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For other uses, see Snoke (disambiguation).
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"You think you can turn him? Pathetic child, I cannot be betrayed. I cannot be beaten. I see his mind. I see his every intent! Yes, I see him turning the lightsaber to strike true. And now, foolish child, he ignites it, and kills his true enemy!"
―Snoke's final words, to Rey and Kylo Ren[src]

Snoke was a Force-sensitive genetic strandcast humanoid male who ruled the First Order as Supreme Leader during the New Republic Era. Possibly unaware of his true nature, Snoke was an artificial genetic construct created on the planet Exegol by the Dark Lord of the Sith and Galactic Emperor Darth Sidious and his Sith Eternal cult. Following the Emperor's resurrection, Snoke's body held no use in the Sith Lord's goal for restoration, so was instead utilized by Sidious as a proxy he could manipulate for his Contingency. Though Snoke possessed an independent mind, he was obliviously influenced by his creator from afar.

In time, Snoke became a master of the Force and seeker of ancient lore, steeping himself in the vast knowledge of the dark side. Despite not having an outward affiliation with the Sith Order, Snoke mastered the powers of the dark side of the Force, becoming a skilled dark side adept. With his mastery over the dark side, Snoke defeated several legions of adversaries over his life, and even passed on his teachings onto at least one apprentice, having for years searched for a worthy student.

With his powerful abilities and immense foresight, Snoke eventually gained control of the First Order, a hermit state in the Unknown Regions formed from a remnant of the Galactic Empire. Despite holding absolute power as Supreme Leader, Snoke allowed General Armitage Hux to lead the First Order military in his name, preferring to concentrate on spiritual matters of the Force. With the turning of Padawan Ben Solo—grandson of the Chosen One Anakin Skywalker—to the dark side, Snoke gained the heir to the powerful Skywalker bloodline as his student. Solo than adopted the persona of Kylo Ren after renouncing and destroying the Jedi Order.

During the last days of the Cold War, Snoke directed his apprentice to hunt and destroy Luke Skywalker, Ren's uncle and former Jedi Master, determined to complete the Great Jedi Purge with Skywalker's death as the last Jedi. Additionally, Snoke authorized a preemptive strike with Starkiller Base against the New Republic that resulted in the destruction of the Galactic Senate and the outbreak of the First Order/Resistance War in 34 ABY. While pursuing his objectives to destroy both the Resistance and Skywalker, however, Snoke was assassinated by Ren, who sought to rule the galaxy as the new Supreme Leader. With his death, Snoke's purpose had been fulfilled in capacity his master Sidious intended. The Supreme Leader had molded Ren into a master of attack and cunning warrior, and by extension, an heir worthy of inheriting the legacy of the Sith. In addition, Snoke's death at the hands of his apprentice allowed Sidious to sidestep the Rule of Two Sith tradition, in which an apprentice overthrew their master in order to obtain ultimate power.

Biography

Pre-birth

"Pain. "The Scalpel of Creation." I used it to make all these things. I can use it to make anything."
―Darth Sidious, to Darth Vader[src]

Darth Vader discovered the Emperor's secret experiments on the Sith world of Exegol, where the strandcast known as "Snoke" was made.

Snoke's creator was the Dark Lord of the Sith Darth Sidious, publicly known as Galactic Emperor Sheev Palpatine. Sidious and his cult of Sith loyalists, the Sith Eternal, experimented with cloning on the planet Exegol for several years prior to his demise at the Battle of Endor.[7] Secure in power as Emperor,[6] Sidious withdrew from the public eye and began to probe the secrets of the dark side.[1] In his quest for immortality, the Sith Lord and his followers experimented with cloning technology to extend his lifespan and sustain it indefinitely. Exegol became home to the most promising of these experimentations.[6]

By approximately 3 ABY,[12] Sidious' genetic experiments had already resulted in the creation of several specimens, including potential replacements for his Sith apprentice Darth Vader. They existed in a state of pain and were stored within vats in the Sith Citadel laboratory. Several other frail genetic constructs who resembled Snoke had been created as well, one of which groaned from inside its vat at Vader when he visited Exegol and discovered his Sith Master's creations. Although Vader destroyed all who were deployed against him, the Emperor proclaimed that he could create anything, utilizing pain as "The Scalpel of Creation."[13]

Darth Sidious had long sensed that Vader could turn back to the light side of the Force and betray him.[3] As a result, prior to his death, Sidious took precautions and had a clone of his original body created with modified Kaminoan cloning technology[14] at the Sith Citadel on Exegol.[6]

Early Life

Creation

"My boy, I made Snoke."
―Darth Sidious, to Kylo Ren[src]

Snoke was an artificial strandcast whose creation was a result of Darth Sidious' genetic experiments on Exegol.

One of Palpatine's evil duplicates,[7] Snoke was an artificially created strandcast[6] genetically engineered[3] on the hidden Sith planet of Exegol by the Dark Lord[15] and the Sith Eternal[3] sometime prior his first demise at the Battle of Endor[16] in 4 ABY.[17] In addition to this strandcast[6] there were three[3] genetic copies of him—clone "brothers"—that the cultists kept in a hibernated state in the laboratory within the Sith Citadel, resting in vats of nutrient fluid[6] with technological umbilicals pumping medicinal liquid into their frail bodies.[3]

Snoke was another result of the same genetic experimentation of the Sith Eternal that yielded Darth Sidious' clone body, the one within he would eventually resurrect himself.[16] Despite his origins,[15] Snoke was not a Sith.[1] Nevertheless, the dark side of the Force was powerful within him.[18]

Strings pulled

"Although his body proved unworthy of containing my dark essence, Snoke's natural sensitivity to the Force would make him a powerful puppet nonetheless."
―Darth Sidious[src]

Sidious, reborn within a clone body of his original on Exegol, began secretly manipulating his genetic creation as a tool in his plans to restore himself to power.

Installed into the galaxy by his creator,[6] from the shadows, Snoke witnessed the fall of the Galactic Empire and the legendary saga of Darth Vader and Luke Skywalker during the Battle of Endor,[19] in which Anakin Skywalker was redeemed and betrayed Snoke's creator, Sidious, leading to the Sith Lord's first demise.[20]

When Sidious died above Endor, he transferred his spirit into his new body. However, the Dark Lord and his disciples were unprepared for his apprentice's betrayal to occur so early, and the cloning process had not been perfected. The clone body began to decay and rot due to the Emperor's immense dark power. The Sith Lord, living on borrowed time, needed a new cradle for his consciousness.[3] Following this, Snoke's body was deemed unworthy to house Sidious' dark essence, but his force-sensitivity provided the Emperor another use for the genetic being. This being the ability to spread his influence through less direct means.[16] To this end, Darth Sidious had Snoke installed as his proxy in power while he recovered and conducted research into finding a solution for rejuvenation.[6]

Snoke would serve as a puppet and oblivious pawn of the former Emperor as a part of his plan to regain power, take revenge on the Skywalker family, and halt the restoration of the Jedi Order and Galactic Republic;[8] with his manipulating of Snoke, Sidious gathered the forces to would go to make the armies of the First Order to oppose the New Republic, and utilized him as his placeholder to ensure the hermit faction was under his control, albeit indirectly. However, Snoke was merely a temporary measure at best.[16]

Master of the Force

"I was not born Snoke. I became Snoke."
―Snoke, to Ben Solo[src]

Strong with the Force, the mysterious Snoke adopted his name as the identity of his truest self with the dark side.

Eventually, the humanoid adopted an identity of "Snoke" as the name of his truest self in the dark side.[21] When Snoke was young, during a period the galaxy was different, and he realized a lesson that he came to regard as a truth about the Force: that Force visions were a dangerous endeavor to perceive, for the future was always in motion, and if predicted wrong, it could lead to one's demise.[22]

Developing into master of the Force,[8] Snoke would gain hardened experience with the dark side of the Force[22] and vast knowledge of its steep teachings;[23] The dark side adept studied not only the ancient lore of prominent force users, but teachings of the Sith,[19] even though he denied himself to have any lineage to the ancient order of dark-side wielders.[6]

Snoke learned about the prophesied dyad while rediscovering forgotten lore about the Force.

The humanoid also was a seeker ancient lore;[24] Snoke rediscovered much of the galaxy's lost and forgotten secrets about the Force in the Unknown Regions. This precious knowledge, ironically, led back to his master Sidious, who throughout the reign of his Galactic Empire coveted the same knowledge, knowing that universal truths layed with the confines of the mysterious regions. Such truths Snoke himself had learned.[22] In addition, he learned about the concept of a Force dyad through an ancient prophecy that featured prominently in the lore of the Sith Eternal.[1] Snoke even became familiar with the Knights of Ren, and by extension their philosophy, beliefs, and organization.[25]

During his time as a lore seeker, Snoke had various established bases across the galaxy to house gathered shards of archaic lore.[1] The dark side adept once journeyed to Mustafar, and visited Darth Vader's castle,[18] Fortress Vader.[1] While there, Snoke discovered a gold ring[26] engraved with glyphs of the dwartii[18] within the structure and began to wear the object on his left index finger.[26] From there he also recovered and affixed a black obsidian stone from beneath the catacombs and mines beneath the castle to the ring.[18] Eventually, Snoke took up residence[27] on the High Republic Era location known as Amaxine space station,[28] and became familiar with its history.[29]

Though Snoke became a shadowy Force user of impressive power, he did not claim the title of Sith,[6] as the Rule of Two lineage, the final incarnation of the Sith Order, that began with Darth Bane, ended with Darth Vader at the Battle of Endor.[18] Instead, Snoke was one of many to represent a new generation of dark side wielders,[30] as while the prophecy of the Chosen One foretold the destruction of the Sith, darkness itself was never predicted to end, for the dark side of the Force was eternal.[18]

Prior to his rise to power, Snoke defeated and killed legions of many adversaries, many of which underestimated him.[22] In his past, Snoke experienced a severe injury that split his head, and some other "perpetual torment" that slightly melted half his face and neck.[31]

Taming of the Unknown

Snoke's attendants were vital to the organization of the First Order.

Within the years prior to 15 ABY,[1] many former Imperial officers, nobles, technologists,[32] and warlords[30] fled to the galaxy's Unknown Regions[32] as part of a mass exodus during the rise of the New Republic secretly facilitated by the contingency plan designed by the Emperor.[1] Had it not been for the ancient hyperspace trails blazed by the Attendants, a group of mute alien navigators who served Snoke, most of the former Imperial officers would have likely perished while crossing into these uncharted realms of the galaxy.[18] Eventually, they were met with secret reinforcements, and in time gave way for the rise of a new leader.[1]

Seen as the architect of the First Order,[33] Snoke was instrumental in organizing and saving the remnants of the Empire from certain destruction,[22] along with some knowledge of the Unknown Regions provided by the Chiss Grand Admiral Thrawn,[34] which helped the former Imperials settle there and reorganize themselves into the First Order.[32][18] It was the knowledge that Snoke held in the Force and of the Unknown Regions, rather than military power or the tactical prowess of a military general, that aided the First Order.[22]

Rise of a new leader

"The First Order was just the beginning."
―Darth Sidious, to Kylo Ren[src]

After the Galactic Empire fell, Snoke rose to power as Supreme Leader of the First Order.

Snoke eventually achieved the status of the Supreme Leader over the First Order.[1] The last of the old Imperial leadership, including Grand Admiral Rae Sloane, the political lunatic Ormes Apolin, and even General Brendol Hux did not suspect Snoke's ascension and were quite surprised when it occurred. This came to be when Snoke had sidelined, co-opted, or killed off many of the formers, while others like Armitage Hux, Brendol's son, were spared by him in order to use as a tool in his rise to power.[22] Some like Enric Pryde gave way for Snoke because, though the Supreme Leader's abilities were alien to him, he knew not to question the religious beliefs behind them for he knew they held great power.[1] The rest fell in line quickly,[22] though remaining officers, like General Domaric Quinn, one the First Order's key ground commanders, had disagreements with Snoke's reliance on mysticism, but they were kept silent.[1] In his own opinion, Snoke saw himself as an unlikely fulcrum to have been chosen to lead the faction, and knew that history would see him taking over as his master plan, rather than what he believed was improvisational on his part and not his endgame.[22]

Snoke allowed his subordinates to control the First Order military, preferring to concentrate on spiritual matters of the Force.

Upon his rise to power, Snoke gave no indication to his origins, and to his subordinates' surprise, he made no design towards the old title of Emperor held by Darth Sidious under the Empire. Nevertheless, he possessed the knowledge and Force ability that made him the undisputed heir to the fallen Emperor's crafted contingency,[1] which single handedly saved the First Order from destruction.[22] Despite holding absolute power as Supreme Leader, Snoke mostly ceded control of the military to his generals and reputation of the First Order to propaganda masterminds, as he was more content to focus on spiritual matters. Though most in the First Order were oblivious to their new leader's origins, some, like General Pryde, suspected Snoke himself was subservient to a higher power,[1] even though Snoke himself was possibly unaware of his true origins and purpose.[6]

Military development

The Supreme Leader ruled the First Order from the Supremacy, a Mega-class Star Dreadnought that functioned as a mobile capital, rather than a planet.

As Supreme Leader, Snoke initiated a vast rearmament program, resulting in the creation of the First Order military as a technologically superior version of the Imperial Military that had served the Galactic Empire. Keenly aware that it lacked the superior numbers and support of the former Empire, the First Order covertly undermined the New Republic instead of relying on military force. Ultimately, it was Snoke's desire to see the First Order reclaim the galaxy that the Empire had lost in its war with the Alliance to Restore the Republic. The Supreme Leader would then build on that rebuilt foundation, taking the First Order beyond what the Empire achieved in its time. Until that goal was achieved, however, the Supreme Leader wanted to keep the First Order's capital mobile. He therefore chose to rule from his throne room in the Supremacy, the first in a line of gargantuan warships known as the Mega-class Star Dreadnought.[22]

Being an ambitious ruler, Snoke was not content to rule a handful of sectors claimed by the First Order in the Outer Rim Territories, nor was he satisfied by the colonization of clusters of worlds beyond the frontier. In his view, ambitions limited in scope would have made the First Order no different than the various nonaligned states that had emerged in the wake of the Empire's collapse, or the hermetic kingdoms in the Unknown Regions that had been dismantled or destroyed by the First Order.[22]

Enter Luke Skywalker

"Skywalker lives. The seed of the Jedi Order lives. And as long as it does, hope lives in the galaxy."
―Snoke[src]

Aware of the Jedi Master's power, Snoke saw Luke Skywalker as a threat to his plans.

Perhaps at one time or another, Snoke considered taking Luke Skywalker as his dark side apprentice and second in command over First Order, surmising the galaxy would have certainly been his to rule if he had done so from the start.[35] The Supreme Leader deemed the warrior to be a threat to his plans,[22] being aware of his triumph over the latter's father Darth Vader at the Battle of Endor,[23] so as such, also respected the last Jedi, for his power and strength as a formidable warrior, yet also feared him.[35]

Unlike the Jedi of old, Snoke considered Skywalker to be wise and insightful, for during his quest to rebuild the Jedi Order, he instead endeavored to learn the ways of the Order and sought out it's lore, rather than just restoring the religious faction outright. However, he also knew that the Jedi Master was a powerful instrument of the Cosmic Force, therefore deemed it essential to monitor him.[22] Despite this, Snoke knew that if the Jedi Order existed in the galaxy, then so did hope, and so had to destroy the last vestiges of its teachings to extinguish it permanently.[5]

Soon, Skywalker's plans threatened his designs, and so Snoke released his vast pool of knowledge out into the galaxy to confuse the Jedi Master and his family while ensnaring them, in an attempt to ensure his own triumph over Skywalker, while the latter met his demise.[22] At some point, Snoke had an encounter with Skywalker, in which he was damaged by the Jedi Master to some degree.[29] Snoke had attempted to make a calculated effort to shatter the son of the Chosen One's resolve to rebuild the Jedi, but indirectly only ended inspiring him even more to restore the order.[18]

Seduction of a bloodline

"It is where you are from. What you are made of. The dark side—and the light. The finest sculptor cannot fashion a masterpiece from poor materials. He must have something pure, something strong, something unbreakable, with which to work."
―Snoke, to Kylo Ren[src]

Snoke began to train apprentices to serve him.[19] Aware of how Emperor Palpatine claimed Darth Vader as his ultimate weapon for the dark side of the Force during the reign of the Galactic Empire, Snoke desired to do the same with his own student, considering himself a sculptor on the path of trying to forge a masterpiece, and by extension, needed something powerful to craft with, which in that case was an individual with promising origins and background.[23] For many years,[30] the Supreme Leader searched for a worthy acolyte to serve in this initiative, and prior to becoming invested into the Skywalker bloodline,[23] and he trained at least one individual.[11] However, the student was not Snoke's most gifted, [23] and Kylo Ren would eventually be the strongest of the dark side master's apprentices.[19]

The Skywalker heir

"When I found you, I saw what all masters live to see. Raw, untamed power…and beyond that, something truly special. The potential of your bloodline. A new Vader"
―Snoke, to Kylo Ren[src]

Snoke was determined to turn Ben Solo, the heir to the Skywalker bloodline, to the dark side of the Force.

Snoke became invested in the Skywalker bloodline, believing that Ben Solo, the son of Han Solo and Princess Leia Organa, had the right balance of the dark side and the light side of the Force within him, and desired to claim him as his own apprentice.[23] As the grandson of the Chosen One Anakin Skywalker and the nephew of Jedi Master Luke Skywalker,[1] Solo inherited the prodigious strength of his family bloodline, making him the ultimate prize to Snoke.[6] The corruption of Solo was instrumental to his plan.[22] Having known of Snoke's interest in her son's potential for power, Organa sought to protect Solo from the mysterious dark side adept. However, she did not inform her husband about Snoke's designs on their son, believing that, as a non-Force-sensitive, Han would not understand Organa's responsibility to shield Ben from the influence of the dark side.[23]

Organa trusted her twin brother, Luke Skywalker, to keep Ben Solo in the light by training him as a Jedi.[14] Solo began his training at the age of ten,[1] in 15 ABY,[36] and at that time, without invitation, Snoke began visiting Solo in his mind, invading his innermost thoughts, but the young Padawan was eager to have a friend and grew to trust the creature.[14]

Snoke frequently whispered to young boy, warning him near the start of his Jedi training that his equal within the Force would one day match his power, and he could only reach his full potential by slaying the being who was his equivalent in the light side.[14] With Snoke's piercing perception Solo's mind, his view of the latter's fears and insecurities allowed him to poison the Jedi apprentice with the dark side;[1] The Supreme Leader influenced the young Jedi, preying on Solo's feelings of abandonment, need of a teacher for his dark impulses, and fascination with his family's legacy to seduce him.[24]

Sowing doubts and shadows

Snoke cultivated a friendship with Solo during the latter's apprenticeship under Jedi Master Luke Skywalker.

In 19 ABY,[37] when Solo and Skywalker were on a mission to Elphrona, Snoke connected with the young boy via telepathy. Sensing Solo's discomfort, Snoke used the opening to undermine his uncle and master and plant a seed of doubt within the young Solo about the Jedi Order.[38] When he met "Ren," the leader of the Knights of Ren, he saw a possible path that was different from the Jedi ways, allowing darkness to grow instead of being repressed. After the mission, Solo remained with Skywalker, but he still had many dark tendencies and possessed a fascination for the dark side's knowledge, which at times, seemed only the dark side adept understood. With this, Solo believed Snoke possessed the answers that could help him understand the dark side and to start a new life if he chose.[14]

Fall of the temple

"It happened, did it not? We both thought it might."
―Snoke, to Ben Solo[src]

Snoke used Solo's anger and frustration to lure the once promising Jedi to the dark side.

In 28 ABY,[39] Leia Organa's political enemies revealed to the Galactic Senate the truth behind her and Luke Skywalker's heritage as the children of Darth Vader. Solo had yet to find out this for himself, and learned in such a public way rather than being told by his mother.[40] Ben Solo was enraged by the revelation and felt betrayed by his family, which Snoke used to cap off his years of manipulations to turn the young man into a tool for the dark side. With Snoke's guidance and Solo's natural power in the Force, he would become even greater than his grandfather, Snoke promised him. This led Solo to believe he would not have to compete with the heroes of old anymore, and instead eclipse them. However, Snoke intentionally omitted that the Sith gained their power through great sacrifice.[14]

Soon, despite his nephew's promising future, Skywalker felt the darkness rising within Solo and believed that Snoke had already succeeded in corrupting his pupil. In a moment of pure instinct, Skywalker drew his lightsaber and prepared to strike the young Solo, but he quickly came to his senses—though not quick enough, as his nephew had woken up to his uncle standing over him with his lightsaber out. Solo struck back against his master, believing that his own uncle had intended to murder him.[5] Following the ordeal, Solo emerged from the rubble of his quarters, his lightsaber still drawn, as a powerful lightning storm was conjured from his angered confusion and struck the temple, destroying the structure and all of the students within. When Solo was horrified at what had happened, Snoke telepathically spoke to the young Jedi and reminded him that it was never his fault, for Skywalker chose the outcome by attempting to "murder" him moments earlier, and confirmed that the both of them had suspected the possibility of such a betrayal finally having happened.[21] From this, Snoke's manipulations were all to evident in Solo's new rejection of the Jedi teachings and willing to accept the loss of his innocence.[14]

Rise of Kylo Ren

The road to darkness

"What is the truth, my friend? What is your true name? The Knights will want you to take it if they let you join them. It is the way of the dark side. When we embrace it fully, we become our truest selves."
―Snoke, to Ben Solo[src]

Disillusioned with the Jedi way, Solo traveled to the Amaxine space station to speak with Snoke.

After destroying his uncle's Jedi temple, Solo journeyed to Amaxine space station, where Snoke had been waiting for him. Upon his arrival, Snoke welcomed and comforted the young Jedi Padawan. The two proceeded to discuss the events that transpired between Solo and his uncle, and when the latter claimed to have killed his mentor, Snoke knew better, aware that Skywalker was still alive as it would take much more to kill him.[21] Snoke was correct in assuming Skywalker's survival, for Skywalker had exiled himself to Ahch-To, and his nascent Jedi Order had been destroyed,[5] though Snoke, like the rest of the galaxy, was unaware of Skywalker's location.[10] Organa believed Snoke was to blame for Solo's fall to the dark side, but her brother felt personally responsible as a result of what transpired between master and apprentice.[5]

Solo, in need of a new path and unsure of how to proceed, then questioned the Supreme Leader about the Knights of Ren. Instead Snoke expressed his fondness of the space station they were presently on, and revealed his understanding of its history, in which the people who built it tried to hold back the darkness by creating an "oasis of life" in the great shadow but failed to hold back the nature of what was there. Snoke than turned back to Solo's lingering question of the Knights, to which the dark side adept expressed approval for, agreeing with the belief that the fledgling Jedi could learn valuable skills. In addition, Snoke also briefly undermined his own knowledge and claimed what he could teach Solo was limited, in order to push the Jedi closer to the choice of seeking the faction.[29]

Snoke told Solo that he would discover his true identity in the dark side, one that the galaxy would remember him by.

From there, Snoke also listened as Solo expressed his frustrations with being his family legacy, correctly guessing the Jedi's frustration with being named after and related to legendary people. Solo claimed how it all seemed false and was built on lies. In this conversation a droid alerted him to a message from General Brendol Hux, but Snoke ordered the droid to have him wait. From there, Solo expressed interest in joining the Knights of Ren, whom he had previously encountered, and Snoke encouraged Solo to indeed do so in order to realize his truest self. The elder force wielder had also told the young man he would need a new alias to be known by, that was not his birth name, as the Knights would likely not accept a Jedi into their rankings. Prior to Solo's departure, Snoke warned him the price to join them was indeed steep, and to survive and succeed he must impress the Knights to join their ranks or he would die a gruesome death.[38]

Fall of Ben Solo

"Yes my boy... Yes."
―Snoke[src]

Snoke could sense Ben Solo turning to the dark side as the former Jedi dueled Ren, the leader of the Knights of Ren.

Now entrenched to become Solo's new mentor,[14] Snoke contacted the leader of the Knights, Ren, and vouched for Solo as precaution, expressing his belief that Solo was something special and could be someone of immense power if shown the path. Snoke's power and belief influenced Ren to allow Skywalker's nephew to shadow them for a time an assess his abilities. Sometime later, on the base of Minemoon, the Knights turned on the Jedi Snoke had sent their way. Back on Amaxine station, Snoke sensed Ben Solo taking his steps into the dark side, as he was dueling Ren, feeling pleasure as he telepathically encouraged the fallen Jedi to continue through the Force. Far away on Exegol, his creator was also encouraging the young man to claim his birthright and strike down his foe. Solo killed Ren, and the Knights bowed to him as their new leader.[41]

A new apprentice

Snoke utilized his apprentice and the Knights of Ren as a tool of the dark side of the Force within the First Order.

Eventually swore his loyalty to Snoke and became his apprentice; the former Ben Solo renamed himself "Kylo Ren," master of the Knights of Ren[10] and warlord of the First Order.[42] For six years, Kylo would serve Snoke. In order to train his new apprentice, Snoke traveled the galaxy with Ren to begin his path as a dark side warrior.[14]

Now Kylo Ren's new master,[8] Snoke gifted him a place of power within the First Order as one of his top enforcers, in a position similar to the latter's maternal grandfather under Sidious during the Imperial Era.[14] Having passed his grueling trial,[41] Snoke also gave his apprentice with his blessing to inherit the command of the Knights of Ren from his predecessor, gifting them to him out of a promise for powerful followers if he proved worthy,[1] and allowed him to utilize them for his own use.[6] To this end, Snoke would utilize his student and the Knights as a tool for the dark side within the First Order.[18]

Master of Kylo Ren

A promising student

"I have never had a student with such promise. Before you."
―Snoke, to Kylo Ren[src]

Recognizing the raw power of the Skywalker bloodline, Snoke saw in Ren the potential to become the new Darth Vader.

The Supreme Leader found Ren to be his most promising student,[23] and the Knight grew to become his most gifted acolyte.[30] Snoke saw potential in his apprentice to become a new Darth Vader, sensing his ability for limitless power, a result of the strength inherent in Ren's bloodline.[22] As a teacher, Snoke's methods were similar to those of many renowned Jedi and Sith masters of old, administering a series of tests to Ren to hone his abilities, but also ensure he obeyed him without question.[14]

Snoke instructed Ren to pursue his impulses as a shortcut for power within the dark side of the Force,[3] and promised him a future where he would be "heir of the Force" and with no Jedi to challenge him.[1] He would goad his disciple's conflicted soul to push the darkness within him to purge the light from his heart indefinitely,[6] even decreeing that the former's true name was forbidden to ever be spoken,[30] while making him believe that a chance for redemption was impossible, telling him his family would never take him back after all he had done, and that they cared more about themselves and the New Republic than him.[3]

Snoke found his new apprentice to be very promising, Kylo Ren rising to become the Supreme Leader's most gifted acolyte.

Snoke encouraged his apprentice to use the teachings of both the light and dark side,[43] while he conditioned him to believe the worst of people and that they would always reject him.[3] Under him, Kylo Ren's view of his grandfather Anakin Skywalker as Darth Vader was warped, as Snoke twisted his student's understanding of his history,[1] passing down his belief that the Dark Lord's sentiment and failure to kill his son Luke Skywalker as the true reason the Galactic Empire fell.[23] To stoke jealousy in Ren, Snoke often pitted him against Armitage Hux, who got many victories, and hated Ren, to fuel his negative emotions.[6] As Ren grew stronger, Snoke knew that his equal in the light side would rise to challenge him, and believed it was Luke Skywalker, so he trained Ren to be the one to kill Skywalker and end hope within the galaxy.[22]

Dark side teachings

"I need more from you. I need you to find your true power. Your true potential."
―Snoke, to Kylo Ren[src]

Under the tutelage of the Supreme Leader, Ren learned to channel his fear and anger into power.

At some point prior to the attack on Tuanul, Snoke, along with Ren, traveled to a rocky world in the Rarlech system. As they stood at the edge of a cliff, Snoke asked Ren if he was afraid. Ren replied by saying he was not. Snoke then used the Force to push Ren off the cliff and hold him in the air. Snoke said that he knew Ren was afraid, as he should be, because, Ren wasn't in control. No, he was confused and unsure of his convictions. He felt powerless. Snoke proceeded to say that feeling that way was good. Powerless men often turned to anger and lash out blindly, with rage. But powerful beings can harness their rage and use it to strike. For either, they strike or they fall.[35]

Snoke would then let go of Ren, letting him fall, advising him to use his fear, turn it into anger, and turn his anger into power. Ren, out of fear, followed that advice and was able to hold himself up and survive the fall. He then inquired whether Snoke would have caught him if he wasn't able to catch himself. The Supreme Leader replied by saying that Skywalker would have and in doing so, held Ren back. Snoke needed Ren to find his true power and potential if Ren wanted to rule alongside him.[35]

Trial on Dagobah

"Rise above what's holding you back. Strike. Strike against the light side that is within you."
―Snoke, to Kylo Ren[src]

Snoke brought Ren to Dagobah, where Luke Skywalker was trained by Yoda.

After the training in the Rarlech system, Ren and Snoke traveled to Dagobah. As they stepped off their shuttle, Ren commented that he sensed Luke Skywalker from his time in Dagobah when training with Yoda. As Snoke spoke of Skywalker's training, Ren asked why he spoke of Skywalker with respect. Snoke said if he had Skywalker by his side instead of Ben, the galaxy would have been his a long time ago. Snoke then made Ren go into the Cave of Evil, where his uncle had gone into so many years before.[35]

Once inside, Ren experienced a vision of his uncle Luke, saying that he didn't want to fight him. Ren said he didn't care and ignited his lightsaber. Snoke sensed that decision and commended Ren for making it. After a short duel between the two, Ren was able to kill the vision of Luke, by letting the hate festering inside of him out. But the vision had only begun.[35]

Ren then experienced a vision of his parents, begging him to stop. He recoiled from the vision and rejected being addressed by his birth name. Organa insisted that he was still her son, Ben Solo, whom she and her husband loved. Despite his inner turmoil, Ren activated his lightsaber and acted as if he was striking down his parents, but only striking a tree with his lightsaber, showing that though he hated his uncle Luke, he still loved his parents. Ren then destroyed the cave, impressing his master with a display of raw Force power, although Snoke, expressing his disappointment toward the thousand year old site's destruction, had also considered bringing other apprentices to the cave which had existed for millennia. Ren simply dismissed the notion that Snoke would ever need another apprentice.[35] Regardless, the raw display of power by Ren pleased the Supreme Leader.[14]

Cold War

Galactic conquest

"The First Order seceded from the New Republic, a move welcomed by many in the galactic capital. But others realized that without Republic oversight, the First Order would return to the Empire's draconian ways and ambitious expansion."
Janyor[src]

During his tenure as Supreme Leader, Snoke's ultimate aim was galactic conquest.[6] In 28 ABY,[44] the same year as gaining Kylo Ren as his student, Snoke gave Enric Pryde command of a Resurgent-class Star Destroyer, which he named the Steadfast in honor of his old vessel.[1] Snoke mostly allowed his subordinates to enforce his will, focusing his attention on a more personal agenda, but immediately was stirred into action when priorities, like clues for Luke Skywalker, arose within the First Order's findings.[1] The Jedi Master, despite his exile, remained a powerful threat,[23] making him a loose end the Supreme Leader couldn't afford to ignore.[1]

In 29 ABY,[45] the senatorial faction known as the Centrists, preferring power, withdrew from the New Republic and joined the First Order with Snoke at its head.[6] This marked the public founding of the First Order.[1] By the time of the Cold War, Snoke's reputation as Supreme Leader preceded him, as he had been rarely seen in the flesh, even by his own subordinates.[18] When the First Order began the cold war against the New Republic, Snoke remained constantly mobile aboard the Supremacy, protected by his Elite Praetorian Guards,[46] and hidden by the brightest stars within the Unknown Regions.[18]

Patron of Armitage Hux

"Men like Hux are useful. Men consumed with ambition, fuelled by spite. Men who can set aside their pride, who have shame burning inside them. Pups who are abused often grow up to become vicious creatures, but they never forget where they came from. And they never forgive."
―Snoke, on Hux[src]

Snoke promoted the career of General Armitage Hux, an ambitious First Order officer who was a rival of Kylo Ren.

During or after 30 ABY,[47] following a series of events which had seen Hux and Ren temporally stranded on a planet in the wake of an assassination attempt, both Hux and Ren reported back to Snoke on the almost complete Starkiller Base following their rescue by Captain Phasma. Hux declared to Snoke that he had identified the one responsible for the assassination attempt, and then rebuffed Ren's offer to deal with the sabatour, requesting the permission of Snoke to deal with the traitor himself. Snoke permitted this, which pleased Hux, who went to find the traitor. As he left, Ren told Snoke he didn't see Hux's worth in being kept around. Snoke merely stated that he didn't need to. Ren insisted that Hux was not to be trusted, and that he wanted to kill Snoke and take his place. Snoke replied that Hux wanted to kill a lot of people and chose not to take it personally. He instead told Ren that men like Hux were useful, be fueled by spite and after being abused, never forgive.[48]

When Hux and Phasma went to execute Admiral Brooks, the saboteurs superior, Hux cited Snoke, alongside Ren and his own father, Brendol Hux, as people who underestimated him.[48] Gaining the Supreme Leader's favor meant that Hux effectively wielded greater authority than his rank as a general would indicate; nevertheless, Snoke refused to grant Hux his coveted title of Grand Marshal.[18]

The road to war

"Even you, master of the Knights of Ren, have never faced such a test."
"By the grace of your training, I will not be seduced."
―Snoke and Kylo Ren[src]

Snoke warned Ren to prepare for a reunion with his father, Han Solo.

Following Skywalker's disappearance, Snoke assigned Ren to hunt down the last Jedi, knowing that as long as Skywalker lived, the Jedi and thus hope lived. In 34 ABY,[17] Ren's search led him to Jakku, where he learned that the final piece of the map to Skywalker was in the possession of the astromech droid BB-8. Snoke ordered the droid's capture or destruction, preferably the former. Despite the efforts of the First Order, BB-8 managed to escape Jakku aboard the Millennium Falcon.[10]

Ren and General Hux later returned to Starkiller Base to communicate with Snoke via hologram. Hux proposed using the Starkiller Base superweapon to destroy the New Republic government, which was backing the Resistance, an undertaking which Snoke authorized. He then spoke with Ren privately, asking if he had felt an awakening in the Force. He ordered Ren to kill his father to overcome his temptation by the light.[10]

Snoke had administered his apprentice a Sith trial of ascendancy, in which a dark side student would sacrifice a loved one to ascend to true status within the dark side of the Force, finally testing if he was truly worthy to be his student and see to it his conflict between the light and dark side was effectively put to an end. Han Solo was to serve as the loved one Kylo Ren would sacrifice to sever his ties to the past and purge the light within himself, permanently submitting himself to the dark side of Force and cementing his commitment to its teachings.[1]

First Order-Resistance War

Destruction of Starkiller

"The fuel cells have ruptured. The collapse of the planet has begun."
"Leave the base at once and come to me with Kylo Ren. It is time to complete his training.
"
―Snoke and Armitage Hux[src]

With Starkiller's destruction imminent, Snoke ordered Hux to evacuate the base with Ren.

Shortly after the destruction of the Hosnian system, resulting in the eradication of the New Republic government and a portion of its fleet, Ren invaded Takodana in search of BB-8. He later deemed the droid unnecessary as he captured a scavenger named Rey, who had seen the final piece of the map to Skywalker's location. Snoke was later upset to hear that the girl resisted Ren's interrogation. Ren defended himself by explaining that Rey was strong in the Force, albeit untrained. As the Resistance base had been discovered, Snoke ordered Hux to destroy the Resistance before they could find Skywalker, and for Ren to bring Rey to him. However, Ren never got the chance, as Rey managed to escape with the help of her new powers.[10]

Subsequently, Starkiller Base was infiltrated by Han Solo, Chewbacca, and Finn, who managed to lower the shields through the aid of a captured Captain Phasma to allow the Resistance fleet to attack the base. Solo then tried to bring Ren back to the light, only for his own son to murder him. In rage and grief, Chewbacca wounded Ren and blew a hole in the superweapon's thermal oscillator, allowing Resistance pilot Poe Dameron to fly in and destroy it, causing catastrophic damage, preventing the solar energy from being contained.[10]

Though Ren had succeeded in killing his father, he ultimately failed his trial of ascendancy.[1] Snoke had sensed his apprentice's inner struggle from afar,[49] this conflict within him only growing and the apprentice more spiritually misguided than ever before.[1] This led to Ren's unbalanced emotions[5] and inability to defeat Rey in their ensuing lightsaber duel within the forests on Starkiller base, much to Snoke's disappointment[6] and annoyance.[5] Following this, when the destruction of Starkiller Base was inevitable, a frantic Hux reported this to Snoke who was remarkably blase about it, instead ordering the general to collect and bring Ren to himself, the Supreme Leader planning on to complete his training.[10]

Chasing the Resistance

"Tied on a string indeed, General Hux. Well done. The Resistance will soon be in our grasp"
―Snoke, to Armitage Hux[src]

Angered by the Resistance escaping his grasp, Snoke joined the pursuit for the enemies of the First Order personally.

In spite of the loss of Starkiller Base, the First Order managed to gain enough victories in the conflict that Snoke decided to risk coming out of the shadows to personally lead the First Order to potential dominance over the Resistance.[50] To this end, Snoke began directing several maneuvers designed to eliminate any possibility of hope returning to the galaxy. He empowered General Hux to pursue and destroy the Resistance fleet, which initially failed when an assault on their base not only saw the Resistance slip away but the loss of a First Order dreadnought. Snoke immediately contacted Hux to make his anger clear, using the Force to painfully humiliate the general but was delighted when Hux revealed a way to track the fleet's movements through hyperspace, thereby allowing the First Order to immediately pinpoint their location.[5] Following this, Snoke then personally joined the pursuit aboard the Supremacy and summoned Ren to his throne room.[24]

Once Ren entered, the Supreme Leader had Hux within his presence reporting their progress toward advancing on the Resistance, to which Snoke expressed his approval for and dismissed the general. Immediately after his audience with Hux, Snoke turned his attention to his disgraced apprentice inquiring into the condition of his injury sustained at Rey's hand. Snoke rose from his throne and began to reflect on the training of his apprentice up to that point, reciting how he had faith within his abilities and of his original belief, that with Ben Solo's bloodline, he could have become a new Darth Vader, but now at the present moment, he revealed his fear that perhaps he was indeed mistaken.[5]

Snoke berated Ren for failing to overcome his conflict and dismissed him as a child unworthy of Vader's legacy.

Having felt from afar Ren's struggle when he killed him,[49] Snoke remarked on how he had begun to lose faith in him after his failure at Starkiller Base and his further conflict over having murdered his father, commanded the disgraced knight to remove his mask. Snoke's continued taunts, including his apprentice being unbalanced and bested by a greenhorn force user, caused Ren to attempt to attack him, causing the Supreme Leader's guards to react aggressively. Snoke effortlessly brushed aside the attack with a short bolt of Force lightning and subdued Ren very quickly.[5] Lumbering[31] back to his throne, he reminded Ren that Skywalker had still been alive, and as long as the Jedi persisted in the galaxy, so too did the hope that could defeat them. Claiming his belief that the master of the Knights of Ren would have been the one to snuff it out, Snoke then chastised Ren out of the throne room by telling him that he was just a child with a mask rather than the successor of Darth Vader,[5] and even that Vader himself would be ashamed.[49]

But once Ren left the throne room, Snoke smiled to himself. He had used this reprimand to motivate his apprentice. If that was the case,[22] then it worked: Ren destroyed his mask on the turbolift with all the pent-up rage he could muster before preparing for what appeared to be the First Order's final victory.[5][22]

Death of the Supreme Leader

"Our Supreme Leader is dead! We have no ruler!"
"The Supreme Leader is dead."
"Long live the Supreme Leader."
―Armitage Hux and Kylo Ren[src]

In order to find Skywalker, Snoke used the bond between Ren and Rey to lure the scavenger out of hiding.

Seeking to shift the tides in his favor, Snoke claimed to have used his own powers to link the minds of Rey and Ren through a Force-bond. For doing so, Snoke manipulated Ren's insecurity to his advantage, knowing his apprentice couldn't hide his conflict from Rey, who couldn't pass up the chance to redeem the former Ben Solo. Through the Force, both Rey and Ren could see each other and communicate from separate locations in the galaxy. Believing she could restore Ben Solo to the light, Rey sought Ren out, and was brought to Snoke aboard the Supreme Leader's flagship. Upon having Rey brought before him, Snoke was immensely pleased with Ren,[5] even claiming that faith within his apprentice had been restored.[22] The Supreme Leader could feel the power given off by Rey, despite judging her appearance as small and harmless looking, knowing to still not underestimate her, as he reflected on his own legions of dead adversaries, many of which underestimated him.[22]

Successful in luring Rey before him through Ren, Snoke correctly theorized with his manipulation of their connection they were the prophesized Dyad in the Force.

Commanding her to come to him, Snoke took Rey's weapon, the legendary Skywalker lightsaber,[5] admiring its craftsmanship,[22] and placed it next to him on the arm of his throne. Using his formidable powers, Snoke restrained Rey, who had refused, and telekinetically brought her to his reach, the Jedi apprentice shooting words of defiance and claiming he underestimated, not only Luke Skywalker, but also Ben Solo and herself, and that such a thing would be his downfall. Amused, Snoke pridefully chuckled as he revealed his manipulation and influence of her and Ren's connection, even claiming to have created it, and he had orchestrated her falling into a trap,[5] much to Rey and Ren's surprise.[22] Snoke was gloating at his success of gathering of Rey and Ren together before himself, the reason being that it proved to him without a doubt what he had suspected for a time: that each of them shared a unique bonding within the Force.[1] Following his revelation, the Supreme Leader commanded her to reveal Skywalker's location. When she refused, he began to tortuously probe her mind to discover Skywalker's whereabouts.[5]After obtaining the knowledge he sought, he contemptuously dropped the girl, only for her to attempt to summon Anakin Skywalker's weapon into her grasp, which he effortlessly redirected to strike her in the head from behind with a sneer.[5]

After interrogating Rey to obtain Skywalker's location, Snoke decided she would die by the hands of his apprentice.

In one instance, after dropping Rey to the floor, Snoke laughed and mused that Skywalker had been "so wise" as to hide from him. He decided that once the Resistance was destroyed, he would command his forces to Ahch-To and obliterate the entire Temple Island so Skywalker and the Jedi Order could be given the death he desired. As a final gesture of contempt, he forced Rey to watch the destruction of the Resistance's remaining ships via his oculus viewing scope operated and designed by the Attendants. Rather than breaking Rey's spirit, however, the sight prompted her to summon Kylo's sword to defy him once more, earning the Supreme Leader's respect as he complimented her for her courage.[5]

Acknowledging Rey now as a genuine threat to both himself and the First Order, Snoke commanded his apprentice to execute her, confident that Ren would not turn despite Rey's faith in his former persona, that of Ben Solo, and boasted that he could read his apprentice's mind and see his every thought and intention. Intending to torture the girl with every detail up to the moment of her death, he shut his eyes and described to Rey everything he saw in Ren's mind, turning the lightsaber to "strike true" and igniting it to kill his "true enemy."[5] However, Snoke's visions and Force senses betrayed him.[8] Sensing Ren's connection to the girl, Snoke made a serious error of judgement; aware of his student's connection to the girl his senses were misdirected and he believed that Ren was to strike down the girl, effectively failing to sense his apprentice's resolve and hate was directed towards himself, not Rey.[14]

Outmanoeuvred by his cunning apprentice, Snoke was bisected at the waist by Anakin Skywalker's lightsaber.

Once he reopened his eyes and awaited the coming strike, his triumphant smile became one of pained surprise as he felt the blade of a lightsaber piercing through his withered and twisted body. At the same time, his telekinetic hold over Rey collapsed. The Supreme Leader looked down to find the Skywalker lightsaber having been turned, aimed, and activated in his direction. There was only one in this room who had the ability and cunning to pull off such a feat through the Force: Ren.[5]

Snoke tried to say something but couldn't.[51] He remained alive long enough to glare at his former apprentice for his betrayal before Ren summoned the still active lightsaber to Rey's grasp and the blue blade cut through the Supreme Leader's waist and wrists, dismembering him. His upper torso then collapsed heavily to the floor at the base of his throne, leaving his hands on the armrests and his lower torso sitting on the throne.[5]

Legacy

The First Order

"Though my manipulation of Snoke, I began gathering forces, building an army capable of opposing the New Republic that had risen in my absence. Through Snoke, I would make certain that the First Order was mine to control."
―Darth Sidious[src]

By dying at the hands of his apprentice, Snoke fulfilled his role in Ren's training as heir to the Sith legacy.

Immediately after his death, Snoke's bodyguards attempted to avenge him, but despite their efforts, the entire Elite Praetorian Guard was destroyed by Ren and Rey. After the Guards had all been killed, Ren stared at his master's body, before offering Rey a place at his side. Rey begged him to help save the fleet and tried to pull her lightsaber back from him. The combined opposite pulls of Rey and Ren destroyed the blade, knocking Ren unconscious when he hit the floor while Rey was able to escape the doomed starship. Hux later entered to find Ren alone on the ground, and the body of the Supreme Leader. The lower half of Snoke's body then slipped off the throne and on to the floor beside the torso, right before Hux's eyes.[5]

Ren usurped his master's title of Supreme Leader, taking control of the First Order.

Snoke's death created an immediate power vacuum that Ren took advantage of by assuming his fallen master's role as the new Supreme Leader of the First Order, much to the displeasure of Hux. Although Ren desired to rule the galaxy with Rey as his equal, the aspiring Jedi rejected his offer, leading Ren to falsely implicate her in the assassination of Snoke.[5]

By the time of the battle of Grail City, some First Order officers, such as Colonel Barrut and her crew, weren't aware of Snoke's death and Ren's rise to power. When Wing Commander Poe Dameron informed them about Snoke's fate before destroying the Fortitude, the Maxima-A class heavy cruiser which they commanded, two of Barrut's crewmen believed that Hux had taken Snoke's role as Supreme Leader, only for Barrut to refuse to believe Dameron's claims, dismissing them as lies.[52]

Dark revelations

"I have been every voice you have ever heard inside your head. I have been your Master all along."
―Darth Sidious, to Kylo Ren[src]

Ren discovered the origins of his fallen master, as well as several copies of Snoke, while confronting the Emperor on Exegol.

During his campaign as Supreme Leader, Kylo Ren started to suffer from Force visions and found scraps of arcane lore uncovered in Snoke's old bases which led him to realize that Snoke was not the apex of the First Order's dark side pyramid.[1] With Snoke dead, Ren fully expected the dark voice that plagued his mind to vanish, but was perplexed and stunned when it continued, and this pointed to someone manipulating Snoke. The Supreme Leader than examined his mentor's past, but his search led to only dead ends and even more unanswered questions then even before.[6]

After it was announced that Emperor Palpatine returned to the larger galaxy, Ren traveled to Exegol to crush any threat to his power. Upon tracking down and finding the revived Darth Sidious on Exegol, Kylo Ren learned that Sidious was not only responsible for impersonating Darth Vader's spirit but for the creation of Snoke as well as he observed several copies of Snoke being grown in vats while Sidious explained that he had been pulling the strings the whole time.[15] Ren soon learned that Snoke had been a mere puppet, created and controlled by Sidious, a more powerful master of the dark side.[8]

Ren's betraying and killing of Snoke to save Rey was an act of ascension worthy of Darth Bane's doctrine,[53] from which he proved himself to be a worthy successor of Vader, as he achieved what his grandfather failed to do in the past and when he had the opportunity: overthrow his master in the Sith way, the ancient Rule of Two.[5] The purpose of Snoke's entire existence was built up to serve as Ren's final test. His role had been designed by the Sith Eternal cultists to groom Ren as heir to the Sith legacy, and to mold him into a master of attack and cunning. By dying at Ren's hand, such a test was complete, and by extension, Snoke had fulfilled his role and purpose. With this, despite multiple bodies of him being stored on Exegol, Sidious had no further use for him.[1] The creation of Snoke allowed Sidious to sidestep the tradition in dark side training where an apprentice killed the master;[6] and while Sidious credited Snoke for training Ren well,[15] he considered himself[3] to be Ren's true master.[6] Additionally, though Snoke failed to bring Rey to Exegol, his master was able to lure his granddaughter to him, pulling the strings from afar.[15]

A lasting influence

"Rising to become a champion of the First Order, Kylo Ren helped spread fear in the galaxy once more. Yet, even after striking down Snoke and seizing control of the First Order, the boy remains conflicted."
―Darth Sidious[src]

Even after his death, Snoke's vestiges as a teacher held a strong impact over his apprentice's life and soul, Kylo Ren still very steeped in the dark side until just shortly before his own death.

Even in death, the vestiges of Snoke's teachings remained with his apprentice, the training he had administered to Kylo Ren leading the Master of the Knights of Ren to continue down his path and committed to the dark side of the Force, influencing his mindset and spirit, even up to his redemption and own death.[15] Kylo thought back to teachings when he pursued Rey, recalling how he was instructed to pursue his impulses when chasing his desires, and how he was nearly unable to do so because of his strong feelings toward the Jedi apprentice.[3]

In addition, Ren still respected his master or his teachings, as he continued to think of Snoke as his esteemed mentor for guiding him on the path to the power of the dark side.[3] However, learning the truth about Snoke's origins shattered the respect that Ren held for the former Supreme Leader,[54] as whereas Ren once regarded Snoke as the wise leader of the First Order,[55] he now saw his old Master as nothing more than an expendable "vat-grown organism."[54] Regardless, Snoke's manipulations still influenced him. After the death of his mother, the Supreme Leader remembered Snoke constantly telling him of their intentions, that they would never take him back after his deeds or even cared for him, and more for the New Republic, and finally realized the dark side adept had been deceiving him.[3]

In the last minutes of his life, as he climbed from the chasm he was hurled into by Emperor Palpatine, Solo realized the extent of his injuries and the pain that coursed through his body, and credited Snoke's conditioning as the reason he was still able to endure such anguish. Finally, as he healed Rey with his own life energy, as per Snoke's previous influence, initially believed that she would reject him once again, but instead kissed him and he passed away into the Force at peace.[3]

Personality and traits

"And now, you will give me Skywalker. Then I will kill you with the cruelest stroke."
―Snoke, to Rey[src]

Created by the genetic tampering of the Sith Eternal, Snoke emerged from the Unknown Regions a horribly disfigured abomination under the control of the resurrected Emperor Palpatine.

A genetic creation of Emperor Palpatine,[15] Snoke was secretly manipulated by the Sith Lor from afar, obliviously to the fact he was having action and goals orchestrated for him. Despite this, Snoke possessed a limited will of his own, and was even possibly unaware of his true origins.[6] With a singular focus imposed upon him by his creator,[1] Snoke believed he lived through and witnessed the Galactic Empire's rise and fall,[23] even though he had only been created by the time or prior to the Battle of Endor,[16] and possessed memories of a a forgotten period when the galaxy was different in terms regarding the Force.[22]

In terms of spiritual matters,[1] Snoke adhered to the dark side and viewed the light as the weak and pathetic side of the Force.[22] Additionally, while Snoke denied any connection to the Sith lineage,[6] he still followed ancient Sith traditions when he chose Kylo Ren as his student.[33]

He was a secretive, enigmatic figure who coveted arcane lore. Rather than establish a permanent base of operations, he preferred governing the First Order in a mobile command post from where he could contact his subordinates,[8] though his exact location was unknown.[55] He was known for his unwillingness to meet in person with his underlings and often communicated solely through his holographic project transmitted from his throne aboard the Supremacy, only interacting personally with specific targets.[1] He was both wise[10] and cunning, having risen to power by undermining the First Order's leading officials through guile.[22] A master at manipulation, he lured Kylo Ren to the dark side of the Force by using the young Jedi's desperate need for a teacher to his advantage.[8] Although he regarded Armitage Hux as a "rabid cur," Snoke recognized the general's usefulness and believed that even a person's weakness could serve a purpose if properly manipulated.[5] Despite holding a low opinion of Hux's character,[22] the Supreme Leader shared his underling's belief in the necessity of a powerful military force.[8] In addition to overseeing a militarization program that violated treaties signed with the New Republic,[24] Snoke often sanctioned Hux's military strategies[10] and showed approval for his technological innovations.[5]

Snoke was fascinated with Ren,[5] not only for his apprentice's inherent potential for limitless power[56] but also because he regarded him as the embodiment of the dark side and the light,[30] and encouraged Ren to use the teachings of both.[43] It was Ren's raw, untamed strength in the Force that led Snoke to believe his student could achieve a level of power comparable to that of Ren's late grandfather, the Sith Lord Darth Vader.[5] As such, Snoke believed that he had never had a student that showed more promise before Ren.[23]

Disappointed by Ren's defeat on Starkiller Base, the Supreme Leader berated him as a failed apprentice—a child in a mask—who was unworthy of Vader's legacy.[24] In light of Ren's failure, Snoke began to doubt whether his disciple would ever overcome his conflict between the two sides of the Force. As such, he also began to consider the possibility of casting Ren aside for good,[22] just as Han Solo warned his son moments before his death.[10] Nevertheless, Snoke used his skills at manipulation to stoke Ren's conflicted soul, knowing that his apprentice would fail to hide his emotions from Rey after they became linked to each other through their Force-bond.[5] It was through Ren that Snoke sought to manipulate Rey, convinced she would fall into his trap by believing that Ren could be turned from his dark path.[22]

Snoke's "injuries" caused him to prioritize comfort, such as the use of slippers, in order to endure the pain of his damaged body.

Like his apprentice, whose mask provided him with a more imposing presence,[57] Snoke relied on theatrics when interacting with his subordinates via holographic transmission. Although the Supreme Leader was around seven feet tall,[58] his holographic form magnified his height several times over, allowing him to "look down" upon his followers.[50] While he initially tolerated his apprentice's desire to emulate Vader by wearing a mask, Snoke thought it was absurd and later ridiculed Ren's affectation.[5]

Snoke's intelligent, sophisticated, and at times calm demeanor masked his more sinister qualities such as cruelty, arrogance, egotism, and narcissism. He was a terrifying, monstrous individual[59] who possessed a dark nature that rivaled even that of the late Darth Sidious.[60] Snoke's demeanor shifted from calmness[10] to anger,[22] depending on the situation. Upon learning of Starkiller's impending destruction, he simply told Hux to evacuate the base with Ren,[10] only to later scold and physically reprimand his apprentice out of frustration.[22] When presented with the chance to use the Starkiller superweapon against the New Republic, Snoke agreed with Hux's plan to lure the First Order's enemies out of hiding despite ending billions of lives in the process.[10]

Snoke was aware of the inner workings of the Knights and Ren and of their philosophy, and considered them doing as they pleased with the dark side of the Force granted them fluidity, as opposed to what he believed to be the Jedi Order's rigid code that limited them.[38]

Snoke was vexed by Ren's inability to overcome the light side of the Force.

Additionally, Snoke was a cruel master as well as a predator, who identified weakness and exploited it, as demonstrated by how Snoke dominated not just the First Order but specifically Ren and Hux, making him a brutal tyrant. He particularly enjoyed using his powers to penetrate the minds of his victims and subject them to agonizing scenes, picking apart their courage and resolve slowly over time.[61]

Snoke believed, as he explained to Ben Solo, children to have pure minds, with thoughts being the most open for possibility, for they did practice self deception, uncorrupted by the influence of existence, meaning their thoughts could produce logical opinions and observations.[38]

As powerful, cunning, and cruel as he was, Snoke was no different from other masters of the dark side in that he still felt fear, specifically a fear of Luke Skywalker[24] and the return of the Jedi. He was convinced that if Skywalker, the last living Jedi at the time, ever returned from exile, he would herald the rise of a new generation of Jedi Knights.[10] Despite his hatred for the Jedi, Snoke actually respected Skywalker while also fearing him, knowing that the legendary Jedi Master wasn't weak but misguided, even musing that had he taken Skywalker as his second-in-command instead of Ren, the galaxy would have been already his by the time of the Cold War.[35] He regarded the Jedi Order as a threat to his designs and, therefore, plotted to destroy it entirely by killing the last Jedi. Upon meeting Skywalker's final apprentice, the Jakku scavenger Rey, Snoke remarked that she possessed the qualities of a true Jedi and, as such, was resolved to see her die before she could also become a threat to his plans. As noted by Rey, however, Snoke was prone to underestimating those around him, such as his own apprentice. He exulted when sensing Ren's newfound resolve, completely unaware that the dark warrior intended to save Rey by striking down his own master through subterfuge. Indeed, very much like his creator before him, Snoke failed to understand that Force visions are not absolute; he saw the truth, just not what he expected.[5]

Snoke wore golden khalat robes during his reign as Supreme Leader of the First Order.

Duplicated from Emperor Palpatine,[7] with cloned tissue and donated blood cells,[14] Snoke was an artificially constructed humanoid genetic strand-cast,[6] created by the science of bioengineering and genetic tampering.[3] As a result of the crude experimentation which yielded his existence, Snoke's appearance was frail, with large hands and a mutilated appearance.[source?] He had a distinctive, idiosyncratic bone and facial structure.[62] His hologram used on the Starkiller Base projected him several times larger (around twenty-five feet)[63] than his natural appearance, towering over Kylo Ren and General Hux. Snoke had an elongated face with pale, heavily scarred skin, and pale blue eyes.[5] Even in person, however, he was still exceptionally large, standing over seven foot two inches tall.[1] Nevertheless, Snoke didn't need size to impose his will given that the mere sight of his appearance could terrify.[31] He sported a large scar from the top of his head, all the way down to his brow. Snoke also had what appeared to be a scar or burn on his right cheek that caused his mouth to be contorted. Snoke's left zygoma was malformed.[18] His twisted build and extensive scarring indeed confounded attempts to identify his species.[1] He wore ornate golden khalat robes with a gray underdress, tied at the waist by an elegant golden belt,[5][64][65] and on his finger he wore a ring of gold and obsidian engraved with runes from the Dwartii. The black obsidian stone was excavated from the catacombs and mines beneath Fortress Vader on the planet Mustafar. Because of his physical frailties, which left him past his prime in terms of physical strength, he relied on material comforts such as slippers to deal with his ailing body which was in a constant state of pain due to his advanced age and wounds, and he could not defend himself in a physical fight, instead relying on his Elite Praetorian Guards to deal with any threats to him.[18]

Powers and abilities

Force powers

"There has been an awakening. Have you felt it?"
―Snoke, to Kylo Ren — (audio) Listen (file info)[src]

Snoke mastered the ways of the dark side of the Force, including Force lightning, without being a Sith.

Although Snoke was not trained as a Sith,[18] he was Force-sensitive and highly attuned to the dark side,[46] with Force powers equally as impressive and terrifying.[66] While his abilities were not explicitly Sith in origin, like that of his creator, Darth Sidious, Snoke possessed the knowledge and power to rule the First Order.[1] However, he was not as powerful as the Emperor.[8] Despite this, Snoke still learned about the lost truths of the Force waiting within the Unknown Regions and made them serve his will.[22]

His teachings blended traditions of both the light and the dark side;[19] his mastery of the Force was so great that Snoke was capable of exerting his power with the barest minimum of gestures to devastating effect even from great distances.[5] His abilities included Force sense, telepathy, Force choke, and telekinesis, which he was able to use on other beings even across great distances. Though having developed a great mastery over telepathy,[67] Snoke's ability to communicate with an individual through the Force over great distances was not as strong compared to that of his creator.[3] Like his apprentice, Snoke possessed the power of mind probe and his skills were far greater, easily successfully employing it on both Rey and Ren prior to his demise. As a master in the ways of the dark side, Snoke could conjure Force lightning from his fingertips—a power he perfected to the point where he could fire it down at a metal surface and let it ricochet right into the intended target.[67][5] The effects of his lightning-based attacks were immensely painful, as noted by Ren, who backed down in deference to Snoke's superior knowledge of the dark side.[22] While his physical strength atrophied along with his wounded body, Snoke remained tremendously strong in the Force until his death.[18]

Snoke was skilled in the use telekinesis, which he demonstrated against other Force users such as Kylo Ren and Rey.

Although both Rey and Ren possessed a raw connection to the Force,[5] Snoke's abilities eclipsed their powers due to the greater knowledge and experience at the Supreme Leader's disposal.[22] In addition to subduing Ren with a single attack, Snoke toyed with Rey by telekinetically tossing her across his throne room. He could even overpower her when both were using the Force at the same time, as he demonstrated by overriding her control of the Skywalker lightsaber, causing it to avoid Rey's grasp before turning around and smacking her in the back of the head.[5]

Snoke's mastery of the Force allowed him to have a telepathic ordinary, regular cognization of Ren's thoughts, emotions, and motives.[6]

Snoke was able to coerce the connection of two individuals bonded through the Force with his powers.[22] The Supreme Leader's knowledge and mastery provided him the ability to influence the bridge shared between the minds of Rey and Ren, who,[1] though unknown to them at the time,[15] were a Dyad in the Force,[6] a unique bond stronger than life itself.[15] Suspecting as much,[1] Snoke manipulated their connection in order to lure Rey to him. The two were able to see and hear each other despite the millions of light-years that separated them. As their bond deepened, they could even make physical contact with one another.[22] Through it all, both remained oblivious to Snoke's third-party influence until he outright revealed his manipulation of their connection.[5]

In the end, Snoke's visions and Force senses ultimately failed him.[8] While exulting at the resolve he sensed in his often conflicted apprentice, he did not sense his own impending death by the son of Han Solo;[24] Ren utilized Snoke's ability to read his every thought to his advantage and outclassed the dark side adept, misdirecting his attention, which such a power failure led to his demise.[1]

Other abilities

Snoke was once a warrior of prowess back in his prime, having personally defeated and killed legions of adversaries over the span of his life,[22] and being skilled enough in combat to have survived an encounter with Luke Skywalker.[29] By the time of the Cold War, Snoke's physical capabilities had faded, with his advanced age and wounds. Because of his broken body, his stride was staggered, his muscles weakened, and could not defend himself in conflict beyond his Force abilities.[18] Even with his frail appearance and damaged body, Snoke was strong enough to slap Ren in the face hard enough to draw blood, out of anger for ignoring his orders to leave his mask aboard their ship.[35] Regardless of his deformities, Snoke's mind was sharp, for he possessed a deep pool of vast, extensive knowledge at his disposal;[22] his included apprehension about the dark side of the Force,[30] arcane lore,[24] culture of prominent force wielders, Sith teachings,[19] and historical galactic events, such as the Battle of Endor.[23]

Behind the scenes

Creation and development

"He's aware of what's gone on, in the respect that he has been around and is aware of prior events. I think it'd be fair to say that he is aware of the past to a great degree."
―Andy Serkis on Snoke[src]

Bust of Snoke created by Ivan Manzella

Snoke was portrayed by Andy Serkis via motion capture in the films Star Wars: Episode VII The Force Awakens and Star Wars: Episode VIII The Last Jedi, the first two instalments of the Star Wars sequel trilogy, released in 2015 and 2017 respectively.[68][69] His name was officially unveiled on May 28, 2015,[70] and his voice was first heard in the initial teaser trailer for The Force Awakens.[71][72] According to Serkis, Snoke's mannerisms, in particular his gold bathrobe in The Last Jedi, was derived in part from attire worn by Hugh Hefner, the late founder of the Playboy adult magazine.[73]

From the beginning of the production, the character who would ultimately fill the role as main antagonist of the film was nicknamed "Uber" though any specific ideas were clearly defined by that point.[74] Snoke's appearance underwent many changes throughout the development of The Force Awakens, with the character's final appearance not being decided on until October 2015, two months before the film's release. J.J. Abrams and Neal Scanlan didn't want the character to look old and decrepit like Darth Sidious, and even considered making him female. Ivan Manzella sculpted at least two busts to try to hone the look of the character. Snoke's final appearance was based in part of the horror movies of Hammer Films, the concept being that Snoke was handsome in his younger days but was consumed and twisted by the dark side as he became more powerful.[9] Manzella's concepts for Snoke were specifically inspired by the Hammer Films star Peter Cushing, who portrayed Grand Moff Wilhuff Tarkin in the 1977 film Star Wars: Episode IV A New Hope. He also designed Snoke as having a breathing tube coming out of his nose that kept him alive.[75] Snoke's physical appearance in The Last Jedi was first shown in a leaked image of an upcoming LEGO set,[65] and was later officially revealed with the teaser image of the Star Wars Force Link BB-8 2-in-1 Mega Playset that was unveiled at Force Friday 2017.[64] Andy Serkis wore artificial facial hair for this film.[76]

In November 2015, Serkis stated in an interview with Entertainment Weekly that while Snoke was a newly-created character, he was "aware of the past to a great degree."[77]

In another interview with Entertainment Weekly in November 2017, Andy Serkis said that Snoke's injuries were inspired by injuries sustained by soldiers in the trenches of World War I.[61] In addition, in an interview with Empire magazine, Serkis claimed that the disfigurements Snoke possessed were caused in part by osteoporosis that was severe enough that he appeared "as twisted as a corkscrew," and that this was part of what made Snoke in his opinion "darker than Palpatine."[60] Serkis has gone on to say that Snoke's malevolence comes out in reaction to the injuries that he has suffered which he blames on the Resistance, fuelling his hatred for them. Serkis explained that Snoke's desire for power is motivated by greed, bitterness, and fear.[source?]

The Last Jedi director Rian Johnson said he killed off Snoke to give Kylo Ren a compelling set-up for the 2019 sequel Star Wars: Episode IX The Rise of Skywalker. When asked if he had planned to elaborate on Snoke's back-story in Episode VIII, Johnson replied, "It would have stopped any of these scenes dead cold if he had stopped and given a 30-second speech about how he's Darth Plagueis. It doesn't matter to Rey. If he had done that, Rey would have blinked and said, 'Who?' And the scene would have gone on. [pause] And I'm not saying he's Darth Plagueis!"[78]

Identity theories

Upon the release of The Force Awakens, multiple fan theories about Snoke's identity emerged online. The most famous was, however, was that he was Darth Plagueis, Darth Sidious' Sith Master, who was mentioned anecdotally in the 2005 film, Star Wars: Episode III Revenge of the Sith. Plagueis possessed the power to prevent death.[79][80][81] Another popular fan theory was that Snoke was Star Wars Rebels protagonist Ezra Bridger.[82][83][84] Lucasfilm Story Group's Pablo Hidalgo dismissed the Darth Plagueis theory in May 2016.[85] The Force Awakens sculptor Ivan Manzella noted that it were amusing theories about Snoke being Grand Moff Tarkin that inspired him to design Snoke after Peter Cushing.[75]

Appearances

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Non-canon appearances

Sources

Notes and references

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 1.17 1.18 1.19 1.20 1.21 1.22 1.23 1.24 1.25 1.26 1.27 1.28 1.29 1.30 1.31 1.32 1.33 1.34 1.35 1.36 1.37 1.38 1.39 Star Wars: The Rise of Skywalker: The Visual Dictionary
  2. Star Wars: The Secrets of the Sith establishes that Snoke was concocted by Sith Eternal from the same experimentation that produced the clone of his original body Sidious used to resurrect himself. Star Wars: The Rise of Skywalker: Expanded Edition establishes that Sidious' clone body had been prepared on Exegol by the time of his first death at the Battle of Endor, which Star Wars: Galactic Atlas dates to 4 ABY. Therefore Snoke must have also been created by approximately the same year or prior to that point.
  3. 3.00 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.05 3.06 3.07 3.08 3.09 3.10 3.11 3.12 3.13 3.14 3.15 3.16 3.17 Star Wars: The Rise of Skywalker: Expanded Edition
  4. Star Wars: Galactic Atlas places the events of the film Star Wars: Episode VII The Force Awakens in 34 ABY. As Star Wars: Episode VIII The Last Jedi carries on immediately from the events of The Force Awakens, it can be assumed to take place in the same year.
  5. 5.00 5.01 5.02 5.03 5.04 5.05 5.06 5.07 5.08 5.09 5.10 5.11 5.12 5.13 5.14 5.15 5.16 5.17 5.18 5.19 5.20 5.21 5.22 5.23 5.24 5.25 5.26 5.27 5.28 5.29 5.30 5.31 5.32 5.33 5.34 5.35 5.36 5.37 5.38 5.39 5.40 5.41 Star Wars: Episode VIII The Last Jedi
  6. 6.00 6.01 6.02 6.03 6.04 6.05 6.06 6.07 6.08 6.09 6.10 6.11 6.12 6.13 6.14 6.15 6.16 6.17 6.18 6.19 6.20 6.21 6.22 6.23 6.24 6.25 6.26 6.27 6.28 The Star Wars Book
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 StarWars.com Star Wars Inside Intel: Palpatine's Contingency Plan on StarWars.com (article) (backup link)
  8. 8.00 8.01 8.02 8.03 8.04 8.05 8.06 8.07 8.08 8.09 8.10 8.11 StarWars-DatabankII.png Supreme Leader Snoke in the Databank (backup link)
  9. 9.0 9.1 The Art of Star Wars: The Force Awakens
  10. 10.00 10.01 10.02 10.03 10.04 10.05 10.06 10.07 10.08 10.09 10.10 10.11 10.12 10.13 10.14 10.15 10.16 Star Wars: Episode VII The Force Awakens
  11. 11.0 11.1 Star Wars Insider Special Edition 2018
  12. The events of Darth Vader 11 take place after the Duel on Cloud City and before the Battle of Endor, which Star Wars: Galactic Atlas dates to 3 ABY and 4 ABY respectively. Therefore it can be concluded that the events of Darth Vader 11 happen in one of those years.
  13. Darth Vader (2020) 11
  14. 14.00 14.01 14.02 14.03 14.04 14.05 14.06 14.07 14.08 14.09 14.10 14.11 14.12 14.13 Skywalker: A Family at War
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 15.3 15.4 15.5 15.6 15.7 15.8 15.9 Star Wars: Episode IX The Rise of Skywalker
  16. 16.0 16.1 16.2 16.3 16.4 Star Wars: The Secrets of the Sith
  17. 17.0 17.1 Star Wars: Galactic Atlas
  18. 18.00 18.01 18.02 18.03 18.04 18.05 18.06 18.07 18.08 18.09 18.10 18.11 18.12 18.13 18.14 18.15 18.16 18.17 Star Wars: The Last Jedi: The Visual Dictionary
  19. 19.0 19.1 19.2 19.3 19.4 19.5 Ultimate Star Wars, New Edition
  20. Star Wars: Episode VI Return of the Jedi
  21. 21.0 21.1 21.2 The Rise of Kylo Ren 1
  22. 22.00 22.01 22.02 22.03 22.04 22.05 22.06 22.07 22.08 22.09 22.10 22.11 22.12 22.13 22.14 22.15 22.16 22.17 22.18 22.19 22.20 22.21 22.22 22.23 22.24 22.25 22.26 22.27 22.28 22.29 22.30 22.31 22.32 22.33 22.34 22.35 22.36 22.37 22.38 Star Wars: The Last Jedi: Expanded Edition
  23. 23.00 23.01 23.02 23.03 23.04 23.05 23.06 23.07 23.08 23.09 23.10 23.11 23.12 Star Wars: The Force Awakens novelization
  24. The Rise of Kylo Ren 3
  25. 26.0 26.1 AltayaCite.svg "Kylo Ren and Other Dark Side Followers" – Star Wars Encyclopedia
  26. The Rise of Kylo Ren 1
  27. The High Republic: Into the Dark
  28. 29.0 29.1 29.2 29.3 The Rise of Kylo Ren 2
  29. 30.0 30.1 30.2 30.3 30.4 30.5 30.6 Star Wars: The Force Awakens: The Visual Dictionary
  30. 31.0 31.1 31.2 Star Wars: The Last Jedi: A Junior Novel
  31. 32.0 32.1 32.2 StarWars-DatabankII.png The First Order in the Databank (backup link)
  32. 33.0 33.1 Star Wars Character Encyclopedia New Edition
  33. Aftermath: Empire's End
  34. 35.0 35.1 35.2 35.3 35.4 35.5 35.6 35.7 35.8 Age of Resistance - Supreme Leader Snoke 1
  35. According to Star Wars: The Rise of Skywalker: The Visual Dictionary, Luke Skywalker began training his nephew Ben Solo 19 years before the Hosnian Cataclysm. Since Star Wars: Galactic Atlas dates the Hosnian Cataclysm to 34 ABY, Solo's Jedi training began in 15 ABY.
  36. According to Skywalker: A Family at War the Mission to Elphrona took place the year Ben Solo turned 14. Star Wars: The Rise of Skywalker: The Visual Dictionary establishes that Solo was born 29 years prior to the Hosnian Cataclysm, which Star Wars: Galactic Atlas dates to 34 ABY, placing Solo's birth in 5 ABY. Therefore, it can be calculated that the mission took place in 19 ABY.
  37. 38.0 38.1 38.2 38.3 The Rise of Kylo Ren 2
  38. The Star Wars Book establishes that events of the novel Bloodline occur 28 years after those of the film Star Wars: Episode IV A New Hope, which Star Wars: Galactic Atlas dates to the year 0 ABY; therefore, Bloodline occurs in 28 ABY.
  39. Bloodline
  40. 41.0 41.1 The Rise of Kylo Ren 4
  41. StarWars-DatabankII.png Kylo Ren in the Databank (backup link)
  42. 43.0 43.1 Star Wars: The Visual Encyclopedia
  43. Star Wars: The Rise of Skywalker: The Visual Dictionary dates Enric Pryde being given command of the Steadfast to six years prior to the Hosnian Cataclysm. Star Wars: Galactic Atlas dates the latter event to 34 ABY, meaning Pryde was issued the ship in 28 ABY.
  44. Star Wars: The Rise of Skywalker: The Visual Dictionary states that the First Order was formed publicly five years before the Hosnian Cataclysm, which Star Wars: Galactic Atlas dates to 34 ABY. Therefore the First Order's founding occurred in 29 ABY.
  45. 46.0 46.1 Star Wars: The Last Jedi The Official Movie Companion
  46. Star Wars: The Rise of Skywalker: The Visual Dictionary states that Hux died four years prior to the Starkiller Incident, which Star Wars: Galactic Atlas dates to 34 ABY. Therefore Brendol must have been assassinated in 30 ABY. Age of Resistance - General Hux 1 establishes the Brendol Hux had died prior to its events, meaning it must take place the same year as his death or after.
  47. 48.0 48.1 Age of Resistance - General Hux 1
  48. 49.0 49.1 49.2 The Last Jedi Adaptation 1
  49. 50.0 50.1 Sphero-Template.png "Supreme Leader Snoke" on the Star Wars Droids App by Sphero (screenshot)
  50. The Last Jedi Adaptation 5
  51. Poe Dameron 31
  52. Star Wars: The Dark Side
  53. 54.0 54.1 Star Wars: The Rise of Skywalker: A Junior Novel
  54. 55.0 55.1 Star Wars: The Force Awakens Graphic Novel Adaptation
  55. Star Wars Battlefront II
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  66. StarWars.com Star Wars Episode VIII Now Filming on StarWars.com (backup link)
  67. StarWars.com Capturing a Galaxy: An Interview with Annie Leibovitz – Exclusive on StarWars.com (backup link)
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  69. SWYTlogo.png Star Wars: The Force Awakens Official Teaser Trailer on the official Star Wars YouTube channel (backup link)
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  71. TwitterLogo.svg Phil Szostak (@PhilSzostak) on Twitter: ""Uber" was just a nickname for whoever the uber baddie might be. Again, I don't think any of these ideas were clearly defined. The artists/production designers are free to pitch visual ideas before they have a place in the story." (screenshot)
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