite that, they occasionally wandered onto a visiting ship and could end up almost anywhere.[1] For instance, the swamps of the planet Baroonda were home to a sizable monkey-lizard population.[12]

Later on, a large number of monkey-lizards were found in the galactic underworld, often tied to criminal organizations. That was due both to their ability to repeat things exactly as they heard them, as well as the fact that they made excellent spies. Although monkey-lizards were quite popular with some among the upper classes, who kept them as pets for their own amusement, they were usually frowned upon in civilized society; likely because it was impossible to train a monkey-lizard, regardless of the time and effort expended on the attempt, or even the method used. Monkey-lizards bought as pets were usually sold on after their owners realized that they couldn't control them,[1] although some could grow to be loyal pets, such as in the case of Eeetch and Skreech.[14] Their owners often complained of how they had a tendency to smash valuable items, deface art and furniture, and rummage through garbage compactors. Most people thought monkey-lizards were extremely obnoxious,[1] and it was considered an insult to call someone a Kowakian monkey-lizard.[15][1] Monkey-lizards who were taken as pets became extremely lazy, and they usually starved if returned to the wild.[6][5] The monkey-lizard Gibberous Crumb was raised by a Hutt, but was abandoned by its master and entered the care of the Oblee crime lord Nirama, who considered Crumb to be an annoyance.[16] The Hut, a hangout for Podracer pilots in the latter years of the Galactic Republic, had a house monkey-lizard who played instruments.[12]

During the Clone Wars, monkey-lizards named Pilf Mukmuk[3] and Pikk Mukmuk were part of a gang of pirates led by the Weequay Hondo Ohnaka,[2] who kept the creatures around due to his amusement at their penchant for laughing at inappropriate times.[17] Pilf Mukmuk was the most famous monkey-lizard in the galaxy at the time. Although he lived on the planet Florrum, Mukmuk used his small size to infiltrate secure locations, such as ventilation ducts. Indeed, on one occasion, Ohnaka had Mukmuk smuggle a sedative into the ventilation system of Anakin Skywalker and Obi-Wan Kenobi's craft; the drug knocked them out.[18] Meanwhile, Muk Muk monkey accompanied Ohnaka to the planet Felucia on a mission to rob the local farmers of their valuable Nysillin crops. When Ohnaka met resistance from the locals and their Jedi and bounty hunter allies, Muk Muk monkey helped the pirate fight Anakin Skywalker by manning the WLO-5 speeder tank Skywalker and Ohnaka were standing on as they fought. The monkey-lizard's shots managed to kill the bounty hunter Rumi Paramita, but Skywalker was able to hold off the pirates until they escaped.[2] Ohnaka's gang sometimes staged fights between their pet monkey-lizards at their base on Florrum.[19]

Also during the Clone Wars, Togruta Padawan Ahsoka Tano encountered a monkey-lizard named Muk Muk Monkey, who was accompanied by a pair of Weequay outside a bar in Coruscant's slum district G17.[7][20] Another monkey-lizard engaged in a knife fight with a momong on the planet Zygerria when a group of Jedi and their clone trooper captain, CT-7567, arrived to investigate a kidnapped colony of Togruta.[13] Such encounters led the Jedi Master Yoda to declare monkey-lizards possibly the most annoying species in the galaxy, albeit one not to be underestimated.[18]

Salacious B. Crumb, Jabba's court jester

Salacious B. Crumb was a Kowakian monkey-lizard from Kowak, who served as Jabba Desilijic Tiure's court jester at his desert palace on the Outer Rim world of Tatooine.[21] Although he spoke in laughs and cackles, Crumb was in fact intelligent; his silly nature was something of a facade, and he was smart enough to survive in Jabba's Palace. Crumb came to be in Jabba's possession after he sneaked onto the Hutt's ship and attempted to steal his food. Jabba was amused by the tiny creature, and allowed him to live on the condition that Crumb had to make the Hutt laugh once a day.[22] Crumb stayed in the Hutt's citadel for over four years, creating havoc and becoming one of the most disliked members of Jabba's court. During his time there, Salacious liked to play jokes on visitors and court members; one example of these jokes was when Crumb led two professors into the rancor pit.[23] Crumb was present when Jedi Knight Luke Skywalker arrived in Jabba's Palace to negotiate the release of carbonite-encased Han Solo with the crime lord. The monkey-lizard was on board the Khetanna when it exploded[24] and died as the ship exploded during Skywalker's escape.[22][21]

In very rare cases, a monkey-lizard served as a mechanic or engineer; one such being once repaired Boba Fett's armor at a workshop in Ma'ar Shaddam. He was later killed by Risso Nu.[25] A Kowakian monkey-lizard also served as a companion of the famous pirate known as Reginald Barkbone,[26] and another was known to occupy StarForge Station.[27]

Brothers of the Sith Pic and Gorc.

Picaroon C. Boodle, or Pic for short, was the only known Force-sensitive monkey-lizard. Early in his life, he traveled the galaxy with a smuggler named Az-Iban; however, sometime during the reign of Emperor Palpatine he was quarantined on Eriadu after being suspected of suffering from Cyborrean rabies. He eventually came into Imperial custody, and because of his Force-sensitivity, he was used as a research subject by Imperial scientist Tuzin Gast. Pic, as well as a Gamorrean named Gorc, was a subject in the experimental Project Chubar. Eventually, the two creatures were transferred to the service of Dark Jedi Cronal, who wanted two Force-sensitive "animals" to run tests on. Cronal used Sith alchemy on the two "animals," until they became mutated Sithspawn, sharing each other's genes and personality, as well as having a link in the Force. The two mutants worked well as a team, and developed a friendship of sorts, with Pic looking out for the dim-witted Gorc's safety.[28] The two joined Jerec's group of Seven Dark Jedi, who aimed to discover the lost Valley of the Jedi on Ruusan. The Jedi Kyle Katarn foiled the group's plans, killing Gorc aboard the Sulon Star. Pic was devastated by this, and attacked Katarn with his Sith dagger in a frenzy, before having his head bashed in by the Jedi.[4]

Sometime after the events on Ruusan, Kyle Katarn called the Chistori Dark Jedi Desann "an overgrown kowakian monkey-lizard" as an insult.[8]

Behind the scenes[]


Master Qui-Gon, more to say, have you?

It is requested that this article, or a section of this article, be expanded.

See the request on the listing or on this article's talk page. Once the improvements have been completed, you may remove this notice and the page's listing.

Kowakian monkey-lizards first appeared in 1983's Return of the Jedi. Salacious Crumb, the sole monkey-lizard in that film, was portrayed by a puppet operated by Tim Rose.[21] His species was not revealed in the film; he was first identified as a Kowakian Lizard-Monkey in the 1990 reference book Galaxy Guide 5: Return of the Jedi also uses this species name; later works change the word order to "Kowakian monkey-lizard."

Several Star Wars works[source?] have creatures with a name similar to Salacious's, though it is unknown if they are Kowakian monkey-lizards. Dark Nest III: The Swarm War features monkey-lizards on Tenupe.


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Ambiguously-canon appearances[]

Non-canon appearances[]


Notes and references[]

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 1.17 1.18 1.19 1.20 1.21 1.22 1.23 The New Essential Guide to Alien Species
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 2.11 TCW mini logo.jpg Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "Bounty Hunters"
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 TCW mini logo.jpg Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "Dooku Captured"
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 Star Wars: Jedi Knight: Dark Forces II
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 Ultimate Adversaries
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 Alien Anthology
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 TCW mini logo.jpg Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "Lightsaber Lost"
  8. 8.0 8.1 Star Wars: Jedi Knight II: Jedi Outcast
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 Star Wars Character Encyclopedia
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 The Essential Guide to Alien Species
  11. Legacy of the Force: Betrayal
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 Star Wars: Anakin's Speedway
  13. 13.0 13.1 TCW mini logo.jpg Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "Slaves of the Republic"
  14. Star Wars: Clone Wars Adventures
  15. Star Wars: Jedi Knight II: Jedi Outcast
  16. Open Aarms
  17. Star Wars: The Clone Wars: New Battlefronts: The Visual Guide, p. 107
  18. 18.0 18.1 Star Wars: The Clone Wars Comic UK 6.24, p. 21
  19. TCW mini logo.jpg Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "Lethal Trackdown"
  20. The monkey-lizard is unnamed in the episode, but StarWars.com The Clone Wars Episode Guide: Lightsaber Lost on StarWars.com (content now obsolete; backup link) lists the character as being portrayed by voice actress Jaime King, and StarWars.com Jaime King and Meredith Salenger: Thick as Thieves on StarWars.com (content now obsolete; backup link) suggests that the character is the monkey-lizard featured in the episode.
  21. 21.0 21.1 21.2 Databank title.png Crumb, Salacious in the Databank (content now obsolete; backup link)
  22. 22.0 22.1 The Essential Guide to Characters
  23. Tales from Jabba's Palace
  24. Star Wars: Episode VI Return of the Jedi
  25. "Number Two in the Galaxy" — Star Wars Tales 18
  26. The New Essential Guide to Droids
  27. WEG icon2.jpg "Preparing for War" – The Far Orbit Project
  28. WizardsoftheCoast.png "The Dark Forces Saga, Part 5" on Wizards.com (original article link, content now obsolete; backup link)