The Republic Navy, also referred to as the Republic fleet, Republic starfleet or the Galactic Republic fleet, was the military naval force of the Galactic Republic during the Clone Wars. The Navy served to transport the clone army across the galaxy while also engaging in ship-to-ship combat with the Confederacy navy. Following the end of the war and the formation of the Galactic Empire, the Republic Navy transitioned into the Imperial Navy.
The Republic Navy was the naval branch of the military forces of the Galactic Republic that was created by the Military Creation Act along with the Grand Army of the Republic in 22 BBY, although it already held a proud naval tradition that dated back thousands of years to the foundation of the Old Republic. Prior to the Clone Wars, the Republic did not maintain a standing navy in a thousand years, which forced member worlds to manage their own orbital defense. Galactic Republic naval assets included capital ships and sub-capital ships that were decades and sometimes centuries old. Some of these assets were Venator-class Star Destroyers, which were in service to the Republic by circa 42 BBY.
During the near end of the Separatist Crisis in 22 BBY, the Republic Navy was created by the Military Creation Act, along with the Grand Army of the Republic. Due to the Republic not maintaining a standing navy for a millennium, Republic star systems donated what starships they could to the impromptu navy to reinforce the Venator-class Star Destroyers, already under Republic ownership and those supplied by Kamino, as well as the Acclamator-class assault ships that were also supplied by Kamino.
The Clone Wars eruptsEdit
Twelve of these Acclamator-class assault ships supplied by Kamino were loaded with two battle armies and were dispatched to Geonosis by the Republic Navy to shut down the newly established Separatist Droid Army of the Confederacy of Independent Systems and rescue Senator Padmé Amidala, Jedi Master Obi-Wan Kenobi and Jedi Padawan Anakin Skywalker. Acclamator-class assault ships and LAAT/i gunships were used to carry troops and vehicles to the planet. Shortly after the Republic victory on Geonosis, the Grand Army of the Republic and the Republic Navy assembled on Coruscant to Supreme Chancellor Sheev Palpatine and several members of the Galactic Senate, who witnessed the deployment of the Republic Military.
With the outbreak of war, the Republic Navy had a void of small warships, which forced the navy to induct diplomatic and civilian vessels such as the Judicial Forces' Consular-class space cruiser into service. The admiralty recognized this as a temporary resolution and began a campaign to obtain the necessary war material. Also at this time, in the immediate aftermath of the Battle of Geonosis, capital ship production was significantly increased as Kuat Drive Yards and Rothana Heavy Engineering combined their shipyards and also allowed the shipyards to produce Pelta-class frigates and Arquitens-class light cruisers. Due to this, the navy was able to slowly return borrowed vessels. The Republic Navy also had several major projects in the prototype stage from the start of the war, some of which were the IPV-2C Stealth Corvette, the Eta-2 Actis-class light interceptor, the Theta-class T-2c shuttle, the Alpha-3 Nimbus-class V-wing starfighter, the Victory project, and Project Supercharger.
Some time after the Battle of Geonosis, in the Battle of Christophsis Venator-class Star Destroyers were deployed instead of Acclamator-class ships, engaging Separatist battleships that were blockading the planet. A stealth ship prototype was tested in the battle and managed to destroy Admiral Trench's flagship, the Invincible. In the next battle on the planet of Teth squadrons of V-19 Torrent starfighters operated together with Jedi starfighters.
- "As the bulk of our fleets are engaged on the frontlines we'll be on our own."
- ―Admiral Yularen
After the Battle of Christophsis, the Republic Navy came under siege when dozens of warships were ambushed and destroyed with no survivors. Word quickly spread of a new Separatist superweapon, and Republic naval forces took a defensive position to protect Republic supply lines. Meanwhile, the Jedi High Council dispatched Jedi General Plo Koon and his starfleet to hunt down the menace. Eventually, General Plo Koon tracked the superweapon to the Abregado system, and was revealed that the superweapon was the Subjugator-class heavy cruiser Malevolence, captained by Supreme Commander of the Droid Army General Grievous and Head of State of the Confederacy Count Dooku. The Malevolence had embarked on a campaign of destroying naval units in order to cripple the Republic Military.
During the Mission to Rugosa, Jedi General Yoda traveled aboard a Republic frigate. The Separatist superweapon known as the Malevolence destroyed a group of Pelta-class frigates, used as medical transports by the Republic. Afterwards, Jedi General Anakin Skywalker led a squadron of BTL-B Y-wing fighter-bombers with the purpose of destroying the Malevolence, but he initially failed, succeeding only in boarding the ship. Nu-class transports were employed in several battles in this period, such as on Christophsis, Ryloth, the Rishi moon, Vassek's third moon and Florrum. General Skywalker often used a G9 Rigger-class light freighter named Twilight since the Battle of Teth, in which he stole the ship.
In the Battle of Malastare the Republic used many starfighters to bomb Separatist ground forces marching against them, consisting of Y-wings and ARC-170 starfighters. In the Second Battle of Geonosis, the Republic deployed a great amount of naval forces, again using the Low Altitude Assault Transport carriers deployed in the rescue of the Jedi team in the first battle. Additionally, Pelta-class frigates were deployed to help the injured troopers. In the Battle of Saleucami, after the capture of Eeth Koth, Jedi General Obi-Wan Kenobi's fleet included for the first time an Arquitrens-class light cruiser. The battle also used a Eta-class shuttle for the first time. Large naval forces were employed in the Defense of Kamino, when General Grievous struck the clones' home, including ARC-170 and Y-wing starfighters and Venator-class, Acclamator-class and Arquitens-class ships. These kinds of ships were also used in the Battle of Sullust. Later, modified LAAT/i's were deployed in the Battle of Lola Sayu to evacuate a Jedi rescue team run to save Jedi General Even Piell.
The Clone Wars endEdit
Since the Battle of Umbara, Republic had used Clone Z-95 Headhunters as its main starfighter forces. A large group of naval forces surrounded the space station Valor during the Republic strategy conference. Jedi General Anakin Skywalker and Jedi Commander Ahsoka Tano piloted Eta-2 Actis-class interceptors in the Defense of Cato Neimoidia; this kind of starfighter was used by Jedi often in the last part of the Clone Wars. A large formation of Republic capital ships attacked the space station surrounding the world of Ringo Vinda, including ARC-170, Y-wing and Clone Z-95 starfighters, a Jedi ambassador shuttle, a Nu-class shuttle, Republic frigates, Arquitens-class, Acclamator-class and Venator-class capital ships. The gunship Havoc Marauder was used by Clone Force 99 in the Battle for Anaxes and the Mission to Skako Minor in the final years of the war.
The Republic Navy was led by Republic High Command and, due to an agreement between the Jedi Order and the Supreme Chancellor, the Jedi High Council. This gave Jedi officers overall command of both naval and army units, and although it annoyed many career spacers, many were satisfied that the joint operations allowed for a clear command chain. The admiralty was also a command unit of the navy, and one of its responsibilities was providing war material for the navy.
The Department of Naval Procurement of the Republic Defense Procurement Office was responsible for obtaining starships, supplies, and new technology for the Republic Navy, and fell under the oversight of the Naval Subcommittee's Procurement Panel in the Galactic Senate. Since the beginning of the Clone Wars, the Procurement Panel accepted designs and contracts from several corporations including Sienar Fleet Systems, Kuat Drive Yards, Rendili StarDrive, Corellian Engineering Corporation, Subpro Corporation, Incom Corporation, and Cygnus Spaceworks, and was responsible for allocating resources and other equipment, with many projects being in the prototype stage from the start of the war.
For wartime efforts, the Republic Navy had three primary goals: defend the Core Worlds, maintain security for supply lines, and provide troop deployment and extraction for the Grand Army of the Republic.
A force of clone navigation officers assisted in crewing the Navy's arsenal of warships. As part of a wartime bargain between the Office of the Chancellor and the Jedi Order, a cadre of non-clone veteran officers were assigned to work alongside the newly-appointed Jedi Generals.
Order of BattleEdit
As part of the Military Creation Act, the Republic Navy was allowed to conscript the vessels and crew of Republic worlds for the war effort in the early days of the Clone Wars. As such, some Republic systems donated dreadnoughts and cruisers, although most only had small corvettes and gunships that they could offer. Regardless, these donations supplemented the the Republic Navy's Consular-class space cruisers from the Judicial Forces as well as the Venator-class Star Destroyers and Acclamator-class assault ships provided by the Kaminoans. After the Battle of Geonosis, Kuat Drive Yards and Rothana Heavy Engineering combined their shipyards which drastically increased production of capital ships and smaller vessels, which allowed the Republic Navy to return borrowed vessels, although the crews usually remained with the Republic Navy in the hopes for better advancing their careers.
Republic Navy vessels ferried supplies and troops to perform their missions for months without logistical support. Strongly defended Republic worlds and well protected space stations such as Regalia Station served as ordnance and supply depots for the Republic Navy, and were available for resupply when needed. When it came to transportation of supplies and cargo, caravans of small vessels were composed. For large convoys and high value shipments, a military escort was assigned, often a cruiser or support ships returning to the theater of war after finishing their reserve duty.
The Republic Navy worked in concert with the Republic Starfighter Corps as it often relied on starfighter screens to defend against enemy bombers as well as to conduct patrols and reconnaissance missions, escort landing craft, and launch attacks against hostile vessels and positions. Cruisers served as the backbone of the Republic Navy, although instead of indicating a specific class of starship, the Republic Navy used the term "cruiser" as an umbrella term for warships that were classified as corvettes, frigates, and cruiser-sized vessels such as Star Destroyers.
The Republic Navy was made up of twenty central fleets, such as the 2nd Fleet, each attached to a Sector Army. Six of these fleets were located in the Core Worlds acting as defense and reserve, although units were often swapped out for battle-weary units that saw heavy fighting. The remaining fourteen main fleets saw heavy combat through the galaxy, saving the Core Worlds fleets from taking the brunt of the war, although operational and jurisdictional lines were blurred. Typically, ships deployed for six months before returning for three months to keep vessels and its crew healthy and alert, although combat rarely allowed it. The Republic Navy also consisted of other fleets, such as the Open Circle Fleet, the Bright Nebula Fleet, Admiral Dao's fleet, Admiral Wurtz's fleet, the Coruscant Home Defense Fleet, and a Republic fleet at Bestine IV.
The Republic Navy was furthermore composed of task forces, sometimes referred as fleets as well, and included units such as Anakin Skywalker's task force, Plo Koon's fleet, Obi-Wan Kenobi's taskforce, and Kit Fisto's fleet. Battle groups were also included in the order of battle of the Republic Navy, with one unit being the battle group at Falleen. Due to the Venator-class Star Destroyer's role as a carrier, carrier battle groups were formed around these ships, and were considered fatal to Confederacy navy operations. Convoys and caravans were employed by the Republic Navy as well, with one particular convoy being active during the Malevolence campaign.
From the onset of the Clone Wars, the Republic Navy consisted of personnel from planetary defense forces of various Republic star systems as well as members of the Judicial Forces. Clone troopers were allocated and inducted into the Republic Navy to serve as crew members and security, and Jedi officers along with a Republic Navy official led naval units.
Shuttles and transports in the Republic Navy were sometimes piloted by clone trooper pilots but were just as often piloted by individuals drawn from the Judicial Department or local planetary defense forces.
Rank on officers, including clone navigation officers, in the Republic Navy was demonstrated by a rank insignia plaque worn on their military uniforms. The rank of Admiral and Rear Admiral were used, as was the rank of Commander and its clone counterpart, Clone Commander. Captain, and Clone Captain, was part of the naval rank structure, as was the rank of Lieutenant.
At the start of the Clone Wars, the Republic Navy found itself in possession of capital ships and sub-capital ships that were many years old. Carriers and battleships were pressed into Republic naval service, with Venator-class Star Destroyers assuming the role of a starfighter carrier.
During its active history, the Republic Navy made use of several types of capital ships. Such starships included Acclamator-class transgalactic military assault ships, and Star Destroyers such as Venator-class Star Destroyers and Victory-class Star Destroyers. Dreadnoughts and other cruisers were also deployed.
Frigates saw wide service by the Republic Navy. Pelta-class frigates were used in a wide range of roles, including as medical transports and supply ships. In addition, MedStar-class frigates were deployed by the Republic Navy to serve as a hospital ship as well.
Arquitens-class light cruisers were rushed into service and introduced during the Clone Wars, filling an all-purpose capacity in the navy. Arquitens-class light cruisers were able to escort convoys, support capital ships, serve as cruise pickets, provide protection for carriers, screen for starfighters, and serve in many different capacities that required small size and high maneuverability. Since their introduction into the navy, they were deemed as an excellent addition to the Republic Navy's inventory and were highly respected by its crews and the crews of enemy vessels. Charger c70 retrofitted Consular-class cruisers were born from the standard Republic Diplomatic Corps' Consular-class space cruisers when the navy required the haste need to supplement its navy in the beginning of the war. These retrofitted Consular-class cruisers served as excellent scout and picket ships during the war.
IPV-2C Stealth Corvettes were in its prototype stage in the start of the Clone Wars, but was nevertheless inducted into naval service, with one serving in the Battle of Christophsis early in the war. The IPV-2C allowed for stealth operations to conduct attack and supply missions. The Paladin-class corvette, although considered ancient by the time of the Clone Wars, was used by the Jedi Order for missions during the war.
Freighters and cargo transportsEdit
A G9 Rigger-class light freighter was also part of the naval forces of the Republic. CSS-1 Corellian Star Shuttles, although aging, were used for bulk transportation and typically operated in caravans.
Troop and vehicle transportsEdit
The Republic Navy utilized several types of gunships, including LAAT/is, space gunships, and Low Altitude Assault Transport carriers. The Havoc Marauder was a type of gunship used by Republic forces. The Republic Navy also used escape pods, including salon pods and Republic escape pods.
The Republic Navy utilized an assortment of shuttles drawn from its inventory. Nu-class transports were mostly used for cargo and personnel transfers, and was seen as a remarkable success by the Republic Navy due to its long-range capabilities and flexibility. The Nu-class could also be retrofitted with a modular cargo pod that allowed for various uses, including assuming a medical role. These medical variants of the Nu-class were designated as Republic medical shuttles. Eta-class shuttles were used to transport higher valued individuals, and were originally for the Republic Ambassadorial Corps and the Galactic Senate before being pressed into service. A variant of the Eta-class was outfitted with secret weapons and stealth systems for black ops usage. T-6 shuttles were requisitioned by Jedi for missions when deemed more practical. Theta-class T-2c shuttles saw use late in the Clone Wars.
The Republic Navy deployed a variety of starfighters during its active service. Cord-class starfighters were utilized by clones, and was deployed alongside the V-19 Torrent starfighter and later the Aggressive ReConnaissance-170 starfighter introduced later in the war. During the threat of the Malevolence, the BTL-B Y-wing fighter-bomber was introduced in prominence. Jedi personnel utilized interceptors such as Delta-7s, Delta-7B Aethersprite-class light interceptors and later in the war Eta-2 Actis-class light interceptors.
Space stations also saw commission by the naval forces of the Galactic Republic. Such stations included Haven-class medical stations like the Kaliida Shoals Medical Center and Felucia Medical Station HCTFF2. Regalia Station was used as a naval ordnance and supply depot, while Space Station Valor was used, notably for Republic strategy conferences.
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- Star Wars Rebels: The Visual Guide (First identified as Republic Navy)
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- Star Wars Character Encyclopedia: Updated and Expanded
- Star Wars: Rogue One: Rebel Dossier
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- Star Wars: On the Front Lines
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- Star Wars Encyclopedia of Starfighters and Other Vehicles
- TIE Fighter Owners' Workshop Manual
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