For other uses, see Snoke (disambiguation).

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"You think you can turn him? Pathetic child, I cannot be betrayed. I cannot be beaten. I see his mind. I see his every intent! Yes, I see him turning the lightsaber to strike true. And now, foolish child, he ignites it, and kills his true enemy!"
―Snoke's final words, to Rey and Kylo Ren[src]

Snoke, an artificial strandcast humanoid male, was Supreme Leader of the First Order until his death in 34 ABY. A powerful Force-sensitive alien of mysterious origins, Snoke's mastery of the dark side of the Force facilitated his rise to power, outmaneuvering high-ranking officers such as Grand Admiral Rae Sloane and General Brendol Hux to become absolute ruler of the First Order. His reign saw the development of a technological war machine, in particular a new generation of stormtroopers trained from birth for absolute loyalty to the Supreme Leader, as well as the production of a new line of Star Destroyers for the First Order Navy.

Snoke was secretly engineered on the Sith world of Exegol where his creator, the reborn Galactic Emperor Darth Sidious, oversaw the Sith Eternal's efforts to build the largest fleet in galactic history. Although Snoke possessed free will, the purpose of his existence was to serve as a proxy ruler of the First Order as well as to mold Kylo Rengrandson of the Sith Lord Darth Vader—into an heir who was worthy of inheriting the Sith legacy. Snoke's machinations also prevented the restoration of the Jedi Order under Jedi Master Luke Skywalker.

With Starkiller Base becoming operational under the supervision of General Armitage Hux, Snoke authorized the use of the superweapon against Hosnian Prime, destroying the New Republic capital along with its government and the home fleet. A galactic war ensued from the Hosnian Cataclysm, with Snoke personally overseeing the hunt for the Resistance until his assassination. Ren killed his master in an effort to secure his own rise to power, saving the Jedi apprentice Rey in the process, and succeeding Snoke as the new Supreme Leader. After Snoke's death, Sidious revealed himself as Ren's true master and offered to help him rule the galaxy as the new Emperor.



"My boy, I made Snoke."
―Darth Sidious, to Kylo Ren[src]

Snoke was secretly created by Darth Sidious on Exegol.

Snoke was an artificial humanoid genetic strandcast created by Darth Sidious sometime after his first demise during the Battle of Endor. The male alien had free will, although his actions and goals were orchestrated by Sidious.[5] Clones of Snoke were stored on Exegol by the Sith Eternal, a cult of Sith loyalists who served Darth Sidious.[1] It was possible Snoke himself didn't know his true nature,[5] implying he was unaware he was created by Sidious.[source?] He was unknowing, at least subtly, that he was secretly manipulated by Sidious from afar.[5]

Early life

"I was not born Snoke. I became Snoke."
―Snoke, to Ben Solo[src]

Though strong with the Force, the mysterious Snoke was subservient to an unseen power.

Snoke was Force-sensitive,[8] and he became a secretive, wise, and powerful master of the dark side and a seeker of ancient and arcane lore,[6] and had established a number of bases to contain his gathered lore.[1] Sometime during his life, Snoke trained at least one individual as an apprentice in the ways of the dark side.[9] Snoke also had command of an alien navigator group called the Attendants that served him.[10] At one point, Snoke endured a wound that split his head.[11]

Though he had only been created after the Battle of Endor,[5] Snoke claimed to have witnessed the rise and fall of the Galactic Empire, which Sidious had ruled through his cultivated public identity as Emperor Sheev Palpatine.[12] Snoke eventually acquired a black obsidian stone from the catacombs and mines beneath the castle of the Sith Lord Darth Vader on the planet Mustafar and later affixed the stone to a golden ring he wore, which was engraved with glyphs used by the Dwartii.[10] Ren, the leader of the Knights of Ren, was familiar with Snoke.[13]

Rise of the Supreme Leader

"The First Order was just the beginning."
―Darth Sidious, to Kylo Ren[src]

After the Galactic Empire fell, Snoke rose to power as Supreme Leader of the First Order.

Through a secret Contingency designed by Darth Sidious, many former Imperial officers, nobles and technologists fled to the Unknown Regions of space. Most of the former Imperial officers would have likely perished while crossing this uncharted realm if it had not been for the ancient hyperspace trails blazed by the Attendants,[10] along with some knowledge of the Unknown Regions provided by the Chiss Grand Admiral Thrawn,[14] which helped the former Imperial officers settle there and reorganize themselves into the First Order.[15][10]

Snoke eventually achieved the status of the Supreme Leader of the First Order. The last of the old Imperial leadership, including Grand Admiral Rae Sloane, the political lunatic Ormes Apolin, and even General Brendol Hux did not expect Snoke's rise to power and were surprised when it occurred. General Armitage Hux, Brendol's son, was spared by Snoke in order to use him as a tool in his rise to power.[16] Gaining the Supreme Leader's favor meant that Hux effectively wielded greater authority than his rank as a general would indicate; nevertheless, Snoke refused to grant Hux his coveted title of Grand Marshal.[10] However, upon his rise to power, Snoke never gave any indication of his origins.[1]

In 28 ABY,[17] Snoke gave Enric Pryde command of a Resurgent-class Star Destroyer, which he named the Steadfast in honor of his old vessel.[1]

Seduction of Ben Solo

Interest in Skywalker's apprentice

"Is all well, my friend? I sense disquiet in you."
"I'm fine, Snoke. Just off on yet another mission with Master Skywalker to find Jedi artifacts."
―Snoke and Ben Solo[src]

Snoke befriended Ben Solo, the young but powerful nephew and apprentice of Jedi Master Luke Skywalker.

Snoke became invested in the Skywalker family bloodline, believing Princess Leia Organa and Han Solo's son, Ben Solo—grandson of Anakin Skywalker and nephew of the now Jedi Master Luke Skywalker—had the right balance of the light and dark sides of the Force in him due his heritage of Darth Vader's grandson.[12] In addition, Snoke had been indirectly responsible for convincing Skywalker to rebuild the Jedi Order in an attempt to break the latter when he had it destroyed alongside Skywalker himself. The corruption of Ben Solo was instrumental to his plan.[16] At some point Skywalker damaged Snoke.[18]

Having known of Snoke's interest in her son's potential for power, Organa sought to protect Ben from the mysterious dark side wielder. However, she did not inform her husband about Snoke's designs on their son, believing that, as a non-Force-sensitive, Han would not understand Organa's responsibility to shield Ben from the influence of the dark side.[12] She, therefore, trusted her twin brother, Luke Skywalker, to keep Ben in the light by training him as a Jedi. Despite his nephew's promising future, Skywalker felt the darkness rising within Solo and ultimately believed that Snoke had already succeeded in corrupting his pupil. In a moment of pure instinct, Skywalker drew his lightsaber and prepared to strike the young Solo, but he quickly came to his senses—though not quick enough, as his nephew had woken up to his uncle standing over him with his lightsaber out. Solo struck back against his master, believing that his own uncle had intended to murder him.[4]

The road to darkness

"What is the truth, my friend? What is your true name? The Knights will want you to take it if they let you join them. It is the way of the dark side. When we embrace it fully, we become our truest selves."
―Snoke, to Ben Solo[src]

Fascinated by the raw power of the Skywalker bloodline, Snoke converted young Solo to the dark side of the Force.

After that Solo journeyed to a space station, where Snoke was waiting for him and comforted the young Solo. From there he proceeded to discuss the events that transpired between Solo and his uncle, knowing that Skywalker was still alive as it would take much more to kill him.[18] He was correct in this as Skywalker survived and fled to Ahch-To, and his nascent Jedi Order was wiped out by Solo,[4] Organa believed Snoke was to blame for Solo's fall to the dark side, but her brother felt personally responsible as a result of what transpired between master and apprentice.[4]

Snoke also discussed his fondness of the planet space station they were on and how the people who built it tried to hold back the darkness by creating an oasis of life in the great shadow but failed to hold back the nature of what was there. He also listened as Solo expressed his frustrations with being his family legacy and being born to legends and how it was all lies and fake. In this conversation a droid alerted him to a message from General Brendol Hux, but Snoke ordered the droid to have him wait. From here he began to encourage Solo to seek out the Knights of Ren and to become his truest self. He also prior to Solo departing warned him he must impress and join the Knights or he would die.[19]

Snoke also apparently contacted the leader of the Knights, Ren, and expressed his belief that Solo was something special and had "vouched" for him. He eventually sensed Solo taking his steps into the dark side as he dueled the knight's current leader, and felt pleasure in this. Solo then killed Ren and the Knights bowed to their new leader.[13] Following this Ben eventually swore his loyalty to Snoke and became his apprentice. By becoming Snoke's apprentice, the former Ben Solo renamed himself "Kylo Ren," the so-called master of the Knights of Ren, and champion of the First Order.[8] Snoke also eventually gave Solo his blessing and gifted the Knights to Solo out of a promise for powerful followers if he proved worthy.[1]

Snoke saw potential in his apprentice to become a new Darth Vader, and became confident that his dark apprentice would herald the final destruction of the Jedi Order, and therefore, everything it represented to the galaxy, including hope. Due to Ren's inherited status as a Skywalker, Snoke sensed his disciple's potential for limitless power, a result of the strength inherent in Ren's bloodline.[16]

Master of Kylo Ren

Dark side teachings

"I need more from you. I need you to find your true power. Your true potential."
―Snoke, to Kylo Ren[src]

Snoke trained Kylo Ren to turn his fear and anger into power.

At some point prior to the attack on Tuanul, Snoke, along with Ren, traveled to a rocky world in the Rarlech system. As they stood at the edge of a cliff, Snoke asked Ren if he was afraid. Ren replied by saying he was not. Snoke then used the Force to push Ren off the cliff and hold him in the air. Snoke said that he knew Ren was afraid, as he should be, because, Ren wasn't in control. No, he was confused and unsure of his convictions. He felt powerless. Snoke proceeded to say that feeling that way was good. Powerless men often turned to anger and lash out blindly, with rage. But powerful beings can harness their rage and use it to strike. For either, they strike or they fall. Snoke then let go of Ren and let him fall, advising him to use his fear, turn it into anger, and turn his anger into power. Ren followed that advice and was able to hold himself up and survive the fall. He then inquired whether Snoke would have caught him if he wasn't able to catch himself. The Supreme Leader replied by saying that Skywalker would have and in doing so, held Ren back. Snoke needed Ren to find his true power and potential if Ren wanted to rule alongside him.[20]

Trial on Dagobah

"Rise above what's holding you back. Strike. Strike against the light side that is within you."
―Snoke, to Kylo Ren[src]

Snoke brought Ren to Dagobah, where Luke Skywalker was trained by Yoda.

After the training in the Rarlech system, Ren and Snoke traveled to Dagobah. As they stepped off their shuttle, Ren commented that he sensed Luke Skywalker from his time in Dagobah when training with Yoda. As Snoke spoke of Skywalker's training, Ren asked why he spoke of Skywalker with respect. Snoke said if he had Skywalker by his side instead of Ben, the galaxy would have been his a long time ago. Snoke then made Ren go into the Cave of Evil, where his uncle had gone into so many years before.[20]

Once inside, Ren experienced a vision of his uncle Luke, saying that he didn't want to fight him. Ren said he didn't care and ignited his lightsaber. Snoke sensed that decision and commended Ren for making it. After a short duel between the two, Ren was able to kill the vision of Luke, by letting the hate festering inside of him out. But the vision had only begun.[20]

Ren then experienced a vision of his parents, begging him to stop. He replied by saying that Ben wasn't his name, Kylo Ren was. But Leia insisted that Ben was his name and that he was still their child, whom they loved. Though struggling, Ben activated his lightsaber and acted as if he was striking down his parents, but only striking a tree with his lightsaber, showing that though he hated his uncle Luke, he still loved his parents. Kylo then proceeded to destroy the cave. Snoke remarked that the Cave of Evil had been there for thousands of years, and he wished to bring other apprentices to it. Ren answered by saying that the past was the past and that Snoke wouldn't need any more apprentices.[20]

Galactic conquest

Patron of Armitage Hux

"Men like Hux are useful. Men consumed with ambition, fuelled by spite. Men who can set aside their pride, who have shame burning inside them. Pups who are abused often grow up to become vicious creatures, but they never forget where they came from. And they never forgive."
―Snoke, on Hux[src]

Snoke, much to his apprentice's chagrin, supported General Armitage Hux through patronage.

After a series of events which had seen Hux and Ren temporally stranded on a planet in the wake of an assassination attempt, both Hux and Ren reported back to Snoke on the almost complete Starkiller Base following their rescue by Captain Phasma. Hux declared to Snoke that he had identified the one responsibile for the assassination attempt, and then rebuffed Ren's offer to deal with the sabatour, requesting the permission of Snoke to deal with the traitor himself. Snoke permitted this, which pleased Hux, who went to find the traitor. As he left, Ren told Snoke he didn't see Hux's worth in being kept around. Snoke merely stated that he didn't need to. Ren insisted that Hux was not to be trusted, and that he wanted to kill Snoke and take his place. Snoke replied that Hux wanted to kill a lot of people, and chose not to take it personally. He instead told Ren that men like Hux were useful, be fueled by spite and after being abused, never forgive.[21]

When Hux and Phasma went to execute Admiral Brooks, the saboteurs superior, Hux cited Snoke, alongside Ren and his own father, Brendol Hux, as people who underestimated him.[21]

The road to war

"Even you, master of the Knights of Ren, have never faced such a test."
"By the grace of your training, I will not be seduced."
―Snoke and Kylo Ren[src]

Snoke warned Ren to prepare for a reunion with his father, Han Solo.

Following Skywalker's disappearance, Snoke assigned Ren to hunt down the last Jedi, knowing that as long as Skywalker lived, the Jedi and thus hope lived. In 34 ABY,[22] Ren's search led him to Jakku, where he learned that the final piece of the map to Skywalker was in the possession of the astromech droid BB-8. Snoke ordered the droid's capture or destruction, preferably the former. Despite the efforts of the First Order, BB-8 managed to escape Jakku aboard the Millennium Falcon.[8]

Ren and General Hux later returned to Starkiller Base to communicate with Snoke via hologram. Hux proposed using the Starkiller Base superweapon to destroy the New Republic government, which was backing the Resistance, an undertaking which Snoke authorized. He then spoke with Ren privately, asking if he had felt an awakening in the Force. He ordered Ren to kill his father to overcome his temptation by the light.[8]

Shortly after the destruction of the Hosnian system, resulting in the eradication of the New Republic government and a portion of its fleet, Ren invaded Takodana in search of BB-8. He later deemed the droid unnecessary as he captured a scavenger named Rey, who had seen the final piece of the map to Skywalker's location. Snoke was later upset to hear that the girl resisted Ren's interrogation. Ren defended himself by explaining that Rey was strong in the Force, albeit untrained. As the Resistance base had been discovered, Snoke ordered Hux to destroy the Resistance before they could find Skywalker, and for Ren to bring Rey to him. However, Ren never got the chance, as Rey managed to escape with the help of her new powers.[8]

With Starkiller's destruction imminent, Snoke ordered Hux to evacuate the base with Ren.

Subsequently, Starkiller Base was infiltrated by Han Solo, Chewbacca, and Finn, who managed to lower the shields through the aid of a captured Captain Phasma to allow the Resistance fleet to attack the base. Solo then tried to bring Ren back to the light, only for his own son to murder him. In rage and grief, Chewbacca wounded Ren and blew a hole in the superweapon's thermal oscillator, allowing Resistance pilot Poe Dameron to fly in and destroy it, causing catastrophic damage, preventing the solar energy from being contained. When the destruction of Starkiller Base was inevitable, a frantic Hux reported this to Snoke who was remarkably blase about it, instead, ordering the general to bring Ren to him in order to complete his training.[8]

In spite of the loss of Starkiller Base, the First Order managed to gain enough victories in the conflict that Snoke decided to risk coming out of the shadows to personally lead the First Order to potential dominance over the Resistance.[23]

Death of the Supreme Leader

"You will not bow before Snoke. You'll turn. I'll help you."
―Rey, to Kylo Ren[src]

Snoke berated Ren for failing to overcome his conflict, and dismissed him as a child unworthy of Darth Vader's legacy.

Sometime after the destruction of Starkiller Base, Snoke began directing several maneuvers designed to eliminate any possibility of hope returning to the galaxy. He empowered General Hux to pursue and destroy the Resistance fleet, which initially failed when an assault on their base not only saw the Resistance slip away but the loss of a First Order dreadnought. Snoke immediately contacted Hux to make his anger clear, using the Force to painfully humiliate the general but was delighted when Hux revealed a way to track the fleet's movements through hyperspace, thereby allowing the First Order to immediately pinpoint their location.[4]

Immediately after his audience with Hux, Snoke turned his attention to his disgraced apprentice, remarking on how he had begun to lose faith in him after his failure at Starkiller Base and his further conflict over having murdered his father,[4] having felt from afar Ren's struggle when he killed him.[24] Snoke's taunts caused Ren to attempt to attack him, causing the Supreme Leader's guards to react aggressively, but Snoke effortlessly brushed aside the attack with a bolt of Force lightning and went back to his throne, reminding Ren that as long as the Jedi persisted in the galaxy, so too did the hope that could defeat them. He then chastised Ren out of the throne room by saying him that he was just a child with a mask rather than the successor of Darth Vader,[4] and that Vader would be ashamed of him.[24]

But once Ren left the throne room, Snoke smiled to himself. He had used this reprimand as a way to motivate his apprentice. If that was the case,[16] then it worked: Ren destroyed his mask on the turbolift with all the pent-up rage he could muster before preparing for what appeared to be the First Order's final victory.[4][16]

Sensing his apprentice's newfound resolve, Snoke ordered Ren to execute the Jedi apprentice Rey.

Seeking to shift the tides in his favor, Snoke claimed to have used his own powers to link the minds of Rey and Ren through a Force-bond. For doing so, Snoke manipulated Ren's insecurity to his advantage, knowing his apprentice couldn't hide his conflict from Rey, who couldn't pass up the chance to redeem the former Ben Solo. Through the Force, both Rey and Ren could see each other and communicate from different locations in the galaxy. Believing she could restore Ben Solo to the light, Rey sought Ren out, and was brought to Snoke aboard the Supreme Leader's flagship known as the Supremacy, where the Supreme Leader took her weapon, the legendary Skywalker lightsaber, and placed it next to him on the arm of his throne. Using his own formidable powers, Snoke restrained Rey and tortuously probed her mind to discover Skywalker's whereabouts.[4]

After obtaining the knowledge he sought, he contemptuously dropped the girl, only for her to attempt to summon Anakin Skywalker's weapon into her grasp, which he effortlessly redirected to strike her in the head from behind with a sneer. In one instance, after dropping Rey to the floor, Snoke laughed and mused that Skywalker had been "so wise" as to hide from him. He decided that once the Resistance was destroyed, he would command his forces to Ahch-To and obliterate the entire Temple island so Skywalker and the Jedi Order could be given the death he desired. As a final gesture of contempt, he forced Rey to watch the destruction of the Resistance's remaining ships via his oculus viewing scope operated and designed by the Attendants. Rather than breaking Rey's spirit, however, the sight prompted her to summon Kylo's sword to defy him once more, earning the Supreme Leader's respect as he sincerely complimented her for her courage.[4]

Outmaneuvered by his cunning apprentice, Snoke was bisected at the waist by Anakin Skywalker's lightsaber.

Acknowledging Rey now as a genuine threat to both himself and the First Order, Snoke commanded his apprentice to execute her, confident that Ren would not turn in spite of Rey's faith in his former persona, that of Ben Solo, and boasted that he could read his apprentice's mind and see his every thought and intention. Intending to torture the girl with every detail up to the moment of her death, he shut his eyes and described to Rey everything he saw in Ren's mind, turning the lightsaber to "strike true" and igniting it to kill his "true enemy."[4] However, Snoke's visions and Force senses betrayed him.[6] Once he reopened his eyes and awaited the coming strike, his triumphant smile became one of pained surprise as he felt the blade of a lightsaber piercing through his withered and twisted body. At the same time, his telekinetic hold over Rey collapsed. The Supreme Leader looked down to find the Skywalker lightsaber having been turned, aimed, and activated in his direction. There was only one in this room who had the ability and cunning to pull off such a feat through the Force: Ren.[4]

Snoke tried to say something but couldn't.[25] He remained alive long enough to glare at his former apprentice for his betrayal before Ren summoned the still-active lightsaber to Rey's grasp and the blue blade cut through the Supreme Leader's waist and wrists, dismembering him. His upper torso then collapsed heavily to the floor at the base of his throne, leaving his hands on the armrests and his lower torso sitting on the throne.[4]

With Snoke dead, Ren proved himself to be a worthy successor of Vader, as he achieved what his grandfather failed to do in the past and when he had the opportunity: overthrow his master in the Sith way, the ancient Rule of Two.[4] Ren killing Snoke to save Rey was an act of ascension worthy of Darth Bane's Rule.[26]


"Our Supreme Leader is dead! We have no ruler!"
"The Supreme Leader is dead."
"Long live the Supreme Leader."
―Armitage Hux and Kylo Ren[src]

By dying at the hands of his apprentice, Snoke fulfilled his role in Ren's training as heir to the Sith legacy.

Immediately after his death, Snoke's bodyguards attempted to avenge him, but despite their efforts, all of the Elite Praetorian Guard were killed by Kylo and Rey. After the Guards had all been killed, Ren stared at his Master's body, before offering Rey a place at his side. Rey begged him to help save the fleet and tried to pull her lightsaber back from him. The combined opposite pulls of Rey and Ren destroyed the blade, knocking Ren unconscious when he hit the floor while Rey was able to escape the doomed starship. Hux later entered to find Ren alone on the ground, and the body of the Supreme Leader. The lower half of Snoke's body then slipped off the throne and on to the floor beside the torso, right before Hux's eyes.[4]

Snoke's death created an immediate power vacuum that Ren took advantage of by assuming his fallen master's role as the new Supreme Leader of the First Order, much to the displeasure of Hux. Although Ren desired to rule the galaxy with Rey as his equal, the aspiring Jedi rejected his offer, leading Ren to falsely implicate her in the assassination of Snoke.[4]

The phantom Sith Lord Darth Sidious had created Snoke to prepare Ren for his future as the galaxy's new Emperor.

By the time of the battle of Grail City, some First Order officers, such as Colonel Barrut and her crew, weren't aware of Snoke's death and Ren's rise to power. When Wing Commander Poe Dameron informed them about Snoke's fate before destroying the Fortitude, the Maxima-A class heavy cruiser which they commanded, two of Barrut's crewmen believed that Hux had taken Snoke's role as Supreme Leader, only for Barrut to refuse to believe Dameron's claims, dismissing them as lies.[27]

During his campaign as Supreme Leader, Kylo Ren started to suffer from Force visions and found scraps of arcane lore uncovered in Snoke's old bases which led him to realize that Snoke was not the apex of the First Order's dark side pyramid.[1] Upon tracking down and finding the revived Darth Sidious on Exegol, Kylo Ren learned that Sidious was not only responsible for impersonating Darth Vader's spirit but for the creation of Snoke as well as he observed several copies of Snoke being grown in vats while Sidious explained that he had been pulling the strings the whole time.[28] Ren soon learned that Snoke had been a mere puppet, created and controlled by Sidious, a more powerful master of the dark side.[6] The purpose of Snoke's entire existence was to serve as Ren's final test. His role had been designed by the Sith Eternal cultists to groom Ren as heir to the Sith legacy, and to mold him into a master of attack and cunning. Despite multiple bodies of him being stored on Exegol, Snoke had fulfilled his role and purpose and therefore Sidious had no further use for him.[1]

Personality and traits

"And now, you will give me Skywalker. Then I will kill you with the cruelest stroke."
―Snoke, to Rey[src]

As a result of the Sith Eternal's genetic tampering, Snoke emerged from the Unknown Regions as a horrifically disfigured abomination whose sole purpose was to corrupt and test the young Ben Solo.

Supreme Leader Snoke was a secretive, enigmatic figure who coveted arcane lore. Rather than establish a permanent base of operations, he preferred governing the First Order in a mobile command post from where he could contact his subordinates,[6] though his exact location was unknown.[29] He was known for his unwillingness to meet in person with his underlings and often communicated solely through his holographic project transmitted from his throne aboard the Supremacy, only interacting personally with specific targets.[1] He was both wise[8] and cunning, having risen to power by undermining the First Order's leading officials through guile.[16] A master at manipulation, he lured Kylo Ren to the dark side of the Force by using the young Jedi's desperate need for a teacher to his advantage.[6] Although he regarded Armitage Hux as a "rabid cur," Snoke recognized the general's usefulness and believed that even a person's weakness could serve a purpose if properly manipulated.[4] Despite holding a low opinion of Hux's character,[16] the Supreme Leader shared his underling's belief in the necessity of a powerful military force.[6] In addition to overseeing a militarization program that violated treaties signed with the New Republic,[30] Snoke often sanctioned Hux's military strategies[8] and showed approval for his technological innovations.[4]

Snoke was fascinated with Ren,[4] not only for his apprentice's inherent potential for limitless power[31] but also because he regarded him as the embodiment of the dark side and the light,[9] and encouraged Ren to use the teachings of both.[32] Despite this, Snoke adhered to the dark side and viewed the light as the weak and pathetic side of the Force.[16] It was Ren's raw, untamed strength in the Force that led Snoke to believe his student could achieve a level of power comparable to that of Ren's late grandfather, the Sith Lord Darth Vader.[4] Disappointed by Ren's defeat on Starkiller Base, the Supreme Leader berated him as a failed apprentice—a child in a mask—who was unworthy of Vader's legacy.[30] In light of Ren's failure, Snoke began to doubt whether his disciple would ever overcome his conflict between the two sides of the Force. As such, he also began to consider the possibility of casting Ren aside for good,[16] just as Han Solo warned his son moments before his death.[8] Nevertheless, Snoke used his skills at manipulation to stoke Ren's conflicted soul, knowing that his apprentice would fail to hide his emotions from Rey after they became linked to each other through their Force-bond.[4] It was through Ren that Snoke sought to manipulate Rey, convinced she would fall into his trap by believing that Ren could be turned from his dark path.[16]

Snoke's "injuries" caused him to prioritize comfort, such as the use of slippers, in order to endure the pain of his damaged body.

Like his apprentice, whose mask provided him with a more imposing presence,[33] Snoke relied on theatrics when interacting with his subordinates via holographic transmission. Although the Supreme Leader was, in reality, around seven feet tall,[34] his holographic form magnified his height several times over, allowing him to "look down" upon his followers.[23] While he initially tolerated his apprentice's desire to emulate Vader by wearing a mask, Snoke thought it was absurd and later ridiculed Ren's affectation.[4]

Snoke's intelligent, sophisticated, and at times calm demeanor masked his more sinister qualities such as cruelty, arrogance, egotism, and narcissism. He was a terrifying, monstrous individual[35] who possessed a dark nature that rivaled even that of the late Darth Sidious.[36] Snoke's demeanor shifted from calmness[8] to anger,[16] depending on the situation. Upon learning of Starkiller's impending destruction, he simply told Hux to evacuate the base with Ren,[8] only to later scold and physically reprimand his apprentice out of frustration.[16] When presented with the chance to use the Starkiller superweapon against the New Republic, Snoke agreed with Hux's plan to lure the First Order's enemies out of hiding in spite of ending billions of lives in the process.[8]

Snoke was vexed by Ren's inability to overcome the light side of the Force.

Additionally, Snoke was a cruel master as well as a predator, who identified weakness and exploited it, as demonstrated by how Snoke dominated not just the First Order but specifically Ren and Hux, making him a brutal tyrant. He particularly enjoyed using his powers to penetrate the minds of his victims and subject them to agonizing scenes, picking apart their courage and resolve slowly over time.[37]

As powerful, cunning and cruel as he was, Snoke was no different from other masters of the dark side in that he still felt fear, specifically a fear of Luke Skywalker[30] and the return of the Jedi. He was convinced that if Skywalker, the last living Jedi at the time, ever returned from exile, he would herald the rise of a new generation of Jedi Knights.[8] Despite his hatred for the Jedi, Snoke actually respected Skywalker while also fearing him, knowing that the legendary Jedi Master wasn't weak but misguided, even musing that had he taken Skywalker as his second-in-command instead of Ren, the galaxy would have been already his by the time of the Cold War.[20] He regarded the Jedi Order as a threat to his designs and, therefore, plotted to destroy it entirely by killing the last Jedi. Upon meeting Skywalker's final apprentice, the Jakku scavenger Rey, Snoke remarked that she possessed the qualities of a true Jedi and, as such, was resolved to see her die before she could also become a threat to his plans. As noted by Rey, however, Snoke was prone to underestimating those around him, such as his own apprentice. He exulted when sensing Ren's newfound resolve, completely unaware that the dark warrior intended to save Rey by striking down his own master through subterfuge. Indeed, very much like his creator before him, Snoke failed to understand that Force visions are not absolute; he saw the truth, just not what he expected.[4]

Snoke wore golden khalat robes during his reign as Supreme Leader of the First Order.

As a result of the crude experimentation which yielded his existence, Snoke's appearance was frail, with large hands and a mutilated appearance.[source?] He had a distinctive, idiosyncratic bone and facial structure.[38] It was the hope of the Sith Eternal cultists that Snoke's disfigured appearance would make it so that his species was unidentifiable, excluding the possibility of any individuals learning of his true nature.[1] His hologram used on the Starkiller Base projected him several times larger (around 25 feet)[39] than his natural appearance, towering over Kylo Ren and General Hux. Snoke had an elongated face with pale, heavily scarred skin and pale blue eyes.[4] Even in person, however, he was still very large, standing over seven feet in height.[34] Nevertheless, Snoke didn't need size to impose his will given that the mere sight of his appearance could terrify.[11] He sported a large scar from the top of his head, all the way down to his brow. Snoke also had what appeared to be a scar or burn on his right cheek that caused his mouth to be contorted. Snoke's left zygoma was malformed.[10] His twisted build and extensive scarring indeed confounded attempts to identify his species.[1] He wore ornate golden khalat robes with a gray underdress, tied at the waist by an elegant golden belt,[4][40][41] and on his finger he wore a ring of gold and obsidian engraved with runes from the Dwartii. Because of his physical frailties, which left him past his prime in terms of physical strength, he relied on material comforts such as slippers to deal with his ailing body which was in a constant state of pain due to his advanced age and wounds, and he could not defend himself in a physical fight, instead relying on his Elite Praetorian Guards to deal with any threats to him.[10]

Powers and abilities

"There has been an awakening. Have you felt it?"
―Snoke, to Kylo Ren — (audio) Listen (file info)[src]

Though not a Sith, Snoke nonetheless mastered the ways of the dark side of the Force.

While not trained as a Sith;[10] Snoke was nonetheless an extraordinarily powerful and skilled Force-sensitive, having great mastery—equally as impressive and terrifying[42]—over the powers of the Force and was particularly strong with the dark side, though not as powerful as his creator.[6] His teachings blended traditions of both the dark and light sides.[43] His mastery of the Force was so great that Snoke was capable of exerting his power with the barest minimum of gestures to devastating effect even from great distances.[4] His abilities included telepathy, Force choke, and telekinesis, which he was able to use on other beings even across great distances. Like his apprentice, Snoke possessed the power of mind probe and his skills were far greater, easily succesfully employing it on both Rey and Ren prior to his demise. As a master in the ways of the dark side, Snoke could conjure Force lightning from his fingertips—a power he perfected to the point where he could fire it down at a metal surface and let it ricochet right into the intended target.[44][4] The effects of his lightning-based attacks were immensely painful, as noted by Ren, who backed down in deference to Snoke's superior knowledge of the dark side.[16] While his physical strength atrophied along with his wounded body, Snoke remained tremendously strong in the Force until his death.[10]

Although both Rey and Ren possessed a raw connection to the Force,[4] Snoke's abilities eclipsed their powers due to the greater knowledge and experience at the Supreme Leader's disposal.[16] In addition to subduing Ren with a single attack, Snoke toyed with Rey by telekinetically tossing her across his throne room. He could even overpower her when both were using the Force at the same time, as he demonstrated by overriding her control of the Skywalker lightsaber, causing it to avoid Rey's grasp before turning around and smacking her in the back of the head.[4] Despite his frail appearance, Snoke was strong enough to slap Ren in the face hard enough to draw blood, out of anger for ignoring his orders to leave his mask aboard their ship.[20]

Despite not being the creator of Rey and Ren's unique Force-bond as he falsely claimed, Snoke had the ability to manipulate their connection. The two were able to see and hear each other despite the millions of light-years that separated them. As their bond deepened, they could even make physical contact with one another. Snoke used his powers to influence their Force connection, leading Rey into a trap.[16] Through it all, both remained oblivious to Snoke's third-party influence until he outright revealed his manipulation of their connection.[4] In the end, however, Snoke's visions and Force senses failed him.[6] While exulting at the resolve he sensed in his often conflicted apprentice, he did not sense his own impending death by the son of Han Solo.[30]

Behind the scenes

Creation and development

"He's aware of what's gone on, in the respect that he has been around and is aware of prior events. I think it'd be fair to say that he is aware of the past to a great degree."
―Andy Serkis on Snoke[src]

Bust of Snoke created by Ivan Manzella

Snoke was portrayed by Andy Serkis via motion capture in the films Star Wars: Episode VII The Force Awakens and Star Wars: Episode VIII The Last Jedi, the first two installments of the Star Wars sequel trilogy, released in 2015 and 2017 respectively.[45][46] His name was officially unveiled on May 28, 2015,[47] and his voice was first heard in the initial teaser trailer for The Force Awakens.[48][49] According to Serkis, Snoke's mannerisms, in particular his gold bathrobe in The Last Jedi, was derived in part from attire worn by Hugh Hefner, the late founder of the Playboy adult magazine.[50]

From the beginning of the production, the character who would ultimately fill the role as main antagonist of the film was nicknamed "Uber" though any specific ideas were clearly defined by that point.[51] Snoke's appearance underwent many changes throughout the development of The Force Awakens, with the character's final appearance not being decided on until October 2015, two months before the film's release. J.J. Abrams and Neal Scanlan didn't want the character to look old and decrepit like Darth Sidious, and even considered making him female. Ivan Manzella sculpted at least two busts to try to hone the look of the character. Snoke's final appearance was based in part of the horror movies of Hammer Films, the concept being that Snoke was rather handsome in his younger days, but was consumed and twisted by the dark side as he became more powerful.[7] Manzella's concepts for Snoke were specifically inspired by the Hammer Films star Peter Cushing, who portrayed Grand Moff Wilhuff Tarkin in the 1977 film Star Wars: Episode IV A New Hope. He also designed Snoke as having a breathing tube coming out of his nose that kept him alive.[52] Snoke's physical appearance in The Last Jedi was first shown in a leaked image of an upcoming LEGO set,[41] and was later officially revealed with the teaser image of the Star Wars Force Link BB-8 2-in-1 Mega Playset that was unveiled at Force Friday 2017.[40] Andy Serkis wore artificial facial hair for this film.[53]

In an interview with Entertainment Weekly in November 2017, Andy Serkis said that Snoke's injuries were inspired by injuries sustained by soldiers in the trenches of World War I.[37] In addition, in an interview with Empire magazine, Serkis claimed that the disfigurements Snoke possessed were caused in part by osteoporosis that was severe enough that he appeared "as twisted as a corkscrew," and that this was part of what made Snoke in his opinion "darker than Palpatine."[36] Serkis has gone on to say that Snoke's malevolence comes out in reaction to the injuries that he has suffered which he blames on the Resistance, fuelling his hatred for them. Serkis explained that Snoke's desire for power is motivated by greed, bitterness, and fear.

The Last Jedi director Rian Johnson said he killed off Snoke to give Kylo Ren a compelling set-up for the 2019 sequel Star Wars: Episode IX The Rise of Skywalker. When asked if he had planned to elaborate on Snoke's back-story in Episode VIII, Johnson replied, "It would have stopped any of these scenes dead cold if he had stopped and given a 30-second speech about how he's Darth Plagueis. It doesn't matter to Rey. If he had done that, Rey would have blinked and said, 'Who?' And the scene would have gone on. [pause] And I'm not saying he's Darth Plagueis!"[54]

Identity theories

Upon the release of The Force Awakens, multiple fan theories about Snoke's identity emerged online. The most famous was, however, was that he was Darth Plagueis, Darth Sidious' Sith Master, who was mentioned anecdotally in the 2005 film Star Wars: Episode III Revenge of the Sith. Plagueis possessed the power to prevent death.[55][56][57] Another popular fan theory was that Snoke was Star Wars Rebels protagonist Ezra Bridger.[58][59][60] Lucasfilm Story Group's Pablo Hidalgo dismissed the Darth Plagueis theory in May 2016.[61] The Force Awakens sculptor Ivan Manzella noted that it were amusing theories about Snoke being Grand Moff Tarkin that inspired him to design Snoke after Peter Cushing.[52]


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Non-canon appearances


Notes and references

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 Star Wars: The Rise of Skywalker: The Visual Dictionary
  2. The Star Wars Book establishes that Snoke was created sometime after Darth Sidious's first death, which occurred during the Battle of Endor. Star Wars: Galactic Atlas dates this battle to 4 ABY. Therefore, Snoke was created sometime during or after that year.
  3. Star Wars: Galactic Atlas places the events of the film Star Wars: Episode VII The Force Awakens in 34 ABY. As Star Wars: Episode VIII The Last Jedi carries on immediately from the events of The Force Awakens, it can be assumed to take place in the same year.
  4. 4.00 4.01 4.02 4.03 4.04 4.05 4.06 4.07 4.08 4.09 4.10 4.11 4.12 4.13 4.14 4.15 4.16 4.17 4.18 4.19 4.20 4.21 4.22 4.23 4.24 4.25 4.26 4.27 4.28 4.29 4.30 4.31 4.32 4.33 Star Wars: Episode VIII The Last Jedi
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 The Star Wars Book
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.7 6.8 6.9 StarWars-DatabankII.png Supreme Leader Snoke in the Databank (backup link)
  7. 7.0 7.1 The Art of Star Wars: The Force Awakens
  8. 8.00 8.01 8.02 8.03 8.04 8.05 8.06 8.07 8.08 8.09 8.10 8.11 8.12 8.13 8.14 8.15 Star Wars: Episode VII The Force Awakens
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 Star Wars: The Force Awakens: The Visual Dictionary
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 10.4 10.5 10.6 10.7 10.8 Star Wars: The Last Jedi: The Visual Dictionary
  11. 11.0 11.1 Star Wars: The Last Jedi: A Junior Novel
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 Star Wars: The Force Awakens novelization
  13. 13.0 13.1 The Rise of Kylo Ren 3
  14. Aftermath: Empire's End
  15. StarWars-DatabankII.png The First Order in the Databank (backup link)
  16. 16.00 16.01 16.02 16.03 16.04 16.05 16.06 16.07 16.08 16.09 16.10 16.11 16.12 16.13 16.14 Star Wars: The Last Jedi: Expanded Edition
  17. Star Wars: The Rise of Skywalker: The Visual Dictionary dates Enric Pryde being given command of the Steadfast to six years prior to the Hosnian Cataclysm. Star Wars: Galactic Atlas dates the latter event to 34 ABY, meaning Pryde was issued the ship in 28 ABY.
  18. 18.0 18.1 The Rise of Kylo Ren 1
  19. The Rise of Kylo Ren 2
  20. 20.0 20.1 20.2 20.3 20.4 20.5 Age of Resistance - Supreme Leader Snoke 1
  21. 21.0 21.1 Age of Resistance - General Hux 1
  22. Star Wars: Galactic Atlas
  23. 23.0 23.1 Sphero-Template.png "Supreme Leader Snoke" on the Star Wars Droids App by Sphero (screenshot)
  24. 24.0 24.1 The Last Jedi Adaptation 1
  25. The Last Jedi Adaptation 5
  26. Star Wars: The Dark Side
  27. Poe Dameron 31
  28. 28.0 28.1 Star Wars: Episode IX The Rise of Skywalker
  29. Star Wars: The Force Awakens Graphic Novel Adaptation
  30. Star Wars: The Visual Encyclopedia
  31. Star Wars Battlefront II
  32. 34.0 34.1 Tauber, Chris (December 6, 2015). Who's the Real Bad Guy in Star Wars: The Force Awakens?. People. Archived from the original on January 9, 2020. Retrieved on December 6, 2015.
  33. YouTube.png Andy Serkis: Supreme Leader Snoke Is Motivated By Fear - CONAN on TBS on the Team Coco YouTube channel. "Andy thinks his "Star Wars" character is fueled by the fear of losing his position of power, particularly at the hands of strong females in the resistance. Sounds familiar." (backup link)
  34. 36.0 36.1 Empire Reveals New Look At Snoke From 'The Last Jedi'. Jedi News (November 29, 2017). Archived from the original on July 8, 2020. Retrieved on November 29, 2017.
  35. 37.0 37.1 Breznican, Anthony (November 22, 2017). Andy Serkis says pain and greed drive Supreme Leader Snoke in The Last Jedi. Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on June 4, 2020. Retrieved on December 17, 2017.
  36. Breznican, Anthony (November 12, 2015). Supreme Leader Snoke: Andy Serkis on the 'damaged' villain of Star Wars: The Force Awakens. Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on July 1, 2020. Retrieved on January 6, 2018.
  37. Thrower, Emma (November 17, 2015). Supreme Leader Snoke: Andy Serkis talks Star Wars' latest villain. Empire. Archived from the original on January 9, 2020. Retrieved on November 17, 2015.
  38. 41.0 41.1 Marnell, Blair (2017-05-30). New LEGO Leaks Reveal Snoke and THE LAST JEDI Spoilers. Nerdist. Archived from the original on June 2, 2017. Retrieved on June 2, 2017.
  39. Star Wars: The Secrets of the Jedi
  40. Ultimate Star Wars, New Edition
  41. Star Wars: Absolutely Everything You Need to Know, Updated and Expanded
  42. Star Wars: Episode VII The Force Awakens credits
  43. Star Wars Episode VIII Now Filming on (backup link)
  44. Capturing a Galaxy: An Interview with Annie Leibovitz – Exclusive on (backup link)
  45. Breznican, Anthony (May 28, 2015). Ten things Andy Serkis can say about 'Star Wars: The Force Awakens'. Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on March 11, 2019. Retrieved on May 28, 2015.
  46. SWYTlogo.png Star Wars: The Force Awakens Official Teaser Trailer on the official Star Wars YouTube channel (backup link)
  47. Evans, Nick (December 7, 2017). Andy Serkis Confirms Snoke Is Based On Hugh Hefner. Cinema Blend. Archived from the original on May 3, 2019. Retrieved on May 2, 2019.
  48. TwitterLogo.svg Phil Szostak (@PhilSzostak) on Twitter: ""Uber" was just a nickname for whoever the uber baddie might be. Again, I don't think any of these ideas were clearly defined. The artists/production designers are free to pitch visual ideas before they have a place in the story." (screenshot)
  49. 52.0 52.1 Force Material Episode XCIV: Ivan Manzella on designing Babu Frik, Snoke and more (Podcast). Force Material (2020-07-20). Archived from the original on July 27, 2020. Retrieved on July 27, 2020.
  50. Lee, Ashley (September 15, 2017). 'Breathe': Andrew Garfield Recalls How Andy Serkis Briefly Directed as Snoke From 'Star Wars'. The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on January 27, 2018. Retrieved on September 19, 2017.
  51. Breznican, Anthony (2017-12-17). The Last Jedi spoiler talk: Rian Johnson on Supreme Leader Snoke's startling scenes. Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on January 9, 2020. Retrieved on December 18, 2017.
  52. Trumbore, Dave (2015-12-21). ‘Star Wars: The Force Awakens': Theories on Supreme Leader Snoke. Collider. Archived from the original on January 9, 2020. Retrieved on September 9, 2018.
  53. Tremeer, Eleanor (2015-12-28). Supreme Leader Snoke's Role In Star Wars Episode 8 Revealed By John Williams?!. Moviepilot. Archived from the original on February 2, 2017. Retrieved on September 9, 2018.
  54. Maharana, Kabita (2015-12-29). Star Wars 8: Fan theories about Rey's origin and Supreme Leader Snoke's identity. Internation Business Times. Archived from the original on June 20, 2019. Retrieved on September 9, 2018.
  55. Myrick, Robert (2016-01-21). Is Star Wars Rebels' Ezra Bridger really Snoke?. Moviepilot. Archived from the original on July 23, 2016. Retrieved on September 9, 2018.
  56. Even More Evidence That Ezra From 'Star Wars: Rebels' Is Supreme Leader Snoke. Moviepilot (2016-07-18). Archived from the original on July 22, 2016. Retrieved on September 9, 2018.
  57. Williams, Claire (2017-02-20). Is Ezra Bridger really Supreme Leader Snoke?. Looper. Archived from the original on January 13, 2019. Retrieved on September 9, 2018.
  58. Star Wars Story Group Definitively Says Supreme Leader Snoke is Not Darth Plagueis. (2016-05-10). Archived from the original on December 14, 2018. Retrieved on September 9, 2018.
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