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"When we look back upon the war against the Empire—upon the billions of lives lost—sometimes it seems as though nothing could ever have been worth the terrible price we paid. But when we think of those people who perished in the conflict, let us remember that they died for justice. For liberty. For the extraordinary peace we now enjoy. This is what we fought for."
―Tai-Lin Garr[src]

The New Republic, also known simply as the Republic, was an interstellar republic and restoration of the Galactic Republic that replaced the Galactic Empire as the new galactic authority at the end of the Galactic Civil War. The Republic was composed of various member worlds spread across light-years of space. Instead of affixing the Galactic Senate to Coruscant, the galaxy's historical seat of government, the capital shifted from one Republic world to another on a rotating basis. Beginning with the Core World Chandrila, homeworld of Chancellor Mon Mothma, the new system culminated in Hosnian Prime, which served as the Republic's final capital approximately three decades into the New Republic Era.

With the death of Emperor Palpatine at the Battle of Endor in 4 ABY, the Alliance to Restore the Republic was reorganized into the New Republic, which was officially founded a year later. Modeled on the principles of its predecessor, the New Republic strove to dismantle Palpatine's New Order by restoring democracy after an era of Imperial rule. After the Battle of Jakku, the Republic accepted the Empire's formal surrender in 5 ABY, resulting in the Galactic Concordance peace treaty that ended the civil war in the same year. The New Republic Defense Force was significantly reduced, serving as a peacekeeping force while individual member worlds raised their own planetary defense forces. The Republic was only a fraction of the size of its predecessors, and therefore, relied on egalitarian policies to remain on friendly terms with neutral star systems.

A Cold War between the Republic and the First Order began following the Centrists' withdrawal from the galactic government. Senator Leia Organa created the Resistance as a result of the Senate's unwillingness to risk open conflict with the First Order. In 34 ABY, the Senate was destroyed along with Hosnian Prime by the First Order's superweapon, Starkiller Base. The Republic subsequently collapsed during the war that ensued, while large swathes of the galaxy were conquered by the First Order.

History[edit | edit source]

Early foundations[edit | edit source]

"The simplest gesture of kindness can fill a galaxy with hope."
―Bail Organa[src]

Chancellor Palpatine's rise to power during the Clone War alarmed a group of senators, who feared for the future of the Galactic Republic.

For millennia,[3] the galaxy had been governed by the Galactic Republic. Centered on the capital world of Coruscant, the Old Republic fell[14] and was replaced by the modern Galactic Republic, which was ruled by the Galactic Senate, which in turn was led by an elected Supreme Chancellor. Under the protection of the Jedi Order, a religious order of Force wielders who possessed seemingly supernatural power through connection with the Cosmic and Living Force, the "second" incarnation of the Republic enjoyed a millennium of peace and prosperity. However, as time went on, the government of the Republic became bloated and corrupt. The Senate, filled with self-serving politicians, was unable to deal effectively with disputes that arose between the member worlds of the Republic. With growing protest from the outer systems over one-sided trade deals and centuries of economic exploitation, about ten years before the eruption of the Clone Wars, a dispute over plasma exports and the taxation of Free Trade Zones in the galaxy caused the Trade Federation to invade the planet Naboo. Although the Jedi, with the assistance of the Naboo people and the Gungans, were able to end the occupation, then senator of Naboo Sheev Palpatine took advantage of the conflict, which he had secretly organized, leading to his successful election as Supreme Chancellor. In secret, Palpatine was Darth Sidious, a Dark Lord of the Sith, whose order was thought to be extinct, and he sought to restore the Sith Empire. Palpatine then manipulated the rise of a Secessionist Movement, during which time worlds who had become disaffected with the Republic seceded to form the Confederacy of Independent Systems. The discovery of the Separatist Droid Army, as well as a clone army for the Republic commissioned secretly by Palpatine, by the Jedi eventually led to the First Battle of Geonosis and the first major war in a thousand years, the Clone Wars. For three years, the galaxy fell into chaos, and for three years, Chancellor Palpatine amassed more emergency powers to the Office of the Chancellor, and made changes to the Galactic Constitution.[15][16][17][18]

As the Clone Wars drew to a close, a group of 2,000 concerned senators formed the Delegation of 2,000; they created the Petition of 2,000, which identified the entire membership of the group, formally protested Palpatine's actions, and demanded he return to the Senate the emergency powers he had claimed following the conclusion of the war.[19] However, when the Jedi discovered Palpatine's identity as the Sith Lord Darth Sidious and that he was not going to give back his power, a group of Jedi attempted to arrest Palpatine but failed following the intervention of Jedi Knight Anakin Skywalker on Palpatine's behalf. Skywalker joined with Sidious and became his Sith apprentice, Darth Vader. Palpatine issued Order 66, which forced the clone troopers to execute their Jedi Generals via pre-installed bio-chips, while Vader led the Siege of the Jedi Temple. Palpatine then called together the Senate in an emergency session of Congress, where he denounced the attempt to arrest him as a Jedi rebellion. He then declared that the Republic would be reorganized into the Galactic Empire and proclaimed himself Emperor.[20]

Origins[edit | edit source]

"This is Senator Mon Mothma, I have been called a traitor for speaking out against a corrupt Galactic Senate. A Senate manipulated by the sinister tactics of the Emperor. For too long I have watched the heavy hand of the Empire strangle our liberties, stifling our freedoms in the name of ensuring our safety. No longer! Despite Imperial threats, despite the Emperor himself, I have no fear as I take new action. For I am not alone. Beginning today we stand together as allies. I hereby resign from the Senate to fight for you, not from the distant hall of politics but from the front lines. We will not rest until we bring an end to the Empire until we restore our Republic! Are you with me?"
―Mon Mothma to the various rebel cells[src]

During the Age of the Galactic Empire, Senator Mon Mothma proclaimed the formation of the Alliance to Restore the Republic.

Resistance groups emerged on a number of worlds as the Empire tightened its grip on the galaxy, which, in time, caused the Galactic Civil War to break out.[21] However, under the leadership of Senators Mon Mothma and Bail Organa, rebel cells eventually coalesced into the full-blown Alliance to Restore the Republic. These resistance fighters resolved to depose the Emperor from his rule over the galaxy and restore the Republic.[22] In 0 BBY,[23] the Emperor disbanded the Imperial Senate, the last remnant of the Old Republic still within the Empire, as the Empire unveiled the planet-destroying Death Star. However, the Rebel Alliance destroyed the battle station at the Battle of Yavin. Despite an ensuing four years of setbacks, in 4 ABY, the Rebel Alliance fought the Empire again at the decisive Battle of Endor. During the battle, Darth Vader sacrificed himself in order to save his son, Jedi Knight Luke Skywalker, by killing the Emperor, while the Rebel Alliance successfully destroyed a second Death Star.[24] Retreating to the Annaj system,[25] the Empire had suffered a crippling defeat as it began to crumble.[1]

Rebirth of the Republic[edit | edit source]

"I've seen war. I know its shape. I know its margins. But I'll never be comfortable with it. It is our fault and we must act that way to uphold our responsibilities. And it's why the war must stop soon. We cannot keep fighting it."
―Mon Mothma, shortly after the 'death' of Emperor Palpatine[src]

In the aftermath of Emperor Palpatine's death, the Empire faced widespread opposition while the Alliance was reorganized into the New Republic.

Owing to their success in the Battle of Endor, the Rebel Alliance began to reorganize into a fledgling new government known as the New Republic. The Alliance pressed its advantage against the Empire by pursuing shattered Imperial forces throughout the galaxy, hoping to prevent them from regrouping into a larger foe once more. With many celebrating the defeat of the Old Empire's dictatorial ruler, including a riot in Monument Plaza, the Empire would still maintain the military superiority over the fledgling Rebellion. Seeking to prevent the disheartened Imperial forces from reorganizing, the Alliance embarked on campaigns such as the Beltire Liberation and Battle of Cawa City, with both operations seeing the Alliance victories and Imperial blunders. Twenty days after the Battle of Endor, Princess Leia Organa of Alderaan, who had been sent by Mon Mothma, Chancellor of the Alliance, visited the Queen of Naboo, Sosha Soruna. In the royal palace's throne room, Organa asked for Naboo's support in the establishment of a New Republic and the restoration of a senate. The queen accepted Organa's offer, claiming that the Naboo felt great shame over Palpatine's actions.[26] Although the Empire attempted to destroy Naboo and a variety of other worlds such as Burnin Konn, Candovant, Abednedo, and Commenor using climate disruption arrays during Palpatine's posthumous contingency plan Operation: Cinder, the plan was ultimately foiled by Alliance forces.[27] During the subsequent Naboo invasions, with Imperials who sought to claim Naboo as a rallying point around their defeated leader's former homeworld, the New Republic continued to successfully defend the planet, its efforts there led by Thane Kyrell and Corona Squadron, along with several Imperial deserters who informed the Republic of Imperial strategy.[28] As chaos and hope slowly gripped the galaxy, Imperial propaganda soon began touting several contradictory messages, with some claiming that the Emperor lived on, or that the so-called New Republic slowly plundered innocent star systems for its terrorist organization, while others feared legitimizing it by referring to it as anything other than a criminal organization. Governor Ubrik Adelhard locked down all communication and travel from the Anoat sector, hunting down any that spoke word of the Emperor's death with his Purge Troopers. Nonetheless, New Republic forces quickly began to swell as propaganda broadcasts featuring the destruction of the second Death Star rallied thousands of individuals to take up arms against the Empire.[1] Officially founded a year after the Battle of Endor,[11] the New Republic and its fledgling government soon chose Chandrila as their capital, while the Galactic Senate was re-established and its newly seated members elected Mon Mothma as the Chancellor.[1] Chancellor Mon Mothma, former leader of the Alliance to Restore the Republic knew that a unified, singular message would be required to win the hearts and minds of civilians across the galaxy. Making clear that her new position was merely provisional, Republic communications bureaus worked around the chrono, crafting inspiration messages of hope, rebirth, empowerment, and self-determination.[3] The Empire soon installed an actor to play the role of Palpatine, however, some were able to see through the facsimile. Inevitably, the truth of the Emperor's demise became known to the general citizenry, while ambitious men announced their ascension to the Imperial throne almost every day. In reality, Grand Vizier Mas Amedda, the former aide to the Emperor who had served him since the Clone Wars would hold all the real power, and embark on the impossible task of maintaining the administrative and military functions of the Empire.[28]

While the New Republic appeared unstoppable following the destruction of the Death Star II, several Republic leaders such as recently promoted Fleet Admiral Gial Ackbar knew that the Alliance's victory at Endor was nothing more than pure luck. Despite major victories on Sevarcos and Malastare, along with foiling an attempt to restart the droid foundries on Geonosis by SpecForces, the Republic still feared what a unified, singular thrust against populated New Republic systems could spell for the movement. Luckily for the Republic, the Imperial leadership could barely contend with themselves let alone an external threat. Ambitious members of the Imperial Council soon began carving up pieces of the Emperor's territories for themselves, while ambitious Moffs such as Valco Pandion and Randd began a rapid process of self-promotion and aggrandizement.[28][1] While the Imperial Military maintained a semblance of unity owing to old loyalists and a common fear of the Rebellion, a few senior Imperials counted the days until someone of prominence broke away from the fold, ushering in the true collapse of the Empire.[1]

Propaganda posters were disseminated to the public in an effort to build public support for the New Republic.

With numerous splinter fleets and factions of the Empire rising up,[28] several of them retreated to worlds in the Outer Rim to escape the attention of the New Republic as it made inroads into the Outer Rim, gaining many victories, while strategically unimportant worlds such as Naalol would see heavy fighting in the months following the Emperor's death, with the Imperials using them as fallback positions as other worlds slowly eluded its grasp. To several Republic leaders, the shift of the Empire to worlds in the Outer Systems only made sense with the foreknowledge that many of the original seeds of the Empire originated there.[1] Meanwhile the Iron blockade in the Anoat sector was into it first few months, forcing citizens of local worlds such as Burnin Konn to turn to crime bosses and the black market to obtain the food and supplies they needed to survive as the shortage was beginning to spark a substantial demand for smuggled goods.[29] Wedge Antilles, a New Republic starfighter pilot, eventually tracked a gathering of Imperial forces on the Outer Rim world of Akiva, but was captured by the Star Destroyer Vigilance before he could report to the New Republic, necessitating a mission to rescue him. In reality, the military build-up would be the result of Admiral Rae Sloane, who attempted to bring some of the last leaders of the Empire together in the Imperial Future Council, where they would discuss the Empire's long-term strategy and appoint a new Emperor. Before any progress could be made, the resulting Rebellion on Akiva which was inspired by Norra Wexley saw several key Imperial figures killed or captured, with the New Republic Defense Fleet interrupting the gathering owing to Imperial admiral Gallius Rax, who had been feeding the Republic information under the codename the "Operator." The Operator had in fact been providing the New Republic with sensitive Imperial information for months following Endor, with the intentions of removing those he saw as weak from leadership positions to 'cleanse' the Order from the inside out. With the summit exposed, Admiral Rae was forced to end the council dealings and the decision on a future Emperor was halted. But their escape plans were complicated by the destruction of their shuttles at the hands of Norra and was further complicated when Akivan protesters tried to storm the Satrapy of Myrra palace. Commander Kyrsta Agate would then arrive and would lead the Republic intervention force as the uprising against Imperial rule grew. With the eventual defeat of the Imperial fleet and garrison, the Satrapy of Myrra then capitulated and with Akiva becoming the first Outer Rim world to join the New Republic, dealt yet another major blow to the Empire.[1]

The New Republic continued to engage the Empire in the months after Endor, determined to end the Galactic Civil War.

Several months after the Battle of Naboo, General Solo went to Takodana to seek out an Imperial defector Ralsius Paldora, who knew where the data cubes were stored in the nearby forest that contained information crucial to both the Republic and to help free Kashyyyk. However, a skirmish broke out when the Imperial Military discovered his treachery and interdicted the general, however, Inferno Squad's arrival allowed Solo and Paldora to escape with the intelligence.[30] Following the victory on Akiva, Princess Leia persistently lobbied the new Galactic Senate on the matter of liberating the Wookiee homeworld of Kashyyyk from Imperial occupation. Her husband Han Solo's Wookiee co-pilot Chewbacca came from Kashyyyk and Solo wanted to return a favor to Chewbacca, who owed him a life debt. The planet was governed by Grand Moff Lozen Tolruck, who had turned Kashyyyk into a planetwide slave labor camp and fitted every Wookiee on the planet with inhibitor chips. The Wookiees were exploited as disposable slave labor by the Empire and endured brutal conditions. However, the Republic was preoccupied with its military offensive against the remnants of the Empire.[31] In frustration, Solo resigned his commission as General and embarked on a hastily-scrambled campaign with Chewbacca to liberate the Wookiee homeworld. Despite rallying Wookiee smugglers and refugees at Warrin Station, the initial campaign failed due to an Imperial trap. Solo managed to escape but Chewbacca was captured by the Empire and imprisoned at the bleak automated prison of Ashmead's Lock on Kashyyyk. After losing contact with her husband, Princess Leia turned to the New Republic officer Norra Wexley and her team for help in rescuing her husband. Wexley and her team which included her son Temmin, his B1-series battle droid Mister Bones, the former Imperial loyalty officer Sinjir Rath Velus, the Zabrak bounty hunter Jas Emari, and Republic soldier Jom Barell had been participating in a campaign to hunt down Imperial war criminals including Vice Admiral Perwin Gedde.[31] Meanwhile, New Republic forces took more former Imperial worlds including Arkanis, Kuat, and clashed with Imperial forces on Nag Ubdur. With the relaxation of censorship, HoloNet networks such as Queen of the Core Network freely reported on the New Republic's war efforts and Imperial atrocities and suicide attacks. While the Imperial capital Coruscant fell a true state of civil war with some sectors remaining free from Imperial control and Rebel resistance fighters entrenching themselves with Rebel resistance fighters while other loyal sectors actively fought against the rebels. Grand Vizier Mas Amedda took control of Imperial forces on Coruscant with the Imperial Security Bureau coordinate the planetary forces. In the face of the Republic's military advances and growing internal unrest, Vizier Amedda secretly met with Chancellor Mothma and Senator Leia of the Alderaan sector on the watery planet of Velusia to offer his surrender. However, the Republic leadership rejected his surrender and ordered him to find a way for the Empire to surrender.[31]

In response, Fleet Admiral Gallius Rax established a Shadow Council consisting of Grand Admiral Sloane, former Commandant Brendol Hux, Grand Moff Randd, General Hodnar Borrum, and Imperial propagandist Ferric Obdur to manage the dwindling remnants of the Empire. Rax mustered sizeable Imperial fleets in the Vulpinus Nebula, the Almagest, the Recluse's Nebula, the Queluhan Nebula, the Ro-Loo Triangle, and the Inamorata. He planned to launch a coordinated strike against the New Republic from the Imperial holdout worlds of Zhadalene, Korrus, and Belladoon in the Outer Rim. In the midst of the fighting, criminal elements like the pirate Eleodie Maracavanya took advantage of the lawlessness to expand their criminal enterprises. Answering Leia's call, Norra and her commander Wedge Antilles tracked Solo's last coordinates to the edge of Wild Space. After being rescued from Imperial forces, Norra resigned her commission in the New Republic Starfleet after Admiral Ackbar refused to sanction her mission to rescue Solo and ordered her to resume her hunt for Imperial war criminals. After Sinjir acquired information about Ashmead's Lock from the captive Yupe Tashu, Norra and her team subsequently traveled to the Siniteen prison builder Golas Aram's redoubt on the planet Irudiru. After reuniting with Han, the rebels joined forces to storm Aram's compound and force Aram to divulge information on Ashmead's Lock. Using this information, Norra's team and Solo traveled to Kashyyyk where they managed to infiltrated the automated prison. After disabling the computer system SOL-GDA, the rebels managed to free Chewbacca and a hundred other prisoners including Norra's husband and Temmin's father Brentin Lore Wexley.[31] The Republic had also launched an assault on the Kuat shipyards utilized by Kuat Drive Yards where after weeks of fighting, the guild head and the sector governer Moff Pollus Maksim conceded to the Republic. Grand Admiral Sloane shortly after opened up peace talks at ending the war with Mothma agreeing to convene an emergency session of the Senate to discuss the Imperial offer. While Norra and Temmin flew the prisoners on the Millennium Falcon back to Chandrila, Han, Chewbacca, Sinjir, Jas Emari, and Jom stayed behind to organize a campaign to end Imperial domination over the Wookiees of Kashyyyk. For the next month, Jas recruited several smugglers and Wookiee refugees including the former slave Greybok. Han and his team also searched for Grand Moff Tolruck's hidden island fortress, from where he presided over his slave empire. Meanwhile, Grand Admiral Sloane grew disillusioned with Fleet Admiral Rax's leadership and agenda. After uncovering information about his connection to the late Emperor and the planet Jakku, Sloane became privy to Rax's plan to launch an attack on Chandrila, the New Republic capital. To lull the New Republic into a sense of complacency, Sloane had already posed as the Operator and offered to enter into peace talks with Chancellor Mothma and Admiral Ackbar in the aftermath of the Empire defeat over Kuat. Believing that the Empire was near capitulation, the Senate had agreed to peace talks. Meanwhile, on Kashyyyk, Han and Chewie's team managed to infiltrate Grand Moff Tolruck's island fortress and disable his inhibitor chips. This triggered a mass planetwide uprising which saw the rapid overthrow of the Imperial garrison on Kashyyyk. In desperation, Tolruck ordered the orbiting Imperial Star Destroyers to initiate orbital bombardment of Kashyyyk. However, Tolruck's order was intercepted by a New Republic probe droid which transmitted the footage to Leia, who alerted Wedge Antilles, Chancellor Mothma, and Admiral Ackbar. Han and his team also managed to hijack the Star Destroyer Dominion and destroy one of the other Destroyers. When Leia, Antilles, and Ackbar arrived with reinforcements, the remaining Imperial forces on Kashyyyk capitulated. The Wookiees regained control of their homeworld and began mopping up operations against the remaining Imperial holdouts on the planet.[31]

The liberation of Kashyyyk was accompanied by the Empire's abandonment of its remaining garrisons on the Twi'lek homeworld of Ryloth, which was subsequently liberated by the Free Ryloth movement. In Chandrila's capital Hanna City, Chancellor Mothma organized a celebration called Liberation Day to honor the Ashmead Lock's prisoners. This celebration coincided with Grand Admiral Sloane's arrival on Chandrila for the peace talks. Unknown to the New Republic, Fleet Admiral Rax had fitted the prisoners with inorganic biochips. After the Imperial agent Windom Traducier activated a transponder at the top of the Hanna City opera house, the liberated prisoners including Brentin involuntarily attacked several New Republic officials. Mon Mothma narrowly escaped assassination but numerous officials were maimed or murdered. Disgusted with Rax's tactics, Sloane turned against Rax and narrowly escaped death at the hands of her aide Adea Rite, who was a secret agent of Rax. The attack on Chandrila had serious repercussions for the New Republic's public image since the violence had been broadcast live on HoloNet. Several systems that had been considering joining the Republic withdrew their applications. Some advocated moving the Republic's capital from Chandrila to a more secure system. Some proposed forming an alternate Independent Systems Alliance. The New Republic also suspended hiring bounty hunters since soliciting their services made the Republic's security and military forces look weak. Following the Liberation Day attacks, Fleet Admiral Rax assumed control of the Shadow Council on the pretext of Sloane's alleged death. Appointing himself as Counselor to the Empire, Rax marshaled the Imperial armadas for a pitched battle against the New Republic on the barren Inner Rim world of Jakku. Meanwhile, the fugitive Sloane joined forces with Brentin to hunt down and kill Rax. As the New Republic prepared for a final showdown with the remnants of the Empire, Norra, her son, and their team decided to hunt down Sloane, believing that she was responsible for the attack on Chandrila.[31]

A new era[edit | edit source]

"Hope through agitation. The light glows stronger when we struggle."
―Mothma following the signing of the Galactic Concordance[src]

Calrissian and Suurgav discovered that an Imperial weapons factory had been restored on Sullust.

In the months following the Imperial resurgence on Chandrila, the New Republic had to contend with new factions including the New Separatist Union, the Confederacy of Corporate Systems and the pirate state known as the Sovereign Latitudes of Maracavanya. Chancellor Mon Mothma also had to contend with a political rival in the form of Senator Tolwar Wartol, who accused her of being weak and advocated a stronger, more centralized and militarized New Republic. These problems coincided with the New Republic's efforts to relocate its capital to the Mid Rim agrarian world of Nakadia. Chancellor Mothma apportioned resources and infrastructure for worlds devastated by the Empire during a meeting of the Committee for Imperial Reallocation, which was formed to deal with redistributing the resources of the Empire. Growing weary, Mothma advocated ending the meeting early and delaying it till next month. Despite maintaining a strong military, Mothma made sure that it was not too powerful in an effort to differentiate her government from the Empire. During a secret gathering, Mothma pointed out the fact that Senator Leia had authorized Norra Wexley and her team a mission to hunt for Rae Sloane was the jurisdiction of the Senate and responded that they had to be careful before proceeding to Jakku, she further explained that she was unable to authorize the deployment of military forces consulting the Senate. But Wartol, however, found out about the meeting and leaked the news to HoloNet News and took the opportunity to attack Chancellor for being secretive and indecisive.[8]

Meanwhile, Wexley's team including her son Temmin managed to track down Sloane to Jakku. However, they found that the remnants of the Empire military had fled there. While Norra and the bounty hunter Jas Emari went to Jakku to search for Sloane, Temmin and Sinjir returned to Chandrila to warn the New Republic. Chancellor Mothma urged the Galactic Senate to vote for military intervention on Jakku. However, the bill fell short of a majority by five votes. Before a re-vote could take place, the New Republic began the process of relocating to Nakadia.[8]

Despite the instability, the war raged on with Inferno Squad heading to the Chinook Station on Bespin with the objective to find and capture Agent Gideon Hask after discovering from Ralsius Paldora that Admiral Garrick Versio's fleet had been refueling at Chinook for several months but failed to capture Hask but were able to shut down the operation. While General Lando Calrissian and Shriv Suurgav went to Sullust to recover the weapons in the depot for the Republic before the Empire could. However, the Empire had secretly restarted the weapons factory and Calrissian felt it was far better to destroy the depot to prevent the Empire from producing anymore weapons.[30]

Mon Mothma meanwhile had delayed the re-vote by stalling Senator Tolwar Warto with an impromptu biosecurity inspection above Nakadia, Han Solo along with Sinjir, Temmin, Jom Barell, and Conder Kyl discovered that the five senators had been coerced by the Black Sun and Red Key crime syndicates into derailing the bill in order to prolong the Galactic Civil War. The chancellor was able to escape an assassination attempt by senator Wartol. After rescuing Senator Nim Tar's child, Sinjir managed to rectify the situation by offering to pardon the senators if they supported Mothma's bill during the re-vote. As a result, Chancellor Mothma managed to pass a bill sending the New Republic military to Jakku. Following the death of her adviser Auxi Kray Korbin, Sinjir and Sondiv Sella were appointed as Mothma new advisers.[8]

On Bespin, Adelhard had escaped with his forces having mostly crumbled under General Calrissian's campaign who had led a joint task force of both Bespin Wing Guards and New Republic soldiers as they led the effort to clear out the remaining holdouts in Cloud City after the Liberation of Cloud City. Wing Guard Captain Gladstone informed him that the Imperials were holed up inside in the Casino level, Calrissian managed to convince a dozen Imperials holed up to surrender by telling them that Adelhard's story about Palpatine was false and offered to spare their lives, give them food and allow them to depart Cloud City, but a sergeant tried to kill Calrissian but he managed to kill the sergeant, ending the war on Bespin.[8]

The New Republic confronted the Empire on Jakku, where the Imperials made their last stand under the command of Fleet Admiral Gallius Rax.

Following the vote, Admiral Ackbar led a large New Republic fleet to Jakku. Ground forces led by Lieutenant General Brockway were also deployed to attack Rax's main Imperial base[8] and a weapons facility.[32] Despite outnumbering the Empire, the New Republic fleet was unable to break through the Imperial defensive lines. Fearing that Jakku could be a ruse, the Republic decided to kept a force led by General Tyben on Chandrila and the new galactic capital of Nakadia who would be kept up to date on the progress of the battle with Admiral Ackbar via hologram. Unknown to the New Republic, Counselor Rax had engineered the battle as a means of destroying both the Galactic Empire and the New Republic forces as part of the Emperor's Contingency and Rax own version for a renewed Empire. The late Palpatine did not want the Empire to survive his death and tasked Rax with executing his will. As part of the Contingency plan, Rax planned to blow up Jakku itself and the two belligerent forces along with it.[8]

The Battle of Jakku resulted in the deaths of many soldiers on both sides, inluding Rax himself.

Inferno Squad, led by Iden Versio, assisted with the planetside operations. Seeing an opportunity to save her father, Iden crashed her X-Wing onto the hull of the Eviscerator, almost falling to her death in the process. Iden pleaded with her father to come with her, but Garrick refused, urging Iden to survive. Parting with her father on good terms, Iden managed to reach an escape pod before the ship crashed into the planet below.[30]

Due to Rax's fierce and unconventional tactics, the Battle of Jakku initially went in the Imperial remnants' favor. The Imperial fleet formed a defensive cordon around the Super Star Destroyer Ravager, which blunted the New Republic assault. The Imperial formation was broken when the Star Destroyer Punishment rammed the New Republic Starhawk-class battleship Amity. This created a gap which allowed Commodore Kyrsta Agate's warship Concord to attack the Ravager. Despite being crippled, the Concord managed to drag the Ravager to Jakku's surface; turning the tide of the battle. New Republic forces then attacked the Imperial remnants on multiple fronts on space and land. New Republic boarders including the former TIE fighter pilot Thane Kyrell also tried to capture several Star Destroyers including the Inflictor.[28] Due to the fierce fighting, Jakku's surface was littered with the wreckage of starships and other vehicles for decades to come,[33] including those of the Inflictor itself.[7] Meanwhile, Sloane joined forces with Norra and Brentin Lore Wexley to kill Rax and stop his plot to destroy Jakku. Sloane along with the former Commandant Brendol Hux and his son Armitage then fled into the Unknown Regions.[8]

The New Republic ultimately prevailed on Jakku, forcing the Empire to capitulate to the new galactic power.

As the Battle of Jakku drew to a close, Grand Vizier Amedda emerged from hiding and announced his intention to call for a cease-fire between the Galactic Empire and New Republic. Chancellor Mothma and Grand Vizier Amedda signed the Imperial Instruments of Surrender and the Galactic Concordance on the formal Republic capital Chandrila; Mothma was accompanied by Princess Leia Organa, and her advisers, Sinjir and Sondiv Sella, when she ordered the Empire to surrender. The concordance imposed strict rules on the remnants of the Empire by the Republic who imposed harsh reparations and terms such as the abandonment of the Imperial Academies and the surrender of Coruscant to the New Republic.[7][28] Mothma also signed a further declaration classifying all surviving Imperial officers who did not adhere to the terms of surrender as war criminals. However, non-combatant functionaries including Amedda were granted conditional pardons.[8] The Imperial remnants were to also to accede to the demands of the concordance and surrender Coruscant to the New Republic.[7] Despite the concordance, fighting on Jakku's surface continued for several months. In addition, several Imperial remnants who disagreed or refused to acknowledge the former Empire decision to end the war, whom continued to resist the New Republic.[8] As a result, the New Republic Starfleet remained on war footing for some time with the Empire finally expected to officially surrender.[28]

One of the first acts of the Senate following the signing of the Galactic Concordance was the passing of the Military Disarmament Act which drastically cut the New Republic's military to a large but operationally-limited peacekeeping force, an early goal of Mon Mothma's. The move was lauded by most who believed that the remaining Imperial hardliners posed no threat. Leia Organa disagreed and was sidelined from the New Republic's political process. The act also legitimized the mandated disarmament of the Imperial Military as outlined in the Concordance, further promoting the goal of a peaceful coexistence between the two demilitarized powers. This would also help bolster the training and funding for the local planetary defense forces to prevent the Empire's abuses and the Old Republic's failings.[7] The New Republic remained the dominant galactic government for three decades after the Battle of Endor,[7] with an entire generation growing up knowing only peace with little comprehension of the Old Empire and the Galactic Civil War. Nevertheless their was still some limited military activity, for example when the Republic authorized a peacekeeping operation by sending to a good-sized fleet to Kaddak in the Outer Rim in order to bring the lawless world under control, none of the ships it sent came back. Decades later Poe Dameron remembered the failed operation and said Kaddak was bad news.[34]

At some unknown point, Mon Mothma resigned as Chancellor with her successors failing to command the same level of charisma and consensus that the elder stateswoman held among the Senate,[4] while old Imperial sympathizers in the Galactic Senate would inevitably depart from it once tensions flared, having briefly existed as part of the Republic political process. While many applauded the notion, others realized that without Republic oversight into their activities, a new and even greater threat could once more return to the galactic stage.[3] It was during this period that the Core World of Hosnian Prime served as the capital of the Republic and housed the Senate. By that time, the Senate was in political gridlock and had degenerated into infighting.[4]

Gridlock and reform attempt[edit | edit source]

"I hereby propose the abolition of the title chancellor. In its stead, we will elect a 'First Senator'—and that First Senator will be given real authority over economic and military matters. Our troops and politicians will be answerable again. The Senate will have to cooperate. And we can finally move the New Republic forward!"
―Lady Carise Sindian proposing the creation of the First Senator[src]

Two unofficial but powerful factions known as the Centrists, who advocated a stronger galactic government and military, and the Populists, who believed that individual worlds should retain most authority, squabbled for control of the Senate and the New Republic. Due to the constant bickering, the Republic was unable to enforce financial regulations and to undertake regular patrols of the galaxy's shipping lanes. This indecisiveness facilitated the resurgence of several criminal cartels including the Nikto crime lord Rinnrivin Di's cartel, which was considered to be a rival to even the greatest Hutt crime organizations at their peak—their targeting of Twi'lek shipments shipping in the Gaulus sector that housed the planet Ryloth to—which they preyed on. Ryloth was not a member of the New Republic, however, the planet still traded with the new galactic government. Rinnrivin's criminal activities had forced Ryloth's Emissary Yendor to petition the Galactic Senate for assistance. In secret the First Order, a mysterious Imperial remnant, was channeling funds into the Rinnrivin Di's cartel through a paramilitary faction called the Amaxine warriors, based on a supposedly a warrior people that dated back to the dawn of the Galactic Republic who were believed have left the galaxy, in search of another. By the time of the New Republic, they were believed to be extinct. Several senators considered Rinnrivin's activities as an "intrasystem matter" however, the Populist Senator Leia Organa and her Centrist colleague Ransolm Casterfo then volunteered to further investigate the Nikto criminal cartel.[4]

The two senators then traveled to the Outer Rim planet of Bastatha, which did not fall under New Republic control, this was where Rinnrivin's cartel was known to operate as it was considered a crime haven. There, Senator Organa was kidnapped by Rinnrivin, who attempted to bribe the Senator into easing Republic restrictions on the spice trade. However, Organa was rescued by Casterfo and Rinnrivin was forced to flee his hideout. Analysis of the data from Rinnrivin's headquarters indicated that Bastatha's gambling revenue was being channeled into a network of shadowy corporations based in the Outer Rim.[4]

An opponent of the Centrists, Senator Leia Organa ran as the Populists' candidate for the proposed position of First Senator.

Following the Mission to Bastatha, the Centrist Senator Lady Carise Sindian, secretly a clandestine agent of the First Order who was working to destabilize the Republic. Introduced a motion calling on the Senate to abolish the Chancellorship and to create a new, more powerful post called First Senator, that would wield considerable power over the military and the economy. Senator Casterfo managed to sway the neutralist senators into voting in favor of the resolution. As a result, the Senate carried the motion and the Populists were forced to change tactic by endorsing one of their own for the position. Due to her clout as the late Bail Organa's daughter and Rebel Alliance leader, Senator Organa decided to stand as the Populist candidate for First Senator. Later, Organa's starfighter pilots Greer Sonnel and Joph Seastriker discovered that Rinnrivin was hiring members of the Amaxine warriors as pilots for his smuggling and raiding operations. Over the course of their investigation, Leia and her team discovered circumstantial evidence that several Centrist senators were colluding with Rinnrivin's cartel and the Amaxine warriors. In an attempt to sow chaos, Arliz Hadrassian, a former TIE fighter pilot and the fanatical leader of the Amaxine warriors, bombed the Senate's conference hall. While no senators were killed due to the timely actions of Leia, the so-called "Napkin Bombing" was reported in the media as the most serious security incident since the end of the Civil War. Centrists and Populists soon began accusing each other of staging the bombing for political gain.[4]

Ignoring the political gridlock, Organa and Casterfo continue their investigations into Rinnrivin's syndicate. On Leia's behalf, Ransolm traveled to Daxam IV to investigate the Amaxine warriors. While posing as an Imperial sympathizer and collector of rare Imperial artifacts, Casterfo met Hadrassian and learned that the Amaxine warriors were a large, well-armed militia group that admired the "Old Empire." Meanwhile, Leia and the rest of her team including C-3PO and Korr Sella visited the Ryloth archives and discovered evidence about Rinnrivin's "sudden" rise to power as a major crime figure. Leia's team also discovered that Rinnrivin maintained spy satellites that were linked to the Expansion Region world of Sibensko. After a secret meeting with Rinnrivin on Harloff Minor, Leia learned that Rinnrivin disagreed with the Amaxines' actions during the Napkin Bombing. After returning to Hosnian Prime, Leia and Ransolm exchanged notes and made preparations to travel to Sibensko. Before they could travel there, Leia formally made preparations to announce her candidacy for First Senator at the Galactic Senate. However, Lady Carise, who had become the Supreme governor of Birren with the help of Leia, discovered sensitive information about Leia's true parentage as the daughter of the universally reviled Darth Vader. Unhappy that her Centrist colleague Casterfo was friendly with Leia, Carise told him about Leia's secret. Feeling betrayed by his friend, Casterfo informed the Senate about Leia's true parentage. Due to the ensuing political fallout from the revelation, Leia's reputation was destroyed overnight and she was forced to withdraw her nomination for First Senator.[4]

Organa's political career ended with the revelation of her secret heritage as the daughter of Darth Vader.

Despite this major setback, Leia still resolved to continue her investigation into Rinnrivin's cartel and the Amaxine warriors. With the help of Joph and Greer, Leia and C-3PO managed to infiltrate Sibensko. There, C-3PO discovered banking records which proved that the Amaxines and another mysterious entity were channeling funds into the Rinnrivin's cartel, which was then channeling the money into Centrist worlds. Leia and her team were pursued by Rinnrivin and the Amaxine warriors, who maintained a large base on Sibensko that included several starfighter. However, they managed to escape with the help of Han Solo shortly before a downed Amaxine B-wing starfighter collided with the Amaxines' ammunition depot; triggering an explosion that destroyed the underwater city. This crippled the Amaxines but destroyed much of the evidence linking the militia and Rinnrivin to the First Order and Lady Carise.[4]

Following the events on Sibensko, Leia addressed the Galactic Senate about her investigation into Rinnrivin's cartel and the Amaxines. She ended her speech calling on the Galactic Senate to put aside their differences and to be on guard for any future threats to the New Republic. While many distrusted her due to her parentage as Vader's daughter, Senator Casterfo, who was guilt-stricken by his role in Leia's political downfall, spoke in her defense. He presented evidence about the Amaxines' arms-buildup and their admiration for the "Old Empire." Casterfo's actions earned the ire of Lady Carise, who wanted to use the Centrists to undermine the New Republic. Lady Carise hired Arliz Hadrassian to assassinate the Populist Senator Tai-Lin Garr, Leia's friend and the new Populist candidate for First Senator. Hadrassian then killed herself before she could be taken into custody. The New Republic media and public believed that Hadrassian was the sole mastermind behind the Amaxine warriors, the Napkin bombing, and Rinnrivin's syndicate. Lady Carise then fabricated evidence linking Casterfo to Hadrassian. Accused of sponsoring and financing Hadrassian, Casterfo was deported to his homeworld of Riosa to face imprisonment, trial, and sentencing. Realizing that Lady Carise was responsible for leaking information about her parentage and framing Casterfo, Leia convinced the Elder Houses to strip Carise of all her titles and powers. Disillusioned with the infighting in the Senate, Leia resigned as Senator and founded the Resistance to safeguard the Republic from all threats.[4]

Under Leia's leadership, the Resistance became a private military force that kept watch over the First Order's movements. Although she petitioned for assistance from the New Republic, the Senate was too self-absorbed to take much notice and its slow political process frustrated the former princess.[7]

Insidious threat[edit | edit source]

"It's going to happen again, you realize that, don't you?"
"If it does, it'll be dealt with then."
"So we do nothing? That's the solution? An emerging threat, and we do nothing?"
―Poe Dameron and Lonno Desso, discussing the First Order[src]

Skirmishes between the New Republic and the First Order were common by the time of the cold war.

An uneasy peace came to exist in the galaxy when the First Order, an Imperial successor, expanded into the known galaxy through the annexation of a bloc of star systems that had seceded from the New Republic, causing the galactic governments to enter into a Cold War with the First Order. In defiance of the Galactic Concordance, the First Order mobilized and developed its military might within the Unknown Regions as it acquired advanced weapons and starships. First Order forces would regularly frequently crossed the Trans-Hydian Borderlands.[5]

The First Order would also frequently violated Republic sovereignty by launching several raids and incursions into Republic space itself, an example was the engagement over Suraz 4. Chancellor Lanever Villecham however installed a policy of non-aggression and there for refused to be drawn into a war with the First Order despite the acts of aggression and would limit any response to a mere formal diplomatic protest. Villecham's preference was to focus on trade with the neutral star systems in the Borderlands, a region of the galaxy. The chancellor made great efforts to forge agreeable trade relations with these systems, favoring this policy to action against the rise of the First Order.[5]

However New Republic Command, unlike the Galactic Senate, did in fact view the First Order as a serious legitimate threat, but the senate intervened and ordered them not to use the Defense Fleet in any confrontation with the First Order armed forces and were only to patrol within Republic territory in a bid to avoid a new galactic war at all costs.[5] However Republic Command in response, secretly began to assist the Resistance with intelligent reports.[35]

Some members of the senate like the Centrists senator Erudo Ro-Kiintor even went as far as to secretly colluded with the Order by derailing or even blocking motions that would have increased funding for the Republic Navy. In practice however military contracts were mostly limited due to both the disarmament policy and the growing corruption in the Galactic Senate, but one such contact was granted to Incom-FreiTek who develop new X-wing starfighter such as the T-85 X-wing[5][36] Military officers like Major Lonno Deso generally regarded the First Order as an ill-equipped, ill-funded terrorist group that simply had a good propaganda arm, and even considered Organa and her allies scaremongering troublemakers trying to relive their glory days,[5] believing that the First Order was remaining within their assigned borders and following the tenants of the concordance, and saw little cause for alarm.[7]

In the hopes of convincing the Senate of her point of view, Organa sent Resistance commander Korr Sella to the galactic capital of Hosnian Prime as an envoy to make a case for action by the New Republic.[7]

A shattered peace[edit | edit source]

"In every corner of the galaxy, the downtrodden and oppressed know our symbol, and they put their hope in it. We are the spark that will light the fire that will restore the Republic. That spark, this Resistance, must survive. That is our mission."
―Vice Admiral Amilyn Holdo's address to the Resistance[src]

Starkiller Base destroyed the Hosnian system and, with it, the New Republic.

Villecham's policies ultimately backfired when the First Order began its march to war. With the approval of Supreme Leader Snoke for the Starkiller Base superweapon to fire, General Armitage Hux proclaimed that the Republic would end. He ordered the weapon to fire, and massive beams of phantom energy shot across the galaxy towards the Hosnian system, destroying a number of planets including the galactic capital of Hosnian Prime, destroying all solar bodies. The firing of the weapon also released sufficient energy to create a temporary rip in sub-hyperspace,[37] this massive destruction ignited a new galactic war, with the blast becoming visible from across the galaxy with the Republic leadership and the home fleet all obliterated, causing terror and shock on countless worlds who had no idea of what was happening.[38]

General Leia Organa led the Resistance's fight against the First Order's conquest of the galaxy.

The Resistance subsequently attacked and destroyed Starkiller Base before the First Order could use it against their headquarters on D'Qar.[33] Even so, however, the First Order set out to seize military control over the galaxy while the New Republic fell[12] as member worlds capitulated out of fear while others willingly supported the First Order out of a desire for security.[39] Surviving former senators and commanders dissolved their task forces and returned these forces to their homeworlds to defend them.[40] In the wake of the Republic's collapse, the First Order stood poised to control the major systems as the next dominant galactic power in the galaxy.[12] General Hux hoped that the innovations of the First Order would bring down the remnants of the New Republic and the Resistance.[41] Deprived of the Republic's support, General Organa dispatched agents across the galaxy to gather support for the Resistance's cause.[40] Yet in spite of their call to arms, the Resistance stood alone in their war to defeat the First Order and restore the New Republic[12] until one year later when a combined citizens' fleet came to the aid of the Resistance at the Battle of Exegol, where together, they defeated the Final Order, leading to uprisings against the First Order across the galaxy.[42] In the wake of their victory, General Lando Calrissian ruminated on the fact that the future was now open to vast possibilities, one of them being the return of the New Republic in some form.[43]

Organization[edit | edit source]

Government[edit | edit source]

"After Palpatine, nobody wanted to hand over that much power again, so we don't have an executive, only a chancellor with no real authority. Mon Mothma got things done through sheer charisma, but almost every chancellor since her has been…"
―Leia Organa and Han Solo[src]

The New Republic roundel

Despite dropping the "supreme" from the title, the post of Chancellor still held the emergency powers granted to Palpatine during the Old Republic last years via the charter of the Chancellor, a document that empowered the chancellor of the New Republic to serve as the leader of the new Galactic Senate. To prevent further abuses of the office, Mon Mothma gave up these emergency powers and set forth a plan to give aid to war-torn worlds and bolster the training of their planetary defense forces so that they could defend themselves. The chancellor also submitted to the will of the Senate, even in military matters such as the disarmament of the New Republic Defense Fleet.[1] The office of the chancellor would have little central authority and was not an executive position as a result of the reforms made by Mothma.[4]

The reestablished Galactic Senate was the New Republic's principal governing body and had member worlds from the across the galaxy,[1] with representatives being chosen by the will of the people.[28] The Senate also contained committees such as the Committee for Imperial Reallocation[8] and the Senate Intelligence Committee.[5] Some New Republic senators were also ministers, such as Nower Jebel, a member of the Senate who served as the Republic's Minister of Finance.[8]

Politics[edit | edit source]

"This is democracy. […] We will not always get it right. We will never have it perfect. But we will listen. To the countless voices crying out across the galaxy, we have opened our ears, and we will always listen. That is how democracy survives. That is how it thrives. […] That is democracy. That is the New Republic. And if you'll excuse me, we have a great deal of work to do."
Olia Choko[src]

With the signing of the Galactic Concordance on Chandrila, the New Republic secured both victory and peace. Several changes were made to the political process to ensure mistakes of the Old Republic were not repeated. The New Republic, in accordance with its humanitarian values prohibited torture as part of the concordance, however the divisive topic on the treatment of former Imperials would occupy much heated debate.[1] Some wished to execute and punish those responsible for war crimes, while others were dismayed at the thought of succumbing to the barbarities of the former regime, and emulating what they had fought so hard against. Ultimately, the fact that billions of individuals had participated in the Empire—many of them against their wishes—cooler heads prevailed, allowing for leniency in sentences and the invitation of former Imperial governors to the New Republic.[3] Likewise, civilian and military personnel were offered a new life within the annals of the nascent Republic.[28] However, despite its idealistics, the New Republic never took root on a scale comparable to the Old Republic.[39] Additionally, the Senate passed the Military Disarmament Act which, while maintaining the New Republic Starfleet, greatly reduced its size and capabilities.[1]

In order to gain the support of disaffected worlds and prevent friction that had occurred during the Old Republic and later the Empire, the New Republic government chose to not settle down on Coruscant. Instead, member worlds would host the galactic capital on a rotating basis with elections deciding where to seat the Senate.[7] Despite its outward appearance of unity, the Senate was divided into two feuding factions, the Populists, which believed that almost all authority should reside in individual member worlds, and the Centrists, who supported a stronger central government. The two factions frequently squabbled over policies and government spending, creating an atmosphere of political deadlock and distrust in the Senate. As a result, the Republic was unable to carry out several of its functions including preventing the resurgence of organized crime, enforcing financial regulations, and patrolling the shipping lanes.[4]

In response to the political gridlock, the Centrists Lady Carise and Ransolm Casterfo proposed the creation of the office of First Senator, that would wield considerable power over the galactic economy and military. The Populist Senators Leia Organa and Tai-Lin Garr were considered as viable candidates for that office until revelations into the former's parentage and the latter's assassination. In response to the political unrest resonating from Garr's death and Casterfo's arrest, the Senate passed a motion delaying elections for the near future. This was supported by Lady Carise and her Centrist allies, who planned to secede from the New Republic and join the growing First Order.[4]

Prior to Poe Dameron's search for Lor San Tekka, several members of the Galactic Senate including the Centrist Erudo Ro-Kiintor, were colluding with the First Order, which had seceded from Republic politics some time past. In return for receiving large sums of credits transferred through the Corporate Sector Authority and third-party corporations, Ro-Kiintor and other like-minded senators frequently delayed, derailed and dismissed motions regarding sanctions against the First Order and increased support for the Republic Navy.[5]

Foreign policy[edit | edit source]

"The show is part of it. The galaxy is a myriad, wonderful place. It is home to such wild miscellany. Present here is individuality. Something the Empire, I feel, has missed. If there is to be any kind of treaty, it is vital we preserve what makes life in this galaxy special. It is critical we preserve all of what you will see on display. All ways of existence. All the choices for all of us."
―Chancellor Mothma hosting Imperial Grand Admiral Sloane[src]

The New Republic evolved from the Alliance to Restore the Republic to become the new galactic government. During the last stages of the Galactic Civil War, the New Republic's ranks were swelled by numerous defecting worlds and systems. In the face of the Republic's relentless military advances against the Galactic Empire, Grand Admiral Sloane proposed peace talks with Chancellor Mon Mothma and Fleet Admiral Ackbar on Chandrila.[31] Following the Battle of Jakku, the Republic signed the Galactic Concordance with the Galactic Empire, which imposed strict disarmament treaties and punishing reparations that limited it ability to wage war and ordered the Empire to dissolved. While a provisional government—led by Grand Vizier Mas Amedda after the Empire ceded its capital to the Republic—was installed on Coruscant, the administration was placed under the jurisdiction of New Republic overseers. During that period.[8]

About thirty years after the Battle of Endor, the New Republic believed that the remnants of the "Old Empire" no longer posed a threat and thus turned its attention to reshaping galactic politics. About thirty years after the Battle of Endor, Chancellor Lanever Villecham favored developing closer trade relations with the Trans-Hydian Borderlands as opposed to taking military action against the First Order, a remnant of the "Old Empire."[7][5]

The New Republic tolerated the Resistance, a private military force created by General Leia Organa to monitor the movements of the First Order. While the New Republic officially tolerated the Resistance, it was reluctant to help the Resistance since it was wary of risking war with the First Order. Conversely, the Resistance's leadership found the Galactic Senate too slow and too preoccupied with self-interest to be of any help.[7] The First Order on the other hand despised the New Republic as an illegitimate regime that tolerated disorder and supported the Resistance. In an effort to destroy the Republic, the First Order launched a preemptive attack on the Hosnian system, which at that time hosted the Senate and the New Republic Starfleet.[33]

In addition, the New Republic also had political and trade relations with independent, non-member worlds like Ryloth. The New Republic was also known to place troubled non-member worlds like Bastatha on conditional probational advice, which allowed the Republic to observe and track activity around the planet for a certain period.[4] The New Republic also had to contend with several other powers including the New Separatist Union, the Confederacy of Corporate Systems and the pirate state known as the Sovereign Latitudes of Maracavanya.[8]

Defense[edit | edit source]

"Democracy is not in need of defense. People are. And it's why we'll keep the ten percent. A peacekeeping force. The rest of our efforts will go toward training the militaries of other worlds."
―Chancellor Mon Mothma[src]

The New Republic Starfighter Corps during peacetimes.

The New Republic Defense Force was the peacekeeping force responsible for the defense of the New Republic. It encompassed three branches: the New Republic Defense Fleet, the ground-based New Republic army, and the New Republic Special Forces.[1] The Defense Fleet was based on Chandrila.[44] The Defense Force traced its roots from the military formations of the Rebel Alliance that fought against the Galactic Empire, with the newly established New Republic Defense Force seeing extensive action against the remnants of the Empire after the Battle of Endor.[1] Following the Galactic Concordance, the Galactic Senate enacted the Military Disarmament Act that drastically reduced the New Republic military to a smaller peacetime force.[7] The act had originated as an initiative of Chancellor Mon Mothma, who believed that a demilitarized galaxy was conducive to lasting peace and freedom.[1]

In the years after the Battle of Endor, the New Republic established a series of academies on several worlds, including Chandrila, to replace the old network of Imperial Academies. One notable graduate was the starfighter pilot Joph Seastriker. About twenty four years after the events on Endor, at least one Centrist senator regarded the New Republic academies as inferior imitations of their Imperial predecessors. As a result, the study programs of the Old Empire's academies were reintegrated into the curriculum of academies based on Centrist worlds. Reflecting the New Republic's anti-militaristic ethos, its soldiers wore simple jackets, trousers, and little armor that were designed not to instill terror and awe,[4]. The New Republic Starfleet maintained a Digital Warfare Department, and a Pilots Commission existed two years after Jakku, which was led by Han Solo.[44]

Security droids were used during the early period of the New Republic Era.

Some of the peacetime functions of the New Republic Starfleet included enforcing financial regulations and conducting comprehensive patrols of galactic shipping lanes in order to protect the galaxy from large-scale organized crime syndicates and escorting senators on government business.[4] The Republic Starfleet was the largest defense force in the galaxy, but its size and capabilities were greatly reduced by the Military Disarmament Act, and the Republic instead encouraged bolstering the training and funding for local planetary defense forces.[7] While it had enough resources to defend the entire galaxy in peacetime, several Centrist senators like Erudo Ro-Kiintor frequently lobbied for more government funding to be diverted for planetary defenses; a pretext for earmarking funding to Centrist worlds.[4]

The Defense Force was led by a Fleet Admiral[31] and New Republic High Command. Prior to the destruction of the Hosnian system, Republic Command ordered its military personnel and units not to engage in hostilities with the First Order due to the Galactic Senate's desire to avoid another war.[5]

Judiciary[edit | edit source]

New Republic prison ships were used by the Republic.

The judiciary included the Republic Tribunal, which had a range of powers such as commissioning hunters to bring in Imperials like Vice Admiral Perwin Gedde to face justice.[31] With freedom restored, some looked to resolve issues in New Republic courts. A notable example was the Narquois of Narq, who, taking advantage of the new era, decided to sue the Neimoidians in the courts and sought unprecedented levels of compensation for how their species had been treated for centuries.[45]

Besides its standing military, the New Republic also established a security agency called the New Republic Security Bureau to protect the Republic from internal security threats. Unlike the Old Republic and the Old Empire, the New Republic ceased hiring bounty hunters for a period after the attack on Chandrila since soliciting their services made the New Republic's military and security establishment look weak.[31] By the time of the Battle of Jakku, the New Republic law enforcement database was linked to the Coronet City Peace and Security's records. This allowed Norra Wexley's team to identify the location of the bounty hunter Mercurial Swift's mother Tabba Teldar. Following the signing of the Galactic Concordance, all Imperial officers were designated as war criminals by Chancellor Mothma. However, civilian functionaries were given conditional pardons as long as they complied with the terms of the Galactic Concordance.[8]

The Department of Prisons was responsible for concerns regarding prisons under the jurisdiction of the New Republic.[44] The Republic began a privatization of the prison system and started outsourcing the running of some prisons, such as Megalox, to private individuals such as Warden Luta by 34 ABY. Megalox was considered to be home to many of the worst criminals on the galaxy. Megalox was situated on the high gravity world of Megalox Beta and protected by a gravity shield. Prisoners were left to fend for themselves and subsisted on supplies ferried from an orbiting space station. Some notable inmates included Grakkus the Hutt,[46] Papa Toren, Kan Be, and Isin.[47] Visitors could bribe their way inside the prison.[46]

Society and culture[edit | edit source]

In contrast to the xenophobia of the Empire, humans and aliens were equally represented in New Republic government institutions like the Galactic Senate. About six years before the destruction of the Hosnian system, there was a divide between Populist and Centrist worlds, which reflected the two main political factions in the Senate. Populist worlds supported greater planetary autonomy, with some Populist senators advocating that citizens vote on Senate legislation and others urging the abolition of the Senate. Meanwhile, Centrist worlds advocated a stronger central government and military and took a tough stance on law and order. Some Centrists like Lady Carise Sindian were nostalgic towards the Old Empire and supported the idea of the Centrist worlds seceding from the New Republic to join the First Order.[4] As the successor to the Alliance to Restore the Republic, the New Republic saw itself as a democracy where free exchange of ideas and opinions were actively encouraged and protected. Government debates on proposals and policies were broadcast on HoloNet to promote transparency and accountability. In the aftermath of the Battle of Endor, the New Republic passed legislation which directed some government expenditure for non-military usage, cleaned up polluted worlds, and compensated alien species that had been enslaved by the Empire.[28] Rejecting the totalitarianism and censorship of the Galactic Empire, the New Republic eased restrictions on the media. Following the liberation of Akiva, the newly unfettered HoloNet reported on Imperial atrocities such as the wholesale massacres of native populations carried out by Imperial commanders and Imperial suicide attacks on entrenched New Republic positions.[31] Media were allowed to debate current affairs events like the aftermath of Battle of Jakku.[28]

In contrast to the Empire, the New Republic had a policy of encouraging public celebrations including carnivals, festivals, official revels, and pageants.[8] One known holiday was Liberation Day which was organized to celebrate the liberation of former rebel prisoners from Ashmead's Lock prison on Kashyyyk.[31] Following the Battle of Jakku, Liberation Day was remade into the seven day Festival of Liberation.[8] The working language of the New Republic was Galactic Basic,[1] and was the most used in the galaxy.[45] Aside from Basic however, several other languages were spoken freely across the Republic, including Shyriiwook,[source?] Rodian,[48] and Sullustese[49]

In terms of sports, one popular piloting championship was the Five Sabers, a five-stage race that was held on the planet Theron. The Rebel Alliance veteran and former smuggler Han Solo helped to manage the championship. A junior version called the Junior Sabers was also held for younger pilots like Greer Sonnel. Ubardian oil wrestling was also popular entertainment on some seedy worlds like Sibensko.[4] The Republic abolished the Empire restrictions and censorship over the HoloNet and encouraged the creation of several channels including the Queen of the Core Network to win over the galactic public,[1] with the New Republic having assumed full control of HoloNet by 5 ABY.[31]

Economy[edit | edit source]

The New Republic had a galactic-wide economy based on galactic shipping lanes. While its economy was based on free trade and promoting prosperity, the New Republic did not allow the free trade of most forms of spice. However, it allowed the sale and trade of weak forms of spice that could be mined and grown on numerous worlds. The Republic's prohibition on illegal and dangerous forms of spice annoyed crime lords like Rinnrivin Di, who made a living out of trafficking illicit spice.[4]

The New Republic also had a policy of not allowing organized crime syndicates to permeate the galaxy, as they once did during the Age of the Empire. However, deadlock in the Galactic Senate prevented the Republic from fulfilling this promise. By the time of the Napkin Bombing, some locations like the space station Chrome Citadel and the Expansion Region planet of Sibensko were regarded as crime havens where various illegal activities including slavery and the trafficking of Glitterstim and weapons took place. While the Republic also had financial regulations aimed at tackling organized crime, these were sporadically enforced by the time of the Napkin Bombing.[4]

Astrography[edit | edit source]

Thirty years after the Battle of Endor, the New Republic occupied vast swaths of space stretching from the Inner Core to the Outer Rim Territories, and at that time had its rotating capital on the Core World of Hosnian Prime.[5] While a fraction the size of both the Galactic Republic and Empire, its egalitarian practices left many neighboring star systems on friendly terms with the new government.[3] Some known Republic worlds included Chandrila, Akiva,[1] Coruscant, Taris, Naboo,[7] Hevurion, Mirrin Prime,[5] Arkanis, Kuat, and Daxam IV.[4] After the First Order's secession from the Republic, a narrow region of space existed as a neutral region of systems known as the Trans-Hydian Borderlands, in which an act of aggression within would be viewed as an overt act of war. Despite this, the First Order Navy frequently crossed the Borderlands and penetrated New Republic space, which led to incidents like the Suraz engagement. In spite of these violations of the Galactic Concordance, the New Republic refused to take action against the First Order beyond issuing formal diplomatic protests.[5]

Behind the scenes[edit | edit source]

In the new Star Wars canon, the New Republic first appeared in the novels Aftermath and Lost Stars by Chuck Wendig and Claudia Gray respectively.[1][28] The New Republic was originally created for Star Wars Legends where it first appeared in the 1991 novel Heir to the Empire by Timothy Zahn.[50] The idea of rebuilding the Galactic Republic which was mentioned as part of the Star Wars original trilogy's backstory traces back from George Lucas' early comments about at that time unplanned sequel trilogy in 1980, after the release of Star Wars: Episode V The Empire Strikes Back.[51]

In the 2014 canon mobile game Star Wars: Galactic Defense, Tarfful can be seen yelling "hnn-rowr yrroonn nng rarr"—text that first appeared in the Legends comic Empire's End and meant "Long live the New Republic," when translated from Shyriiwook.[52][53] However, Galactic Defense takes place during the time when the Galactic Republic was still standing and long before the New Republic arose.[52] As such, this article assumes that the line has a different meaning in new canon media.

During the development of Bloodline by Claudia Gray, various elements of the New Republic, such as the Centrist and Populist political factions, originated with Rian Johnson, the director of Star Wars: Episode VIII The Last Jedi.[54]

Appearances[edit | edit source]

Non-canon appearances[edit | edit source]

Sources[edit | edit source]

Notes and references[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 1.17 1.18 1.19 1.20 1.21 1.22 1.23 1.24 1.25 Aftermath
  2. Star Wars: On the Front Lines
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 Star Wars Propaganda: A History of Persuasive Art in the Galaxy
  4. 4.00 4.01 4.02 4.03 4.04 4.05 4.06 4.07 4.08 4.09 4.10 4.11 4.12 4.13 4.14 4.15 4.16 4.17 4.18 4.19 4.20 Bloodline
  5. 5.00 5.01 5.02 5.03 5.04 5.05 5.06 5.07 5.08 5.09 5.10 5.11 5.12 5.13 Before the Awakening
  6. Star Wars: Scum and Villainy: Case Files on the Galaxy's Most Notorious
  7. 7.00 7.01 7.02 7.03 7.04 7.05 7.06 7.07 7.08 7.09 7.10 7.11 7.12 7.13 7.14 7.15 Star Wars: The Force Awakens: The Visual Dictionary
  8. 8.00 8.01 8.02 8.03 8.04 8.05 8.06 8.07 8.08 8.09 8.10 8.11 8.12 8.13 8.14 8.15 8.16 Aftermath: Empire's End
  9. Alphabet Squadron
  10. Star Wars: Galactic Atlas
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 Star Wars: The Rise of Skywalker: The Visual Dictionary states that the New Republic was officially founded twenty-nine years before the Starkiller Incident, which Star Wars: Galactic Atlas dates to 34 ABY, thereby placing the formation of the New Republic from the Rebel Alliance in 5 ABY.
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 12.3 12.4 Star Wars: Episode VIII The Last Jedi
  13. Star Wars: Galactic Atlas places the events of Star Wars: Episode VII The Force Awakens in 34 ABY. Star Wars: Episode VIII The Last Jedi takes place immediately after the end of The Force Awakens.
  14. Star Wars: Episode II Attack of the Clones
  15. StarWars-DatabankII.png Galactic Republic in the Databank (backup link)
  16. Encyclopedia Bail Organa in the Encyclopedia (content now obsolete; backup link)
  17. Tarkin
  18. Star Wars: Card Trader
  19. StarWars-DatabankII.png Meena Tills in the Databank (backup link)
  20. 20.0 20.1 Star Wars: Episode III Revenge of the Sith
  21. The StarWars-DatabankII.png Mustafar History Gallery in the Databank (backup link) states that the action at Mustafar, which Star Wars: Galactic Atlas dates to 4 BBY, was one of the earliest rebel victories in the Galactic Civil War. Therefore, the Galactic Civil War must have begun by 4 BBY.
  22. StarWars-DatabankII.png Rebel Alliance in the Databank (backup link)
  23. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named GA
  24. Star Wars: Episode VI Return of the Jedi
  25. "The Levers of Power"—The Rise of the Empire
  26. Shattered Empire 2
  27. Shattered Empire 3
  28. 28.00 28.01 28.02 28.03 28.04 28.05 28.06 28.07 28.08 28.09 28.10 28.11 Lost Stars
  29. Star Wars: Uprising
  30. 30.0 30.1 30.2 Star Wars Battlefront II
  31. 31.00 31.01 31.02 31.03 31.04 31.05 31.06 31.07 31.08 31.09 31.10 31.11 31.12 Aftermath: Life Debt
  32. Star Wars Battlefront
  33. 33.0 33.1 33.2 Star Wars: Episode VII The Force Awakens
  34. Poe Dameron 8
  35. SWResistanceLogo.jpg Star Wars Resistance – "The Recruit"
  36. Star Wars: The Force Awakens: Incredible Cross-Sections
  37. TwitterLogo.svg Pablo Hidalgo (@pablohidalgo) on Twitter: "5. Some weird-ass hyperspace-rip seen-across-the-cosmos kinda shit." (content obsolete and backup link not available)
  38. Star Wars: The Force Awakens novelization
  39. 39.0 39.1 Star Wars: The Last Jedi: The Visual Dictionary
  40. 40.0 40.1 Star Wars: The Last Jedi: Expanded Edition
  41. StarWars-DatabankII.png General Hux in the Databank (backup link)
  42. 42.0 42.1 Star Wars: Episode IX The Rise of Skywalker
  43. Star Wars: The Rise of Skywalker: Expanded Edition
  44. 44.0 44.1 44.2 Last Shot
  45. 45.0 45.1 Star Wars: Aliens of the Galaxy
  46. 46.0 46.1 Poe Dameron 4
  47. Poe Dameron 5
  48. Sabine My Rebel Sketchbook
  49. StarWars-DatabankII.png Nien Nunb in the Databank (backup link)
  50. Heir to the Empire
  51. Clarke, Gerald (1980-05-19). The Empire Strikes Back!. Archived from the original on January 19, 2020. Retrieved on November 27, 2018.
  52. 52.0 52.1 Star Wars: Galactic Defense
  53. Empire's End
  54. TwitterLogo.svg Pablo Hidalgo (@pablohidalgo) on Twitter: "The disposition of the New Republic, its political factions and the napkin incident were pieces that came from Rian." (content obsolete and backup link not available)
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