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"...I have no issues with aliens myself—some of my best friends are nonhumans—but some grav-ball fans object to alien physiognomies, seeing them as giving nonhumans an edge."
―Janus Fhurek's xenophobic rationale for kicking Frid Kelio and Hench Sina off the AppSci SaberCats[src]
Xenophobic Sephi

A group of xenophobic Sephi assaulting the human Jun Sato

Xenophobia, also known as speciesism,[1] was dislike or prejudice toward individuals from other species. Zare Leonis regarded his former athletic director Janus Fhurek as xenophobic for excluding his two alien classmates Frid Kelio and Hench Sina from the Junior Academy of Applied Sciences's grav-ball team AppSci SaberCats.[2] Fhurek had objected to Kelio and Sina's presence on the AppSci SaberCats on the grounds that their alien physiognomies gave them an unfair advantage.[3] Leonis' experiences with Fhurek led him to believe that the Galactic Empire condoned prejudice toward individuals belonging to the "wrong species."[4] By the time of the Battle of Endor, it was widely known that the Empire pursued a xenophobic policy that favored humans and treated aliens as subjects or threats.[5]


Clone WarsEdit

During the Clone Wars, the Confederacy of Independent Systems consisted of several different alien groups. According to Ensign Eli Vanto, this combined with the devastation of the war created a lot of resentment among humans. While several alien species were allied with the Galactic Republic, there was still a prevailing perception that humans still carried most of the weight of the war effort. This sentiment carried on into the Age of the Empire. Core Worlds humans were known to look down on both humans and nonhumans from beyond the Mid Rim, particularly people from Wild Space and the Unknown Regions.[6]

Galactic EmpireEdit


"Well, officially we're not allowed to disrespect aliens, either. I say officially, because that what's the General Orders say we're supposed to do. But that's not always what we really do."
"You dislike nonhumans?"
―Eli Vanto, who did not dislike nonhumans, and Thrawn discussing xenophobia in the Empire[src]
Thrawn studying

Thrawn had to deal with anti-alien xenophobia in the Empire

The Galactic Empire was known to favor humans while looking down on aliens or "nonhumans."[7] As a result, the Empire's government and military was largely dominated by humans and it was rare to find non-humans serving as Imperial officers.[8] While Imperial General Orders instructed Imperial military personnel not to disrespect aliens, this was often ignored. The Imperial Navy and Imperial High Command also ignored the Imperial Senate's Unknown Alien protocols. The Imperial Academies were dominated by humans and aliens like Thrawn found themselves having to navigate racial prejudice and outright hostility.[6]

This single-species domination was an intentional part of Imperial policy. Imperial propaganda actively supported state-sponsored ethnocentric xenophobia and fear-mongering. To the Empire, "aliens" were by and large unwelcome within its order, with aliens being seen as "different," and "strange." As such, the Empire treated nonhuman segments of its populations as serfs, slaves, or obstacles needing to be tamed, removed, or ignored. The Empire supported the idea that aliens were untrustworthy—unlike humans—and behind their veneer of innocence lurked a viscous monster. The Imperial propaganda machine was so effective in its message that even near-human species exhibited an inherent distrust toward nonhuman populations.[5]

Some people tried to clear and absolve themselves from suspicion of humanocentrism by claiming to have friends of a targeted demographic, all while expressing prejudice in their actions.[2]

Effects on aliensEdit


Bodach'i slaves on Kerev Doi

Non-human species like Wookiees,[7] Mon Calamari,[9] the Petrusians[10] and the Bodach'i[11] were known to be exploited as slave labour by the Empire. The Empire repealed laws banning slavery and reclassified several species particularly the Wookiees as non-sentient.[1] Other species such as the Geonosians,[12] the Lasat[13] and the Squamatans[14] experienced genocide at the hands of the Empire.[1]

During the Age of the Empire, some human grav-ball fans on Lothal believed that alien physiognomies gave nonhuman players an unfair advantage. While there was no official league rule against nonhuman players, some individuals like Janus Fhurek did their best to exclude alien players from the grav-ball championship.[3] In addition, the Empire also discouraged the learning of alien languages and cultures such as Ithorese, and sought to impose high 'Imperial standards' for its citizens.[15] The discriminatory policies of the Empire forced some individuals like the Nikto Rinnrivin Di to turn to a life of crime. Rinnrivin became a spice dealer who later rose to become the crime lord of a major cartel during the New Republic era.[16]

Nevertheless, some non-humans were known to occupy lofty roles within the Empire, such as the Chagrian Mas Amedda, who served as the Empire's Grand Vizier,[17] the Pau'an Grand Inquisitor,[7] other Inquisitors such as the Seventh Sister, the Fifth Brother,[18] the Eighth Brother,[19] the Ninth Sister[20] and Grand Admiral Thrawn.[21] Other non-humans who worked with the Empire, either forcefully or voluntarily, were the Kubaz spy Garindan ezz Zavor[22] and the Aqualish Protectorate Gleb from Jinata Security.[23] Despite the ingrained xenophobia within the Imperial hierarchy, some Imperials like Moff Delian Mors and Admiral Rae Sloane were willing to work with some aliens like Nashi the Hutt[24] and the Sullustan crime lord Surat Nuat.[15] Imperial law enforcement authorities also hired the services of alien bounty hunters like the Trandoshan Bossk.[25]

The Rebellion's responseEdit

Liberty for all

Rebel Alliance poster highlighting the plight of the Wookiees

The Rebel Alliance's Declaration of Rebellion condemned Emperor Palpatine and his Empire for instituting a policy of blatant speciesism and genocide against the nonhuman peoples of the galaxy.[1] Xenophobia appeared not to be limited to the Empire. The rebel Saw Gerrera, who was known for his harsh methods and tactics, disliked the Geonosians due to his Clone Wars experiences and labeled them as "bugs". His harsh interrogation of Klik-Klak alarmed his Spectres comrades.[26] Princess Leia Organa of Alderaan referred to the Wookiee Chewbacca as a "walking carpet" during her rescue aboard the Death Star battle station in 0 BBY.[27]

Following the Battle of Yavin, the Alderaanian Jora Astane expressed disgust that the Alderaanian diaspora on the planet Espirion had intermingled with the indigenous Espirion. The mixed-blooded Chief Beon Beonel took offense and refused to have anything to do with the Alderaanian diaspora led by Leia Organa.[28] Leia managed to repair the schism with R2-D2's help by beaming a speech to him. As a result, Beonel helped the Alderaanian refugees to defeat an Imperial Star Destroyer.[29]

After the Battle of Endor, the New Republic reversed many of the Empire's policies including compensating alien species who had been enslaved by the Empire.[11] In 5 ABY, Han Solo, Chewbacca and their allies helped inspire a Wookiee slave revolt on Kashyyyk, which ended the Imperial subjugation of Wookiees.[5] New Republic forces subsequently liberated more Wookiee slaves including Chewbacca's son Lumpawaroo.[30]

During the Battle of Jakku, Counselor to the Empire Gallius Rax gave a speech denouncing the New Republic as a government given over to "corrosion, chaos, and the corruption born of alien minds and radical terroristic teachings." He went on to add that their New Republic opponents were subhuman and alien in every sense of the word and deserving no mercy from them.[30]

First OrderEdit

About thirty years after the Battle of Endor, xenophobia appeared to have resurfaced in the propaganda and labor policies of the First Order, an Imperial remnant that emulated the "Old Empire". Propaganda news feeds from the First Order's High Command carried reports of the New Republic tolerating unchecked alien advances throughout the Outer Rim Territories. In addition, a majority of the miners involved in the First Order's mining colony in Pressy's Tumble were from various alien species including Talz, Gran, Rodians, Abednedo, and Narquois but included a few humans.[31] However, as with the Empire, there were still at least one non-human who had a lofty position within the Order, the humanoid Snoke, the First Order's Supreme Leader.[32]


Xenophobia, however, was not the sole province of humans nor the Galactic Empire: the Sand People of Tatooine were renowned for their aggression toward outsiders,[33] and so were the Sephi of Isobe.[34]

The carnivorous, warlike Ezaraa species also expressed xenophobic attitudes in their desire to overthrow the Empire and replace it with their own dominion where they would "consume the flesh of all the lesser species."[35]

Behind the scenesEdit

The idea of a xenophobic Galactic Empire was explored in several Star Wars Legends literature and media. According to Jason Fry, the Lucasfilm Story Group had worked out that the Galactic Empire in the new canon universe was not "openly or uniformly" xenophobic. However, he reasoned many staunch Imperials like the Servants of the Empire antagonist Janus Fhurek were also committed xenophobes. In addition, Fry explained that the Empire in the new canon timeline was not misogynistic; citing the presence of female Imperial characters in John Jackson Miller's A New Dawn novel and the Disney XD TV series Star Wars Rebels.[36]

In his production notes for A New Dawn, Miller clarified that the Sullustan character Zaluna Myder being called a "creature" by an Imperial officer was a reference to the "species-ism" that existed within the Empire.[37] The idea that the Empire was human-dominated and xenophobic toward alien species was also hinted in the canon reference guides Star Wars Rebels: The Visual Guide and Star Wars Rebels: Visual Guide: Epic Battles. Chuck Wendig's 2016 novel Aftermath: Life Debt and Timothy Zahn's 2017 novel Thrawn have since confirmed that anti-alien xenophobia was endemic within the Imperial hierarchy.



Notes and referencesEdit