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"Two there should be. No more, no less. One to embody power, the other to crave it."
―Darth Bane[src]

The Rule of Two was a creed embodied by two Sith Lords—a master and an apprentice.

The Rule of Two was a Sith philosophy established by Sith Lord Darth Bane in order for the Sith to operate in secret and eventually get revenge on the Jedi Order, following their near annihilation in the Jedi-Sith War. Inspired by the concept of a Force dyad, the rule mandated that only two Sith Lords could exist at any given time: a master to represent the power of the dark side of the Force, and an apprentice to train under the master and one day fulfill their role. The philosophy of two governed the Lords of the Sith.

History[edit | edit source]

Prelude[edit | edit source]

Even before Darth Bane created the rule, the Sith doctrines still rotated somewhat around the idea a pair of Force-users.[1] The masters demanded loyalty from their apprentices, but they sometimes betrayed them if they found one with more potential.[2] In ancient times, the Sith were often ruled by two Dark Lords while many others existed at the same time.[3]

Creation[edit | edit source]

"Created the Rule of Two, you did."
―Yoda, to the specter of Darth Bane — (audio) Listen (file info)[src]

The Rule of Two was created by the ancient Sith Lord Darth Bane.

The Jedi Order and Sith Order were bitter adversaries for millennia.[4] Eventually, the Sith's greed for power caused them to turn on themselves,[5] which allowed the Jedi to defeat and decimate the weakened Sith a millennium before the Clone Wars.[6] However, Darth Bane emerged as the sole surviving Sith Lord. Recognizing that it was Sith greed and infighting that led to their destruction, Bane created the Rule of Two so the Sith could operate in secret, using subterfuge to plot their revenge against the Jedi.[7] Bane developed the philosophy after his personal experiences, by studying ancient Sith documents[8] and to succeed the older, purer doctrine of the dyad in the Force, a unique Force-bond strong as life itself between two Force-sensitive individuals. In comparison to the dyad, the Rule of Two was a pale imitation, an unworthy but necessary successor.[9]

Bane's new principle was to prevent the Sith from fighting among themselves and becoming vulnerable due to internal conflicts, so that the Sith could focus on their goal of governing and imposing their will on others. To keep alive the Sith lineage, the apprentice had to slay the master to gain the title and take on their own apprentice, or the master could have the apprentice killed and replace him with a new one. It's also possible that the apprentice dies in their attempt to kill their master, and be replaced.[10] This caused the relationship between the master and apprentice to not be one of trust, as both constantly searched for signs of weakness in the other.[11]

Bane took an apprentice of his own, Darth Zannah,[12] and passed on his knowledge while establishing the new Sith way of pursuing power and revenge against the Jedi through manipulation and subterfuge. The Jedi became aware of Bane's philosophy and Bane was killed.[13] Although historical records weren't accurate, it was considered possible that Bane was killed by his own apprentice.[8] In either case, the Jedi went on to falsely believe that they had destroyed the Sith forever. However, Bane's plans continued through his apprentice, allowing the Sith to survive secretly for years while planning their revenge against the Jedi Order.[13] Rumors, nevertheless, remained that the Sith continued in the shadows.[14]

Plagueis and Sidious[edit | edit source]

"Unfortunately, he taught his apprentice everything he knew. Then his apprentice killed him in his sleep."
―Darth Sidious, remembering Darth Plagueis[src]

Darth Sidious was trained by Darth Plagueis, the Sith Lord who sought to conquer death.

The Sith carried out their vendetta for a thousand years, gaining power in secret while the Jedi still believed that the Sith had been destroyed.[15] During this period, the Dark Lord of the Sith Darth Plagueis took Darth Sidious, the Sith persona of Senator Sheev Palpatine of Naboo, as his apprentice. They worked for years to coax the final secrets from the dark side of the Force. Sidious called back on the wisdom of Plagueis as a planner and a prophet, knowing full well that two Sith were required to enact their means; one to serve as bait for the dark side, the other to be the vessel. Success would allow them the ability to harness the full power of the dark side and rule immortal for ten thousand years.[16]

Sidious and Maul[edit | edit source]

"Always two there are; no more, no less. A master and an apprentice."

Darth Maul was trained by Sidious, who killed his own master.

While training under Plagueis, Sidious acquired a Dathomirian Zabrak named Maul as his pupil.[17] He had initially considered Mother Talzin, Maul's mother, to be his Sith apprentice, but took Maul upon realizing his potential.[18] Seeing no further use for his master, Sidious killed Plagueis in his sleep.[19]

After killing his first Jedi, the Twi'lek Padawan Eldra Kaitis, Maul reflected that she would have made a good Sith apprentice, but that he had to finish her off to prevent his master from discovering his intended betrayal. Concurrently, Xev Xrexus from the Xrexus Cartel theorized the Sith's comeback, leading Maul to kill her[20] as Sidious threatened him with death if they were prematurely discovered.[21]

In 32 BBY, during the Invasion of Naboo by the Trade Federation, the Sith finally revealed themselves to the Jedi with Sidious sending Maul to Tatooine to capture Queen Padmé Amidala and take her back to Naboo so she could sign a peace treaty. The Jedi Qui-Gon Jinn faced Maul but was able to leave Tatooine with Amidala and his allies, realizing that the Sith had returned. During the Battle of Naboo, which broke the Federation's blockade, Maul killed Jinn only to be seemingly killed in turn by Padawan Obi-Wan Kenobi, leading the Jedi to realize the return of the Sith.[22]

Sidious and Tyranus[edit | edit source]

"Remember, the first and only reality of the Sith. There can only be two. And you are no longer my apprentice. You have been replaced."
―Darth Sidious, to Maul[src]

Sidious replaced Maul with Count Dooku, a former Jedi Master who adopted the Sith identity of Darth Tyranus.

With Maul gone, Sidious took the former Jedi Master Count Dooku from House Serenno as his next apprentice and bestowed him the name Darth Tyranus.[23] During a mission on Sullust, Dooku considered recruiting the Jedi Knight Jak'zin as an ally to the Sith cause, but ultimately stopped when Sidious stated that a Sith Master needed only one apprentice and threatened to replace him with the Togorian Jedi.[24] During the next decade, Dooku aided his master in engineering the Clone Wars, including orchestrating Jedi Master Sifo-Dyas' death, and then to use his name to order an army of clones to be created for the Republic[25] and selecting bounty hunter Jango Fett as the genetic template for the clones. In 22 BBY, with the Confederacy of Independent Systems on their side, Dooku revealed his new allegiance to the Jedi and the Clone Wars began with the First Battle of Geonosis.[23]

The duel between Sidious, Maul and Savage Opress was an example of the struggles that the Rule of Two was created to prevent.

The Rule of Two was violated by Dooku, who took the Dathomirian Nightsister Asajj Ventress on as an assassin and apprentice. However, Sidious, believing Dooku may have been training her to destroy him and sensing that her power had grown, ordered Dooku to eliminate her. Dooku obeyed his master and left her for dead following the Battle of Sullust.[26] Dooku later took the Zabrak Savage Opress, brother of Maul, as his apprentice[27] only for his plan to fail due to Ventress' intervention.[28] Upon receiving a premonition of events to come, the Besalisk Jedi Master Pong Krell fell to the dark side in an attempt to become Dooku's new apprentice, but the clone Dogma executed him after Krell turned on the 501st Legion.[29] Maul later revealed himself to be alive and took Opress as his apprentice, making two rival pairs of Sith.[30] However, Sidious tracked them down and killed Opress during the Mandalorian civil war, whilst allowing Maul to live as he had other uses for him.[31] Dooku took the Jedi Master Quinlan Vos as his apprentice after capturing him, but his plan failed again as Ventress gave her life to save Vos.[32]

Sidious and Vader[edit | edit source]

"I pledge myself to your teachings. To the ways of the Sith."
"Good. Good. The Force is strong with you. A powerful Sith you will become. Henceforth, you shall be known as Darth…Vader."
―Anakin Skywalker and Darth Sidious[src]

After Tyranus' death, Sidious turned Anakin Skywalker to the dark side, renaming him Darth Vader.

In 19 BBY, shortly before the end of the Clone Wars, General Grievous kidnapped Palpatine under Sidous' order, in order to bring Anakin Skywalker to the dark side and replace Dooku as his next apprentice. Palpatine's capture led to Kenobi and Skywalker to be dispatched to rescue him aboard the Invisible Hand. During a lightsaber duel aboard the ship, Skywalker defeated and disarmed Dooku. Sidious then betrayed his apprentice by encouraging Anakin to kill the Sith Lord, paving the way for Skywalker to take the older man's place. After Dooku's death, Sidious and his Jedi rescuers eventually made it back to Coruscant. Studentless again, Sidious seduced Skywalker to the dark side by telling him about Plagueis upon discovering his fears that Amidala, his secret wife, would die in childbirth. Skywalker initially revealed Palpatine's secret to Mace Windu, who then attempted to arrest the Chancellor. Skywalker, however, was forced to turn on the Jedi to save Palpatine from being killed.[19]

No longer a Jedi, Skywalker became Sidious' final apprentice, who bestowed him the name Darth Vader. Sidious issued the order for clone troopers to turn against their Jedi Generals and Skywalker was sent to the Jedi Temple to kill the Jedi there. Afterwards, Skywalker traveled to Mustafar where he slaughtered the Separatist Council whilst Palpatine proclaimed himself Emperor and reorganized the Republic into the First Galactic Empire. After the failure of Yoda and Kenobi to finish off Sidious and Vader, Sidious saved Vader from dying on Mustafar and encased him in armor. Vader was then informed that Amidala had died due to his wrath.[19] With his only loved one gone, Vader initially struggled before accepting the reality and fully committing himself to the Sith, leading a doubtful Sidious to desist from seeking another apprentice.[33]

Dark side adepts and cyborgs[edit | edit source]

"They are abominations. This is heresy."
"You forget who is master and who is student. It is your duty to learn what I know. It is my duty to learn what there is to teach."
―Darth Vader and Darth Sidious[src]

Sidious had grown to doubt Vader as an apprentice, and considered replacing him with one of Cylo's creations.

During the Imperial Era, Vader taught the Inquisitorius, a group of former Jedi who had turned to the dark side, and were tasked with hunting down the remaining Jedi, though the Inquisitors themselves only served the Sith and were not considered Sith apprentices, being mere dark side adepts.[34] By 0 BBY, the Inquisitorius had ceased to exist.[35]

Though seemingly invincible, the New Order was put in danger when the Alliance to Restore the Republic succeeded in destroying the Death Star battle station.[36] Doubting Vader's capacities, Sidious accepted Doctor Cylo's suggestions in relegating Vader to a ceremonial apprentice and replacing him with a new biologically engineered one. When Vader met Cylo's creations, Commander Karbin, Tulon Voidgazer, twins Morit and Aiolin Astarte and a Trandoshan; he became confused.[37] Vader, however, eventually proved himself to his master and killed each of Cylo's creations and Cylo himself.[38]

Vader's conspiracy[edit | edit source]

"There is no escape. Don't make me destroy you. You do not yet realize your importance. You have only begun to discover your power. Join me and I will complete your training. With our combined strength, we can end this destructive conflict and bring order to the galaxy."
"I'll never join you!"
―Darth Vader and Luke Skywalker[src]

Vader endeavored to turn Luke Skywalker to the dark side, believing their combined power would bring order to the galaxy.

Unknown to Sidious, however, Vader already had plans to dispose of him and convince Luke Skywalker, his secret son and the pilot who destroyed the Death Star, to join him and rule the galaxy.[39] While trying to recover the Emperor's respect before Cylo's death, Vader became aware of his parenthood after the bounty hunter Boba Fett discovered the pilot's name and informed Vader of this.[40] Focused on trying to get his son to join him on the dark side, Vader killed Karbin and prevented Luke from being captured on Vrogas Vas.[41] In 3 ABY, following the Battle of Hoth, Vader communicated with Palpatine aboard the Executor, as the Emperor had sensed the threat Skywalker posed to the Sith. Promising his master that Luke would either choose joining them or be killed by his hand, Vader managed to capture the crew of the Millennium Falcon on Cloud City and manipulated Luke into saving his friends.[39]

Upon arriving on Cloud City, Bespin, Luke was unable to hear Leia Organa's warnings that Vader had set up a trap for him. Luke then found Vader and the two engaged in a duel. Vader was able to defeat and cut off one of his hands before telling him that he was his father. Vader then offered Luke the chance to join him and overthrow the Emperor and bring order to the galaxy. Luke, however, refused and plunged himself into the shaft only to be rescued by the Falcon.[39]

End of the Sith[edit | edit source]

"I'm looking forward to completing your training. In time you will call me Master."
"You're gravely mistaken. You won't convert me as you did my father."
―Darth Sidious and Luke Skywalker[src]

The deaths of Darth Sidious and Darth Vader ended the lineage of Sith Lords that began with Darth Bane.

One year later, both the Empire and the Rebel Alliance were preparing for a definitive showdown above the Forest Moon of Endor with the second Death Star's superlaser finally operational.[42] Still determined to find his son,[43] Vader was sent by his master to Endor to wait for Luke to come to him. After Luke turned himself over to Vader, Luke attempted to turn Vader back to the light side of the Force. Vader refused his son's pleas and the two traveled to the Death Star where Sidious awaited.[42]

Once in the Emperor's Throne Room, the Emperor welcomed Skywalker, promising to complete his training. Eventually a duel broke out between Luke and Vader, ending with Luke cutting off his father's hand. The Emperor betrayed Vader in a similar fashion he betrayed Dooku by prompting Luke to kill his father and take his place at the Emperor's side. Luke refused, stating he was a Jedi like his father before him.[42]

Sidious, enraged, began electrocuting Luke with Force lightning. Vader, realizing that he had to choose between saving his son or letting him die, chose to grab Sidious and threw him into a reactor shaft, killing his master but sacrificing himself in the process. Vader had redeemed himself and became Anakin Skywalker once again, declaring that Luke was right that there had still been good in him, before he died. Anakin's actions had brought balance to the Force, by destroying the Sith[42] as he had been prophesied to do,[22] and by ending the Rule of Two.[42]

Legacy[edit | edit source]

A sole Sith Lord[edit | edit source]

"My boy, I made Snoke. I have been every voice, you have ever heard, inside your head. The First Order was just the beginning. I will give you so much more."
―Darth Sidious, to Kylo Ren[src]

Snoke was no Sith, but his role was designed by the Sith Eternal cultists to serve as a final test in Kylo Ren's dark ascendancy.

While the Sith became extinct and the Rule of Two was brought to an end,[42] Sidious eventually resurfaced from the dead through settling his spirit into a cloned body[9] on the ancient Sith world of Exegol, where he formed a massive armada with the aid of the Sith Eternal so he could eventually reclaim his power.[44]

Lacking an apprentice once more, Sidious created an artificial humanoid named Snoke and had him seduce Ben Solo, Anakin Skywalker's grandson, to the dark side of the Force after Luke Skywalker's Jedi Temple was destroyed, shattering Skywalker's efforts to rebuild the Jedi Order. To further influence the young Skywalker, Sidious also impersonated the voice of Vader in order to manipulate Solo through the burned helmet of his former apprentice.[44]

Snoke and Kylo Ren[edit | edit source]

"Your show of power is impressive, but that cave had stood for thousands of years."
"The past is the past."
"I hoped to bring other apprentices to it."
"You won't need other apprentices."
―Snoke and Kylo Ren[src]

Snoke fulfilled his purpose by dying at Ren's hand in an act worthy of the Rule of Two.

Snoke eventually became the Supreme Leader of the First Order, a military junta which succeeded the Galactic Empire after its defeat. Aside from Solo, who had adopted the name of Kylo Ren as master of the Knights of Ren,[45] Snoke trained other apprentices as well.[46] Snoke believed that as part of the Skywalker bloodline, Ren had the right balance of the light and dark sides of the Force in him due to his heritage as Darth Vader's grandson.[47]

Thirty years after the defeat of the Sith,[48] Snoke was deposed by Ren aboard the First Order's flagship the Supremacy[49] by using the presence of the Force prodigy Rey to kill Snoke in an act worthy of the Rule of Two,[8] and unknowingly completing the final test the Sith Eternal had laid out for him.[50] Ren claimed the title of Supreme Leader and took the reins of the First Order. He then led the Order's forces during the Battle of Crait, which saw the death of Luke Skywalker, who sacrificed himself to save the Resistance.[49]

Sith Eternal[edit | edit source]

"The ritual begins. She will strike me down and pledge herself as a Sith. She will draw her weapon. She will come to me. She will take her revenge, and with a stroke of her saber, the Sith are reborn. The Jedi are dead!"
―Darth Sidious, to Rey[src]

Long after his death, Darth Sidious returned to herald the rebirth of the Sith.

One year after the Battle of Crait,[51] Sidious broadcasted a message announcing his imminent return. Deeming the phantom emperor a threat to his rule, Kylo acquired a Sith wayfinder that belonged to Vader and tracked Sidious to Exegol. Upon discovering Sidious, the Dark Lord of the Sith revealed himself as the mastermind behind Snoke and "spirit" of the long dead Darth Vader and offered Ren the Throne of the Sith as the new Emperor of the Sith Eternal in exchange of killing Rey, his granddaughter.[44]

When Rey was told her heritage with Sidious by Ren, she tracked him down to Exegol and threatened to kill him for ordering the deaths of her parents. However, Sidious insisted she strike him down so he could transfer his spirit into her body to be united together and rule as Empress Palpatine. However, Rey refused and while the Resistance faced the Sith Eternal's forces, a redeemed Ben Solo came to help Rey defeat Sidious. Realizing their usefulness as a prophesied dyad in the Force, Sidious resolved to dispose of the two Force warriors and rule alone, but Rey used the strength of the Jedi of the past to destroy Sidious, though Solo later revived her at the cost of his own life, preventing the Sith's rebirth.[44]

Appearances[edit | edit source]

Non-canon appearances[edit | edit source]

Sources[edit | edit source]

Notes and references[edit | edit source]

  1. Rebels-mini-logo.png Star Wars Rebels – "Twilight of the Apprentice"
  2. Star Wars: The Visual Encyclopedia
  3. Star Wars: The Rise of Skywalker: A Junior Novel
  4. Helmet Collection logo small.png Star Wars Helmet Collection 14 (Weapons & Uniforms: The Sith)
  5. TCW mini logo.jpg Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "Sacrifice"
  6. Ultimate Star Wars
  7. StarWars-DatabankII.png Darth Bane in the Databank (backup link)
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 Star Wars: The Dark Side
  9. 9.0 9.1 Star Wars: The Rise of Skywalker: Expanded Edition
  10. Rise of the Separatists
  11. Darth Vader: Sith Lord
  12. Helmet Collection logo small.png Star Wars Helmet Collection 2 (Databank A-Z: Alzoc III—Antilles)
  13. 13.0 13.1 Encyclopedia Darth Bane in the Encyclopedia (content now obsolete; backup link)
  14. StarWars-DatabankII.png Yoda Biography Gallery in the Databank (backup link) (Image 3 of 18)
  15. Encyclopedia Sith in the Encyclopedia (content now obsolete; backup link)
  16. Tarkin
  17. StarWars-DatabankII.png Darth Sidious Biography Gallery in the Databank (backup link) (Image 1 of 24)
  18. Darth Maul—Son of Dathomir 3
  19. 19.0 19.1 19.2 Star Wars: Episode III Revenge of the Sith
  20. Darth Maul 5
  21. Darth Maul 1
  22. 22.0 22.1 Star Wars: Episode I The Phantom Menace
  23. 23.0 23.1 Star Wars: Episode II Attack of the Clones
  24. Age of Republic - Count Dooku 1
  25. TCW mini logo.jpg Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "The Lost One"
  26. TCW mini logo.jpg Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "Nightsisters"
  27. TCW mini logo.jpg Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "Monster"
  28. TCW mini logo.jpg Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "Witches of the Mist"
  29. TCW mini logo.jpg Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "Carnage of Krell"
  30. TCW mini logo.jpg Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "Revival"
  31. TCW mini logo.jpg Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "The Lawless"
  32. Dark Disciple
  33. Darth Vader: Dark Lord of the Sith 25
  34. Darth Vader: Dark Lord of the Sith 6
  35. Goldman, Eric (March 30, 2016). Star Wars Rebels: Dave Filoni on Ahsoka's Fate, Maul's Return and Much More (Page 3 of 4). IGN. Archived from the original on June 18, 2018. Retrieved on March 30, 2016.
  36. Star Wars: Episode IV A New Hope
  37. Darth Vader 5
  38. Darth Vader 25
  39. 39.0 39.1 39.2 Star Wars: Episode V The Empire Strikes Back
  40. Darth Vader 6
  41. Darth Vader 15
  42. 42.0 42.1 42.2 42.3 42.4 42.5 Star Wars: Episode VI Return of the Jedi
  43. Return of the Jedi: Beware the Power of the Dark Side!
  44. 44.0 44.1 44.2 44.3 Star Wars: Episode IX The Rise of Skywalker
  45. Star Wars: Episode VII The Force Awakens
  46. Star Wars: The Force Awakens: The Visual Dictionary
  47. Star Wars: The Force Awakens novelization
  48. Star Wars: Galactic Atlas places the events of the film Star Wars: Episode VII The Force Awakens in 34 ABY. As Star Wars: Episode VIII The Last Jedi carries on immediately from the events of The Force Awakens, it can be assumed to take place in the same year.
  49. 49.0 49.1 Star Wars: Episode VIII The Last Jedi
  50. Star Wars: The Rise of Skywalker: The Visual Dictionary
  51. Star Wars: The Rise of Skywalker: The Visual Dictionary dates the events of Star Wars: Episode IX The Rise of Skywalker to one year after the events of Star Wars: Episode VII The Force Awakens. As Star Wars: Galactic Atlas dates the events of The Force Awakens to 34 ABY, the events of The Rise of Skywalker must occur in 35 ABY.
History of the Sith
Hundred-Year Darkness · Sith Wars · Sith war · Sith Empire · Great Scourge of Malachor · Darth Momin's destruction of a city
Great Hyperspace War · Battle of Wasted Years · Era of the Sith · Battle of Takodana · Jedi-Sith War
Rule of Two · Great Plan (Oba Diah · Naboo Crisis · Separatist Crisis · Clone Wars)
Darth Maul (Drazkel · Mandalorian civil war · Campaign against the Shadow Collective)
Galactic Empire (Great Jedi Purge · Early rebellion · Galactic Civil War) · Mission to Malachor · World Between Worlds
Sith Eternal (First Order–Resistance war)
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