The Republic Navy, also referred to as the Republic fleet, Republic starfleet or the Galactic Republic fleet, was the military naval force of the Galactic Republic during the Clone Wars. The Navy served to transport the clone army across the galaxy while also engaging in ship-to-ship combat with the Confederacy navy. Following the end of the war and the formation of the Galactic Empire, the Republic Navy transitioned into the Imperial Navy.
The Republic Navy was the naval branch of the military forces of the Galactic Republic that was created by the Military Creation Act along with the Grand Army of the Republic in 22 BBY, although it already held a proud naval tradition that dated back thousands of years to the foundation of the Galactic Republic. Prior to the Clone Wars, the Galactic Republic did not maintain a standing navy in a thousand years, which forced member worlds to manage their own orbital defense, and Galactic Republic naval assets included capital ships and sub-capital ships that were decades and sometimes centuries old.
Shortly prior to the eruption of the Clone Wars in 22 BBY, the Republic Navy was created by the Military Creation Act, along with the Grand Army of the Republic. Due to the Republic not maintaining a standing navy for a millennium, Republic star systems donated what starships they could to the impromptu navy to reinforce the Venator-class Star Destroyers and Acclamator-class assault ships being supplied by Kamino.
The Clone Wars eruptsEdit
Twelve of these Acclamator-class assault ships supplied by Kamino were loaded with two battle armies were dispatched to Geonosis by the Republic Navy to shut down the newly established Separatist Droid Army of the Confederacy of Independent Systems and rescue Senator Padmé Amidala and Jedi Master Obi-Wan Kenobi and Jedi Padawan Anakin Skywalker. Acclamator-class assault ships and LAAT/i gunships were used to carry troops and vehicles on the planet.Shortly after the Republic victory on Geonosis, the Grand Army of the Republic and the Republic Navy assembled on Coruscant to Supreme Chancellor Sheev Palpatine and several members of the Galactic Senate, who witnessed the deployment of the Republic Military.
With the outbreak of war, the Republic Navy had a void of small warships, which forced the navy to induct diplomatic and civilian vessels such as the Judicial Forces' Consular-class space cruiser into service. The admiralty recognized this as a temporary resolution and began a campaign to obtain the necessary war material. Also at this time, in the immediate aftermath of the Battle of Geonosis, capital ship production was significantly increased as Kuat Drive Yards and Rothana Heavy Engineering combined their shipyards and also allowed the shipyards to produce Pelta-class frigates and Arquitens-class light cruisers. Due to this, the navy was able to slowly return borrowed vessels. The Republic Navy also had several major projects in the prototype stage from the start of the war, some of which were the IPV-2C Stealth Corvette, the Eta-2 Actis-class light interceptor, the Theta-class T-2c shuttle, the Alpha-3 Nimbus-class V-wing starfighter, the Victory project, and Project Supercharger.
Some time after the Battle of Geonosis, in the Battle of Christophsis Venator-class Star Destroyers were deployed instead of Acclamator-class ships, engaging Separatist battleships that were blockading the planet. A stealth ship prototype was tested in the battle and managed to destroy Admiral Trench's flagship, the Invincible. In the next battle on the planet of Teth squadrons of V-19 Torrent starfighters operated together with Jedi starfighters.
After the Battle of Christophsis, the Republic Navy came under siege when dozens of warships were ambushed and destroyed with no survivors. Word quickly spread of a new Separatist superweapon, and Republic naval forces took a defensive position to protect Republic supply lines. Meanwhile, the Jedi High Council dispatched Jedi General Plo Koon and his starfleet to hunt down the menace. Eventually, General Koon tracked the superweapon to the Abregado system, and was revealed the the superweapon was the Subjugator-class heavy cruiser Malevolence, captained by General Grievous and leader of the Confederacy Count Dooku, and had embarked on a campaign of destroying naval units in order to cripple the Republic Military.
- "As the bulk of our fleets are engaged on the frontlines we’ll be on our own."
- ―Admiral Yularen
During the Mission to Rugosa, Jedi General Yoda traveled aboard a Republic frigate. The Separatist superweapon known as the Malevolence destroyed a group of Pelta-class frigates, used as medical transports by the Republic. Afterwards, Jedi General Anakin Skywalker led a squadron of BTL-B Y-wings with the purpose of destroying the Malevolence, but he initially failed, succeeding only in boarding the ship. Nu-class transports were employed in several battles in this period, such as on Christophsis, Ryloth, the Rishi moon, Vassek's third moon and Florrum. General Skywalker often used a G9 Rigger-class light freighter named Twilight since the Battle of Teth, in which he stole the ship.
In the Battle of Malastare the Republic used many starfighters to bomb Separatist ground forces marching against them, consisting of Y-wings and ARC-170 starfighters. In the Second Battle of Geonosis, the Republic deployed a great amount of naval forces, again using the Low Altitude Assault Transport carriers deployed in the rescue of the Jedi team in the first battle. Additionally, Pelta-class frigates were deployed to help the injured troopers. In the Battle of Saleucami, after the capture of Eeth Koth, Jedi General Obi-Wan Kenobi's fleet included for the first time an Arquitrens-class light cruiser. The battle also used a Eta-class shuttle for the first time. Large naval forces were employed in the Defense of Kamino, when General Grievous struck the clones' home, including ARC-170 and Y-wing starfighters and Venator-class, Acclamator-class and Arquitens-class ships. These kinds of ships were also used in the Battle of Sullust. Later, modified LAAT/i's were deployed in the Battle of Lola Sayu to evacuate a Jedi rescue team run to save Jedi General Even Piell.
The Clone Wars endEdit
Since the Battle of Umbara, Republic had used Clone Z-95 Headhunters as its main starfighter forces. A large group of naval forces surrounded the space station Valor during the Republic strategy conference. Jedi General Anakin Skywalker and Jedi Commander Ahsoka Tano piloted Eta-2 Actis-class interceptors in the Defense of Cato Neimoidia; this kind of starfighter was used by Jedi often in the last part of the Clone Wars. A large formation of Republic capital ships attacked the space station surrounding the world of Ringo Vinda, including ARC-170, Y-wing and Clone Z-95 starfighters, a Jedi ambassador shuttle, a Nu-class shuttle, Republic frigates, Arquitens-class, Acclamator-class and Venator-class capital ships. The gunship Havoc Marauder was used by Clone Force 99 in the Battle for Anaxes and the Mission to Skako Minor in the final years of the war.
The Republic Navy was led by Republic High Command and, due to an agreement between the Jedi Order and the Supreme Chancellor, the Jedi High Council. This gave Jedi officers overall command of both naval and army units, and although it annoyed many career spacers, many were satisfied that the joint operations allowed for a clear command chain. The admiralty was also a command unit of the navy, and one of its responsibilities was providing war material for the navy.
The Department of Naval Procurement of the Republic Defense Procurement Office was responsible for obtaining starships, supplies, and new technology for the Republic Navy, and fell under the oversight of the Naval Subcommittee's Procurement Panel in the Galactic Senate. Since the beginning of the Clone Wars, the Procurement Panel accepted designs and contracts from several corporations including Sienar Fleet Systems, Kuat Drive Yards, Rendili StarDrive, Corellian Engineering Corporation, Subpro Corporation, Incom Corporation, and Cygnus Spaceworks, and was responsible for allocating resources and other equipment, with many projects being in the prototype stage from the start of the war.
For wartime efforts, the Republic Navy had three primary goals: defend the Core Worlds, maintain security for supply lines, and provide troop deployment and extraction the the Grand Army of the Republic.
A force of clone navigation officers assisted in crewing the Navy's arsenal of warships. As part of a wartime bargain between the Office of the Chancellor and the Jedi Order, a cadre of non-clone veteran officers were assigned to work alongside the newly-appointed Jedi Generals.
Order of BattleEdit
As part of the Military Creation Act, the Republic Navy was allowed to conscript the vessels and crew of Republic worlds for the war effort in the early days of the Clone Wars. As such, some Republic systems donated dreadnoughts and cruisers, although most only had small corvettes and gunships that they could offer. Regardless, these donations supplemented the the Republic Navy's Consular-class space cruisers from the Judicial Forces as well as the Venator-class Star Destroyers and Acclamator-class assault ships provided by the Kaminoans. After the Battle of Geonosis, Kuat Drive Yards and Rothana Heavy Engineering combined their shipyards which drastically increased production of capital ships and smaller vessels, which allowed the Republic Navy to return borrowed vessels, although the crews usually remained with the Republic Navy in the hopes for better advancing their careers.
Republic Navy vessels ferried supplies and troops to perform their missions for months without logistical support. Strongly defended Republic worlds and well protected space stations such as Regalia Station served as ordnance/supply depots for the Republic Navy, and were available for resupply when needed.
The Republic Navy was made up of twenty central fleets, such as the 2nd Fleet, each attached to a Sector Army. Six of these fleets were located in the Core Worlds acting as defense and reserve, although units were often swapped out for battle-weary units that saw heavy fighting. The remaining fourteen main fleets saw heavy combat through the galaxy, saving the Core Worlds fleets from taking the brunt of the war, although operational and jurisdictional lines were blurred. Typically, ships deployed for six months before returning for three months to keep vessels and its crew healthy and alert, although combat rarely allowed it. The Republic Navy also consisted of other fleets, such as the Open Circle Fleet, the Bright Nebula Fleet,, Admiral Dao's fleet, Admiral Wurtz's fleet, the Coruscant Home Defense Fleet, and a Republic fleet at Bestine IV.
The Republic Navy was furthermore composed of task forces, sometimes referred as fleets as well, and included units such as Anakin Skywalker's task force, Plo Koon's fleet, Obi-Wan Kenobi's taskforce, and Kit Fisto's fleet. Battle groups were also included in the order of battle of the Republic Navy, with one unit being the battle group at Falleen.
From the onset of the Clone Wars, the Republic Navy consisted of personnel from planetary defense forces of various Republic star systems as well as members of the Judicial Forces. Clone troopers were allocated and inducted into the Republic Navy to serve as crew members and security, and Jedi officers along with a Republic Navy official led naval units.
Rank on officers, including clone navigation officers, in the Republic Navy was demonstrated by a rank insignia plaque worn on their military uniforms. The rank of Admiral and Rear Admiral were used, as was the rank of Commander and its clone counterpart, Clone Commander. Captain, and Clone Captain, was part of the naval rank structure, as was the rank of Lieutenant.
During its active history, the Republic Navy made use of several types of capital ships. Such starships included Acclamator-class transgalactic military assault ships, and Star Destroyers such as Venator-class Star Destroyers and Victory-class Star Destroyers. Dreadnoughts and other cruisers were also deployed.
The Republic Navy utilized several classes of light cruisers and corvettes. At least two examples of light cruisers were Arquitens-class light cruisers, and Charger c70 retrofitted Consular-class cruisers.
Freighters and cargo transportsEdit
Troop and vehicle transportsEdit
The Republic Navy utilized several types of gunships, including LAAT/is, space gunships, and Low Altitude Assault Transport carriers. The Havoc Marauder was a type of gunship used by Republic forces. The Republic Navy also used escape pods, including salon pods and Republic escape pods.
The Republic Navy had an assortment of shuttles in its inventory, including Eta-class shuttles, Nu-class transports, Republic medical shuttles, T-6 shuttles, and Theta-class T-2c shuttles.
The Republic Navy deployed a variety of starfighters including interceptors such as the Delta-7, Delta-7B Aethersprite-class light interceptors and the Eta-2 Actis-class light interceptors. Starfigher-bombers such as the BTL-B variant of the BTL Y-wing starfighter, and other starfighters such as the Alpha-3 Nimbus-class V-wing, ARC-170, V-19 and the Clone version of the Z-95 Headhunters.
- (as "Republic Fleet")
- (as "Republic starfleet")
- (as "Republic fleet")
- (as "Galactic Republic fleet")
- Star Wars Rebels: The Visual Guide (First identified as Republic Navy)
- Ultimate Star Wars (as "Republic navy")
- Star Wars Character Encyclopedia: Updated and Expanded
- Star Wars: Rogue One: Rebel Dossier
- Star Wars: The Visual Encyclopedia
- Star Wars: On the Front Lines
- Dawn of Rebellion
- Star Wars Encyclopedia of Starfighters and Other Vehicles
- TIE Fighter Owners' Workshop Manual
- (as "Republic fleet")
- (as "Galactic Republic fleet")